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迷失在荒野时该如何自救

时间:2007-01-24 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:maopaihuo_211   字体: [ ]
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James Kim is still missing in Oregon. But on Tuesday, searchers found what appeared to be his gray pants. And the search continues today on a remote area near the spot where Kim's wife and daughters were found in their car on Monday. It's hard to imagine being in the situation but there are things you should know how to do, things you should know how to save yourself. Earlyshow national correspondent Tracy Smith, is live in New Jersey1 with more . Good morning Tracy.

Good morning, Harry2, that's right. With the city scout3 reservation in the pine barrens , with survival expert , Tom Brown. Good morning, Tom, (Good morning.)Thanks for being with us. So you say that even if you're going for a casual drive, you need to prepare for the unexpected.

Absolutely. Most people use their vehicles as a, as an overcoat. And they go into them underdressed, they figure they got heat and everything else, but if your vehicle breaks down and you are underdressed, then you have nothing in the vehicle to use to stay warm.

You are in trouble.

You're, you're in trouble.

So we've a list of things that you should have in your car at all time. Starting with a cell phone which was so important to the Kims.

Oh, absolutely. Cell phones in this day and age, I mean, they're, they're indispensable for calling for help at emergency.

And that's how they track them down also er, blankets, or clothing.

Yeah, any old clothing that you can just keep in the car. A blanket you can keep in the car. Remember, shelters are number one thing that you need, and...you know, in a survival situation.

And food and water are also important, a flashlighter, a flare4 so that you can (right) signal for help.

Definitely. A snow shovel5.

Snow shovel?

And anything, anything else. I know it's an inconvenience if you're going shopping. They have these extra stuff in the car but it could save your life.

And it doesn't take up that much room, (No.) other things, you know , the Kims were very resourceful but there are other things that you can find in your car that'll actually keep you warm.

Yeah, exactly right. For instance, a carpet in a car, its insulation6 is dead space,and the more you can (So what do you do with this?) get on you wrap it around you.

Just put it, you can tuck it in your clothing.

Yep, put it around you between a couple of layers of the clothing.

And that will keep you warm. Newspaper?

Another thing, newspaper. um or cardboard, you take and you wrinkle it up and what you want to do is stuff that in your clothing ,because it's gonna create that dead air space (And that actually keeps you warm). Yeah, you know how we dress in layers, everybody told you to dress in layers, so you are adding more layers.

This insulates you. You can actually use the insulation in your car seat.

Oh, yeah, you can take, and let's face it. You can replace a car seat, you can't replace a life. But you take and slice your car seat. (You get right into there, put that out) And you got all of this foam7 insulation in here that you can use.

And once again, you can stuff that (yes)in your clothing. (absolutely)And if you don't have a knife, you can use your car keys.

Car keys, or, lug8 wrench9, anything sharp.

Now, you say, as much as it's human nature to try to go get help, you really should never leave your car.

No, no, shelter is the single most important thing in a survival situation and your car is your shelter. Let's face it . What are searchers gonna find : your car, it's big.

It's a bigger target, sure for them to look for.

Yes, and plus it's your main source of shelter.

If you get separated from your car, you can actually build a hut?

Yeah, you can build a debris10 hut. This is a , like a big fiber-filled sleeping bag and you simply make a skeleton er of stacks, pile debris on top of it, the snow on the ground, you can pull down pine bales , and it traps and holds body in.

In this hut. And you can actually use these things ( yes exactly)as well, put these under your clothes.

Stuff, stuff your clothing. When we teach kids, we teach in the scarecrow method. That if they are ever cold, then they got to get home to stuff their clothing with leaves, debris, anything they can find.

Anything, scarecrow method, I like that. Now, the Kims ran their car out of gas,(right) they tried to stay warm. Once that happens, you can actually take that same debris, (Stuff it in there.) put it in your car, and what you do is you just burrow11 right in here(yep)

You just burrow in, pull it all around, you make sure you keep the window cracked a little bit to let out the air, the vapors12 that you breathe, and then you feel nice and warm.

And this will keep you warm.

Yep, they keep you alive

You know, Tom, quickly, how do you stay calm in a situation like this?

You know, staying calm is hope. Hope always that you're going to get rescued.

Staying positive.

And we, and we tell people, um, if you are lost, stay put, stay in one place.

And stay hopeful.

Because once you start wandering the landscape, it makes people like me, trackers harder to find you.

