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时间:2009-11-18 01:25来源:互联网 提供网友:hanlong   字体: [ ]
[00:05.09]The importance of Being Kind and Polite
[00:11.34]"Frankly, I think you're boring."
[00:16.38]Why do we seldom hear people speak so honestly?
[00:22.62]Unless you want to end a relationship,
[00:27.38]you don't tell another person what you think of her or him like this.
[00:34.22]Failing to be impressed by a friend's collection of stamps,
[00:40.88]yawning when a golfer tells you about that great shot he made on the 14th hole,
[00:48.82]or falling asleep when friends show picturesfrom their last trip to Sault Ste. Marie are all things that educated people try not to do.
[01:01.99]This is what manners are about:
[01:07.76]acting in a civilized1 way to avoid misunderstanding friction2, and conflict.
[01:16.41]There are no laws enforcing respect.
[01:21.45]Yet we cannot interact with others without some rules of behavior,
[01:28.69]rules that are set by some form of social consensus3.
[01:35.03]These guidelines represent what a majority of people consider acceptable
[01:42.40]and what they consider unacceptable.
[01:47.57]Rude people are those whose behavior shows little respect for the rules that the majority follow.
[01:57.32]For instance, because they talk at home while the television is on
[02:04.40]many people think they can talk at movies as well.
[02:10.74]They are not even aware that this habit will botherthe other members of the audience.
[02:19.28]Restaurants have smoking and non-smoking sections,
[02:25.76]and most smokers4 are polite enough to ask,
[02:31.04]"Do you mind if I smoke?" before lighting5 up.
[02:36.68]Restaurants should also have cellular-phone and no-cellu-hr-phone sections
[02:45.46]A new class of rude people has been born:
[02:51.02]the look-at-me phone users whoee boring conversationsare just as dan-gerous to our mental health
[03:01.79]as smoke is to our lungs.
[03:06.33]Sometimes, it is better to remain unknown
[03:12.71]than to make people hate you.
[03:17.07]There are many children and adolescents whose behavior is gener-ally unacceptable.
[03:25.82]They swear no matter who is around them
[03:30.96]they listen to their Walkmans while the teacher is talking to them.
[03:37.52]Indifferent parents who refuse to discipline their childrenare not helping6 them.
[03:46.17]Kids who have no idea what being polite meanswill pay the price sooner or later.
[03:55.62]When they join the work force,
[04:00.59]their employers and associates alike will soon realize that the behavior of these rude young people [04:05.37]老板和同事早晚会察觉这些举止粗鲁的年轻人
[04:10.15]is closer to that of animals than civilized individuals.
[04:17.23]When they lose a few contracts because they
[04:22.69]talk with their mouth full or when they say "Bob" to someone who should be "Mr.Johnson,"
[04:31.15]these grown-up kids,because of their ignorance,
[04:36.90]will never understand why others are getting aheadand they are not[04:40.72]永远不明白为什么别人在取得成功,而自己却不能.
[04:44.55]Every little bit of kindness helps.
[04:50.32]With manners,the best rule is the one that works.
[04:56.67]It is easier to look and sound attractive when we are nice to other people
[05:04.12]Being polite and showing respectcan give us an edge.
[05:11.77]Why do we need an edge?
[05:15.92]Success in life often starts with a job we like,
[05:22.77]and since getting a job is usually based on making the right impression,
[05:30.14]it is always a good idea to be kind and polite.
[05:37.68]Text B
[05:40.56]Why We Walk in Circles
[05:44.82]"Pin the Tail on the Donkey"
[05:48.66]is always funwhen you're watchlng rather than pinning.
[05:53.83]It is somewhat'surprising to see how the blindfolded7 performers act.
[05:59.99]Instead of going straight,they always wander off to one side or the other
[06:06.76]The greater the distance to the donkey, the farther they go astray.
[06:13.24]Have you ever wondered why they are unable to walk straight ahead?
[06:18.88]It is a well-known fact that a person will move in a circle
[06:23.95]when he cannot use his eyes to control his direction.
[06:28.91]Dark nights, dense8 fogs, blinding snowstorms,
[06:35.15]thick forests all these can keep a traveler from seeing where he is going
[06:42.00]Then he is unable to move in any fixed9 direction, but walks in circles.
[06:49.65]Animals act the same way.
[06:53.41]You have probably heard the saying
[06:57.80]"running around like a chicken with its head cut off."
[07:02.84]Well, a chicken with its head cut off actually does run around in circles.
[07:08.72]Blind birds fly in circles.
[07:13.27]And a blindfolded dog will swim in circles.
[07:18.83]A Norwegian biologist, F.O. Guldbergdecided
[07:25.00]that this problem of circular movementwas worth investigating.
[07:31.53]He collected many true stories on the subject.
[07:36.80]One of his stories is about people rowing on a lake
[07:42.08]during a fog on a dark night.
[07:46.02]One group of rowers who tried to cross three miles of water
[07:52.08]in foggy weathernever succeeded in reaching their goal. [07:54.62]却怎么也达不到他们的目标.
[07:57.15]Without knowing it,they rowed in two large circles.
[08:03.81]When they finally got to the shore,
[08:08.46]they discovered that they were at the spot they had started from.
