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环境恶化有损于农业生产

时间:2005-04-27 16:00来源:互联网 提供网友:chen69   字体: [ ]
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                         10 环境恶化有损于农业生产

DATE=3-20-01
TITLE=AGRICULTURE REPORT - (1)Environmental (2)Damage Threatens Food Production
BYLINE=George Grow

(Start at 59" )This is Bill White with the VOA Special English (3)AGRICULTURE REPORT.
Experts say some farming activities are seriously damaging Earth's environment. Bad farming methods can damage (4)soil, forests and water supplies. They also have caused some plants and animals to disappear.
Two groups now say that bad farming methods are threatening the ability of farmers to produce enough food to feed the world population in the future. The (5)International Food Policy Research Institute and the World (6)Resources Institute reported the findings1.
The groups used satellite images, maps and modern (7)equipment to study the effect of agriculture on the environment. They say their study is the first to examine the ability of agriculture to (8)provide enough food, goods and services to support human life.
Officials note that the world population is expected to increase by more than twenty-five percent during the next twenty years.
The study found that the destruction3 of soil is widespread. Important (9)organic (10)nutrients are being removed from farmland. Officials say soil damage during the past twenty to thirty years probably has decreased agricultural production by thirteen percent. The report says such damage will have the greatest effect in poor countries with large populations.
Agriculture uses seventy percent of the (11)freshwater in the world each year. The study found that many farmers are wasting water supplies. In addition, chemicals designed to protect crops may pollute waterways.
The report also says as much as thirty percent of the world's forests have been cut down so the land could be used for agriculture. This has led to a severe loss of wildlife and their environments.
Stanley Wood is a scientist with the International Food Policy Research Institute. He says the world needs to do more than just produce more food. He notes that agricultural land must produce other goods and services, including clean water and an environment for threatened (12)wildlife.
World Bank Vice2 President Ian Johnson is an agricultural research expert. He says the report shows the need for farm policy reforms. He also says the report shows the need for much larger (13)investments in agricultural research and development.
This VOA Special English AGRICULTURE REPORT was written by George Grow.


(1)  environmental[ in7vaiErEn5mentl ]adj.周围的, 环境的n.环境论
(2)  damage[ 5dAmidV ]n.损害, 伤害v.招致损害n.[律] (用复数)赔偿金
(3) agriculture[ 5A^rikQltFE ]n.农业, 农艺, 农学
(4) soil[ sCil ]n.土壤, 土地, 国土, 国家, 温床, 粪便, 务农vt.弄脏, 污辱vi.变脏
(5) international[ 7intE(:)5nAFEnEl ]adj.国际的, 世界的n.国际性组织, 国际比赛
(6) resource[ ri5sC:s ]n.资源, 财力, 办法, 智谋
(7) equipment[ i5kwipmEnt ]n.装备, 设备, 器材, 装置, 铁道车辆, (一企业除房地产以外的)固定资产, 才能
(8) provide[ prE5vaid ]v.供应, 供给, 准备, 预防, 规定
(9) organic[ C:5^Anik ]adj.器官的, 有机的, 组织的, 建制的
(10) nutrient[ 5nju:triEnt ]adj.有营养的
(11) freshwater[5freFwC:tE(r)]n.淡水(不是海洋水的), 湖水,内河
(12) wildlife[5waIldlaIf]n.野生动植物
(13) investment[ in5vestmEnt ]n.投资, 可获利的东西


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1 findings 4tYzV9     
n.发现物( finding的名词复数 );调查(或研究)的结果;(陪审团的)裁决
参考例句:
  • It behoves us to study these findings carefully. 我们理应认真研究这些发现。
  • Their findings have been widely disseminated . 他们的研究成果已经广为传播。
2 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
3 destruction Rvjxs     
n.破坏,毁灭,消灭
参考例句:
  • The enemy bombs caused widespread destruction.敌人的炸弹造成大面积的破坏。
  • Overconfidence was his destruction.自负是他垮台的原因。
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TAG标签:   自然探索  环境恶化  农业生产
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