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VOA慢速英语20061224b

时间:2007-01-01 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:shimianmaifu   字体: [ ]
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

VOICE ONE:

I'm Phoebe Zimmerman.

VOICE TWO:

And I'm Steve Ember with the VOA Special English program People in America. Today, we tell about Irving Berlin. He wrote the words and music for some of the most popular songs of the twentieth century.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:


Irving Berlin

Irving Berlin lived to be one hundred one years old. He died in nineteen eighty鈥憂ine. During his long life, he wrote more than one thousand songs. Many of his songs have become timeless additions to America's popular culture.

Irving Berlin's music helped spread that popular culture throughout the world. Berlin was born in Russia. But he captured1 the feeling, the people and the customs of his new country. And he put those ideas to music.

Another composer, Jerome Kern, once said of Irving Berlin: He has no place in American music. He is American music.

VOICE TWO:

Most American children grow up hearing and singing some of Irving Berlin's songs. Two of the best known are linked to Christian2 religious holidays. They are White Christmas and Easter Parade.

Many Americans think the perfect Christmas Day on December twenty鈥慺ifth should be cold and snowy. Irving Berlin thought so, too. He wrote White Christmas in nineteen thirty鈥憂ine. It was sung in the movie Holiday Inn3 in nineteen forty鈥憈wo. White Christmas became one of the best鈥憇elling songs of all time. Here is Bing Crosby singing his famous version4 of White Christmas.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:­

lrving Berlin's song for the Easter holiday captures5 another American tradition. Easter Parade is about a tradition in New York City. There, on Easter morning, people walk up and down Fifth Avenue after church services to enjoy the spring weather. Women wear new hats and dresses. Berlin wrote the song for a musical play in nineteen thirty鈥憈hree. It was the main song in the musical film Easter Parade in nineteen forty鈥慹ight. Here is Judy Garland singing Easter Parade.

(MUSIC)

VOICE TWO:

Irving Berlin was born Israel Baline in eighteen ­eighty鈥慹ight in the Russian village of Temun. He was the youngest of eight children. His family was Jewish6. They fled Russia because of religious oppression.

The Baline family came to America in eighteen ninety鈥憈hree. They did not have much money. They moved into an area of New York City where many other poor Jewish immigrants8 had settled when they moved to the United States. Israel's father died when the boy was eight years old. The young boy left his home to find work. First, he got a job helping9 a blind street singer. Then he began earning money by singing on the streets of New York. Later, he got a job singing while serving people their food in a restaurant. Israel taught himself to play the piano. But he could play only the black keys.

VOICE ONE:

Soon Israel began writing his own songs. He never learned10 to read or write music. He wrote his songs by playing the notes with one finger on the piano. An assistant wrote down the notes on sheets of paper. When the songwriter's first song was published, his name was spelled wrong. Israel Baline had become I. Berlin. Israel thought the name sounded more American. So he re­named himself Irving Berlin.

Between nineteen twelve and nineteen sixteen, Irving Berlin wrote more than one hundred eighty songs. By the time he was in his late twenties, his songs were famous around the world.

VOICE TWO:

Berlin became an American citizen in nineteen eighteen. A few months later, he was ordered into military service. The United States was fighting in World War One. Berlin was asked to write songs for a musical about life in the military. He called the show Yip Yip Yaphank. All of the performers in the show were soldiers. Many of the songs became popular.

After he served in the army, Berlin returned to New York. He formed his own music publishing company. He also established a theater for his musical shows near Broadway.

VOICE ONE:

Irving Berlin loved America for giving a poor immigrant7 a chance to succeed. He expressed his thanks for this success in his songs. One of these songs is God Bless America. He wrote the song in nineteen eighteen. But it did not become popular until Kate Smith sang it in nineteen thirty鈥憂ine. She sang the song to celebrate Armistice11 Day, the anniversary12 of the end of World War One. Many people feel God Bless America is the unofficial national song of the United States.

Berlin gave all money he earned from God Bless America to the Boy Scouts13 and Girl Scouts of America. Here is Kate Smith singing God Bless America.

(MUSIC)

VOICE TWO:

The United States entered World War Two in nineteen forty鈥憃ne. Berlin agreed to write and produce a musical show called This is the Army. It was a musical about life in the military. All the performers were soldiers.

The show was performed in many cities across the United States. It helped increase support for America's part in the war. It earned ten million dollars for the Army Emergency Relief Fund14. This is the Army also was performed for the American troops at military bases around the world. Irving Berlin appeared in most of these performances. He sang the song he had written earlier. The song is about what he had hated most about being in the army. Here, Irving Berlin sings Oh, How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

After the war, Berlin continued to write songs for movies and plays. He wrote songs for more than fifteen movies from the nineteen thirties to the nineteen fifties. Many of the songs were used in movies starring the famous dancers Fred Astaire and Ginger15 Rogers. Here is Fred Astaire singing a song that appeared in several movies, Puttin' on the Ritz.

