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What phrases might you use?

时间:2009-04-21 00:17来源:互联网 提供网友:fengjunlove   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

Would you like to save money on your summer holiday this year? How about a 'staycation'?

Rather than take a traditional week or fortnight abroad, many people are now choosing to stay at home in the UK instead, enabling them to explore their local area and see what it has to offer. It certainly costs less money, involves no packing, no airport queues and allows you to stay in the comfort of your own home.

Listen to the programmeStaycations

Join Jackie and Kate as they discuss the benefits of 'staycations' and hear from two speakers with very different opinions on the subject.

你想在假期里节约钱吗?你会怎么做?如今英国很多人选择呆在家里,呆在自己的国家,你呢?

Kate:Hello, I'm Kate Colin and today I'm joined by Jackie Dalton. Hi Jackie.

Jackie:Hi Kate

Kate:Jackie, I believe you've just got back from holiday haven't you. How was it?

Jackie:It was great thank you - I had a very relaxing time. I did lots of reading and some skiing.

Kate:Sounds wonderful, but these days more and more of us are considering whether we can actually justify the cost of a holiday abroad and the idea of going absolutely nowhere is actually becoming quite appealing(引起兴趣的). A 'staycation' is a new phrase which is combination (联合,结合,合并)of the expressions 'stay' (at home)' and 'vacation'.

Jackie:Well, yes I have heard of staycations, but to be honest I can't say it is something that really appeals to me because I like going on holiday to see other cultures, to listen to new languages and eat different food. Just to get away from my normal day to day life once in a while. I think that's what holidays are about.

Kate:Well to some people it is, but before we go any further, I'm going to ask my question for this week. Which country is the top European location for British people to go on holiday at the moment? a) Spain b) France c) Turkey

Jackie:answers

Kate: Good answer; we'll check if you're correct in a few minutes. But first here’s a lady who really likes staycations. Why does she prefer to stay at home?

Clip2 1 If you take your 2 weeks off and just stay at home and do what you like, it's so much more liberating3(有益的) than going away somewhere new and not having your own things around and having the pressure to explore all this new stuff(材料,原料,东西). It's just a winner; I don’t understand why more people don't do it.

Jackie:She said that staying at home is much more liberating than going away. If something is 'liberating' it makes you feel free and able to do what you like. She goes on to say that going on holiday means that you don't have your own things around you and there's lots of pressure to explore. She says that staying at home is a 'winner' (which means a very good thing) and she can't understand why more people don't do it!

Kate:Now we're going to hear from someone with the opposite (相对的,相反的)point of view. She uses the phrase 'contradiction(自相矛盾) in terms' which means to say a combination of things which don't make sense as they often have opposite meanings. She also uses the term 'same old, same old' which you often hear when people talk about always doing the same thing. Listen out for it in the following extract…

Clip 2 Well to me, holidaying at home is a complete contradiction in terms. When you stay at home you know it's the same old, same old and it just underpins5(支撑,支持) the whole beauty of having that energizing6 break and doing something entirely7 different.

Jackie:Well, she said that she thinks holidaying at home is a contradiction in terms – it doesn't make sense. She thinks that taking a holiday is about getting away from your usual routine(例行公事,常规) of being at home which she describes as 'the same old, same old'. I suppose she's referring to the everyday jobs of housework and shopping and things like that. She says this underpins the whole beauty of going away. Underpins means to give strength or support to something, so here the fact that there's always so much to do when you stay at home, supports or underpins her argument that we need to go away on holiday once in a while.

Kate:Let's go back to the first lady we heard from. Here she gives some other reasons why she prefers not to go away. She uses the term 'peace of mind'. What does this mean?

Jackie:'peace of mind' is when you can relax because you don’t have to worry about anything.

Clip 3 On the rare occasions that I have gone on a proper holiday, the amount of work you have to

do to go away and enjoy peace of mind, totally negates9 the benefit of the holiday to me.

Jackie:She says that all the effort you have to go to make sure you can enjoy peace of mind, negates(否定,否认,打消) the benefit of the holiday. I suppose she means that she spends a lot of time making sure her house is locked properly and things to make sure that she won't have to worry about anything going wrong while she's away. She says this negates the benefit of a holiday. To negate8 means to cancel out the effect of something, so all the worry related to going on holiday negates the good things about holidays.

Kate: Let's hear what the second lady has to say in reply…she uses the word 'anticipation10预期,预料)'. What does this mean?

Jackie: 'anticipation' means to look forward to something. You'll also hear the expression 'Groundhog Day'. In this context11, this is a term which we sometimes use when referring to doing the same thing over and over again. It comes from a film called 'Groundhog Day' starring Bill Murray and Andie MacDowell, and the film features(勾画,塑造) a man who finds himself living the same day over and over again. Now the expression has made its way into the English language to describe something which is the same everyday. So if you had a job where it seems you're doing the same thing day after day, you could say it was like 'Groundhog Day'.

Clip 4 It's like anything in life you either approach(靠近,接近) it positively12 or negatively. I think part of the beauty of a holiday is the anticipation. I know it's stressful preparing for a holiday but it's quite exciting too and I think we need it because when we do the same things day after day, life becomes like Groundhog Day and one of the great beauties underpinning13 that is to go on holiday.

Kate: What do you think Jackie? Are you tempted14 to have a 'staycation' next time you want a holiday?

