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高中英语牛津版高二下学期CHAPTER TWO

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[00:-1.00]THE MANY MEANINGS OF COLOUR
[00:-2.00]The study of colour is a fascinating mixture of scientific fact
[00:-3.00]and emotional guesswork.
[00:-4.00]Colour is basic to all of us,and affects our lives in many ways.
[00:-5.00]Swiss psychologist Max Luscher has spent over 20 years studying colours,
[00:-6.00]and has developed a colour test which helps to explain your personality.
[00:-7.00]You must choose which colours you like most.
[00:-8.00]According to Luscher,
[00:-9.00]people who choose red are energetic and adventurous,looking for excitement.
[00:10.00]Those who prefer blue are calm and in control,and prefer a peaceful life.
[00:11.00]Green means firmness,a dislike of change and a fear of failure.
[00:12.00]Yellow means you are open and free, ambitious1 and an optimist2.
[00:13.00]It is interesting to look back in history,
[00:14.00]and to try to guess what colours meant to the first humans.
[00:15.00]Blue and green are common and familiar colours.
[00:16.00]They have 'safe'meanings for us.
[00:17.00]Blue makes us think of the sky and the sea.
[00:18.00]Green is the colour of growing plants.
[00:19.00]But red is rare in nature.
[00:20.00]It is the colour of blood and meat,of hunting or of injuries.
[00:21.00]It is also the colour of fire.
[00:22.00]The darkest nights are black,a colour often associated with fear.
[00:23.00]It is possible to measure responses to some colours scientifically.
[00:24.00]When we see a red light,for example,
[00:25.00]we become more tense and our heart rate increases.
[00:26.00]Blue,on the other hand,makes our heart rate decrease,
[00:27.00]and lets us feel more relaxed.
[00:28.00]In our daily life, colours are big business.
[00:29.00]Next time you are in a supermarket,
[00:30.00]think about the colours around you and on the products.
[00:31.00]Food manufacturers choose the colours very carefully.
[00:32.00]The right colours persuade us to buy more food.
[00:33.00]Red,green,orange and yellow are regarded as the main'appetite'colours.
[00:34.00]To select the right colours is also important for businesses.
[00:35.00]Fast-food restaurants often use red,for two reasons.
[00:36.00]Not only does it stimulate3 the appetite,
[00:37.00]but it also makes us feel active and not relaxed,
[00:38.00]so that after we have eaten,we want to get up quickly and leave,
[00:39.00]thus making space for more customers.
[00:40.00]Banks like to use more serious,restful colours such as blue,brown and green.
[00:41.00]These persuade us to think of the bank as a safe and reliable place.
[00:42.00]Yellow makes us think of sunshine and holidays,
[00:43.00]and so it is often used by travel agents.
[00:44.00]In politics, colours are also very important.
[00:45.00]Over 80% of countries have red the colour of action in their national flags.
[00:46.00]Blue is associated with conservative4 parties.
[00:47.00]Light blue is also the colour of the United Nations and symbolizes5 peace.
[00:48.00]Green has become the colour of environmental parties.
[00:49.00]Different cultures do not always agree on their colour associations.
[00:50.00]To see a black cat is lucky in some countries but unlucky in others.
[00:51.00]Western brides choose to wear white on their wedding days,
[00:52.00]but Chinese brides prefer to wear red.
[00:53.00]Westerners wear black to a funeral;Chinese mourners wear white clothes.
[00:54.00]Colour is a powerful tool.
[00:55.00]It can be used to help us,to warn us,to relax us,
[00:56.00]to control us and to make us buy things.
[00:57.00]INTEGRATED SKILL Page 24
[00:58.00]Selecting relevant information
[00:59.00]SPEAKING page 32
[-1:00.00]A Pronouncing the letters c and ch
[-1:-1.00]The letter c is difficult
[-1:-2.00]because it can be pronounced in different ways in English.
[-1:-3.00]The pronounciation usually depends on the letters after it.
[-1:-4.00]A1 1.When c is before e, i or y,it is usually pronounced /s/,
[-1:-5.00]especially at the beginning of a word.
[-1:-6.00]city,citizen,acid;cent,cement,dance;cycle,cylinder,fancy [-1:-7.00]2.However,c is pronounced / /in the endings of some words.
