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欧洲关于规范基因食物的新准则

时间:2005-04-27 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:chen69   字体: [ ]
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                        08 欧洲关于规范基因食物的新准则

DATE=3-13-01
TITLE=AGRICULTURE REPORT - European Rules for Biotech Foods
BYLINE=George Grow

(Start at 59" )This is Bill White with the VOA Special English AGRICULTURE REPORT.
European officials have approved new rules on the production and marketing1 of food developed through genetic3 engineering. Reports say the (1)approval could lead to the end of a European ban on new (2)biotechnology products.
The European (3)Parliament approved the rules last month. Parliament member David Bowe of Britain proposed the new (4)measures. He calls them the strongest biotechnology rules in the world. To become law, the fifteen European Union member countries still must approve the rules. That process may take eighteen months.
The new rules include stronger (5)supervision of genetically4 changed food, seeds and drug products. They also require governments to keep public records of where such crops are grown.
Genetic engineering is the technology of changing the (6)genes of living things. The changed gene2 directs the plant to do things it normally does not do. For example, the treated plants may produce more crops. Or they may resist harmful insects. This reduces the need for farmers to use chemicals to kill (7)insects.
The use of genetic engineering in agriculture has been debated around the world in recent years. The United States Food and Drug Administration, many American farmers and agriculture companies say such crops are safe. But many people in the United States and other countries disagree.
Some countries have closed their markets to American farm products because of concerns about genetic engineering. There have been large protests against biotechnology crops across Europe.
Officials in several European Union countries question the safety of biotechnology products. The E-U has approved (8)permits for fewer than twenty such products. In the past three years, European officials stopped approving permits because of (9)concerns about public health and the (10)environment. Companies producing such foods are waiting for approval of several products.
Environmental activists5 have warned the E-U against ending the (11)ban on new biotechnology products.
One group, Friends of the Earth, says the measures approved by the European Parliament will not help the public, farmers or the environment.
This VOA Special English AGRICULTURE REPORT was written by George Grow.


(1)  approval[ E5pru:vEl ]n.赞成, 承认, 正式批准
(2)  biotechnology[ 7baiEutek5nClEdVi ]n.生物工艺学
(3) parliament[ 5pB:lEmEnt ]n.国会, 议会
(4) measure[ 5meVE ]n.尺寸, 量度器, 量度标准, 方法, 测量, 措施
(5) supervision[ 7sju:pE5viVEn ]n.监督, 管理
(6) gene[ dVi:n ]n.[遗传]因子, [遗传]基因
(7) insect[ 5insekt ]n.昆虫, 卑鄙的人adj..虫的, 虫子一样的, 对付虫子的
(8) permit[ pE(:)5mit ]n.通行证, 许可证, 执照v.许可, 允许, 准许
(9) concern[ kEn5sE:n ]vt.涉及, 关系到n.(利害)关系, 关心, 关注, 关注, 所关心的是
(10) environment[ in5vaiErEnmEnt ]n.环境, 外界
(11) ban[ bB:n ]n.禁令vt.禁止, 取缔(书刊等)


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 marketing Boez7e     
n.行销,在市场的买卖,买东西
参考例句:
  • They are developing marketing network.他们正在发展销售网络。
  • He often goes marketing.他经常去市场做生意。
2 gene WgKxx     
n.遗传因子,基因
参考例句:
  • A single gene may have many effects.单一基因可能具有很多种效应。
  • The targeting of gene therapy has been paid close attention.其中基因治疗的靶向性是值得密切关注的问题之一。
3 genetic PgIxp     
adj.遗传的,遗传学的
参考例句:
  • It's very difficult to treat genetic diseases.遗传性疾病治疗起来很困难。
  • Each daughter cell can receive a full complement of the genetic information.每个子细胞可以收到遗传信息的一个完全补偿物。
4 genetically Lgixo     
adv.遗传上
参考例句:
  • All the bees in the colony are genetically related. 同一群体的蜜蜂都有亲缘关系。
  • Genetically modified foods have already arrived on American dinner tables. 经基因改造加工过的食物已端上了美国人的餐桌。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 基因与食物
5 activists 90fd83cc3f53a40df93866d9c91bcca4     
n.(政治活动的)积极分子,活动家( activist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • His research work was attacked by animal rights activists . 他的研究受到了动物权益维护者的抨击。
  • Party activists with lower middle class pedigrees are numerous. 党的激进分子中有很多出身于中产阶级下层。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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TAG标签:   自然探索  基因食物  准则
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