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诗歌-William Shakespear

时间:2005-08-08 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:clothofcloud   字体: [ ]
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William Shakespear (1564~1616)

No more be grieved at that thou hast done:
Roses have thorns,  and silver fountains mud.
Clouds and eclipses stain both moon and sun,
And loathsome1 canker lives in sweetest bud.
All men make faults, and even I in this,
Authorizing thy trespass2 with compare,
Myself corrupting4, salving thy amiss,
Excusing thy sins more than thy sins are;
For to thy sensual fault I bring in sense—
Thy adverse5 party is thy advocate—
And’ gainst myself a lawful6 plea commence.
Such civil war is in my love and hate,
That I an accessory needs must be
To that sweet thief which sourly robs from me.

· 注释

1.grieved: 痛苦;难过
2.and silver fountains mud: and silver fountains have mud
3.eclipses: [天] 食
4.stain: dim 使变得阴暗;使失去光泽
5.canker: rose worm 一种伤害植物芽和叶的害虫
6.bud: 蓓蕾
7.and even I in this: 甚至我也在为你的过错辩护的同时犯了错误。This 指的是以下诗人的种种做法。
8.trespass: 冒犯;违规
9.myself corrupting, salving thy amiss: 玷污我自己,来减轻你的罪过 here “corrupt3” means “to make morally bad.” “amiss” 此处用作名词,意为“过错”
10.sense: reason
11.Thy adverse party is thy advocate: 你的原告变成了你的辩护士。“thy adverse party”指的是“我”即最初对你的错误提出批语的人。“adverse party”: 敌对的一方。Advocate: 辩护者,诗人的含义是:最初我想批评你的过失,但后来逐渐站到了你的一边,因为我已经逐渐原谅了你。
12.And’ gainst myself a lawful plea commence: = And commence a lawful plea against me. 我对你起诉,反而把自己出卖,意为“我”原谅了你的过失,因而也就违反了我原先的本意。Plea: [古]诉讼commence: 开始。
13.such civil war is in my love and hate: 爱和憎老在我自己的心中作斗争。即“我”的情感变化不定。一会儿原谅爱人,从而爱的情感占了上风;一会儿又追究爱人的过失,从而恨的情感占了上风。
14.accessory (to that sweet third…):同谋。诗中指“我”到最后也反过来为爱人辩解,使自己的心一步一步被对方占据。

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1 loathsome Vx5yX     
adj.讨厌的,令人厌恶的
参考例句:
  • The witch hid her loathsome face with her hands.巫婆用手掩住她那张令人恶心的脸。
  • Some people think that snakes are loathsome creatures.有些人觉得蛇是令人憎恶的动物。
2 trespass xpOyw     
n./v.侵犯,闯入私人领地
参考例句:
  • The fishing boat was seized for its trespass into restricted waters.渔船因非法侵入受限制水域而被扣押。
  • The court sentenced him to a fine for trespass.法庭以侵害罪对他判以罚款。
3 corrupt 4zTxn     
v.贿赂,收买;adj.腐败的,贪污的
参考例句:
  • The newspaper alleged the mayor's corrupt practices.那家报纸断言市长有舞弊行为。
  • This judge is corrupt.这个法官贪污。
4 corrupting e31caa462603f9a59dd15b756f3d82a9     
(使)败坏( corrupt的现在分词 ); (使)腐化; 引起(计算机文件等的)错误; 破坏
参考例句:
  • It would be corrupting discipline to leave him unpunished. 不惩治他会败坏风纪。
  • It would be corrupting military discipline to leave him unpunished. 不惩治他会败坏军纪。
5 adverse 5xBzs     
adj.不利的;有害的;敌对的,不友好的
参考例句:
  • He is adverse to going abroad.他反对出国。
  • The improper use of medicine could lead to severe adverse reactions.用药不当会产生严重的不良反应。
6 lawful ipKzCt     
adj.法律许可的,守法的,合法的
参考例句:
  • It is not lawful to park in front of a hydrant.在消火栓前停车是不合法的。
  • We don't recognised him to be the lawful heir.我们不承认他为合法继承人。
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