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NEWS-沃尔福威茨获世界银行行长提名引各方瞩目

时间:2006-09-01 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:wdyllff   字体: [ ]
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Wolfowitz Nomination1 as World Bank President

Brings Swift Reaction

 

President Bush has nominated Deputy Defense2 Secretary Paul Wolfowitz to be the next president of the World Bank. Mr. Wolfowitz is considered a key architect of the US policy in Iraq, and his nomination has brought swift reaction from both supporters and critics.

 

President Bush has described Mr. Wolfowitz as compassionate3 and committed to development. His long resume includes dean of Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and ambassador to Indonesia. He also has a doctorate4 in political science from the University of Chicago.

 

His nomination to lead the World Bank has sparked debate over what message the Bush Administration is trying to send to the world. Especially since the nomination follows that of John Bolton as US Ambassador to the United Nations. If approved, he would succeed James Wolfensohn, a Clinton appointee, who has led the bank since 1995.

 

One of those praising Mr. Wolfowitz is Sarath Rajapatirana a former World Bank official and a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute.

 

Sarath Rajapatirana: Oh, I’m very positive, I think it’s a great appointment. Because he is somebody who is very clear minded and who can carry on policies in the bank to support countries that are both developing and moving toward democracy. That’s a great idea.

 

Soren Ambrose is a senior policy analyst6 with the group 50 Years is Enough. It’s a coalition7 of 200 NGOs lobbying for reforms in international financial institutions. He says he reacted very differently when he heard about the nomination.

 

Ambrose (LAUGHS): That was it, laughter. Actually the initial reaction came two weeks ago when the rumors8 started flowing, and before the day was out we had pretty much dismissed the rumors as a joke. The reason we dismissed them as a joke because we know that Paul Wolfowitz is well known around the world and much disliked around the world.

 

While Mr. Ambrose sees the nomination as a controversial one, Mr. Rajapatirana says Mr. Wolfowitz has solid credentials9 for the job.

 

Rajapatirana: He has a very good track record, background. He was ambassador to Indonesia. He has interest in developing countries. He has been dean at one of the best schools for economic development in the Washington, DC, area. So, I think he has all the credentials. And he’s somebody who knows how to set a goal and move towards it.

 

Mr. Rajapatirana also does not see the Wolfowitz nomination as an attempt by the United States to impose its will on others.

 

Rajapatirana: You know, I worked for the World Bank for twenty-five years. I don’t know of any incident where I could have said the World Bank imposed its will on a country. The countries are always free to borrow, number one. Number two is that there’s a board there that discusses issues, board of directors appointed by the countries. So, it’s a joint10 decision. So, you know, I don’t agree with that at all.

 

Soren Ambrose of 50 Years is Enough disagrees.

 

Soren Ambrose: Wolfowitz has proven himself to be the leading advocate within the Bush Administration of a policy that really seeks to impose US interests on other countries around the world. And we think this is something the World Bank already does and doesn’t need to do better. Instead it needs to open up and listen to voices from developing countries more.

 

He says the World Bank under Paul Wolfowitz would have a more pro5 US policy.

 

Soren Ambrose: I think that we’ll see them being more inclined to support countries that are in line with US strategic interests. I think we’ll also see some of the other agenda items that the Bush administration has been pushing on the international development scene rise to great prominence11 there. Some of which we actually like, such as the idea that the World Bank giving grants rather than loans.

 

But Mr. Ambrose says those grants could be based on certain performance standards that poor countries would have a hard time meeting.

 

Yet, Sarath Rajapatirana of the American Enterprise Institute says the World Bank should take a new approach.

 

Rajapatirana: What is lacking basically is a very clear idea of its objective function or mandate12. In the last ten years, there has been sort of a drift of the bank toward various different goals. Poverty reduction is a goal, you know. But there are so many things that must happen in order for that to be achieved like ensuring property rights, having open and free markets.

 

While many believe that the Mr. Wolfowitz’s confirmation13 as World Bank president is assured, Soren Ambrose thinks there’s a chance to block the nomination.

