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星火30篇文章贯通考研词汇 24

时间:2007-06-15 08:20来源:互联网 提供网友:ddrjra   字体: [ ]
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Unit 24 A Teacher Goes Deep into China………………423
一名外教深入了解中国
宜山经历是非同寻常的,因为我在那里的角色是整个县城惟一的一位外国人。我经历了很多从没经历过的风俗、礼遇和小插曲,至今令我回味不已……
INTRODUCTION:February, 1988:I set out to start on a teaching assignment in a closed area of China where I was to be the sole foreigner in Yishan County, population of about half a million Chinese.
PART I THE INVITATION
I had to get an invitation from the Bureau of Education in Nanning, capital of Guangxi Province in order to accept an offer from the Hechi Teachers' College (河池师范学院), Yishan County,Guangxi Province. Why? Because Yishan County was closed to foreign visitors due to a lack of adequate tourist facilities. The name of the county was changed a couple of years ago to Yizhou and thrown open to outside, but things were different back in 1988.
From a background briefing which I had prior to departure I learnt that the Hechi Teachers' College trains teachers in a variety of faculties1 and, after finishing the curriculums, sends them out to the middle schools of Guangxi Province, mainly in poor country areas, to teach a varied2 syllabus,including English as a foreign language.
My job was to introduce a method of teaching English known as "the communicative approach(交际法)" and not only to train the English Department undergraduates in this approach, but also to improve their communicative competence3 in the English language.
I had quite a journey before I reached the College. I flew to Guangzhou via Bangkok(曼谷) and Hong Kong(香港) where I was met by Mr. Ye, a foreign affairs official from the Guangzhou University of Foreign Languages. He gave me the VIP(贵宾) treatment. I was soon to experience as a "foreign expert(外国专家,中国政府对外教的称呼)" in the People's Republic.
He ushered4 me past the customs into a mini-bus and on to the University. I was quite travel-tired by then and was grateful for the comfortable suite5 with a bathroom where I was able to get a good night's sleep.
Next morning after a tasty Chinese breakfast Mr. Ye told me that the University was founded in 1965 and was the first institute of higher education in central and south China. It is set in a beautiful and tranquil6 part of Guangzhou's northern suburbs.
After breakfast I had a marvelous experience: a visit to the Flower Market (广州花市) in Guangzhou, part of the Spring Festival when Chinese celebrate their New Year. The whole of the city's central area was closed to traffic and transformed into a gigantic mall. This arrangement enabled innumerable citizens and visitors to wander through row after row of stalls filled with exotic(奇异的) flowers, small trees, fish and birds offered for sale by peasants from the rural regions of Guangdong Province.
On the way into the city in a bus with Mr. Ye, his wife and a party of foreign experts from the U. S. A. , we drove slowly through the crowds rushing through the streets on foot, on waves of bicycles, in buses and other vehicles. The sight was so unusual that my eyes could not take it all in!
For another two days I wandered around the University campus and climbed Baiyun Mountain on the top of which is a fascinating lake. The scene was something from a delicately Chinese greetings card. At the other end of the lake was a restaurant of Chinese architectural design and along the shore to the right I saw small colored canoes fluctuated side by side waiting for someone to hire them. Time, unfortunately, prevented me from the pleasure of rowing out into the middle of the lake and enjoying the tranquil circumstance from that vantage point.
After a few days of these simple, yet unique pleasures, and in spite of the wonderful hospitality, I yearned7 to reach the destination where I was to live and work in the large county of Yishan. The thought of being the only foreigner in this county of over half a million Chinese excited me and I wanted to get on with it. Mr. Ye assisted me to catch a train to the city of Liuzhou in Guangxi Province, where we transferred to a car.
PART Ⅱ THE ARRIVAL
The Dean of the English Department at the Teachers' College, Mr. Zhou Yi, together with some senior teachers and a representative of the College president greeted me at Liuzhou Railway Station. Three hours later we drove through the gates of the College.
My first experience of a well-established Chinese custom came the evening after my arrival at Hechi Teachers' College. I had been installed in my spacious8, self-contained apartment--a privilege for a single person--and now it was time for my welcoming banquet. Because a "foreign expert" is regarded as a VIP (at least in that remote part of China), the banquet was hosted by the sincere College president, and attended by three vice-presidents, several senior teaching and administrative9 staff, some local officers (including the deputy mayor and the county's Head of Security) and the driver of the car which had transported me from Liuzhou to Yishan.
It was jolly affair with welcoming preliminary remarks and a convivial10 atmosphere. I wonder how you would have liked the food which included crab11, chicken liver, and fried duck's legs in sauce. All this was complimented by the brimmed rice wine and a plentiful12 supply of local beer.
Next morning I had a hearty13 breakfast of rice noodles, corn porridge, some small spongy cakes, and a couple of bowls of warm milk.
PART Ⅲ SETTLING IN
Once I began teaching, I realized the size of the College. The English Department had nearly two hundred students and, in those days, was one of six departments offering courses to about a thousand students. There were two hundred teaching staff. The students came from all over Hechi,a remote mountainous area composed of several counties with a population of nearly five million people.
