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Take Away English-The Boat Race 划船赛

时间:2007-10-27 02:30来源:互联网 提供网友:ginny@   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)
rowers
Oxbridge boat race
Oxford1 and Cambridge are the oldest and most famous universities in Britain, and there has always been a great rivalry2 between the two institutions. But the most public competition between the two is the annual Boat Race. The 2006 Boat Race will take place on 2nd April, and will be the 152nd race of its kind.

Both universities are located near rivers, and rowing is a popular and prestigious3 sport. The very first race took place in 1829, when a Cambridge student challenged a school-friend studying at Oxford. Ever since, the defeated team from the previous year challenges the opposition4 to a rematch. The only times when no Boat Races took place were during the Firs and Second World Wars.

The race is between two crews of eight oarsmen, each led by a cox, who steers5, and gives commands to the rowers. Since 1836, the rowing eights have worn different shades of blue – Oxford wear dark blue and Cambridge light blue. As a result, the rowers are known as the Blues6.

The Boat Race was initially7 held on the River Thames at Westminster in central London, but due to overcrowding, it was moved to further upstream near Putney, in South West London, and the course is just under 5 miles long. The average race time is 20 minutes, but the record is just over 16 minutes.

Over the years that the two universities have gone head-to-head on the river, Oxford have won 70 times, and Cambridge have had 77 wins. Only once there was a dead heat. There have been three occasions when one of the boats sank and forfeited8 the race.

The race is a very popular spectator9 event, with around 250,000 people going to the Thames to watch, and several million more watching on television.

The training for the race is very tough, and rowers start practising in September in order to try to win a place on the Blue Boats. Those who don’t’ quite make the grade become the reserve team, who race before the main teams on race day. Who will win this year?

GLOSSARY 词汇表

 

rivalry
竞争对手


of its kind
此类


prestigious/享誉高的


opposition
对手


crews
划艇队员


initially
开始;最初


upstream
逆流


head-to-head
并驾齐驱


forfeited
弃权;放弃


make the grade
拔尖


institutions
(牛津和剑桥)大学;机构


rowing
划船


challenged
挑战


rematch
再次比赛


oarsmen
划桨人


overcrowding
过分拥挤的


record
纪录


a dead heat
同时抵达终点


spectator
观赏者


reserve team
预备队


 


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 Oxford Wmmz0a     
n.牛津(英国城市)
参考例句:
  • At present he has become a Professor of Chemistry at Oxford.他现在已是牛津大学的化学教授了。
  • This is where the road to Oxford joins the road to London.这是去牛津的路与去伦敦的路的汇合处。
2 rivalry tXExd     
n.竞争,竞赛,对抗
参考例句:
  • The quarrel originated in rivalry between the two families.这次争吵是两家不和引起的。
  • He had a lot of rivalry with his brothers and sisters.他和兄弟姐妹间经常较劲。
3 prestigious nQ2xn     
adj.有威望的,有声望的,受尊敬的
参考例句:
  • The young man graduated from a prestigious university.这个年轻人毕业于一所名牌大学。
  • You may even join a prestigious magazine as a contributing editor.甚至可能会加入一个知名杂志做编辑。
4 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
5 steers e3d6e83a30b6de2d194d59dbbdf51e12     
n.阉公牛,肉用公牛( steer的名词复数 )v.驾驶( steer的第三人称单数 );操纵;控制;引导
参考例句:
  • This car steers easily. 这部车子易于驾驶。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Good fodder fleshed the steers up. 优质饲料使菜牛长肉。 来自辞典例句
6 blues blues     
n.抑郁,沮丧;布鲁斯音乐
参考例句:
  • She was in the back of a smoky bar singing the blues.她在烟雾弥漫的酒吧深处唱着布鲁斯歌曲。
  • He was in the blues on account of his failure in business.他因事业失败而意志消沉。
7 initially 273xZ     
adv.最初,开始
参考例句:
  • The ban was initially opposed by the US.这一禁令首先遭到美国的反对。
  • Feathers initially developed from insect scales.羽毛最初由昆虫的翅瓣演化而来。
8 forfeited 61f3953f8f253a0175a1f25530295885     
(因违反协议、犯规、受罚等)丧失,失去( forfeit的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Because he broke the rules, he forfeited his winnings. 他犯规,所以丧失了奖金。
  • He has forfeited the right to be the leader of this nation. 他丧失了作为这个国家领导的权利。
9 spectator nv9wi     
n.观众,目击者,旁观者
参考例句:
  • A spectator threw the ball back to the players.一个观众把球掷回给球员。
  • He was content to stand by as an impassive spectator.他满足于站在旁边做一个冷漠的旁观者。
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TAG标签:   take  boat  race  划船赛
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