That's what we are finding out with the Kims' story.Tom Brown, thanks so much for your advice.

You are very welcome.

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shovel:a tool used for digging or moving something such as snow or dirt. It consists of a long handle with a curved metal end 铁铲
insulation:material used for preventing heat, cold, noise, or electricty from passing through something 绝缘
hut:a small simple shelter 棚屋
debris:the broken pieces that are left when something large has been destroyed, especially by an explosion, fire, or accident 残骸
scarecrow:an object in the shape of a person that farmers put in their fields to frighten birds away 稻草人


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 jersey Lp5zzo     
n.运动衫
参考例句:
  • He wears a cotton jersey when he plays football.他穿运动衫踢足球。
  • They were dressed alike in blue jersey and knickers.他们穿着一致,都是蓝色的运动衫和灯笼短裤。
2 harry heBxS     
vt.掠夺,蹂躏,使苦恼
参考例句:
  • Today,people feel more hurried and harried.今天,人们感到更加忙碌和苦恼。
  • Obama harried business by Healthcare Reform plan.奥巴马用医改掠夺了商界。
3 scout oDGzi     
n.童子军,侦察员;v.侦察,搜索
参考例句:
  • He was mistaken for an enemy scout and badly wounded.他被误认为是敌人的侦察兵,受了重伤。
  • The scout made a stealthy approach to the enemy position.侦察兵偷偷地靠近敌军阵地。
4 flare LgQz9     
v.闪耀,闪烁;n.潮红;突发
参考例句:
  • The match gave a flare.火柴发出闪光。
  • You need not flare up merely because I mentioned your work.你大可不必因为我提到你的工作就动怒。
5 shovel cELzg     
n.铁锨,铲子,一铲之量;v.铲,铲出
参考例句:
  • He was working with a pick and shovel.他在用镐和铲干活。
  • He seized a shovel and set to.他拿起一把铲就干上了。
6 insulation Q5Jxt     
n.隔离;绝缘;隔热
参考例句:
  • Please examine the insulation of the electric wires in my house.请检查一下我屋子里电线的绝缘情况。
  • It is always difficult to assure good insulation between the electric leads.要保证两个电触头之间有良好的绝缘总是很困难的。
7 foam LjOxI     
v./n.泡沫,起泡沫
参考例句:
  • The glass of beer was mostly foam.这杯啤酒大部分是泡沫。
  • The surface of the water is full of foam.水面都是泡沫。
8 lug VAuxo     
n.柄,突出部,螺帽;(英)耳朵;(俚)笨蛋;vt.拖,拉,用力拖动
参考例句:
  • Nobody wants to lug around huge suitcases full of clothes.谁都不想拖着个装满衣服的大箱子到处走。
  • Do I have to lug those suitcases all the way to the station?难道非要我把那些手提箱一直拉到车站去吗?
9 wrench FMvzF     
v.猛拧;挣脱;使扭伤;n.扳手;痛苦,难受
参考例句:
  • He gave a wrench to his ankle when he jumped down.他跳下去的时候扭伤了足踝。
  • It was a wrench to leave the old home.离开这个老家非常痛苦。
10 debris debris     
n.瓦砾堆,废墟,碎片
参考例句:
  • After the bombing there was a lot of debris everywhere.轰炸之后到处瓦砾成堆。
  • Bacteria sticks to food debris in the teeth,causing decay.细菌附着在牙缝中的食物残渣上,导致蛀牙。
11 burrow EsazA     
vt.挖掘(洞穴);钻进;vi.挖洞;翻寻;n.地洞
参考例句:
  • Earthworms burrow deep into the subsoil.蚯蚓深深地钻进底土。
  • The dog had chased a rabbit into its burrow.狗把兔子追进了洞穴。
12 vapors 94a2c1cb72b6aa4cb43b8fb8f61653d4     
n.水汽,水蒸气,无实质之物( vapor的名词复数 );自夸者;幻想 [药]吸入剂 [古]忧郁(症)v.自夸,(使)蒸发( vapor的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • His emotions became vague and shifted about like vapors. 他的心情则如同一团雾气,变幻无常,捉摸不定。 来自辞典例句
  • They have hysterics, they weep, they have the vapors. 他们歇斯底里,他们哭泣,他们精神忧郁。 来自辞典例句
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TAG标签:   万花筒  迷失  自救
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