[08:13.92]After studying many stories such as this,
[08:19.57]Professor Guldberg wrote an article in which he discussed
[08:25.52]Circular Motion as the Basic Motion of Animals.
[08:31.09]"A simple example will help you to understand his explanation ofwhy we walk in circles.
[08:38.95]Have you ever wound up a toy automobile10 and started it off across the floor?
[08:45.90]Then you know that it will rarely travel in a straight path.
[08:51.04]It will travel, instead, in some kind of are, or curve.
[08:54.02]相反,它会跑成一条弧线或一条曲线[08:57.00]If it is to travel in a straight llne,
[09:01.05]the wheels on both sideshave to be of exactly equal size.
[09:07.40]If they are not,
[09:10.74]the little automobile turns toward the sidewith the smaller wheels.
[09:16.98]Circular, movement in walking is caused in much the same way.
[09:20.16]行走时的转圈现象 也是由十分相同的原因引起的.
[09:23.33]Us-ally a manwalking will "watch his step" and "look where he is going."
[09:31.17]He needs his senses' especially his eyesto get to the point he intends to reach.
[09:39.11]When he cannot use his eyes to guide his steps,
[09:44.44]he will walk straight only if he takes a stepof the same length with each foot.
[09:50.50]In most people,however,muscle development is not the same in both legs
[09:57.86]so that it is probable that the steps will be uneven11.
[10:03.01]The difference may be so small that no one is aware of it.
[10:08.37]But small as his, it can cause circular movement.
[10:14.14]Let us suppose that a man's left foot takes a step 20 inches long
[10:21.19]and that his right foot takes a step 30 inches long.
[10:26.96]Now suppose he takes ten step
[10:31.72]--five with his left footand five with his right.
[10:37.07]His left foot will travel 100 inches.
[10:42.04]His right foot will travel 150 inches.
[10:47.60]This sounds impossible. One foot cannot remain 50 inches behind the other
[10:55.46]What really happens?At each step the man turns a little bit to the left.
[11:03.12]Sooner or later he makes a complete circle
[11:08.26]The tracks of his feet, however, make two circles, one inside the other
[11:15.74]His left foot makes the smaller circle because it is taking smaller steps
[11:22.27]His right foot makes the larger circle because it is taking larger steps
[11:29.40]This is why a person may walk in an are when he sets out in a straight line.
[11:36.37]The muscles of a man's arms are no more identical than the muscles of his legs [11:40.09]一个人手臂的肌肉和他的两腿的肌肉一样不是完全相同的.
[11:43.82]This explains why the rowers who set out to cross the lakeat night rowed in a circle.
[11:51.58]By the same rule, a bird's wings do not develop evenly
[11:54.81]同样的规则 ,鸟儿的翅膀也发育不均衡,
[11:58.05]and so it will fly in circles when blinded.
[12:02.91]Thus,dear readers,our circular mystery has a very straight answer.


1 civilized UwRzDg     
  • Racism is abhorrent to a civilized society. 文明社会憎恶种族主义。
  • rising crime in our so-called civilized societies 在我们所谓文明社会中日益增多的犯罪行为
2 friction JQMzr     
  • When Joan returned to work,the friction between them increased.琼回来工作后,他们之间的摩擦加剧了。
  • Friction acts on moving bodies and brings them to a stop.摩擦力作用于运动着的物体,并使其停止。
3 consensus epMzA     
  • Can we reach a consensus on this issue?我们能在这个问题上取得一致意见吗?
  • What is the consensus of opinion at the afternoon meeting?下午会议上一致的意见是什么?
4 smokers d3e72c6ca3bac844ba5aa381bd66edba     
吸烟者( smoker的名词复数 )
  • Many smokers who are chemically addicted to nicotine cannot cut down easily. 许多有尼古丁瘾的抽烟人不容易把烟戒掉。
  • Chain smokers don't care about the dangers of smoking. 烟鬼似乎不在乎吸烟带来的种种危害。
5 lighting CpszPL     
  • The gas lamp gradually lost ground to electric lighting.煤气灯逐渐为电灯所代替。
  • The lighting in that restaurant is soft and romantic.那个餐馆照明柔和而且浪漫。
6 helping 2rGzDc     
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
7 blindfolded a9731484f33b972c5edad90f4d61a5b1     
v.(尤指用布)挡住(某人)的视线( blindfold的过去式 );蒙住(某人)的眼睛;使不理解;蒙骗
  • The hostages were tied up and blindfolded. 人质被捆绑起来并蒙上了眼睛。
  • They were each blindfolded with big red handkerchiefs. 他们每个人的眼睛都被一块红色大手巾蒙住了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
8 dense aONzX     
  • The general ambushed his troops in the dense woods. 将军把部队埋伏在浓密的树林里。
  • The path was completely covered by the dense foliage. 小路被树叶厚厚地盖了一层。
9 fixed JsKzzj     
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
10 automobile rP1yv     
  • He is repairing the brake lever of an automobile.他正在修理汽车的刹车杆。
  • The automobile slowed down to go around the curves in the road.汽车在路上转弯时放慢了速度。
11 uneven akwwb     
  • The sidewalk is very uneven—be careful where you walk.这人行道凹凸不平—走路时请小心。
  • The country was noted for its uneven distribution of land resources.这个国家以土地资源分布不均匀出名。
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