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2006年VOA标准英语-MacArthur Foundation Announces First Awards for

时间:2007-04-17 02:40来源:互联网 提供网友:枭神羊   字体: [ ]
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By Stephanie Ho
Washington
24 August 2006

The MacArthur Foundation, better known for offering so-called genius grants each year to individuals, will now recognize small non-profit organizations.  The groups are diverse and are in different countries, but the foundation's president says they are all at critical points in their development, where they will benefit from the monetary1 award and the recognition it brings.

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Innocent Chukwuma's experience with his country's police began in the 1980s, when he was a student activist2.  He spent 30 days in a Nigerian jail in 1988, which gave him an insight into the country's prison system.  The conditions were indeed horrible, but he said what made an even stronger impression on him were the frank talks he had with the guards about their experiences.

"So, I got to see the other side of the police and prison officials, which made me to agree to do the work," he said.

In January 1998, he founded the CLEEN Foundation, a center for law enforcement education that promotes respect for human rights, and cooperation between Nigerian law enforcement agencies and society.

"They work with the police but they also are monitoring police activity, but I think what's very interesting is that it's not simply standing3 on the outside criticizing it.  It's really trying to work with reform elements within the police force to help them do a better job." explained Jonathan Fanton, president of the MacArthur Foundation.

Mr. Fanton just named the CLEEN Foundation one of the nine winners of its new creativity awards for small non-profits groups.

"This award spans all of the places we work, including the United States," he added.  "But I think it's particularly important, for organizations outside the United States, and in countries undergoing a transition from authoritarian4 rule to democracy and free markets, it is often the independent organization, the NGO, that is leading the way, in that transition."

Other countries represented include India, Mexico, Peru and Russia.  Fanton said the award to the Russian group, the Independent Council of Legal Expertise5, is especially timely, following a new Russian law curtailing6 the activities of non-governmental groups.

"One vulnerability that many NGOs in Russia have is that they rent their space from government agencies," he noted7.  "And that makes them more vulnerable to influence and pressure and I thought it was interesting that the Independent Council of Legal Expertise decided8 to use its award money to buy a permanent office."

Fanton says recipients10 cannot apply for the MacArthur award, but are instead nominated by MacArthur staff members.  The foundation gives grants in 65 countries.  Its creativity awards range from $250,000 to $500,000, based largely on the size of the organization.

"There's no one size fits all.  There's not a template that we impose.  We really want to listen and learn and hear from the organizations about how we could help them," he said.

One of the American recipients, the North Lawndale Employment Network, runs an urban beekeeping and honey production program that offers jobs and skills-training to formerly11 incarcerated12 or low-income people in Chicago.

Executive Director Brenda Palms Barber says the very welcome MacArthur award will help her organization retire its debt and set up a cash reserve.

  
Brenda Palms Barber of North Lawndale Employment Network 
  
"[It's] Exhilarating," she said.  "Because I think that sometimes, small organizations are overlooked for some of the amazing, creative work that can happen.  And often times, people think that in order for you to have a big impact in the world, it has to be clearly a huge, well-established, long-standing organization."

Another recipient9, Knowledge Ecology International, works to loosen patent laws that keep essential medicines prohibitively expensive for people in the developing world.  The group's James Love referred to the better-known MacArthur genius awards, which are presented annually13 to individuals.  He said, jokingly, that although he would have been happy to receive all the money, personally, he applauds the recognition given to non-profit groups.


James Love   
  
"I think a lot of what's happening right now in the world, which is important, is collaborative efforts, that involve organizations, not just one person," he noted.  "So, although I would love it if they had given me half a million dollars.  I think it's pretty cool that they reward the organization's efforts because I think nothing happens without these collaborative efforts."

The new MacArthur prizes will be awarded in a ceremony in Chicago in October.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 monetary pEkxb     
adj.货币的,钱的;通货的;金融的;财政的
参考例句:
  • The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold.过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
  • Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means.荒凉地区的教育不是钱财问题。
2 activist gyAzO     
n.活动分子,积极分子
参考例句:
  • He's been a trade union activist for many years.多年来他一直是工会的积极分子。
  • He is a social activist in our factory.他是我厂的社会活动积极分子。
3 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
4 authoritarian Kulzq     
n./adj.专制(的),专制主义者,独裁主义者
参考例句:
  • Foreign diplomats suspect him of authoritarian tendencies.各国外交官怀疑他有着独裁主义倾向。
  • The authoritarian policy wasn't proved to be a success.独裁主义的政策证明并不成功。
5 expertise fmTx0     
n.专门知识(或技能等),专长
参考例句:
  • We were amazed at his expertise on the ski slopes.他斜坡滑雪的技能使我们赞叹不已。
  • You really have the technical expertise in a new breakthrough.让你真正在专业技术上有一个全新的突破。
6 curtailing fc2a252abd7cbf46ccc5d7b1c246ddaa     
v.截断,缩短( curtail的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • They will be curtailing the discussions at two thirty. 他们将把讨论缩短至两点半。 来自互联网
  • Individually, banks are acting rationally by retaining their capital and curtailing lending. 此外,银行们正在合理地保留其资本和减少贷款。 来自互联网
7 noted 5n4zXc     
adj.著名的,知名的
参考例句:
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
8 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
9 recipient QA8zF     
a.接受的,感受性强的 n.接受者,感受者,容器
参考例句:
  • Please check that you have a valid email certificate for each recipient. 请检查是否对每个接收者都有有效的电子邮件证书。
  • Colombia is the biggest U . S aid recipient in Latin America. 哥伦比亚是美国在拉丁美洲最大的援助对象。
10 recipients 972af69bf73f8ad23a446a346a6f0fff     
adj.接受的;受领的;容纳的;愿意接受的n.收件人;接受者;受领者;接受器
参考例句:
  • The recipients of the prizes had their names printed in the paper. 获奖者的姓名登在报上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The recipients of prizes had their names printed in the paper. 获奖者名单登在报上。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
11 formerly ni3x9     
adv.从前,以前
参考例句:
  • We now enjoy these comforts of which formerly we had only heard.我们现在享受到了过去只是听说过的那些舒适条件。
  • This boat was formerly used on the rivers of China.这船从前航行在中国内河里。
12 incarcerated 6f3f447e42a1b3e317e14328c8068bd1     
钳闭的
参考例句:
  • They were incarcerated for the duration of the war. 战争期间,他们被关在狱中。 来自辞典例句
  • I don't want to worry them by being incarcerated. 我不想让他们知道我被拘禁的事情。 来自电影对白
13 annually VzYzNO     
adv.一年一次,每年
参考例句:
  • Many migratory birds visit this lake annually.许多候鸟每年到这个湖上作短期逗留。
  • They celebrate their wedding anniversary annually.他们每年庆祝一番结婚纪念日。
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TAG标签:   VOA标准英语  MacArthur  Foundation  A
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