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牛津高中英语高二上学期CHAPTER TWO

时间:2009-11-17 01:20来源:互联网 提供网友:zhou851117   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)
00:-1.00]Right,Debbie,it's your turn.
[00:-2.00]Please come out and tell us your topic and then show us your objects.
[00:-3.00]My topic is'Fashion'and to illustrate1 my talk ,
[00:-4.00]I have brought along five objects.
[00:-5.00]Fashion is important to almost all of us.
[00:-6.00]Now we are all wearing school uniform.
[00:-7.00]When we go home,what do we do?          We change into other clothes.
[00:-8.00]If we are going out,we like to wear fashionable clothes.
[00:-9.00]So my first object is this blouse.
[00:10.00]It looks beautiful,doesn't it?
[00:11.00]It is my most expensive piece of clothing,and I love it!It cost 360 yuan.
[00:12.00]You may say that is very extravagant,
[00:13.00]but luckily I could afford it with my own savings
[00:14.00]It was not easy for me to earn some money in the summer vacation
[00:15.00]but when you are buying clothes,
[00:16.00]I think the more you spend,the better the quality,
[00:17.00]So you see,fashion is quite important to me.
[00:18.00]However,I am not as keen2 on fashion as my elder brother Gary.
[00:19.00]Last summer,he won a free trip to London in a contest.
[00:20.00]The organizers wanted to show him some famous sights.
[00:21.00]But he did not appreciate the old buildings.
[00:22.00]He just wanted to spend all his time in the big shopping arcades,
[00:23.00]searching for the coolest pair of trainers!
[00:24.00]For him,fashion was more important than culture.
[00:25.00]These are the trainers he bought.
[00:26.00]Was it worth a trip to London to buy these?
[00:27.00]I don't think so.
[00:28.00]I think it was a waste of time and money.
[00:29.00]We must,however,remember that fashion is very big business.
[00:30.00]Changes in fashion can create or ruin jobs.
[00:31.00]As an example,I have brought this blonde wig3 to show you.
[00:32.00]Do you like it?It belongs to one of my mother's friends.
[00:33.00]She told me that in the 1960s,
[00:34.00]it was fashionable for western women to wear wigs4,
[00:35.00]and our city became the world centre of the wig-making industry.
[00:36.00]But a few years later fashions changed
[00:37.00]and women wore wigs much less often.
[00:38.00]Then the wig factors closed down,
[00:39.00]and hundreds of workers lost their jobs.
[00:40.00]Next,I have something unusual,I'm holding a real top hat in my hands.
[00:41.00]I borrowed it from a drama company.
[00:42.00]Yes,you can pass it around.
[00:43.00]Oh,please handle it more carefully!
[00:44.00]I brought this to remind us about the effects of fashion on the natural world.
[00:45.00]I'm reading a book on fashion at the moment,and it says in the book that Europeans started to wear top hats,
[00:46.00]made from the skin of beavers5,in the early 1800s.
[00:47.00]These hats became very fashionable, and as a result
[00:48.00]thousands of poor beavers in Canada and North America were killed.
[00:49.00]Another example of this,of course,is fur coats.
[00:50.00]Finally,we should remember the saying,
[00:51.00]'never judge a book by its cover'.
[00:52.00]Clothes will not make us more or less clever better or worse,
[00:53.00]more or less honest.
[00:54.00]I once saw a film on television about Mother Teresa.
[00:55.00]She spent all her life helping6 poor people in Calcutta.
[00:56.00]In 1979 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace.
[00:57.00]When she flew to Sweden to collect it,
[00:58.00]she wore the same old clothes as usual,
[00:59.00]and carried all her possessions in one little bag like this one,
[-1:00.00]which I bought in a market.
[-1:-1.00]It reminds us that fashion is not the most important thing in life.
[-1:-2.00]That's all.Thank you for listening to me.
