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许国璋英语听力第四册 Lesson 1添加文本

时间:2005-07-14 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:123   字体: [ ]
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  WORD LIST
stove n. (煮饭取暖用之) 火炉
start n. 惊跳
shawl n. 披肩
upturn1 v.t 往上翻
brow n. 前额
choose(chose, chosen) v.t. 选择
path n.道路
periodic adj. 周期性的
jail n. 监狱
distribute v.t. 散发
leaflet n. 传单
gendarme2 n. 宪兵
alarm n.惊慌
first-class a.头等的
problem n. (需要解决的)问题
pedlar n. 叫卖小贩
dismiss v.t. 打发掉; 开除
gossip n. 爱说闲话的人;长舌妇
inspiration n. 灵感
simply adv. 非常,简直
weight n.重量
roughly adv.粗野地
curse v.t.咒骂
ought v.aux. 应该
devil n.魔鬼;恶人
load n.负担
wipe v.t. 擦(干净)
sweat n. 汗水
porridge n.粥,稀饭
password n. 暗语;口令
peep v.i. 窥视,偷看
light (lit, lit) v.i. (up) (此处)愉快起来
packet n. 包;捆
breast n.(此处)上衣胸部的口袋
jacket n. 短外衣
noodle n.(常用复数)面条
flare3 v.i. (up) 闪烁;发怒
thoroughly4 彻底地;透彻地
scatter5 v.i.四散
boss n. (此处)工头
regularly adv. 经常地
revelation n. 启示
reveal v.
TEXT
MOTHER
Adapted from Maxim6 Gorky
Pavel was arrested. That day Mother did not light the stove. Evening came and a cold wind was blowing. There was a knock at the window. Then another. Mother was used to such knocks, but this time she gave a little star of joy. Throwing a shawl over her shoulders, she opened the door.
A man came in, his face hidden by an upturned coat collar and a cap pulled low over his brow. He took off his cap and held out his hand.
"Hullo, Mother! Don't you remember me?" he asked, like an old friend.
"Yegor Ivanovich!" exclaimed Mother.
Yegor began explaining at once.
"I've brought you news from Pavel, Mother. He sends you his love and says you mustn't worry. He wants you to know that anyone who chooses the path he has chosen is sure to have periodic hollidays in jail. And now I'll get down to business, Mother. Do you know how many were arrested this morning.?"
"Why-was anyone--besides Pavel?"
"he was the forty-ninth," Yegor added quickly. "And here's the point. We mustn't stop distributing leaflets at the factory. If we do, the gendarmes7 will use it against Pavel and the comrades in jail."
"What do you mean?" cried Mother in alarm.
"It's simple enogh," answered Yegor. "Sometimes even gendarmes use their heads. Pavel was free-there were papers and leaflets; Pavel is jailed-there are no more papers or leaflets. Therefore Pavel must have been the man. Isn't that clear?"
Mother seemed to understand now. Then she said, "But what can we do about it?"
"They've arrested almost everybody," Yegor went on. "There's no one to carry on the work. We've got first-class leaflets, plenty of them, but how to get them into the factory remains8 a problem."
"Could anything be done?" Mother was anxious to know.
"Let's have a talk with the pedlar. Perhaps she'll take them in."
Mother dismissed the idea with a wave of her hand.
"Oh, no! She's a gossip!" Then she burst out with sudden inspiration, "Give them to me ! I'll do it. I'll take dinners to sell at the factory. I'll manage."
"Wonderful, Mother! Simply wonderful!" said Yegor, holding both her hands in his.
So at noon the next day Mother was at the factory gate, bending under the weight of her food baskets. Two guards passed their hands roughly over everyone who entered the yard. The workmen cursed them, adding, "You devils ought to search our heads and not our pockets."
"You might let me through," said Mother. "Can't you see my back is about to break under the load?"
Once inside the factory yard, Mother set her baskets down, wiped the sweat off her face and looked round.
"Got any porridge?" a man hurried over to her and asked.
I'll bring some tomorrow," she replied.
