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托福听力短文 I-03-2

时间:2009-01-10 00:31来源:互联网 提供网友:Zoe-w   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

(woman) Before starting our tour of Monticello, I'd like to give you some historical facts that might help you appreciate what you see today even more.

Monticello was the very much loved home of Thomas Jefferson for over fifty years. Jefferson, who was, of course, President, was also a great reader and language enthusiast1. He read widely on different subjects, including architecture. He wasn't formally trained in architecture, but as a result of his study and observation of other buildings, he was able to help design and build the house. He chose the site himself, naming the estate2 "Monticello," which means "little mountain" in Italian. In fact, many of the ideas behind the design also came from the Italian architect Andrea Palladio, who lived in the sixteenth century and who had a great influence on the architecture of England.

Jefferson, however, ignored one of Palladio's principles --- that is, not to build in a high place. Monticello's elevation3 made the transportation of what was needed at the house --- for example, food --- especially difficult. But the view from the estate would not be as spectacular4 if Jefferson had followed Palladio's advice; there really is no boundary between the house and the nature around it, and so Jefferson was able to look out on his beloved5 state of Virginia from his wonderful vantage point.

Now we'll go on to Jefferson's library.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 enthusiast pj7zR     
n.热心人,热衷者
参考例句:
  • He is an enthusiast about politics.他是个热衷于政治的人。
  • He was an enthusiast and loved to evoke enthusiasm in others.他是一个激情昂扬的人,也热中于唤起他人心中的激情。
2 estate InSxv     
n.所有地,地产,庄园;住宅区;财产,资产
参考例句:
  • My estate lies within a mile.我的地产离那有一英里。
  • The great real estate brokers do far more than this.而优秀的房地产经纪人做得可比这多得多。
3 elevation bqsxH     
n.高度;海拔;高地;上升;提高
参考例句:
  • The house is at an elevation of 2,000 metres.那幢房子位于海拔两千米的高处。
  • His elevation to the position of General Manager was announced yesterday.昨天宣布他晋升总经理职位。
4 spectacular 0v2wj     
adj.引人注目的,出色的,与众不同的
参考例句:
  • This is a spectacular film.这是一部场面壮观的电影。
  • This is the most spectacular financial crash of the decade.这是10年里最引人注目的金融破产事件。
5 beloved DQey3     
adj./n.受爱戴的,敬爱的;爱人,被心爱的人
参考例句:
  • She longs for the early return of her beloved.她盼着心上人早日归来。
  • She is Tom's beloved wife.她是汤姆的爱妻。
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