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News & Reports 2011-12-03

时间:2011-12-09 06:42来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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 Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

 
In This Edition
 
Chinese vice1 foreign minister says China cannot use its foreign exchange reserves of 3.2 trillion U.S. dollars to rescue European countries.
 
Negotiations2 on setting up the Green Climate Fund encounter a setback3 at the ongoing4 Durban climate conference.
 
The leaders of France and Germany are pushing for fundamental changes to the European treaty governing the currency shared by 17 nations.
 
And tourism industry leaders from Europe unveil a new web portal VisitEurope.com in Beijing, as a part of a European Travel Commission promotion5 "Travel Destination Europe."
 
 
Hot Issue Reports
 
China can not rescue other countries with its foreign reserves: senior diplomat6
A senior Chinese diplomat says China cannot use its foreign exchange reserves of 3.2 trillion U.S. dollars to rescue European countries.
 
Vice Foreign Minister Fu Ying made the remarks at a Lan-ting forum7 held by the Ministry8 of Foreign Affairs in Beijing.
 
"I say the idea that China should save Europe does not stand, as reserves are not managed that way. But China has never been absent from any international efforts to help Europe. We have always been an active participant and a healthy participant too."
 
Fu adds that since the outbreak of the European financial crisis, China has dispatched more than 30 procurement9 delegations11 to Europe, leading to the country's growing imports from the continent.
 
Fu has also urged Europe to depoliticize Chinese investments.
 
"So we maintain that Europe should depoliticize Chinese investment. Our overseas investments will continue to increase in the future. Just as I mentioned before, the trend of Chinese foreign investments is climbing. Everyone should take on a welcoming and helping12 attitude towards Chinese foreign investments."
 
She stresses that the way the foreign reserves are managed should be in line with the principles of "safety, liquidity13 and proper profitability."
 
She says China's purchases of European bonds, International Monetary14 Fund bonds and U.S. bonds are also based on those principles.
 
 
Expectations low on Durban Climate Conference
Global climate discussions have started in Durban, South Africa to find a successor to the Kyoto Protocol15. But the road to consensus16 appears to be bumpy17.
 
Shuangfeng has the story.
 
At the ongoing Durban climate talks, negotiations on setting up the Green Climate Fund have encountered a setback, after the United States rejected a proposal to raise 100-billion U.S. dollars for poor countries to develop low-carbon economies.
 
Meanwhile, the heads of 16 major non-governmental organizations have distributed a letter to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to change the U.S. stance on climate change and not to block UN talks.
 
Developed countries like Canada and Japan are planning to withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol. Su Wei, deputy head of the Chinese delegation10 to the Durban conference and the country's chief negotiator on climate change, says the behavior and attitudes of such countries are "irresponsible."
 
"Under current circumstances, we don't have measures to force the developed countries to be legally binding18. We hope they can fulfill19 their international obligations and observe their commitment with an active and meaningful approach."
Su says China, along with Brazil, India, and the host South Africa, have issued a joint20 statement representing all developing countries to safeguard their interests.
 
Apart from talks on reducing climate change, delegates have also discussed ways of adapting to a warmer world.
Xu Yinlong is an expert on climate change at the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science.
 
"China has taken action in adapting to and slowing down climate change. But I think China needs to intensify21 those efforts. For example, we need to use money more effectively. At the same time, we also need to cooperate with other countries in this field."
 
Emanuele Cuccillato is a project manager for Adapting to Climate Change in China, a co-initiative of China, the UK and Switzerland. He says China has taken climate change seriously.
 
"This is the first time that adaptation is featured in Five-Year Plan, so there are clear signals that this is a growing concern. There is also a lot of research that is being done on this topic."
 
High-level negotiations are scheduled next week in Durban, but the UN has warned that a groundbreaking and comprehensive global agreement on carbon emission22 reductions will probably not be achieved this time.
 
BRICS forum opens in S. China to promote city-to-city ties
The world's five major emerging economies have sought to deepen their cooperation at a forum in Southern China's coastal23 resort of Sanya.
 
The BRICS Friendship Cities and Local Governments Cooperation Forum aims to boost local-level cooperation among Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
 
Panel discussions will be held to talk over issues like food safety, eco-friendly urban development, financial crisis and energy strategies.
 