(MUSIC)

VOICE TWO:

Irving Berlin also wrote the music for seventeen Broadway plays from the nineteen twenties to nineteen fifty. His most successful Broadway musical was Annie Get Your Gun in nineteen forty-six. Irving Berlin retired16 in nineteen sixty-­two after his last Broadway musical, Mister17 President, failed. He died in nineteen eighty-nine. But the songs that he gave America will be played and sung for many years to come.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

This Special English program was written by Shelley Gollust. It was produced by Lawan Davis. Our studio engineer was Sulaiman Tarawaley. I'm Phoebe Zimmerman.

VOICE TWO:

And I'm Steve Ember. Join us again next week for another People in America program on the Voice of America.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 captured 2f77656f4c6180990cee5ce65bdefe74     
俘获( capture的过去式和过去分词 ); 夺取; 夺得; 引起(注意、想像、兴趣)
参考例句:
  • Allied troops captured over 300 enemy soldiers. 盟军俘虏了300多名敌方士兵。
  • Most of the rebels were captured and disarmed. 大部分叛乱分子被俘获并解除了武装。
2 Christian KVByl     
adj.基督教徒的;n.基督教徒
参考例句:
  • They always addressed each other by their Christian name.他们总是以教名互相称呼。
  • His mother is a sincere Christian.他母亲是个虔诚的基督教徒。
3 inn t69xs     
n.小旅馆,客栈;小酒店,小饭店
参考例句:
  • I shall lodge at the inn for two nights.我要在这家小店住两个晚上。
  • We stayed in a small village inn,right off the map.我们住在一家偏僻的乡村小店里。
4 version FiJwT     
n.版本;型号;叙述,说法
参考例句:
  • His version of the events is pure supposition.他对这件事的说法纯属猜测。
  • What is your version of this matter?你对这件事情的看法 怎么样?
5 captures 8856ffdd044d57cd4124a6be5dcea329     
俘获( capture的第三人称单数 ); 夺取; 夺得; 引起(注意、想像、兴趣)
参考例句:
  • King Arthur himself captures the beast and cuts off its head. 亚瑟王亲自捉住怪物,并砍下它的头。
  • His book captures exactly the ethos of Elizabethan England. 他的书准确地描绘了英国伊丽莎白时代的风土人情。
6 Jewish tzEzJ     
adj.犹太人的,犹太民族的
参考例句:
  • The coin bears a Jewish symbol.硬币上有犹太标记。
  • They were two Jewish kids;I was friendly with both of them.他们是两个犹太小孩;我同他们都很要好。
7 immigrant Taoxf     
adj.(从国外)移来的,移民的;n.移民,侨民
参考例句:
  • Life in the USA was very hard for almost every new immigrant.美国的生活几乎对每一个新移民都很艰难。
  • I'd like to obtain some information about applying for an immigrant visa.我想取一些申请移民签证的资料。
8 immigrants 5567ded20d0822e7a8dbcdb0836717a9     
n.移民( immigrant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Illegal immigrants were given the opportunity to regularize their position. 非法移民得到了使其身份合法化的机会。
  • Immigrants from all over the world populate this city. 这个城市里生活着来自世界各地的移民。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
10 learned m1oxn     
adj.有学问的,博学的;learn的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • He went into a rage when he learned about it.他听到这事后勃然大怒。
  • In this little village,he passed for a learned man.在这个小村子里,他被视为有学问的人。
11 armistice ivoz9     
n.休战,停战协定
参考例句:
  • The two nations signed an armistice.两国签署了停火协议。
  • The Italian armistice is nothing but a clumsy trap.意大利的停战不过是一个笨拙的陷阱。
12 anniversary Cw0zD     
n.周年(纪念日)
参考例句:
  • They celebrate their wedding anniversary annually.他们每年庆祝一番结婚纪念日。
  • Today is my parents'30th wedding anniversary.今天是我父母结婚30周年纪念日。
13 scouts e6d47327278af4317aaf05d42afdbe25     
侦察员[机,舰]( scout的名词复数 ); 童子军; 搜索; 童子军成员
参考例句:
  • to join the Scouts 参加童子军
  • The scouts paired off and began to patrol the area. 巡逻人员两个一组,然后开始巡逻这个地区。
14 fund vhUx8     
n.基金,资金,存款,财源,贮藏;vt.提供资金,积累
参考例句:
  • They decided to set up a fund for this purpose.他们决定为此专立一项基金。
  • This fund may not be drawn on without permission.这笔钱非经批准不得动用。
15 ginger bzryX     
n.姜,精力,淡赤黄色;adj.淡赤黄色的;vt.使活泼,使有生气
参考例句:
  • There is no ginger in the young man.这个年轻人没有精神。
  • Ginger shall be hot in the mouth.生姜吃到嘴里总是辣的。
16 retired Njhzyv     
adj.隐退的,退休的,退役的
参考例句:
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
17 mister rnQzwB     
n.(略作Mr.全称很少用于书面)先生
参考例句:
  • Mister Smith is my good friend.史密斯先生是我的好朋友。
  • He styled himself " Mister Clean ".他自称是“清廉先生”。
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TAG标签:   慢速英语  voa
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