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星火30篇文章贯通考研词汇 23

时间:2007-06-15 08:12来源:互联网 提供网友:ddrjra   字体: [ ]
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Unit 23 The Shipwreck……………………………………403
海难
所有灾难中,也许只有海难是最令人感到无奈的。在茫茫大海上,既不如遭遇空难一样完全无助,更不如遭遇陆地灾难一样有物可依,有的只是禁不住人的海水,幸运的话可能会有一些漂浮物,最多也就有一些幻想罢了……
The rumble(隆隆声) of the ship's engine was too loud and Greg could not get to sleep. He got up and put on an overcoat because he could hear the wind outside, and a walk on the deck was what he needed to calm his nerves. The tossing of the ship caused him to stagger as he went down the passage way to the upper deck. Outside the wind it was fierce and he clung to his lapel(衣领) to keep his coat from blowing off. The port(船左舷) side of the ship was less windy and Greg found a sheltered passage way amid the ship.
Sitting on a deck chair he began to think of the reasons for taking this voyage. Why had his marriage gone wrong? Who was at fault? Why did his wife's lifestyle and his never seem to coincide? He felt bitter and guilty at the same time. The sound of the wind and the harsh(刺耳的) whipping of the ship in the rough sea played destruction with his reasoning.
He was half dozing1 off when he looked up and standing2 in the passage way was a figure clutching an overcoat. He could see by the waving of the long black hair that it was a woman. She dropped down onto a deck chair next to him and said, "Do you mind?"
He said, "No, not at all, be my guest(欢迎赏光,请随便). "
She settled down in the chair and said, "This wind and the rough sea are more than I can take and I just have to get out. "
"I know what you mean, I sure hope it doesn't last much longer, my nerves are on edge. "
"Mine, too. " she agreed. He cast a glimpse at her face and remembered her sitting alone at dinner, like himself.
"My name's Greg. I noticed you were dining alone. I assume you are sailing by yourself?"
"Yes, I am, my name is Pearl, isn't this weather terrible?" Greg nodded and clutched his coat tighter. They sat for quite some time, not saying anything. Her thoughts wondered back to home and to her troubles. Her husband was killed in an auto3 accident and this trip was to ease herself and relieve her sadness. The rough sea and the howling(嚎叫的) wind didn't help very much.
Then they chatted a bit to pass the time. Greg thought it was a nice relief to have someone to talk to. They both, however, managed to overlook the howling of the wind and the pitching of the ship as they related their tales of misery4 to each other. There was a natural feeling of attraction between them as they chatted the night away. Just before daybreak(黎明), they both dozed5 off.
Suddenly the ship lurched(倾斜). The whole deck tilted6 and their chairs slid out of the passage way and before they were even conscious of what was happening they were thrown overboard(向船外的). Greg lost sight of Pearl as he hit the water head first. He could hear the boat's whistle wail(呼啸) out in a frantic7 cadence(调子). It was pitch dark as he scrambled8 around in the water, his coat helped him stay afloat(漂浮的). A wave submerged his head and he thought, "This is the end?"He struggled to keep from sinking by grabbing firmly a floating piece of debris9(残骸) of the ship.
In the darkness he heard a woman cry out for help and moved over towards the sound. Reaching out, he seized her by her hair and pulled her up to his side. "Are you all right?"
She cried out, "Yes, I'm all right, oh God, thank you. " He could tell by the sound of her voice that it was Pearl. She clung to him for dear life,
Suddenly the wailing10 sound of the boat whistle stopped as the ship plunged11 down into silence.They clung to the debris and managed to stay afloat in the darkness for what seemed like a endless abyss(深渊).
Dawn was breaking and the two lay debilitated12 (虚弱无力地) on the debris with their limbs soaked in the water. The storm blew over and there was nothing to be seen on the ocean except several pieces of debris floating in the distance. Apparently13, no one else survived. Pearl gasped14, "They must have been caught in their beds. "
A feeling of gloom set in on the two weary survivors15 and would have devoured(毁灭) them but suddenly Greg caught a sight of an island in the distance. "Look, Pearl, there is an island ahead." They both paddled till their arms ached. After a zealous16 effort they were able to touch the beach sand beneath their feet.
