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高中英语牛津版高二上学期CHAPTER FOUR

时间:2009-11-17 01:23来源:互联网 提供网友:zhou851117   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)
[00:-1.00]THE BURGER BUSINESS
[00:-2.00]In 1954,an American businessman called Ray Kroc was selling milk shake machines.
[00:-3.00]One restaurant in California1 bought not one
[00:-4.00]but eight of these expensive machines.
[00:-5.00]Kroc was surprised at this.
[00:-6.00]He decided2 to go and visit this restaurant.
[00:-7.00]He arrived before it opened,and sat in his car and watched.
[00:-8.00]It was not a traditional restaurant but a small,drive-in hamburger stand.
[00:-9.00]A team of young people in clean,white uniforms appeared and started work.
[00:10.00]Soon the car-park was being brushed and the windows were being washed.
[00:11.00]When everything was neat and tidy,the hamburger stand was opened for business.
[00:12.00]Immediately,customers started to arrive,and they kept coming.
[00:13.00]The staff were cheerful,fast and polite.The food was excellent.
[00:14.00]Kroc was impressed.He looked up at the name over the business.
[00:15.00]It read,'McDonald's Hamburgers.'
[00:16.00]Kroc found out that two brothers called Mac and Dick McDonald owned the business.
[00:17.00](It had been started six years earlier, in 1948)
[00:18.00]He suggested that they should set up more outlets3,
[00:19.00]but the brothers were happy with their life,
[00:20.00]and they themselves did not want to expand further.
[00:21.00]But they allowed Kroc to set up other branches of McDonald's for them.
[00:22.00]That was the start of the biggest fast-food company in history.
[00:23.00]In 1955,Kroc opened his first McDonald's near Chicago,
[00:24.00]and many more followed swiftly4.
[00:25.00]In 1959,the 100th McDonald's was opened.
[00:26.00]In 1961,Kroc bought all rights to McDonald's,
[00:27.00]and the McDonald brothers were paid US$2.7 million.
[00:28.00]By 1972,a new McDonald's was being opened every day,
[00:29.00]and annual5 sales were over US$1 billion.
[00:30.00]By 1974,there were over 3,000 restaurants.
[00:31.00]Then,in 1975,McDonald's was introduced into Hong Kong.
[00:32.00]At that time,critics thought it would be unsuccessful,
[00:33.00]'Chinese people will never eat this western food,'they said.
[00:34.00]Hong Kong already had thousands of excellent restaurants.
[00:35.00]Now over 90 outlets have been opened in Hong Kong,
[00:36.00]and seven of the top 10 McDonald's restaurants in the world are in Hong Kong.
[00:37.00]McDonald's is accepted as part of Hong Kong.
[00:38.00]Why has McDonald's been  so successful?
[00:39.00]Back in 1956,the motto'Q.S.C.&V.'
[00:40.00]was adopted by Ray Kroc for his new company.
[00:41.00]These letters stood for'Quality,Service,Cleanliness and Value'.
[00:42.00]In all of these areas.McDonald's pays great attention to detail.
[00:43.00]For example,
[00:44.00]when McDonald's established its largest-ever restaurant in Moscow in 1990,
[00:45.00]it was after many years of planning.
[00:46.00]To achieve the right quality,potatoes are imported into Russia,
[00:47.00]and the farmers are taught how to grow them properly,
[00:48.00]as well as how to harvest and pack them.
[00:49.00]To archive good service the employees6 are taught everything.
[00:50.00]They are even taught
[00:51.00]how to look into their customers' eyes when they smile and say,
[00:52.00]'Thank you.Please come again.'
[00:53.00]It is said that McDonald's staff training programme
[00:54.00]is one of the best in the world.
[00:55.00]For top staff,
[00:56.00]it includes visits to the firm's 'Hamburger University'in Chicago.
[00:57.00]Now,McDonald's has over 27,000 outlets in 119 countries around the world.