[-1:-3.00]INTEGRATED SKILLSpage 23
[-1:-4.00]Selecting relevant7 information(1)
[-1:-5.00]Exercise A
[-1:-6.00]Listen to the speakers
[-1:-7.00]Use information from the conversation to complete the table on page 23. [-1:-8.00]Right,we've finished all the tests on these jeans.
[-1:-9.00]So let's complete the table of information.
[-1:10.00]We've done the Daisy jeans results already,
[-1:11.00]now here is the information about Rose's jeans.
[-1:12.00]Man:How much do they cost?    Woman:They're 280.
[-1:13.00]Man:Right.How strong are they?
[-1:14.00]Woman:They performed well in the tests. Give them three stars.
[-1:15.00]And they didn't shrink8 very much,so give them three stars for that,too.
[-1:16.00]Man:Are they colourfast?
[-1:17.00]Woman:Yes,very good. Give them four stars for that.
[-1:18.00]Man:Right.Now,what about a comment?
[-1:19.00]Woman:Well,they are attractive and not too expensive.
[-1:20.00]Man:All right.I'll put,attractive and inexpensive.
[-1:21.00]So that's Rose jeans finished.Now,tell me about Lily jeans[-1:22.00]Woman:Let me see.Lily jeans,well,they cost 440.
[-1:23.00]But they are not really very strong.
[-1:24.00]We'll just give them two stars for that.
[-1:25.00]Man:Did they shrink at all,in the water?
[-1:26.00]Woman:No,not at all, and the colour doesn't run off either.
[-1:27.00]So,give them four stars for both of these columns10.
[-1:28.00]Man:Right,and what about a comment to some of them?
[-1:29.00]Man:Oh,I should say,quite good quality but expensive.
[-1:30.00]Woman:Quite good quality,but expensive.
[-1:31.00]Man:Ok,now the last pair,Iris jeans.
[-1:32.00]Woman:Well,Iris jeans cost 360,and they are very strong,
[-1:33.00]give them four stars for that.
[-1:34.00] but shrank11 a lot when they were washed,they became much smaller.
[-1:35.00]So,just give them two stars for that,and the same for the next column9.
[-1:36.00]The purple colour came out in the water,
[-1:37.00]so they are not very colourfast,just two stars.
[-1:38.00]Man:And a comment?
[-1:39.00]Woman:I think we'll say strong but poor test results.
[-1:40.00]Man:Strong,but poor test results.Good, that's all finis now.
[-1:41.00] SPEAKING   page 31
[-1:42.00]A The intonation12 of lists.
[-1:43.00]When you read a list,your voice should go up at the end of each phrase,
[-1:44.00]and down at the end of the list.
[-1:45.00]There should be a short pause after each comma,and before the last 'and'.
[-1:46.00]Exercise A1
[-1:47.00]1 I like grapes,pears, melons and mangoes.
[-1:48.00]2 My friend Mike collects stamps,
[-1:49.00]coins,tickets, matchboxes,comics and hundred dollar notes.
[-1:50.00]3 Please buy me six cans of Coke,
[-1:51.00]two bottles of lemonade, four packets of gum,
[-1:52.00]ten bags of peanuts and twenty bars of chocolate.
[-1:53.00]4 My grandma went shopping and she bought a long white car,
[-1:54.00]a house with a swimming pool,
[-1:55.00]a small jet13 aeroplane and three Pacific islands.
[-1:56.00]5 Michelle is wearing a short sleeved white blouse,
[-1:57.00]a long blue skirt,black high heeled shoes and a silk scarf.
[-1:58.00]MORE LANGUAGE INPUT
[-1:59.00]Reading page 34
[-2:00.00]Uniform fashion good for young students.
[-2:-1.00]In a recent speech,Mr Clinton praised student uniforms as a way to promote safety and discipline in public schools.
[-2:-2.00]Ms Linda Moore,the principal14 of Rogers Middle School in California,
[-2:-3.00]felt most pleased with the President's comment.