They hailed with great joy and struggled to the edge of the water. There they fell to their knees, thanking God for their fortune. The two crawled out of the water and laid down in the warm sun to rest themselves from their dreadful experience.
After a good rest, they got up and toured the little island and found fresh water, and something to eat. Greg managed to break open some coconuts(椰子) and they used the shells for drinking the heavenly water. Fortunately, the temperature was mild so survival was possible. The only thing they had were the clothes on their backs, their memories of home and the terrible experience they'd been through. They managed to build a lean-to(单坡屋顶) of twigs(树枝) and palm branches.
Their thoughts always dwelled on being rescued but they knew it was hopeless, so they did their best to survive. Time passed and somehow they managed to cope with this and a sense of affiliation17 flourished. In fact without each other, existence would be impossible to imagine. However,the chronic18 sound of the ship's whistle kept haunting(常浮现脑中的) them. The mournful sound was even heard in their sleep.
They swam by the seashore and spent a lot of their hours making their camp livable. The deserted19 island became a paradise. But the sharp sound of the ship's whistle plagued their thoughts. It was like the sound of the voice of Satan(撒旦,魔鬼) desperately20 demanding more hostages.
At last--the ship's whistle ceased--it was then Greg realized they were still on the deck of the sinking ship. The small island was nothing but his illusion. The last thing he remembered was he reached out his hand and grabbed a lump of hair and pulled her to his side. "Are you all right?"
"Yes, I'm all right, oh God, thank you. " By the sound of her voice, he knew it was Pearl.She clung to him for dear life.
Suddenly a huge wave came and took them under, submerging them deep down into the cold,dark and silent water. They clung to each other in desperation and slowly sank down into the eternal depths.
The cruel sea added two more souls to its unsatisfied appetite.
注释:
nerve
upper
amid
at fault
coincide
guilty
whip
destruction
doze
glimpse
dine
assume→★sum
sail
auto
relief→★lift/grave
overlook→★look
relate→★relation
attraction→★tractor
tilt
conscious→★science
water→★water
submerge
soak
weary
island→★sole/island
paddle
zealous
hail
dreadful
shell
mild
survival
dwell
cope
affiliation
flourish→★flower
existence
chronic→★time
seashore
deserted→★desert
plague
eternal
cruel
unsatisfied

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 dozing dozing     
v.打瞌睡,假寐 n.瞌睡
参考例句:
  • The economy shows no signs of faltering. 经济没有衰退的迹象。
  • He never falters in his determination. 他的决心从不动摇。
2 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
3 auto ZOnyW     
n.(=automobile)(口语)汽车
参考例句:
  • Don't park your auto here.别把你的汽车停在这儿。
  • The auto industry has brought many people to Detroit.汽车工业把许多人吸引到了底特律。
4 misery G10yi     
n.痛苦,苦恼,苦难;悲惨的境遇,贫苦
参考例句:
  • Business depression usually causes misery among the working class.商业不景气常使工薪阶层受苦。
  • He has rescued me from the mire of misery.他把我从苦海里救了出来。
5 dozed 30eca1f1e3c038208b79924c30b35bfc     
v.打盹儿,打瞌睡( doze的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He boozed till daylight and dozed into the afternoon. 他喝了个通霄,昏沉沉地一直睡到下午。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • I dozed off during the soporific music. 我听到这催人入睡的音乐,便不知不觉打起盹儿来了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 tilted 3gtzE5     