[00:58.00]More than 100 hamburgers are still being sold every second of the day.
[00:59.00]It has not yet opened a restaurant on the moon,
[-1:00.00]but no doubt a plan is already being made for one.
[-1:-1.00]Integrated Skills page 62
[-1:-2.00]B.Taking and using notes.
[-1:-3.00]Exercise B1
[-1:-4.00]Listen and take notes,using the outline7 to help you.
[-1:-5.00]A:Sam's been reading a book called 'Made in Japan'
[-1:-6.00]which is the autobiography8 of a famous Japanese businessman. [-1:-7.00]Akio Merata.
[-1:-8.00]He is the man who started the Sony company,isn't he,Sam?
[-1:-9.00]B:Yes,that's right. he started in business,back in 1946.
[-1:10.00]He had a company selling rice cookers,but it wasn't successful.
[-1:11.00]After that,he began producing tape recorders.
[-1:12.00]It was very difficult for him at first,
[-1:13.00]because Japan did not have a plastic's industry then.
[-1:14.00]So the tapes for his first tape recorders were made out of paper.
[-1:15.00]A:When did Sony start to become successful?
[-1:16.00]B:Well,the company wasn't called Sony back in those days,
[-1:17.00]It was called the Tokyo Telecommunication9 and Engineering10 Company.
[-1:18.00]But when Morita visited London in 1953[-1:19.00]He found that people couldn't remember such a long name.
[-1:20.00]So he changed it to Sony,from the Latin11 word sonus,which means12 a sound.
[-1:21.00]And it was around the mid-50s',that the company really took off.
[-1:22.00]As well as tape-recorders,they were the first to produce small radios.
[-1:23.00]You've got to remember that back in those days,
[-1:24.00]radios were very big objects of furniture.
[-1:25.00]A:Yes,I'm afraid I'm old enough to remember those days,
[-1:26.00]you could hardly lift a radio.
[-1:27.00]B:That's right.Well,Sony produced small radios,
[-1:28.00]which people could carry around easily.
[-1:29.00]And after that they moved into television.
[-1:30.00]In 1959,they produced the world's first portable13 black and white television.
[-1:31.00]and of course,lots of other products, followed.
[-1:32.00]In more recent years they produced the Walkman.
[-1:33.00]A:And they made the Discman,didn't they?The CDs?
[-1:34.00]B:That's right,and lots of different video cameras and so on.
[-1:35.00]And now they're a huge international company.
[-1:36.00]They've bought several big American companies.
[-1:37.00]Including CBS Records and Columbia Pictures.
[-1:38.00]A:From the book,
[-1:39.00]did you get any insides into the secretes14 of Akio Morita's success as a businessman?
[-1:40.00]B:Well,yes,a lot.But briefly,he points out in the book
[-1:41.00]that business requires three different types of ability:
[-1:42.00]You need new technological15 ideas to start with,
[-1:43.00]but that alone is not enough,you need to be able to plan new products,
[-1:44.00]and finally,you must be able to market them successfully16.
[-1:45.00]A:So that's Akio Morita's autobiography,Made in Japan.
[-1:46.00]Now,onto music.
[-1:47.00]Speaking  page 70
[-1:48.00]A Pronouncing unknown words
[-1:49.00]When you read a new word,think about how to pronounce it.
[-1:50.00]If you do not have a dictionary with you,
[-1:51.00]you can use your knowledge of English letters
[-1:52.00]and sounds to help you guess how to pronounce the word.
[-1:53.00]Exercise A1
[-1:54.00]ph /f/ photograph,telephone
[-1:55.00]tion / / nation,attention
[-1:56.00]sh / / wash,shop
[-1:57.00]ch / / church,teacher
[-1:58.00]wr /r/ wrong,write
[-1:59.00]kn /n/ knot,knife
[-2:00.00]qu /kw/ quick,quiet
[-2:-1.00]gh /f/ rough,enough
[-2:-2.00]ght /t/ light,night
[-2:-3.00]dge / / judge,badge
[-2:-4.00]Exercise A2
[-2:-5.00]1.If a woman has five babies together,they are called quins18.