Most of the students enrolled14 belong to one or other of the fifty-five minority nationalities that make up the truly multi-cultural nation of China. The majority of Chinese people are the Han nationality. Having students from such a variety of backgrounds enriched my educational experience.
Another bonus for me was that my students lived, worked and played on the College campus.I was, therefore, able to assist their learning during most of my waking hours because I lived,worked and played with them. This was quite a contrast to my situation at Curtin University of Technology in Western Australia(西澳大利亚州) where my main contact with students was during official lesson periods.
Being the only foreigner on campus, I had quite a lot of attention from what I called "staring squads15(注视小队)" both at the College and in the little town of Yishan, which was located in the bosom16 of the mountains. After a month or so, however, everyone had become accustomed to my face as I walked through the town or the College grounds; and so my walks were then usually punctuated17 with friendly "hellos" from all, including the delightful18 children from the kindergarten opposite my apartment block.
On one of these walks I met with a Chinese custom, which slightly puzzled me at first. On my daily walks to the town area for shopping I would pass many residences. In summer, many of the occupants would leave their front doors open because of the heat and sit in the front room eating their meals. As I passed by they would call out friendly greetings to me and, lifting their bowls towards me, indicate that they were inviting19 me to join them.
At first I had no notion of what this meant, and didn't know how to respond. However, I learnt from my students that the gestures were merely symbolic20 and traditional and that I was not expected to accept. After a while the custom ceased to embarrass me and I was able to handle it by smiling and saying, "Xie Xie" and move on without offending anyone.
Many of the students, the town people and, certainly, the rural peasants had never before set eyes on a foreigner. After a time, though, they all got used to me. the "staring squads" diminished in number and finally dwindled(缩小) to the occasional small circle. As a result I constantly got invitations to banquets within the College and in the homes of town residents and teachers from other educational faculties.
One school called the Hongxing Elementary School invited me to a music and dance performance staged especially for me. At that event I was presented with gifts and was made an honorary instructor21 and member of the Young Pioneers. This entailed22 being the center of a ceremony during which I was presented with a neckerchief to wear as a token of the honor conferred on me.
All of these experiences were new to me as I had never lived and worked in an Asian country before. The Yishan experience was unique because of the status thrust upon me in my role as the only foreigner in the entire County.
注释:
assignment
sole
foreigner
invitation
bureau
prior→★pre-
prior to
departure
curriculum
undergraduate→★grade
competence
Mr. →★mr/sir
republic→★public/republic
grateful→★grace
institute
central→★center
south→★east/north/south/west
festival→★feast
gigantic
innumerable→★number
fish
region
unusual
campus
scene→★scene
architectural
canoe→★candy
fluctuate
unfortunately
circumstance
in spite of
hospitality
assist
transfer→★different
dean
senior→★mr/sir
representative
privilege→★private
sincere
administrative→★minister
deputy
mayor
transport
jolly
crab
liver
sauce→★sauce
plentiful
hearty
mountainous
area
compose
enrol(l)→★roll
minority→★mini
nationality
enrich
bonus
contrast
bosom
kindergarten
residence→★sit
notion
symbolic
offend
diminish
occasional
resident→★sit
elementary
honorary→★honour
instructor
confer
status

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 faculties 066198190456ba4e2b0a2bda2034dfc5     
n.能力( faculty的名词复数 );全体教职员;技巧;院
参考例句:
  • Although he's ninety, his mental faculties remain unimpaired. 他虽年届九旬,但头脑仍然清晰。
  • All your faculties have come into play in your work. 在你的工作中,你的全部才能已起到了作用。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 varied giIw9     
adj.多样的,多变化的
参考例句:
  • The forms of art are many and varied.艺术的形式是多种多样的。
  • The hotel has a varied programme of nightly entertainment.宾馆有各种晚间娱乐活动。