This was the password! The workman's face lit up. He squatted9 down to peep into the basket and a packet of leaflets passed into the breast of his jacket.
"Soup! Hot noodles!" Mother cried. Every time a packet left her hands, the hateful yellow face of the officer who had taken her son away flared10 up in her mind.
The next day she came to the gates of the factory without any papers on her. The guards stopped her and searched her thoroughly. Inside, she saw that everybody was excited. It had got round that the leaflets had appeared again. The men gathered in groups, then scattered11, running from one shop to another. The bosses looked worried, and the police had grey, exasperated12 faces.
She carried the leaflets regularly to the factory, looking upon this as her duty. She felt she was doing something important for the people, for the new life. She had never felt that anyone needed her but now she saw that many people did. And this was a new and pleasant revelation.


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1 upturn 8jdwQ     
n.情况好转
参考例句:
  • Experts have forecast an upturn in the stock market.专家已预测股票市场价格有上升趋势。
  • The economy is experiencing an upturn.经济正在好转。
2 gendarme DlayC     
n.宪兵
参考例句:
  • A gendarme was crossing the court.一个宪兵正在院子里踱步。
  • While he was at work,a gendarme passed,observed him,and demanded his papers.正在他工作时,有个警察走过,注意到他,便向他要证件。
3 flare LgQz9     
v.闪耀,闪烁;n.潮红;突发
参考例句:
  • The match gave a flare.火柴发出闪光。
  • You need not flare up merely because I mentioned your work.你大可不必因为我提到你的工作就动怒。
4 thoroughly sgmz0J     
adv.完全地,彻底地,十足地
参考例句:
  • The soil must be thoroughly turned over before planting.一定要先把土地深翻一遍再下种。
  • The soldiers have been thoroughly instructed in the care of their weapons.士兵们都系统地接受过保护武器的训练。
5 scatter uDwzt     
vt.撒,驱散,散开;散布/播;vi.分散,消散
参考例句:
  • You pile everything up and scatter things around.你把东西乱堆乱放。
  • Small villages scatter at the foot of the mountain.村庄零零落落地散布在山脚下。
6 maxim G2KyJ     
n.格言,箴言
参考例句:
  • Please lay the maxim to your heart.请把此格言记在心里。
  • "Waste not,want not" is her favourite maxim.“不浪费则不匮乏”是她喜爱的格言。
7 gendarmes e775b824de98b38fb18be9103d68a1d9     
n.宪兵,警官( gendarme的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Of course, the line of prisoners was guarded at all times by armed gendarmes. 当然,这一切都是在荷枪实弹的卫兵监视下进行的。 来自百科语句
  • The three men were gendarmes;the other was Jean Valjean. 那三个人是警察,另一个就是冉阿让。 来自互联网
8 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
9 squatted 45deb990f8c5186c854d710c535327b0     
v.像动物一样蹲下( squat的过去式和过去分词 );非法擅自占用(土地或房屋);为获得其所有权;而占用某片公共用地。
参考例句:
  • He squatted down beside the footprints and examined them closely. 他蹲在脚印旁仔细地观察。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He squatted in the grass discussing with someone. 他蹲在草地上与一个人谈话。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 Flared Flared     
adj. 端部张开的, 爆发的, 加宽的, 漏斗式的 动词flare的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • The match flared and went out. 火柴闪亮了一下就熄了。
  • The fire flared up when we thought it was out. 我们以为火已经熄灭,但它突然又燃烧起来。
11 scattered 7jgzKF     
adj.分散的,稀疏的;散步的;疏疏落落的
参考例句:
  • Gathering up his scattered papers,he pushed them into his case.他把散乱的文件收拾起来,塞进文件夹里。
12 exasperated ltAz6H     
adj.恼怒的
参考例句:
  • We were exasperated at his ill behaviour. 我们对他的恶劣行为感到非常恼怒。
  • Constant interruption of his work exasperated him. 对他工作不断的干扰使他恼怒。
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TAG标签:   许国璋  听力  第四册  lesson
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