[-2:-6.00]2.The government has the power to increase taxation19.
[-2:-7.00]3.The Romans used carts20 called chariots,which were pulled by horses.
[-2:-8.00]4.Do you know where your knuckles21 are?
[-2:-9.00]5.The man climbed out onto a window ledge17 and threatened to jump.
[-2:10.00]6.I can't eat this meat because it is so tough.
[-2:11.00]7.The chemist poured the liquid carefully into a glass phial.
[-2:12.00]8.It was so cold that I started to shiver22.
[-2:13.00]9.In the fight one of the men fell down and broke his wrist23.
[-2:14.00]10.Unless your seat belt is tight,it is not safe.
[-2:15.00]MORE LANGUAGE INPUT
[-2:16.00]Reading page 74
[-2:17.00]The rise of chain stores in China
[-2:18.00]During the last few years,
[-2:19.00]the number of chain stores has greatly increased in big cities in China.
[-2:20.00]Nowadays,within a short walk along a busy street,
[-2:21.00]you are likely to find a chain store of some kind [-2:22.00]a fast-food restaurant,a bakery, or a supermarket.
[-2:23.00]In fact,chain stores have become part of people's daily lives.
[-2:24.00]They may pop into a chain bakery to buy breakfast on their way to work,
[-2:25.00]and they may visit a chain supermarket
[-2:26.00]in the evening to pick up things for tomorrow or weekend use.
[-2:27.00]Chain stores have become so popular
[-2:28.00]that they are even put on some people's list of criteria
[-2:29.00]when they are choosing a place to live.
[-2:30.00]Why have chain stores grown so fast in number and influence?
[-2:31.00]Meeting the customers' needs is the answer.
[-2:32.00]Opened in convenient24 locations,the store are usually next door to people's homes
[-2:33.00]and close to the bus-stops or underground stations.
[-2:34.00]They offer a wide range of products in a clean,well-lit and relaxing atmosphere.
[-2:35.00]Prices,too,are reasonable.
[-2:36.00]It seems that chain stores are a welcome development in China.
[-2:37.00]They are certainly a new force changing China's retail25 market.
[-2:38.00]Listening page 75
[-2:39.00]Listen to some fascinating26 McDonald's McFacts.
[-2:40.00]Supply the missing27 information.
[-2:41.00]1.McDonald's is the largest food service organization in the world
[-2:42.00]serving nearly 43,000,000 people a day.
[-2:43.00]It now operates more than 27,000 restaurants in 119 countries around the world[-2:44.00]2.McDonald's opened its first restaurant outside the US in 1967 in Canada.
[-2:45.00]3.There is a new McDonald's opening every five hours somewhere in the world,
[-2:46.00]or about five new McDonald's every single day.
[-2:47.00]4.McDonald's expects to open 1,500 to 2,000 restaurants annually
[-2:48.00]over the next several years.
[-2:49.00]5.McDonald's prepares more than 2.5 million pounds of French fries
[-2:50.00]every day to meet its customers' demand world-wide.
[-2:51.00]6.The sesame seeds used on Big Mac TM buns28 every year weigh 2,400 tons on average.
[-2:52.00]7.McDonald's cracks29 more than 3,000,000 fresh eggs
[-2:53.00]every morning to serve breakfast to its customers world-wide.