Li Xiao-lin is chairwoman of the Chinese People's Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries.
 
"The forum provides a good platform for cities and local governments from BRICS countries to communicate with each other and work together to meet common challenges. We will use this platform to deepen our cooperation in a wide range of sectors24, including finance, technology, agriculture, and environmental protection. "
 
The decision to hold the forum was announced at the BRICS summit in April this year, when leaders of the five nations jointly25 issued a declaration to seek shared prosperity.
 
Trade among BRICS nations witnessed strong growth over the past decade with an annual rate of 28 percent.
 
The five economies outperformed developed ones during the global financial crisis. Last year, their combined gross domestic product accounted for 18 percent of the global GDP.
 
 
France and Germany to push for EU treaty change
French President Nicolas Sarkozy says the leaders of France and Germany will meet next week to push for fundamental changes to the European treaty governing the currency shared by 17 nations.
 
"I will welcome Chancellor26 Angela Merkel in Paris on Monday and together we will come out with Franco-German proposals to guarantee the future of Europe. If we have to rethink Europe, we have to re-establish it. It's urgent."
 
Changes in the treaty will have to be approved by all 27 EU members, 10 of whom do not use the euro currency.
 
Sarkozy says the process of reforming the treaty "will be long and difficult" but is necessary to protect Europe's place in the world
Speculation27 is mounting that EU leaders will align28 their spending policies more closely to bring government debt levels under control in the future.
 
Sarkozy is widely expected to seek a second mandate29 during France's April and May presidential election. However, he has brushed aside the balloting30, saying he must focus on the dire31 financial situation.
 
Merkel says Europe strives to create fiscal32 union
German Chancellor Angela Merkel says European countries are striving to create a fiscal union in fighting the eurozone debt crisis.
 
In a keynote speech to the parliament, Merkel says a fiscal union should be launched for the eurozone by seeking limited changes to the European Union treaty.
 
"We are going to Brussels with the goal, and I want to emphasize this, to bring about treaty changes, and in the spirit that we want to avoid creating a wedge between Euro countries and non-Euro countries.
 
She says the future of the euro is inseparable from European unity33 and Germany is on the right path to creating a strong Germany within a strong Europe.
 
"The government has always made it clear that the European crisis cannot be solved in one fell swoop34, overnight. There is no such solution here. There are no easy and fast solutions. The resolution of the euro crisis is a process. And this process will take years."
 
Merkel also reiterates35 Germany's rejection36 to euro bonds and stresses that the independence of the European Central Bank should be maintained.
 
Brazil is ready to support IMF: Finance Minister
Brazilian Finance Minister Guido Mantega has revealed that his country is willing to offer additional resources to the International Monetary Fund.
 
Mantega has made the pledge following a meeting with visiting IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde.
 
"Brazil is willing to collaborate37 with additional resources through bilateral38 credit deals with the IMF. No amount has been defined."
 
For her part, Lagarde says she wants to see all the G20 countries step up to help support Europe in its time of need.
 
"It is important to keep in mind the commitment made by the G20 leaders, including Brazil, that if circumstances require, the G20 will commit the resources necessary for the IMF to play this systemic growth."
 
Lagarde has also visited Mexico this week, where central bank Governor Agustin Carstens told her that Mexico will do its part to ensure a stronger IMF.
 
More access to travel information in Europe
Tourism industry leaders from Europe have unveiled a new web portal VisitEurope.com in Beijing, which is a part of a European Travel Commission promotion called "Travel Destination Europe."
 
The website aims to provide more travel information about Europe to prospective39 Chinese travelers.
 
More efforts to push employment for the disabled
The China Disabled Persons' Federation40 says the country will ramp41 up its push for the employment of disabled people ahead of the International Day for People with Disabilities, which falls on Saturday, December 3rd.
 
Xie Hong-de, an official with the Federation, says about 20 million of China's 83 million disabled are either employed or making a living through various forms of self-employment. Since 2006, the country has set aside 5.7 billion yuan, or 800 million U.S. dollars, in a special fund to ensure career training and employment opportunities for the disabled.
Xie says China will encourage disabled people to start their own businesses.
 
