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种简单有效的捕鱼装置在佛德角流行

时间:2005-04-27 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:chen69   字体: [ ]
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                      05 一种简单有效的捕鱼装置在佛德角流行
DATE=2-27-01
TITLE=AGRICULTURE REPORT - Simple Fishing Device1
BYLINE=George Grow

(Start at 59" )This is Bill White with the VOA Special English AGRICULTURE REPORT.
People in the (1)Cape2(2) Verde islands near the west coast of(3) Africa are using a simple, low-cost (4)device to catch more fish. The device is known as a fish-aggregating device. It is made from old (5)automobile parts, pieces of cloth, and gas (6)containers.
United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization officials report that seventeen fishing devices3 have been put into Cape Verde's waters in the past year. Jean Gallene is a (7)fisherman working with the F-A-O project. He reports that the amount of fish caught increased more than one-hundred (8)percent in more than half the areas where the device was used.
The fish-aggregating device has three main parts. A (9)thick metal (10)wire extends4 from the surface of the water to the sea bottom. A heavy weight holds the wire at the bottom of the sea. A colorful object floats on the surface of the water. Cloth material is attached to the wire. In time, the material traps small plants floating in the water. Small fish feed on the plants. Then, larger fish swim to the area to feed on the small fish. Because of the device, people fishing in boats know where to find these large fish.
The (11)effectiveness of the fishing device has been (12)demonstrated before. However, each device generally costs two-thousand dollars or more. That is too costly5 in many areas.
F-A-O officials found a way to make a similar product at a lower cost. They used materials produced locally in Cape Verde. (13)Automobile tires filled with heavy materials served as weights. Cloth from grain storage bags was used to trap plants. Empty gas containers were used as floats. The final cost of each device was only about one-hundred forty dollars.
Mister6 Gallene says the price of the device is so low that most fishing communities can pay back the cost after a month. He notes that, in the past, five boats could catch an average of about three-hundred kilograms of fish a week. This was during the main fishing season. He says the fish caught increased to seven-thousand kilograms in one area where the fishing devices were used.
F-A-O officials say the effectiveness of the devices could lead to too much fishing in some industrial countries. But they say this is not a (14)concern with the limited fishing common in Cape Verde.
This VOA Special English AGRICULTURE REPORT was written by George Grow.


(1)  cape[ keip ]n.海角, 岬
(2)  Verde[ v:d ], Cape 佛得角[塞内加尔西部](非洲最西端的岬角)
(3) Africa[ 5AfrikE ]n.非洲
(4) device[ di5vais ]n.装置, 设计, 图案, 策略, 发明物, 设备[计]安装设备驱动程序
(5) automobile[ 5C:tEmEubi:l, 7C:tE5mEubil, 7C:tEmE5bi:l ]n.<主美>汽车(=<英>motor car,car)
(6) container[ kEn5teinE ]n.容器(箱,盆,罐,壶,桶,坛子), 集装箱
(7) fisherman[5fIFEmEn]n.渔民, 渔夫
(8) percent[pE5sent]n.百分比, 百分数
(9) thick[ Wik ]adj.厚的, 粗的, 稠的, 浓的n.最拥挤部份, 活动最多部份, 事物的粗大浓密部份
(10) wire[ 5waiE ]n.金属丝, 电线, 电报, vt.用金属丝卷起, 拍电报vi.打电报adj.金属丝制的
(11) effectiveness[ i5fektivnis ]n.效力
(12) demonstrate[ 5demEnstreit ]vt.示范, 证明, 论证vi.示威
(13) automobile[ 5C:tEmEubi:l, 7C:tE5mEubil, 7C:tEmE5bi:l ]n.<主美>汽车(=<英>motor car,car)
(14) concern[ kEn5sE:n ]vt.涉及, 关系到n.(利害)关系, 关心, 关注, 关注, 所关心的是


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 device Bv8x6     
n.器械,装置;计划,策略,诡计
参考例句:
  • The device will be in production by the end of the year.该装置将于年底投入生产。
  • The device will save much time and effort for us.这种装置会使我们节省大量时间和气力。
2 cape ITEy6     
n.海角,岬;披肩,短披风
参考例句:
  • I long for a trip to the Cape of Good Hope.我渴望到好望角去旅行。
  • She was wearing a cape over her dress.她在外套上披着一件披肩。
3 devices e0212e54ec3a2a120ca0d321b3a60c78     
n.设备;装置( device的名词复数 );花招;(为实现某种目的的)计划;手段
参考例句:
  • electrical labour-saving devices around the home 节省劳力的各种家用电器
  • modern labour-saving devices such as washing machines and dishwashers 诸如洗衣机和洗碗机之类的现代化省力设备
4 extends ae635f08107a69569e636835f24e6f6f     
v.(空间、时间等)延伸,延续( extend的第三人称单数 );伸展;给予;延长
参考例句:
  • This country extends its power and influence into neighbouring countries. 这个国家将其势力与影响扩大至邻国。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • His domain extends for 20 miles in every direction. 方圆20英里之内都是他的地产。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 costly 7zXxh     
adj.昂贵的,价值高的,豪华的
参考例句:
  • It must be very costly to keep up a house like this.维修这么一幢房子一定很昂贵。
  • This dictionary is very useful,only it is a bit costly.这本词典很有用,左不过贵了些。
6 mister rnQzwB     
n.(略作Mr.全称很少用于书面)先生
参考例句:
  • Mister Smith is my good friend.史密斯先生是我的好朋友。
  • He styled himself " Mister Clean ".他自称是“清廉先生”。
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