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托福听力短文 I-03-1

时间:2009-01-10 00:30来源:互联网 提供网友:Zoe-w   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

(woman) In our lab today, we'll be testing the hypothesis1 that babied can count as early as five months of age. The six babies here are all less than six months old. You'll be watching them on closed-circuit TV and measuring their responses.

The experiment is based on the well-established observation that babies stare longer if they don't see what they expect to see. First, we're going to let two dolls move slowly in front of the babies. The babies will see the two dolls disappear behind a screen. Your job is to record, in seconds, how long the babies stare at the dolls when the screen is removed.

In the next stage, two dolls will again move in front of the babies and disappear. But then a third doll will follow. When the screen is removed, the babies will only see two dolls. If we're right, the babies will now stare longer because they expect three dolls but only see two.

It seems remarkable2 to think that such young children can count. My own research has convinced3 me that they have this ability from birth. But whether they do or not, perhaps we should raise another question --- should we take advantage of this ability by teaching4 children mathematics at such a young age? They have great untapped potential, but is it good for parents to pressure young children?


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1 hypothesis NcIzl     
n.假说,假设,(无根据的)猜测,揣测
参考例句:
  • We have proved the hypothesis.我们已经证明了这种假设。
  • The results confirmed his hypothesis on the use of modal verbs.结果证实了他的关于情态动词用法的假设。
2 remarkable 8Vbx6     
adj.显著的,异常的,非凡的,值得注意的
参考例句:
  • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在写作技巧方面有了长足进步。
  • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.这些汽车因发动机没有噪音而不同凡响。
3 convinced IvFzlG     
adj.确信的;深信的;有坚定信仰的v.使确信(convince的过去分词);说服
参考例句:
  • I am convinced of her innocence. 我坚信她是清白无辜的。
  • I'm convinced there's a jinx on this car. 我看这辆汽车是灾星。
4 teaching ngEziT     
n.教学,执教,任教,讲授;(复数)教诲
参考例句:
  • We all agree in adopting the new teaching method. 我们一致同意采取新的教学方法。
  • He created a new system of teaching foreign languages.他创造了一种新的外语教学体系。
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