 

Ambrose: There actually is. I think it’s slim, but there is and that’s because the US managed to block the western Europeans’ nomination of the IMF (director), which is their traditional post to fill back in 2000. So, now that that precedent14 has been set – you know there are really only two powers at the World Bank, the US first among them by a long stretch, but Europe has enough votes when it unites to overcome the US.

 

He says critics may denounce Mr. Wolfowitz for his role in the Iraq war to try to force the Bush Administration to make another choice. But former World Bank official Sarath Rajapatirana says the administration probably consulted European nations before announcing the nomination.

 

Joe De Capua, Voice of America news, Washington.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 nomination BHMxw     
n.提名,任命,提名权
参考例句:
  • John is favourite to get the nomination for club president.约翰最有希望被提名为俱乐部主席。
  • Few people pronounced for his nomination.很少人表示赞成他的提名。
2 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
3 compassionate PXPyc     
adj.有同情心的,表示同情的
参考例句:
  • She is a compassionate person.她是一个有同情心的人。
  • The compassionate judge gave the young offender a light sentence.慈悲的法官从轻判处了那个年轻罪犯。
4 doctorate fkEzt     
n.(大学授予的)博士学位
参考例句:
  • He hasn't enough credits to get his doctorate.他的学分不够取得博士学位。
  • Where did she do her doctorate?她在哪里攻读博士?
5 pro tk3zvX     
n.赞成,赞成的意见,赞成者
参考例句:
  • The two debating teams argued the question pro and con.辩论的两组从赞成与反对两方面辩这一问题。
  • Are you pro or con nuclear disarmament?你是赞成还是反对核裁军?
6 analyst gw7zn     
n.分析家,化验员;心理分析学家
参考例句:
  • What can you contribute to the position of a market analyst?你有什么技能可有助于市场分析员的职务?
  • The analyst is required to interpolate values between standards.分析人员需要在这些标准中插入一些值。
7 coalition pWlyi     
n.结合体,同盟,结合,联合
参考例句:
  • The several parties formed a coalition.这几个政党组成了政治联盟。
  • Coalition forces take great care to avoid civilian casualties.联盟军队竭尽全力避免造成平民伤亡。
8 rumors 2170bcd55c0e3844ecb4ef13fef29b01     
n.传闻( rumor的名词复数 );[古]名誉;咕哝;[古]喧嚷v.传闻( rumor的第三人称单数 );[古]名誉;咕哝;[古]喧嚷
参考例句:
  • Rumors have it that the school was burned down. 有谣言说学校给烧掉了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Rumors of a revolt were afloat. 叛变的谣言四起。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 credentials credentials     
n.证明,资格,证明书,证件
参考例句:
  • He has long credentials of diplomatic service.他的外交工作资历很深。
  • Both candidates for the job have excellent credentials.此项工作的两个求职者都非常符合资格。
10 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
11 prominence a0Mzw     
n.突出;显著;杰出;重要
参考例句:
  • He came to prominence during the World Cup in Italy.他在意大利的世界杯赛中声名鹊起。
  • This young fashion designer is rising to prominence.这位年轻的时装设计师的声望越来越高。
12 mandate sj9yz     
n.托管地;命令,指示
参考例句:
  • The President had a clear mandate to end the war.总统得到明确的授权结束那场战争。
  • The General Election gave him no such mandate.大选并未授予他这种权力。
13 confirmation ZYMya     
n.证实,确认,批准
参考例句:
  • We are waiting for confirmation of the news.我们正在等待证实那个消息。
  • We need confirmation in writing before we can send your order out.给你们发送订购的货物之前,我们需要书面确认。
14 precedent sSlz6     
n.先例,前例;惯例;adj.在前的,在先的
参考例句:
  • Is there a precedent for what you want me to do?你要我做的事有前例可援吗?
  • This is a wonderful achievement without precedent in Chinese history.这是中国历史上亘古未有的奇绩。
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