[-2:54.00]8.If lined up end to end,McDonald's more than 100,000,000,000 hamburgers served
[-2:55.00]would go from Earth to the moon and back more than 19 times.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 California FxizMX     
n.加利福尼亚(美国)
参考例句:
  • He was elected governor of the state of California.他当选为加州州长。
  • We were driving on a California freeway.我们正沿着加利福尼亚的一条快车道驾车行驶。
2 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
3 outlets a899f2669c499f26df428cf3d18a06c3     
n.出口( outlet的名词复数 );经销店;插座;廉价经销店
参考例句:
  • The dumping of foreign cotton blocked outlets for locally grown cotton. 外国棉花的倾销阻滞了当地生产的棉花的销路。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They must find outlets for their products. 他们必须为自己的产品寻找出路。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
4 swiftly egNzzR     
adv.快地,迅速地
参考例句:
  • He came in swiftly and placed the child in my arms.他匆忙走进来把孩子放到我怀里。
  • The police must be able to react swiftly in an emergency.警方在面对紧急情况时必须能迅速作出反应。
5 annual AMhys     
adj.每年的;一年的;(植物)一年生的 n.年刊;一年生植物
参考例句:
  • It's an annual report.这是年度报告。
  • The kind of plant is a hardy annual.这种植物是耐寒的一年生植物。
6 employees HtqzrQ     
n.雇工,雇员( employee的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • She is always polite and considerate towards her employees. 她对待雇员总是客客气气,关心体谅。
  • The company has a strict dress code—all male employees are expected to wear suits. 公司有严格的着装规定—所有男职员都要穿西服。
7 outline aJvxH     
n.大纲,轮廓,概要,要点;v.描画轮廓,描述要点
参考例句:
  • Make an outline before trying to write a composition.写作文之前先写个提纲。
  • Draw an outline before you fill in the details.先画个轮廓,再画细部。
8 autobiography ZOOyX     
n.自传
参考例句:
  • He published his autobiography last autumn.他去年秋天出版了自己的自传。
  • His life story is recounted in two fascinating volumes of autobiography.这两卷引人入胜的自传小说详述了他的生平。
9 telecommunication 5gMzg5     
n.电信,远距离通信
参考例句:
  • Telecommunication is an industry of service.电信业是一个服务型的行业。
  • I only care about the telecommunication quality and the charge.我只关心通信质量和资费两个方面。
10 engineering vtyzmS     
n.工程,工程学,管理,操纵
参考例句:
  • The science of engineering began as soon as man learned to use tools. 人类一学会使用工具,工程科学就开始了。
  • It was the first great engineering works in the world. 这是世界上第一家大型的工程工厂。
11 Latin 9pWzAI     
adj.拉丁的,拉丁语的,拉丁人的;n.拉丁语
参考例句:
  • She learned Latin without a master.她无师自通学会了拉丁语。
  • Please use only Latin characters.请仅使用拉丁文字符。
12 means 9oXzBX     
n.方法,手段,折中点,物质财富
参考例句:
  • That man used artful means to find out secrets.那人使用狡猾的手段获取机密。
  • We must get it done by some means or other.我们总得想办法把它干完。
13 portable GOkxY     
adj.轻便的,手提式的;n.便携的东西
参考例句:
  • I have a portable typewriter.我有一个便携式打字机。
  • There is a pretty portable pair of steps in one corner of the room.屋角放着一架小巧玲珑的折梯。
14 secretes b951c7cca7237b8e550dc03599b78b6f     
v.(尤指动物或植物器官)分泌( secrete的第三人称单数 );隐匿,隐藏
参考例句:
  • The pineal gland secretes melanin during times of relaxation and visualization. 松果体在放松时分泌黑色素是明白无误的。 来自互联网
  • For example, the archegonium (female organ) of the moss Funaria secretes sucrose. 例如藓类颈卵器(雌性器官)分泌蔗糖。 来自互联网
15 technological gqiwY     
adj.技术的;工艺的
参考例句:
  • A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技术变革的步伐。
  • Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 随着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
16 successfully jsrwd     
adv.圆满地;顺利地;成功地
参考例句:
  • The meeting passed off successfully.会议开得很成功。
  • At last we successfully put through the business deal.最终我们成功地完成了这桩交易。
17 ledge o1Mxk     
n.壁架,架状突出物;岩架,岩礁
参考例句:
  • They paid out the line to lower him to the ledge.他们放出绳子使他降到那块岩石的突出部分。
  • Suddenly he struck his toe on a rocky ledge and fell.突然他的脚趾绊在一块突出的岩石上,摔倒了。
18 quins quins     
n.五胞胎,五件一套
参考例句:
  • The quins given birth by a Siberian tiger named "Hong Hong" a month before were in good health.当日,西安秦岭野生动物园东北虎“洪洪”一胎产下的五只小虎满月。
  • But out of everyone's expectation,they had a quins of 4 daughters and one son,which changed their lives radically.但是他们出人意料生了个
19 taxation tqVwP     
n.征税,税收,税金
参考例句:
  • He made a number of simplifications in the taxation system.他在税制上作了一些简化。
  • The increase of taxation is an important fiscal policy.增税是一项重要的财政政策。
20 carts 8642a2f37a5d42b54ce53b1fbdd1583f     
n.运货马车,手推车( cart的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The farm carts have worn ruts in the lane. 农用大车在乡间小路上磨出了车辙。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • All the boats and carts started off at the same time. 车船齐发。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
21 knuckles c726698620762d88f738be4a294fae79     
n.(指人)指关节( knuckle的名词复数 );(指动物)膝关节,踝v.(指人)指关节( knuckle的第三人称单数 );(指动物)膝关节,踝
参考例句:
  • He gripped the wheel until his knuckles whitened. 他紧紧握住方向盘,握得指关节都变白了。
  • Her thin hands were twisted by swollen knuckles. 她那双纤手因肿大的指关节而变了形。 来自《简明英汉词典》
22 shiver 1EWzh     
vi.战栗,发抖;n.战栗,发抖
参考例句:
  • A sudden gust of cold wind made me shiver.一股突然刮来的冷风吹得我打哆嗦。
  • It kept him in a cold shiver all the time.这些话让他不停地打寒噤。
23 wrist fMbzH     
n.手腕,腕关节
参考例句:
  • They took her by the wrist.他们握住她的手腕。
  • He received a bullet in the wrist.他手腕上中了一弹。
24 convenient MoVzy     
adj.便利的,方便的
参考例句:
  • I have to find a convenient location for the shelves.我得找一合适的地方放这些书架。
  • Come at any time that is convenient to you.你哪会儿方便就哪会儿来吧。
25 retail VWoxC     
v./n.零售;adv.以零售价格
参考例句:
  • In this shop they retail tobacco and sweets.这家铺子零售香烟和糖果。
  • These shoes retail at 10 yuan a pair.这些鞋子零卖10元一双。
26 fascinating tloxO     
adj.迷人的,吸引人的,使人神魂颠倒的
参考例句:
  • Your ideas are fascinating to me.你的这些主意对我来说是有吸引力的。
  • The very style of the book is fascinating.这本书的风格本身就会引人入胜。
27 missing 3nTzx7     
adj.遗失的,缺少的,失踪的
参考例句:
  • Check the tools and see if anything is missing.检点一下工具,看有无丢失。
  • All the others are here;he's the only one missing.别人都来了,就短他一个。
28 buns buns     
n.圆形的小面包或点心( bun的名词复数 );(女子的)圆发髻
参考例句:
  • The steamed buns fresh from the steamer were nice and warm. 刚出锅的馒头真热火。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • The steamed buns are cold; let's heat them up. 馒头凉了,縢一縢吧。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
29 cracks 2d6aa9e26592e9cf8e40d7e6753b87ba     
v.打开( crack的第三人称单数 );(使…)开裂;说(笑话);开瓶
参考例句:
  • Check the container for cracks or leaks. 检验容器是否有裂缝或者漏的地方。
  • cracks in the metalwork 金属件上的裂缝
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TAG标签:   高中英语  牛津版高二
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