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VOA慢速英语2019 欧佩克国家讨论石油供过于求问题

时间:2019-12-07 22:22来源:互联网 提供网友:nan   字体: [ ]
    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

The world's oil oversupply1 could continue to rise, causing a drop in fuel and energy prices. That possibility will be under discussion at OPEC negotiations2 on Thursday.

世界石油供过于求的局面可能会继续加剧,导致燃料和能源价格下跌。这种可能性将在周四的欧佩克谈判中进行讨论。

The Organization of the Petroleum3 Exporting Countries will decide whether to continue with production cuts agreed to three years ago.

欧佩克(即石油输出国组织)将决定是否继续维持三年前达成的石油减产协议。

These negotiations take place as tensions increasingly drive OPEC member-nations in different directions.

随着紧张局势越来越多地推动欧佩克成员国往不同方向发展,这些谈判应运而生。

Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia's national oil and gas company, is expected to enter the stock market Friday.

沙特阿拉伯国家石油和天然气公司沙特阿美有望于本周五进入股票市场交易。

The move puts Saudi Arabia in a difficult position as it considers oil production levels and current oil prices.

此举使沙特阿拉伯陷入困境,因为该国要考虑石油生产水平和当前的石油价格。

Some nations, such as Iraq, have been ignoring OPEC's production limits agreement and are producing more oil.

伊拉克等国家一直无视欧佩克的限产协议在不断地增产石油。

Bhushan Bahree is an executive director of international oil at the research company IHS Markit. If people are already not honoring the current agreement, he asked, why make more cuts?

布尚·巴里是IHS Markit研究公司负责国际油价的执行董事。他问到,如果人们已经违背了当前的协议,为什么还要加大削减石油产量呢?

He said, "I think the Saudi position is they're willing to cut more if needed, but they want better compliance4."

他说:“我认为沙特的立场是,如果有需要他们愿意加大削减产量,但是他们希望各成员国更好地遵守协议。”

Currently, OPEC nations have agreed to cut production by 1.2 million barrels per day through March 2020. Most experts expect OPEC nations to extend those production cuts until at least summer.

欧佩克成员国目前已经同意在2020年3月前每天减产120万桶。多数专家预计欧佩克国家会把减产协议延长到至少明年夏天。

Jacques Rousseau is with Clearview Energy Partners. He said, "If they just keep the existing situation, then you get this massive oversupply." He believes OPEC nations will cut production by an additional 400,000 barrels per day to keep supply and demand in balance during the first half of next year.

雅克·卢梭就职于Clearview Energy Partners。他说:“如果欧佩克国家只是维持现状,那么就会出现大规模的供过于求。”他认为欧佩克国家将在明年上半年每天再减产40万桶,从而保持供需平衡。

Rousseau said Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are more likely to make the cuts. But large cuts may be difficult with some OPEC members following their own plans.

卢梭表示,科威特、沙特阿拉伯和阿拉伯联合酋长国可能会减产。但是由于某些欧佩克成员国会遵循自有规划,大规模减产可能比较困难。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 oversupply zmIz1V     
n.供应过量;v.过度供给
参考例句:
  • The market softened because of oversupply.市场因供过于求而疲软。
  • Overexpansion of tea fields has led to oversupply.茶园过度扩张,使得市场上逐渐供过于求。
2 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
3 petroleum WiUyi     
n.原油,石油
参考例句:
  • The Government of Iran advanced the price of petroleum last week.上星期伊朗政府提高了石油价格。
  • The purpose of oil refinery is to refine crude petroleum.炼油厂的主要工作是提炼原油。
4 compliance ZXyzX     
n.顺从;服从;附和;屈从
参考例句:
  • I was surprised by his compliance with these terms.我对他竟然依从了这些条件而感到吃惊。
  • She gave up the idea in compliance with his desire.她顺从他的愿望而放弃自己的主意。
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