"For those who are willing to start their own businesses and attend relevant training courses, the government will give them subsidies42. They will also enjoy preferential policies in sales tax, urban maintenance and construction tax, income tax, as well as in getting loans."
 
Government data indicate the number of disabled people running their own business has increased to 2 million from 100,000 over the past three decades.
 
Robot show
Imagine a world where robots will look after you, clean your house, and tend to your every need 24 hours a day. Well, science-fiction has become reality in the latest exhibition at London's Science Museum, bringing together 20 state-of-the-art humanoid robots from around the world.
 
AP
 
Chefs in Shanghai have teamed up to bake a record breaking Christmas cake. Apparently43 a one-kilometre long cake that's 1,068 metre's has got into the Guiness Book of World Records after being made at a charity event to raise funds for children with cancer. The world's longest ever Christmas cake is a vanilla44 flavoured log with a bitter chocolate frosting, it was created by 80 cooks from the five star Pudong Shangri-la Hotel. Its being reported that preparation took several days and the final set up involved 150 staff members working for 24 hours straight.The cake was sliced immediately and sold to the public for 2 yuan per piece. Proceeds will be used to support the medical needs of four children undergoing chemotherapy treatment in Shanghai.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
2 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
3 setback XzuwD     
n.退步,挫折,挫败
参考例句:
  • Since that time there has never been any setback in his career.从那时起他在事业上一直没有遇到周折。
  • She views every minor setback as a disaster.她把每个较小的挫折都看成重大灾难。
4 ongoing 6RvzT     
adj.进行中的,前进的
参考例句:
  • The problem is ongoing.这个问题尚未解决。
  • The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern's ongoing work in this area.报告中提出的问题与“关心老人”组织在这方面正在做的工作有直接的关系。
5 promotion eRLxn     
n.提升,晋级;促销,宣传
参考例句:
  • The teacher conferred with the principal about Dick's promotion.教师与校长商谈了迪克的升级问题。
  • The clerk was given a promotion and an increase in salary.那个职员升了级,加了薪。
6 diplomat Pu0xk     
n.外交官,外交家;能交际的人,圆滑的人
参考例句:
  • The diplomat threw in a joke, and the tension was instantly relieved.那位外交官插进一个笑话,紧张的气氛顿时缓和下来。
  • He served as a diplomat in Russia before the war.战前他在俄罗斯当外交官。
7 forum cilx0     
n.论坛,讨论会
参考例句:
  • They're holding a forum on new ways of teaching history.他们正在举行历史教学讨论会。
  • The organisation would provide a forum where problems could be discussed.这个组织将提供一个可以讨论问题的平台。
8 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
9 procurement 6kzzu9     
n.采购;获得
参考例句:
  • He is in charge of the procurement of materials.他负责物资的采购。
  • More and more,human food procurement came to have a dominant effect on their evolution.人类获取食物愈来愈显著地影响到人类的进化。
10 delegation NxvxQ     
n.代表团;派遣
参考例句:
  • The statement of our delegation was singularly appropriate to the occasion.我们代表团的声明非常适合时宜。
  • We shall inform you of the date of the delegation's arrival.我们将把代表团到达的日期通知你。
11 delegations 13b3ac30d07119fea7fff02c12a37362     
n.代表团( delegation的名词复数 );委托,委派
参考例句:
  • In the past 15 years, China has sent 280 women delegations abroad. 十五年来,中国共派280批妇女代表团出访。 来自汉英非文学 - 白皮书
  • The Sun Ray decision follows the federal pattern of tolerating broad delegations but insisting on safeguards. “阳光”案的判决仿效联邦容许广泛授权的做法,但又坚持保护措施。 来自英汉非文学 - 行政法