[-1:-8.00]social,artificial,official,especially;delicious,spacious6;
[-1:-9.00]appreciate,associate;ancient,efficient,sufficient
[-1:10.00]3.When c does not come before e,i or y,it is normally /k/.
[-1:11.00]car,cake,calculator,camera;cotton,computer,colour,
[-1:12.00]contest;cut,cup,culture,curious;critic,clean,cry
[-1:13.00]A2 1.would certainly appreciate some coffee in a clean cup.
[-1:14.00]2.This ancient cake is not especially delicious:it's like cement!
[-1:15.00]3.Some curious critics came to the dance contest at our spacious social club.
[-1:16.00]4.Mr Lane is my associate in the Efficient Computers Company.
[-1:17.00]5.Citizens,is there sufficient culture in this city[-1:18.00]A3 The letters ch can also be pronounced in several different ways.
[-1:19.00]Say the examples below.
[-1:20.00]1.In most words,ch is pronounced / /.
[-1:21.00]church,teacher,chin,choose,beach,each,lunch,achieve
[-1:22.00]2.In these words,ch is /k/:
[-1:23.00]character,chemistry,choir,chorus,stomach,ache,
[-1:24.00]anchor,architect,mechanic,orchestra,psychologist,technical
[-1:25.00]3.Before r,ch is /k/.
[-1:26.00]Christ,Christmas
[-1:27.00]4.In a few words,ch is / /.
[-1:28.00]chef,machine,moustache,parachute
[-1:29.00]A4.1.Choose a nice beach and we'll put down the anchor and have lunch.
[-1:30.00]2.The chef is a strange character,with a moustache and a little beard on his chin.
[-1:31.00]3.The architect has achieved some amazing technical effects.
[-1:32.00]4.If you have an ache in your stomach, don't see a psychologist.
[-1:33.00]MORE LANGUAGE INPUT  Listening page 37
[-1:34.00]Listen to hear some sentences with words related to colour in them.
[-1:35.00]Listen carefully and supply the missing information.
[-1:36.00]1.Why don't you_____?That's a nice______.
[-1:37.00]2.people with very___ need to protect themselves from the sun.
[-1:38.00]3.'what colour is the material?''well,it's a sort of____colour.'
[-1:39.00]4.'What do you think of this suit?''Excellent!____really suits you.'
[-1:40.00]5.I'm looking for a ___for my bedroom sheet.
[-1:41.00]6.Is the film____or black and white?
[-1:42.00]7.Will the silk skirt ____if you wash it too often?
[-1:43.00]8.I'm afraid the colour___when I washed your new T-shirt.
[-1:44.00]9.The evening sun coloured the fields and trees______.
[-1:45.00]10.she is dressed in a ____blouse with a small flowery pattern on it.

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1 ambitious GxIzU     
adj.有雄心的,劲头十足的,有野心的
参考例句:
  • One may be poor but never ceases to be ambitious.人穷志不穷。
  • He is an ambitious young man full of enthusiasm and vitality.他是个充满热情与活力的有远大抱负的青年。
2 optimist g4Kzu     
n.乐观的人,乐观主义者
参考例句:
  • We are optimist and realist.我们是乐观主义者,又是现实主义者。
  • Peter,ever the optimist,said things were bound to improve.一向乐观的皮特说,事情必定是会好转的。
3 stimulate wuSwL     
vt.刺激,使兴奋;激励,使…振奋
参考例句:
  • Your encouragement will stimulate me to further efforts.你的鼓励会激发我进一步努力。
  • Success will stimulate the people for fresh efforts.成功能鼓舞人们去作新的努力。
4 conservative jprzC     
adj.保守的,守旧的;n.保守的人,保守派
参考例句:
  • He is a conservative member of the church.他是一个守旧教会教友。
  • The young man is very conservative.这个年轻人很守旧。
5 symbolizes 8a0610984df5bcb77bc12be9119bcd7d     
v.象征,作为…的象征( symbolize的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • The use of light and dark symbolizes good and evil. 用光明与黑暗来象征善与恶。
  • She likes olive because It'symbolizes peace. 她喜欢橄榄色因为它象征着和平。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 spacious YwQwW     
adj.广阔的,宽敞的
参考例句:
  • Our yard is spacious enough for a swimming pool.我们的院子很宽敞,足够建一座游泳池。
  • The room is bright and spacious.这房间很豁亮。
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TAG标签:   高中英语  牛津版高二
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