Jackie:Well, having heard both sides of the argument, I can understand the reasons for staying at home but I'm afraid I like to travel too much and I don't think I'll be taking a staycation this year.

Kate:So let's have a look the words we came across earlier in the programme: We had:

staycationliberatinga contradiction in terms same old, same oldto underpin4

peace of mind negates anticipation Groundhog Day

Kate:  Finally to the question I asked earlier. I asked you which county is the top 

European location for British people to go on holiday at the moment. 

Jackie:  …and I said Spain. 

Kate:  I'm afraid you were wrong. You were nearly right, but it is in fact Turkey. 

Both:  That's all for this week. Goodbye! 

(本文由在线英语听力室整理编辑)


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 justify j3DxR     
vt.证明…正当(或有理),为…辩护
参考例句:
  • He tried to justify his absence with lame excuses.他想用站不住脚的借口为自己的缺席辩解。
  • Can you justify your rude behavior to me?你能向我证明你的粗野行为是有道理的吗?
2 clip dqBza     
n.夹子,别针,弹夹,片断;vt.夹住,修剪
参考例句:
  • May I clip out the report on my performance?我能把报道我的文章剪下来吗?
  • She fastened the papers together with a paper clip.她用曲别针把文件别在一起。
3 liberating f5d558ed9cd728539ee8f7d9a52a7668     
解放,释放( liberate的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Revolution means liberating the productive forces. 革命就是为了解放生产力。
  • They had already taken on their shoulders the burden of reforming society and liberating mankind. 甚至在这些集会聚谈中,他们就已经夸大地把改革社会、解放人群的责任放在自己的肩头了。 来自汉英文学 - 家(1-26) - 家(1-26)
4 underpin dkVws     
v.加固,支撑
参考例句:
  • China needs regional stability to underpin its continued economic growth.中国需要地区稳定来巩固其持续的经济增长。
  • These developments are underpinned by solid progress in heavy industry.重工业的稳固发展为这些进展打下了基础。
5 underpins 998953e540e369bb5f54bfcdaf83d62f     
n.基础材料( underpin的名词复数 );基础结构;(学说、理论等的)基础;(人的)腿v.用砖石结构等从下面支撑(墙等)( underpin的第三人称单数 );加固(墙等)的基础;为(论据、主张等)打下基础;加强
参考例句:
  • A powerful sense of mission underpins everything he does. 一种强烈的使命感支撑他所做的一切。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • His presence at the crime underpins the case against him. 案子发生时他在场对他更不利。 来自辞典例句
6 energizing e3f2f6cebc209a6ba70f00dcd4da3708     
v.给予…精力,能量( energize的现在分词 );使通电
参考例句:
  • a refreshing and energizing fruit drink 提神并增加体能的果汁饮料
  • The time required after energizing a device, before its rated output characteristics begin to apply. 从设备通电到它开始提供额定输出特性之间所需的时间。 来自辞典例句
7 entirely entirely     
ad.全部地,完整地;完全地,彻底地
参考例句:
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
8 negate F5tzv     
vt.否定,否认;取消,使无效
参考例句:
  • Our actions often negate our principles.我们的行为时常与我们所信奉的原则背道而弛。
  • Mass advertising could negate the classical theory of supply and demand.大宗广告可以否定古典经济学的供求理论。
9 negates 348c85532aca5487187dc696780d0bea     
v.取消( negate的第三人称单数 );使无效;否定;否认
参考例句:
  • Alcohol negates the effects of the drug. 酒精能使药物失效。
  • The lack of deep hardening in these alloys negates their use. 这些合金缺乏深层硬化能力使它们无法利用。 来自辞典例句
10 anticipation iMTyh     
n.预期,预料,期望
参考例句:
  • We waited at the station in anticipation of her arrival.我们在车站等着,期待她的到来。
  • The animals grew restless as if in anticipation of an earthquake.各种动物都变得焦躁不安,像是感到了地震即将发生。
11 context DZnyc     
n.背景,环境,上下文,语境
参考例句:
  • You can always tell the meaning of a word from its context.你常可以从上下文中猜出词义来。
  • This sentence does not seem to connect with the context.这个句子似乎与上下文脱节。
12 positively vPTxw     
adv.明确地,断然,坚决地;实在,确实
参考例句:
  • She was positively glowing with happiness.她满脸幸福。
  • The weather was positively poisonous.这天气着实讨厌。
13 underpinning 7431aa77983d1e766a4ef27b6d3f1735     
n.基础材料;基础结构;(学说、理论等的)基础;(人的)腿v.用砖石结构等从下面支撑(墙等)( underpin的现在分词 );加固(墙等)的基础;为(论据、主张等)打下基础;加强
参考例句:
  • Underpinning this success has been an exemplary record of innovation. 具有典范性的创新确保了这次成功。 来自辞典例句
  • But underpinning Mr Armstrong's technology changes is a human touch. 但阿姆斯特朗技术变革的支柱是人情味。 来自互联网
14 tempted b0182e969d369add1b9ce2353d3c6ad6     
v.怂恿(某人)干不正当的事;冒…的险(tempt的过去分词)
参考例句:
  • I was sorely tempted to complain, but I didn't. 我极想发牢骚,但还是没开口。
  • I was tempted by the dessert menu. 甜食菜单馋得我垂涎欲滴。
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TAG标签:   六分钟英语  phrases  might
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