12 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
13 liquidity VRXzb     
n.流动性,偿债能力,流动资产
参考例句:
  • The bank has progressively increased its liquidity.银行逐渐地增加其流动资产。
  • The demand for and the supply of credit is closely linked to changes in liquidity.信用的供求和流动资金的变化有密切关系。
14 monetary pEkxb     
adj.货币的,钱的;通货的;金融的;财政的
参考例句:
  • The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold.过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
  • Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means.荒凉地区的教育不是钱财问题。
15 protocol nRQxG     
n.议定书,草约,会谈记录,外交礼节
参考例句:
  • We must observe the correct protocol.我们必须遵守应有的礼仪。
  • The statesmen signed a protocol.那些政治家签了议定书。
16 consensus epMzA     
n.(意见等的)一致,一致同意,共识
参考例句:
  • Can we reach a consensus on this issue?我们能在这个问题上取得一致意见吗?
  • What is the consensus of opinion at the afternoon meeting?下午会议上一致的意见是什么?
17 bumpy 2sIz7     
adj.颠簸不平的,崎岖的
参考例句:
  • I think we've a bumpy road ahead of us.我觉得我们将要面临一段困难时期。
  • The wide paved road degenerated into a narrow bumpy track.铺好的宽阔道路渐渐变窄,成了一条崎岖不平的小径。
18 binding 2yEzWb     
有约束力的,有效的,应遵守的
参考例句:
  • The contract was not signed and has no binding force. 合同没有签署因而没有约束力。
  • Both sides have agreed that the arbitration will be binding. 双方都赞同仲裁具有约束力。
19 fulfill Qhbxg     
vt.履行,实现,完成;满足,使满意
参考例句:
  • If you make a promise you should fulfill it.如果你许诺了,你就要履行你的诺言。
  • This company should be able to fulfill our requirements.这家公司应该能够满足我们的要求。
20 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
21 intensify S5Pxe     
vt.加强;变强;加剧
参考例句:
  • We must intensify our educational work among our own troops.我们必须加强自己部队的教育工作。
  • They were ordered to intensify their patrols to protect our air space.他们奉命加强巡逻,保卫我国的领空。
22 emission vjnz4     
n.发出物,散发物;发出,散发
参考例句:
  • Rigorous measures will be taken to reduce the total pollutant emission.采取严格有力措施,降低污染物排放总量。
  • Finally,the way to effectively control particulate emission is pointed out.最后,指出有效降低颗粒排放的方向。
23 coastal WWiyh     
adj.海岸的,沿海的,沿岸的
参考例句:
  • The ocean waves are slowly eating away the coastal rocks.大海的波浪慢慢地侵蚀着岸边的岩石。
  • This country will fortify the coastal areas.该国将加强沿海地区的防御。
24 sectors 218ffb34fa5fb6bc1691e90cd45ad627     
n.部门( sector的名词复数 );领域;防御地区;扇形
参考例句:
  • Berlin was divided into four sectors after the war. 战后柏林分成了4 个区。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Industry and agriculture are the two important sectors of the national economy. 工业和农业是国民经济的两个重要部门。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
25 jointly jp9zvS     
ad.联合地,共同地
参考例句:
  • Tenants are jointly and severally liable for payment of the rent. 租金由承租人共同且分别承担。
  • She owns the house jointly with her husband. 她和丈夫共同拥有这所房子。
26 chancellor aUAyA     
n.(英)大臣;法官;(德、奥)总理;大学校长
参考例句:
  • They submitted their reports to the Chancellor yesterday.他们昨天向财政大臣递交了报告。
  • He was regarded as the most successful Chancellor of modern times.他被认为是现代最成功的财政大臣。
27 speculation 9vGwe     
n.思索,沉思;猜测;投机
参考例句:
  • Her mind is occupied with speculation.她的头脑忙于思考。
  • There is widespread speculation that he is going to resign.人们普遍推测他要辞职。
28 align fKeyZ     
vt.使成一线,结盟,调节;vi.成一线,结盟
参考例句:
  • Align the ruler and the middle of the paper.使尺子与纸张的中部成一条直线。
  • There are signs that the prime minister is aligning himself with the liberals.有迹象表明首相正在与自由党人结盟。
29 mandate sj9yz     