v. 倾斜的
参考例句:
  • Suddenly the boat tilted to one side. 小船突然倾向一侧。
  • She tilted her chin at him defiantly. 她向他翘起下巴表示挑衅。
7 frantic Jfyzr     
adj.狂乱的,错乱的,激昂的
参考例句:
  • I've had a frantic rush to get my work done.我急急忙忙地赶完工作。
  • He made frantic dash for the departing train.他发疯似地冲向正开出的火车。
8 scrambled 2e4a1c533c25a82f8e80e696225a73f2     
v.快速爬行( scramble的过去式和过去分词 );攀登;争夺;(军事飞机)紧急起飞
参考例句:
  • Each scrambled for the football at the football ground. 足球场上你争我夺。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • He scrambled awkwardly to his feet. 他笨拙地爬起身来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 debris debris     
n.瓦砾堆,废墟,碎片
参考例句:
  • After the bombing there was a lot of debris everywhere.轰炸之后到处瓦砾成堆。
  • Bacteria sticks to food debris in the teeth,causing decay.细菌附着在牙缝中的食物残渣上,导致蛀牙。
10 wailing 25fbaeeefc437dc6816eab4c6298b423     
v.哭叫,哀号( wail的现在分词 );沱
参考例句:
  • A police car raced past with its siren wailing. 一辆警车鸣着警报器飞驰而过。
  • The little girl was wailing miserably. 那小女孩难过得号啕大哭。
11 plunged 06a599a54b33c9d941718dccc7739582     
v.颠簸( plunge的过去式和过去分词 );暴跌;骤降;突降
参考例句:
  • The train derailed and plunged into the river. 火车脱轨栽进了河里。
  • She lost her balance and plunged 100 feet to her death. 她没有站稳,从100英尺的高处跌下摔死了。
12 debilitated 57ee38572622e0d4bbe125b2b935d9db     
adj.疲惫不堪的,操劳过度的v.使(人或人的身体)非常虚弱( debilitate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Prolonged strike action debilitated the industry. 长时间的罢工削弱了这个行业的活力。
  • This is especially important when dealing with the geriatric or debilitated patient. 这对老年和虚弱病人尤其重要。 来自互联网
13 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
14 gasped e6af294d8a7477229d6749fa9e8f5b80     
v.喘气( gasp的过去式和过去分词 );喘息;倒抽气;很想要
参考例句:
  • She gasped at the wonderful view. 如此美景使她惊讶得屏住了呼吸。
  • People gasped with admiration at the superb skill of the gymnasts. 体操运动员的高超技艺令人赞叹。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
15 survivors 02ddbdca4c6dba0b46d9d823ed2b4b62     
幸存者,残存者,生还者( survivor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The survivors were adrift in a lifeboat for six days. 幸存者在救生艇上漂流了六天。
  • survivors clinging to a raft 紧紧抓住救生筏的幸存者
16 zealous 0MOzS     
adj.狂热的,热心的
参考例句:
  • She made zealous efforts to clean up the classroom.她非常热心地努力清扫教室。
  • She is a zealous supporter of our cause.她是我们事业的热心支持者。
17 affiliation MKnya     
n.联系,联合
参考例句:
  • There is no affiliation between our organization and theirs,even though our names are similar.尽管两个组织的名称相似,但我们之间并没有关系。
  • The kidnappers had no affiliation with any militant group.这些绑架者与任何军事组织都没有紧密联系。
18 chronic BO9zl     
adj.(疾病)长期未愈的,慢性的;极坏的
参考例句:
  • Famine differs from chronic malnutrition.饥荒不同于慢性营养不良。
  • Chronic poisoning may lead to death from inanition.慢性中毒也可能由虚弱导致死亡。
19 deserted GukzoL     
adj.荒芜的,荒废的,无人的,被遗弃的
参考例句:
  • The deserted village was filled with a deathly silence.这个荒废的村庄死一般的寂静。
  • The enemy chieftain was opposed and deserted by his followers.敌人头目众叛亲离。
20 desperately cu7znp     
adv.极度渴望地,绝望地,孤注一掷地
参考例句:
  • He was desperately seeking a way to see her again.他正拼命想办法再见她一面。
  • He longed desperately to be back at home.他非常渴望回家。
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TAG标签:   考研词汇  星火  文章贯通  词汇
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