3 competence NXGzV     
n.能力,胜任,称职
参考例句:
  • This mess is a poor reflection on his competence.这种混乱情况说明他难当此任。
  • These are matters within the competence of the court.这些是法院权限以内的事。
4 ushered d337b3442ea0cc4312a5950ae8911282     
v.引,领,陪同( usher的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The secretary ushered me into his office. 秘书把我领进他的办公室。
  • A round of parties ushered in the New Year. 一系列的晚会迎来了新年。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 suite MsMwB     
n.一套(家具);套房;随从人员
参考例句:
  • She has a suite of rooms in the hotel.她在那家旅馆有一套房间。
  • That is a nice suite of furniture.那套家具很不错。
6 tranquil UJGz0     
adj. 安静的, 宁静的, 稳定的, 不变的
参考例句:
  • The boy disturbed the tranquil surface of the pond with a stick. 那男孩用棍子打破了平静的池面。
  • The tranquil beauty of the village scenery is unique. 这乡村景色的宁静是绝无仅有的。
7 yearned df1a28ecd1f3c590db24d0d80c264305     
渴望,切盼,向往( yearn的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The people yearned for peace. 人民渴望和平。
  • She yearned to go back to the south. 她渴望回到南方去。
8 spacious YwQwW     
adj.广阔的,宽敞的
参考例句:
  • Our yard is spacious enough for a swimming pool.我们的院子很宽敞,足够建一座游泳池。
  • The room is bright and spacious.这房间很豁亮。
9 administrative fzDzkc     
adj.行政的,管理的
参考例句:
  • The administrative burden must be lifted from local government.必须解除地方政府的行政负担。
  • He regarded all these administrative details as beneath his notice.他认为行政管理上的这些琐事都不值一顾。
10 convivial OYEz9     
adj.狂欢的,欢乐的
参考例句:
  • The atmosphere was quite convivial.气氛非常轻松愉快。
  • I found it odd to imagine a nation of convivial diners surrendering their birthright.我发现很难想象让这样一个喜欢热热闹闹吃饭的民族放弃他们的习惯。
11 crab xoozE     
n.螃蟹,偏航,脾气乖戾的人,酸苹果;vi.捕蟹,偏航,发牢骚;vt.使偏航,发脾气
参考例句:
  • I can't remember when I last had crab.我不记得上次吃蟹是什么时候了。
  • The skin on my face felt as hard as a crab's back.我脸上的皮仿佛僵硬了,就象螃蟹的壳似的。
12 plentiful r2izH     
adj.富裕的,丰富的
参考例句:
  • Their family has a plentiful harvest this year.他们家今年又丰收了。
  • Rainfall is plentiful in the area.这个地区雨量充足。
13 hearty Od1zn     
adj.热情友好的;衷心的;尽情的,纵情的
参考例句:
  • After work they made a hearty meal in the worker's canteen.工作完了,他们在工人食堂饱餐了一顿。
  • We accorded him a hearty welcome.我们给他热忱的欢迎。
14 enrolled ff7af27948b380bff5d583359796d3c8     
adj.入学登记了的v.[亦作enrol]( enroll的过去式和过去分词 );登记,招收,使入伍(或入会、入学等),参加,成为成员;记入名册;卷起,包起
参考例句:
  • They have been studying hard from the moment they enrolled. 从入学时起,他们就一直努力学习。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He enrolled with an employment agency for a teaching position. 他在职业介绍所登了记以谋求一个教师的职位。 来自《简明英汉词典》
15 squads 8619d441bfe4eb21115575957da0ba3e     
n.(军队中的)班( squad的名词复数 );(暗杀)小组;体育运动的运动(代表)队;(对付某类犯罪活动的)警察队伍
参考例句:
  • Anti-riot squads were called out to deal with the situation. 防暴队奉命出动以对付这一局势。 来自辞典例句
  • Three squads constitute a platoon. 三个班组成一个排。 来自辞典例句
16 bosom Lt9zW     
n.胸,胸部;胸怀;内心;adj.亲密的
参考例句:
  • She drew a little book from her bosom.她从怀里取出一本小册子。
  • A dark jealousy stirred in his bosom.他内心生出一阵恶毒的嫉妒。
17 punctuated 7bd3039c345abccc3ac40a4e434df484     
v.(在文字中)加标点符号,加标点( punctuate的过去式和过去分词 );不时打断某事物
参考例句:
  • Her speech was punctuated by bursts of applause. 她的讲演不时被阵阵掌声打断。
  • The audience punctuated his speech by outbursts of applause. 听众不时以阵阵掌声打断他的讲话。 来自《简明英汉词典》
18 delightful 6xzxT     
adj.令人高兴的,使人快乐的
参考例句:
  • We had a delightful time by the seashore last Sunday.上星期天我们在海滨玩得真痛快。
  • Peter played a delightful melody on his flute.彼得用笛子吹奏了一支欢快的曲子。
19 inviting CqIzNp     
adj.诱人的,引人注目的
参考例句:
  • An inviting smell of coffee wafted into the room.一股诱人的咖啡香味飘进了房间。
  • The kitchen smelled warm and inviting and blessedly familiar.这间厨房的味道温暖诱人,使人感到亲切温馨。
20 symbolic ErgwS     
adj.象征性的,符号的,象征主义的
参考例句:
  • It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征着现代妇女的战斗精神。
  • The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗礼仪式是一种象征性的做法。
21 instructor D6GxY     
n.指导者,教员,教练
参考例句:
  • The college jumped him from instructor to full professor.大学突然把他从讲师提升为正教授。
  • The skiing instructor was a tall,sunburnt man.滑雪教练是一个高高个子晒得黑黑的男子。
22 entailed 4e76d9f28d5145255733a8119f722f77     
使…成为必要( entail的过去式和过去分词 ); 需要; 限定继承; 使必需
参考例句:
  • The castle and the land are entailed on the eldest son. 城堡和土地限定由长子继承。
  • The house and estate are entailed on the eldest daughter. 这所房子和地产限定由长女继承。
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TAG标签:   考研词汇  星火  文章贯通  词汇
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