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豆知识 2011-09-04&09-10 专题式学习

时间:2012-04-19 05:50来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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 You remember what it was like in school. It was boring. You sat in class, memorized as much as you could and tried to pass a test at the end. But is that good enough? These days school can be more interesting and effective by focusing students on work that matters. This is Project-based Learning Explained.

 
 
 
Most adults live in a world of projects. Whether it’s a job assignment, home improvement or planning a wedding, we need to actively1 solve problems. But unfortunately, school work looks more like this than this.
 
 
 
Let's take a look at this project-based world. Meet Claire. She was recently presented with a challenge. Her company, Super Sods, makes soap and it was up to her to find the most earth friendly way to produce it in the future.
 
 
 
Her boss gave her a budget and a few requirements, and it was up to her to come up with a solution. She organized and managed a team who researched the options and created materials summarizing the issues. Clare's team asked for a feedback and presented their findings to the boss.
 
 
 
Claire came out of the project looking like a rock star and she learned a lot about green products. If you look closely, Claire’s success involved critical thinking, collaboration2 and communication. Things that aren’t often taught in traditional classrooms. The world needs more Claires, so how do we get them? The answer is project-based learning or PBL. By focusing students on a project, teachers put them on a path that deepens3 their knowledge and builds skills they’ll need in the future.
 
 
 
Here’s what I mean. Mr. Simmons has always been a good science teacher and his students do well on Fridays’ tests. Unfortunately, what they learned was gone by Saturday morning. That wasn't good enough for him. Soon he learned about project-based learning and decided4 to give it a shot.
 
 
 
Mr. Simmons got the idea for his first project on microorganisms when nearly half of his students were suddenly absent with the flu. He asked his students why they thought so many of their classmates got sick at the same time. That lively discussion produced a lot of good questions and a list of things that kids wanted to know. Mr. Simmons then announced their project was to help elementary schools kids understand: How can we not get sick?
 
 
 
After dividing the class into teams, he got them started it on the project. It was up to the students to ask questions, research, collaborate5, give each other feedback and figure it out the best ways to make their points clear to children. One team chose to make an educational video on the connection between hand washing and avoiding the flu. Another chose to create posters to show how viruses spread. 
 
 
 
The project teams showed off their final work to an enthusiastic audience of parents and their children at a nearby elementary school.
 
 
 
Sitting in the front row was our good friend and local rock star Claire who saw a bit of herself in the students.
 
 
 
It was clear that the project was success for the students, the audience, and Mr. Simmons. His students practiced critical thinking, collaboration and communication. The project wasn't about memorization but learning in-depth about viruses and how to prevent spreading disease. A lesson they will never forget. At the end of the presentation, Claire introduced herself to the students and told them that they were rock stars and that the world needs more people who can think like them.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 actively lzezni     
adv.积极地,勤奋地
参考例句:
  • During this period all the students were actively participating.在这节课中所有的学生都积极参加。
  • We are actively intervening to settle a quarrel.我们正在积极调解争执。
2 collaboration bW7yD     
n.合作,协作;勾结
参考例句:
  • The two companies are working in close collaboration each other.这两家公司密切合作。
  • He was shot for collaboration with the enemy.他因通敌而被枪毙了。
3 deepens 04a89e4b576db6b8593af77b2139c7cf     
v.变深,加深( deepen的第三人称单数 );加浓
参考例句:
  • Wine deepens on aging. 酒久藏而变醇。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • \"The sand-sea deepens with fathomless ice, And darkness masses its endless clouds;\" 瀚海阑干百丈冰,愁云黪淡万里凝。 来自英汉 - 翻译样例 - 文学
4 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
5 collaborate SWgyC     
vi.协作,合作;协调
参考例句:
  • The work gets done more quickly when we collaborate.我们一旦合作,工作做起来就更快了。
  • I would ask you to collaborate with us in this work.我们愿意请你们在这项工作中和我们合作。
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TAG标签:   豆知识  专题式学习
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