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越来越难圆的美国梦

时间:2007-01-23 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:maopaihuo_211   字体: [ ]
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Abby Subark is a mother of two from Boston.

"For my kids, I'm ...I'm nervous. I don't know if it's a given that they'll be able to achieve their American dream."

She may be right, more than hard work or education, the best way to get rich in America is to be born rich.

It is the case that somebody who is in the upper third of income, pool scores, in the bottom on tests when they are in eighth grade, is more likely to go to college and finish college than a, a poor kid er, with the top scores. That's what the working person's children are up against.

The think tank, the Economic Policy Institute finds it would take a poor couple with 2 children 9 or 10 generations to achieve middle class status. That's about 200 years. The hallmark of American opportunity has always been the ability to do better than your parents. But compared with similar developed countries, the United States ranks fifth out of six for so-called1 intergenerational mobility2.

If you look at the mechanisms3 for upward4 mobility that were so readily5 available 50 years ago, 25 years ago, they are becoming further out of reach.

Like plentiful6 factory jobs with good wages and affordable7 education and health care. And white families are twice as likely as blacks to be upwardly mobile8. For most people in America today, where you end up depends on where you start.

If you started in the middle-income class, you know, about 40 to 45 percent of what you are making right now is due to the fact that your parents were in the middle-income class. The rest is up to you.

He sides with those who believe this economy is creating opportunities for everyone.

But for the millions of people who find themselves below the poverty line and the millions more who are the working poor, their starting point for the American dream leaves them painfully far away from the middle class.

Christine Romans, CNN, New York.

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be up against:面临面对
hallmark:a typical feature 特点
upward mobility :上进心


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 so-called jwvwy     
adj.所谓的,号称的
参考例句:
  • These were the so-called mainframe machines.它们被称为主机。
  • Let's see what this so-called button does.让我们来看看为什么这个按钮叫这个名字。
2 mobility H6rzu     
n.可动性,变动性,情感不定
参考例句:
  • The difference in regional house prices acts as an obstacle to mobility of labour.不同地区房价的差异阻碍了劳动力的流动。
  • Mobility is very important in guerrilla warfare.机动性在游击战中至关重要。
3 mechanisms d0db71d70348ef1c49f05f59097917b8     
n.机械( mechanism的名词复数 );机械装置;[生物学] 机制;机械作用
参考例句:
  • The research will provide direct insight into molecular mechanisms. 这项研究将使人能够直接地了解分子的机理。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He explained how the two mechanisms worked. 他解释这两台机械装置是如何工作的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 upward Sj7wQ     
adj.向上的,上升的;adv.向上,上升
参考例句:
  • The birds flew upward.鸟儿向上飞去。
  • Prices have an upward tendency.价格有上升的趋势。
5 readily gCgy0     
adv.欣然地,容易地,很快地,立即
参考例句:
  • I promise all costs will be readily returned.我保证所有的费用会迅速偿还。
  • Most plastics do not readily conduct heat or electricity.大多数塑料不易传热或导电。
6 plentiful r2izH     
adj.富裕的,丰富的
参考例句:
  • Their family has a plentiful harvest this year.他们家今年又丰收了。
  • Rainfall is plentiful in the area.这个地区雨量充足。
7 affordable kz6zfq     
adj.支付得起的,不太昂贵的
参考例句:
  • The rent for the four-roomed house is affordable.四居室房屋的房租付得起。
  • There are few affordable apartments in big cities.在大城市中没有几所公寓是便宜的。
8 mobile l6dzu     
adj.可移动的,易变的,机动的;n.运动物体
参考例句:
  • The old lady sits on a mobile chair every morning.那位老妇人每天上午坐在一把可携带使用的椅子上。
  • She's much more mobile now that she's bought a car.自从她买了汽车后,活动量就大多了。
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TAG标签:   万花筒  美国梦
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