n.托管地;命令,指示
参考例句:
  • The President had a clear mandate to end the war.总统得到明确的授权结束那场战争。
  • The General Election gave him no such mandate.大选并未授予他这种权力。
30 balloting 8f1753a4807eafede562c072f0b885bc     
v.(使)投票表决( ballot的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Clark took a commanding leading in the early balloting. 在最初投票时,克拉克遥遥领先。 来自辞典例句
  • The balloting had stagnated, he couldn't win. 投票工作陷于停顿,他不能得胜。 来自辞典例句
31 dire llUz9     
adj.可怕的,悲惨的,阴惨的,极端的
参考例句:
  • There were dire warnings about the dangers of watching too much TV.曾经有人就看电视太多的危害性提出严重警告。
  • We were indeed in dire straits.But we pulled through.那时我们的困难真是大极了,但是我们渡过了困难。
32 fiscal agbzf     
adj.财政的,会计的,国库的,国库岁入的
参考例句:
  • The increase of taxation is an important fiscal policy.增税是一项重要的财政政策。
  • The government has two basic strategies of fiscal policy available.政府有两个可行的财政政策基本战略。
33 unity 4kQwT     
n.团结,联合,统一;和睦,协调
参考例句:
  • When we speak of unity,we do not mean unprincipled peace.所谓团结,并非一团和气。
  • We must strengthen our unity in the face of powerful enemies.大敌当前,我们必须加强团结。
34 swoop nHPzI     
n.俯冲,攫取;v.抓取,突然袭击
参考例句:
  • The plane made a swoop over the city.那架飞机突然向这座城市猛降下来。
  • We decided to swoop down upon the enemy there.我们决定突袭驻在那里的敌人。
35 reiterates 5fd1c3daab76bff407166b43c505cf06     
反复地说,重申( reiterate的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • The Chinese government reiterates that the question of Taiwan is China's internal affair. 中国政府重申,台湾问题是中国的内政。 来自汉英非文学 - 汉英文件
  • Wang Jianzhou reiterates a fact and a viewpoint in Davos. 王建宙在达沃斯重申一个事实和一个观点。
36 rejection FVpxp     
n.拒绝,被拒,抛弃,被弃
参考例句:
  • He decided not to approach her for fear of rejection.他因怕遭拒绝决定不再去找她。
  • The rejection plunged her into the dark depths of despair.遭到拒绝使她陷入了绝望的深渊。
37 collaborate SWgyC     
vi.协作,合作;协调
参考例句:
  • The work gets done more quickly when we collaborate.我们一旦合作,工作做起来就更快了。
  • I would ask you to collaborate with us in this work.我们愿意请你们在这项工作中和我们合作。
38 bilateral dQGyW     
adj.双方的,两边的,两侧的
参考例句:
  • They have been negotiating a bilateral trade deal.他们一直在商谈一项双边贸易协定。
  • There was a wide gap between the views of the two statesmen on the bilateral cooperation.对双方合作的问题,两位政治家各自所持的看法差距甚大。
39 prospective oR7xB     
adj.预期的,未来的,前瞻性的
参考例句:
  • The story should act as a warning to other prospective buyers.这篇报道应该对其他潜在的购买者起到警示作用。
  • They have all these great activities for prospective freshmen.这会举办各种各样的活动来招待未来的新人。
40 federation htCzMS     
n.同盟,联邦,联合,联盟,联合会
参考例句:
  • It is a federation of 10 regional unions.它是由十个地方工会结合成的联合会。
  • Mr.Putin was inaugurated as the President of the Russian Federation.普京正式就任俄罗斯联邦总统。
41 ramp QTgxf     
n.暴怒,斜坡,坡道;vi.作恐吓姿势,暴怒,加速;vt.加速
参考例句:
  • That driver drove the car up the ramp.那司机将车开上了斜坡。
  • The factory don't have that capacity to ramp up.这家工厂没有能力加速生产。
42 subsidies 84c7dc8329c19e43d3437248757e572c     
n.补贴,津贴,补助金( subsidy的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • European agriculture ministers failed to break the deadlock over farm subsidies. 欧洲各国农业部长在农业补贴问题上未能打破僵局。
  • Agricultural subsidies absorb about half the EU's income. 农业补贴占去了欧盟收入的大约一半。 来自《简明英汉词典》
43 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
44 vanilla EKNzT     
n.香子兰,香草
参考例句:
  • He used to love milk flavoured with vanilla.他过去常爱喝带香草味的牛奶。
  • I added a dollop of vanilla ice-cream to the pie.我在馅饼里加了一块香草冰激凌。
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