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NEWS-监督组织呼吁在全球建筑行业开展反腐败斗争

时间:2006-09-01 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:wdyllff   字体: [ ]
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Watchdog Group Calls for Anti-Corruption1 Crackdown in Global Construction Sector2

 

The watchdog group Transparency International says on a worldwide basis, corruption is greater in the construction industry than in any other economic sector. Transparency International says money that is diverted into bribes3 plunders4 economies and can in some cases cost lives.

 

On a global scale, there is more corruption in the construction trade than in the arms or energy sectors5.

 

And Transparency International has found that corruption can be found in every phase of construction -- from the preliminary planning stage, to the awarding of contracts, to the employment of subcontractors, to the operation and maintenance of projects.

 

Speaking at the launch of the report in London, the Chairman of Transparency International, Peter Eigen said money that is siphoned off for corruption carries with it very real social consequences.

 

Peter Eigen: We consider this damage done to economic management as probably one of the most important aspects and reasons for the poverty in many parts of the world, for the desperation, misery6 and hopelessness which leads very often to violence and conflict and in the final analysis, the breeding ground of course for terrorism and the other aspects which make our life so unbearable7.

 

Mr. Eigen says post-war areas are often breeding grounds for corruption and Iraq he points out is no exception.

 

Peter Eigen: We are concerned about the fact that the passing of huge, billion-dollar contracts were organized under relatively8 closed and un-transparent circumstances. Looking forward we hope that the large amounts of money which are still undispersed for the reconstruction9 of Iraq, that they will be spent under circumstances either under these contracts which already have been signed with accountability, with auditing10 -- independent auditing with financial reporting and hopefully also with contract procedures which are competitive and open.

 

The head of the anti-corruption group says openness in both the public and private sectors of the construction trade is the ultimate goal.

 

Peter Eigen: Transparency is the magical word. If decision are taken openly, the people will have confidence, the business community will have confidence, the government will have confidence but if things are done secretly and behind closed doors then very often the breach11 of these rules leads to tremendous damages in the economic management of these countries.

 

Transparency International is urging countries to adopt minimum standards of accountability in the construction trade to begin redressing12 the corrosive13 social effects corruption inherently brings with it.

 

Tom Rivers, for VOA news, London.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 corruption TzCxn     
n.腐败,堕落,贪污
参考例句:
  • The people asked the government to hit out against corruption and theft.人民要求政府严惩贪污盗窃。
  • The old man reviled against corruption.那老人痛斥了贪污舞弊。
2 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
3 bribes f3132f875c572eefabf4271b3ea7b2ca     
n.贿赂( bribe的名词复数 );向(某人)行贿,贿赂v.贿赂( bribe的第三人称单数 );向(某人)行贿,贿赂
参考例句:
  • It was alleged that he had taken bribes while in office. 他被指称在任时收受贿赂。
  • corrupt officials accepting bribes 接受贿赂的贪官污吏
4 plunders ebce1c80766ebfac635a0684372159f9     
掠夺,抢劫( plunder的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • It promiscuously plunders other languages and delights in neologisms. 它杂乱地掠夺其它语言,并以增加新词为乐。
  • The most formidable trade union system attacks a city throughout history plunders in you grasp. 有史以来最强大的工会系统,攻城掠地尽在你掌握之中。
5 sectors 218ffb34fa5fb6bc1691e90cd45ad627     
n.部门( sector的名词复数 );领域;防御地区;扇形
参考例句:
  • Berlin was divided into four sectors after the war. 战后柏林分成了4 个区。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Industry and agriculture are the two important sectors of the national economy. 工业和农业是国民经济的两个重要部门。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
6 misery G10yi     
n.痛苦,苦恼,苦难;悲惨的境遇,贫苦
参考例句:
  • Business depression usually causes misery among the working class.商业不景气常使工薪阶层受苦。
  • He has rescued me from the mire of misery.他把我从苦海里救了出来。
7 unbearable alCwB     
adj.不能容忍的;忍受不住的
参考例句:
  • It is unbearable to be always on thorns.老是处于焦虑不安的情况中是受不了的。
  • The more he thought of it the more unbearable it became.他越想越觉得无法忍受。
8 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
9 reconstruction 3U6xb     
n.重建,再现,复原
参考例句:
  • The country faces a huge task of national reconstruction following the war.战后,该国面临着重建家园的艰巨任务。
  • In the period of reconstruction,technique decides everything.在重建时期,技术决定一切。
10 auditing JyVzib     
n.审计,查账,决算
参考例句:
  • Auditing standards are the rules governing how an audit is performed.收支检查标准是规则统治一个稽核如何被运行。
  • The auditing services market is dominated by a few large accounting firms.审计服务市场被几家大型会计公司独占了。
11 breach 2sgzw     
n.违反,不履行;破裂;vt.冲破,攻破
参考例句:
  • We won't have any breach of discipline.我们不允许任何破坏纪律的现象。
  • He was sued for breach of contract.他因不履行合同而被起诉。
12 redressing 4464c7e0afd643643a07779b96933ef9     
v.改正( redress的现在分词 );重加权衡;恢复平衡
参考例句:
  • Do use despot traditional Chinese medicine shampoo a drug after finishing redressing hair? 用霸王中药洗发水,洗完头发后有药味吗? 来自互联网
13 corrosive wzsxn     
adj.腐蚀性的;有害的;恶毒的
参考例句:
  • Many highly corrosive substances are used in the nuclear industry.核工业使用许多腐蚀性很强的物质。
  • Many highly corrosive substances are used in the nuclear industry.核工业使用许多腐蚀性很强的物质。
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