[-2:-4.00]'Everybody is looking for answers,
[-2:-5.00]and here is a district that is doing something that is working,'she said.
[-2:-6.00]The 83,000-student Long Beach district
[-2:-7.00]requires its elementary and middle school students to dress in uniform fashion.
[-2:-8.00]Nearly 60,000 students are affected15 by the policy.
[-2:-9.00]It is the first public school district in America to do so.
[-2:10.00]Since students at Rogers Middle School started wearing black bottoms,
[-2:11.00]white tops,and red jackets or sweaters,
[-2:12.00]the number of fights has dropped by 40%,
[-2:13.00]and academic performance has improved.
[-2:14.00]A recent survey shows that in the district's 56 elementary and 14 middle schools,
[-2:15.00]violence and discipline problems have decreased dramatically
[-2:16.00]since the policy was introduced. [-2:17.00]Although some students complain that the uniform dress is monotonous,
[-2:18.00]many see a positive side.
[-2:19.00]'The good thing is people judge you on your inner16 characteristics rather than what you wear,'
[-2:20.00]said Nick Duran,an 8th grader at Rogers Middle School.
[-2:21.00]'Plus,'he said ,'it's easier to choose what to put on in the morning.'
[-2:22.00]Listening   page 35
[-2:23.00]Listen and match the column of fashion items
[-2:24.00]with the column of their first appearing time.
[-2:25.00]1 In 1470,to hide a pregnancy,
[-2:26.00]queen Juana of Portugal wore the first hoop17 skirt.
[-2:27.00]2 Sneakers were first made in America in 1916.
[-2:28.00]3 Nylon18 stockings were invented in 1938.
[-2:29.00]4 Shoulder-bags for woman first appeared as part of service uniforms in 1940.
[-2:30.00] During the world war two.
[-2:31.00]5 In the 1960s,paper clothes were made for the public,
[-2:32.00]they were disposable and used for underwear19 as children's clothing.
[-2:33.00]6 The wrinkled20 look was introduced in the 1980s.
[-2:34.00]Wrinkles are permanently21 pressed into material of clothing items,
[-2:35.00]such as shirts,skirts vests,blouses,jackets,and pants.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 illustrate IaRxw     
v.举例说明,阐明;图解,加插图
参考例句:
  • The company's bank statements illustrate its success.这家公司的银行报表说明了它的成功。
  • This diagram will illustrate what I mean.这个图表可说明我的意思。
2 keen nRfzj     
adj.热心的;敏锐的;激烈的;锋利的
参考例句:
  • There is keen competition between the two motorcar firms.两家汽车公司之间存在着激烈的竞争。
  • The children are mad keen to go to the zoo.孩子们非常想去动物园。
3 wig 1gRwR     
n.假发
参考例句:
  • The actress wore a black wig over her blond hair.那个女演员戴一顶黑色假发罩住自己的金黄色头发。
  • He disguised himself with a wig and false beard.他用假发和假胡须来乔装。
4 wigs 53e7a1f0d49258e236f1a412f2313400     
n.假发,法官帽( wig的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • They say that wigs will be coming in again this year. 据说今年又要流行戴假发了。 来自辞典例句
  • Frank, we needed more wigs than we thought, and we have to do some advertising. 弗兰克,因为我们需要更多的假发,而且我们还要做点广告。 来自电影对白
5 beavers 87070e8082105b943967bbe495b7d9f7     
海狸( beaver的名词复数 ); 海狸皮毛; 棕灰色; 拼命工作的人
参考例句:
