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联合国关于全球气候变暖的报道

时间:2005-04-27 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:chen69   字体: [ ]
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                          06 联合国关于全球气候变暖的报道
DATE=3/2/01
TITLE=ENVIRONMENT REPORT - UN Climate Change Report
BYLINE=Cynthia Kirk

(Start at 59" )This is Bill White with the VOA Special English ENVIRONMENT REPORT.
A new United Nations report says poor countries would (1)suffer the most from the effects of the warming of the Earth. The report says (2)shortages of food and water would affect some of the poorest parts of Africa, Asia and Latin America. These areas also would suffer an increase in diseases. The report says small island nations are most at (3)risk. However, it warns that (4)industrial countries would also be affected1.
The (5)Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released the report in Geneva, (6)Switzerland. Government representatives from one-hundred countries (7)approved the report.
The findings were based on research from hundreds of scientists around the world. They examined how global warming will affect different areas of the world.
The report (8)confirmed the increasingly strong evidence of the effect of human activities on the world’s (9)climate. It says burning (10)fossil fuels such as oil, gas and coal are mostly to(11)blame.
These fuels release gases that trap heat in the atmosphere. An earlier report said global warming could cause the average temperature to increase almost six degrees Celsius2 during the next one-hundred years.
Experts say global warming may cause sea levels in heavily populated coastal3 areas to rise. The most (12)widespread direct risk to people is from flooding and landslides4. Experts say global warming may also cause an increase in diseases such as malaria5. They also say many plants and animals may disappear as their (13)environments are destroyed.
The report said poor countries are most at risk. However, it said rising sea levels in the United States may cause flooding and destruction of coastal areas. And it said melting ice caps in polar areas of the world may continue to change the climate for hundreds of years.
Scientists have warned for years about the effects of global warming. But government experts say the new report is the first to show areas of the world most at risk. Environmental groups called for government action. The latest study is one of three reports dealing6 with climate change. The reports are part of U-N talks aimed at putting an international climate change (14)treaty into effect.
Some experts, however, reject the Geneva report. They say there is no real scientific way to tell the full extent of global warming.
This VOA Special English ENVIRONMENT REPORT was written by Cynthia Kirk.


(1)  suffer[ 5sQfE ]vt.遭受, 经历, 忍受vi.受痛苦, 受损害
(2)  shortage[ 5FC:tidV ]n.不足, 缺乏
(3) risk[ risk ]vt.冒...的危险n.冒险, 风险
(4) industrial[ in5dQstriEl ]adj.工业的, 产业的, 实业的, n.工业工人, [商]工业股票
(5) intergovernmental[ 7intE^QvEn5mentEl ]adj.政府间的
(6) Switzerland[ 5switsElEnd ]n.瑞士(欧洲中部国家)
(7) approved[ E5pru:vd ]adj.经核准的, 被认可的
(8) confirm[ kEn5fE:m ]vt.确定, 批准, 使巩固, 使有效v.确认, (基督教中)给...行按手礼
(9) climate[ 5klaimit ]n.气候, 风土, 思潮
(10) fossil[ 5fCsl ]n.化石, 僵化的事物adj.化石的, 陈腐的, 守旧的
(11) blame[ bleim ]n.过失, 责备vt.责备, 谴责
(12) widespread[5waIdspred, -5spred]adj.分布广泛的, 普遍的
(13) environment[ in5vaiErEnmEnt ]n.环境, 外界
(14) treaty[ 5tri:ti ]n.条约, 谈判


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
2 Celsius AXRzl     
adj.摄氏温度计的,摄氏的
参考例句:
  • The temperature tonight will fall to seven degrees Celsius.今晚气温将下降到七摄氏度。
  • The maximum temperature in July may be 36 degrees Celsius.七月份最高温度可能达到36摄氏度。
3 coastal WWiyh     
adj.海岸的,沿海的,沿岸的
参考例句:
  • The ocean waves are slowly eating away the coastal rocks.大海的波浪慢慢地侵蚀着岸边的岩石。
  • This country will fortify the coastal areas.该国将加强沿海地区的防御。
4 landslides 5a0c95bd1e490515d70aff3ba74490cb     
山崩( landslide的名词复数 ); (山坡、悬崖等的)崩塌; 滑坡; (竞选中)一方选票占压倒性多数
参考例句:
  • Landslides have cut off many villages in remote areas. 滑坡使边远地区的许多村庄与外界隔绝。
  • The storm caused landslides and flooding in Savona. 风暴致使萨沃纳发生塌方和洪灾。
5 malaria B2xyb     
n.疟疾
参考例句:
  • He had frequent attacks of malaria.他常患疟疾。
  • Malaria is a kind of serious malady.疟疾是一种严重的疾病。
6 dealing NvjzWP     
n.经商方法,待人态度
参考例句:
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
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TAG标签:   自然探索  联合国  气候变暖
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