  • In 1928 some porpoises were photographed working like beavers to push ashore a waterlogged mattress. 1928年有人把这些海豚象海狸那样把一床浸泡了水的褥垫推上岸时的情景拍摄了下来。
  • Thus do the beavers, thus do the bees, thus do men. 海狸是这样做的,蜜蜂是这样做的,人也是这样做的。
6 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
7 relevant cV0xf     
adj.有关的,贴切的
参考例句:
  • I don't think his remarks are relevant to our discussion.我认为他的话不切我们的议题。
  • These materials are relevant to the case.这些材料与这案件有关。
8 shrink xytw6     
n.收缩,萎缩;vi.收缩,退缩,萎缩;vt.使收缩
参考例句:
  • Washing wool in hot water will shrink it.在热水中洗毛织品会使其缩水。
  • This cloth won't shrink when it's washed.这种布下水不缩。
9 column lWPyR     
n.列,柱形图;专栏;圆柱;纵队
参考例句:
  • I often read his column in the local paper.我经常在当地的报纸上看到他的专栏文章。
  • A column of soldiers marched down the highway.一个士兵纵队沿着公路行进。
10 columns columns     
n.柱( column的名词复数 );纵队;栏;(舰队的)纵列
参考例句:
  • The temple is supported by marble columns. 这座庙宇由大理石柱支撑。
  • There are two columns on each page of this dictionary. 这本词典每一页有两栏。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 shrank b7c1e27c643b5bf82f8568366e75ef54     
动词shrink的过去式
参考例句:
  • My sweater shrank in the wash. 我的毛衣缩水了。
  • The blackman shrank from any direct participation in politics. 这位黑人回避直接插足政治。
12 intonation ubazZ     
n.语调,声调;发声
参考例句:
  • The teacher checks for pronunciation and intonation.老师在检查发音和语调。
  • Questions are spoken with a rising intonation.疑问句是以升调说出来的。
13 jet YaPz3     
n.喷气发动机,喷气式飞机;v.喷出,喷射
参考例句:
  • Put a match to the jet to light the gas.将火柴放在煤气喷嘴上点燃煤气。
  • I don't see the jet of your plan.我不明白你的计划的要点。
14 principal pQdx2     
adj.主要的;n.负责人,校长,资本
参考例句:
  • When he saw the principal,he raised his hand in salutation.他看到校长时举手敬礼。
  • Their school gave a reception to their new principal.他们学校为新校长举办了一个招待会。
15 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
16 inner 96Mxs     
adj.内部的,里面的;内在的,内心的;精神的
参考例句:
  • The label is on the inner side of the box.标签贴在盒子内侧。
  • Other people seek the mountains for renewal of their inner lives.另一些人到深山中去,寻求新的精神生活。
17 hoop wcFx9     
n.(篮球)篮圈,篮
参考例句:
  • The child was rolling a hoop.那个孩子在滚铁环。
  • The wooden tub is fitted with the iron hoop.木盆都用铁箍箍紧。
18 nylon DjPyO     
n.尼龙;尼龙长袜
参考例句:
  • He dresses a nylon shirt.他穿着一件尼龙衬衫。
  • How many products are made from nylon? 有多少种产品是由尼龙制造的?
19 underwear gkRwm     
n.衫衣,内衣,贴身衣
参考例句:
  • He had removed his underwear.他已脱去了内衣。
  • They left off their woollen underwear when the weather got warm.天气转暖的时候,他们不再穿羊毛内衣。
20 wrinkled qeQzK4     
adj.有皱纹的v.使起皱纹( wrinkle的过去式和过去分词 );(尤指皮肤)起皱纹
参考例句:
  • She smoothed down a wrinkled tablecloth. 她把起皱的桌布熨平了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • A wrinkled purse,a wrinkled face. 手中无钱,愁容满面。 来自《简明英汉词典》
21 permanently KluzuU     
adv.永恒地,永久地,固定不变地
参考例句:
  • The accident left him permanently scarred.那次事故给他留下了永久的伤疤。
  • The ship is now permanently moored on the Thames in London.该船现在永久地停泊在伦敦泰晤士河边。
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TAG标签:   高中英语  牛津版高二
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