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2005年NPR美国国家公共电台四月-Greenspan: Budget Trend May Be 'Unsustain

时间:2007-07-17 06:02来源:互联网 提供网友:atm009e   字体: [ ]
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    (单词翻译:双击或拖选)

Time now for Business News.

Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan gave lawmakers on Capitol Hill a fresh warning yesterday. The budget deficit1, he said, is on an unsustainable path.

Unless that trend is reversed, at some point, these deficits2 will cause the economy to stagnate3 or worse.

Greenspan told members of the Senate Budget Committee that spending on entitlement programs must be restrained and he suggusted that Social Security's finances may not be the biggest problem that federal government faces.

Forecasting the number of Social Security and Medicare beneficiaries is fairly straightforward4, so too is projecting future social security benefits which are tied to the wage histories of the retirees. However the uncertainty5 about future medical spending is daunting6. We know very little about how rapidly medical technology will continue to advance and how those innovations will translate into future spending.

Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan yesterday on Capitol Hill.

Now when Greenspan talks about the uncertainty of future medical spending, it is the impending7 retirement8 of the baby boom generation that makes those health costs such a problem. On any given day right now, there are more than a million American seniors living in nursing homes, most of them at taxpayers9' expense. Medicare is the single biggest source of payments for long-term care.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 deficit tmAzu     
n.亏空,亏损;赤字,逆差
参考例句:
  • The directors have reported a deficit of 2.5 million dollars.董事们报告赤字为250万美元。
  • We have a great deficit this year.我们今年有很大亏损。
2 deficits 08e04c986818dbc337627eabec5b794e     
n.不足额( deficit的名词复数 );赤字;亏空;亏损
参考例句:
  • The Ministry of Finance consistently overestimated its budget deficits. 财政部一贯高估预算赤字。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Many of the world's farmers are also incurring economic deficits. 世界上许多农民还在遭受经济上的亏损。 来自辞典例句
3 stagnate PGqzj     
v.停止
参考例句:
  • Where the masses are not roused,work will stagnate.哪里不发动群众,哪里的工作就死气沉沉。
  • Taiwan's economy is likely to stagnate for a long time to come.台湾经济很可能会停滞很长一段时间。
4 straightforward fFfyA     
adj.正直的,坦率的;易懂的,简单的
参考例句:
  • A straightforward talk is better than a flowery speech.巧言不如直说。
  • I must insist on your giving me a straightforward answer.我一定要你给我一个直截了当的回答。
5 uncertainty NlFwK     
n.易变,靠不住,不确知,不确定的事物
参考例句:
  • Her comments will add to the uncertainty of the situation.她的批评将会使局势更加不稳定。
  • After six weeks of uncertainty,the strain was beginning to take its toll.6个星期的忐忑不安后,压力开始产生影响了。
6 daunting daunting     
adj.使人畏缩的
参考例句:
  • They were faced with the daunting task of restoring the house.他们面临着修复房子的艰巨任务。
  • Starting a new job can be a daunting prospect.开始一项新工作有时会让人望而却步。
7 impending 3qHzdb     
a.imminent, about to come or happen
参考例句:
  • Against a background of impending famine, heavy fighting took place. 即将发生饥荒之时,严重的战乱爆发了。
  • The king convoke parliament to cope with the impending danger. 国王召开国会以应付迫近眉睫的危险。
8 retirement TWoxH     
n.退休,退职
参考例句:
  • She wanted to enjoy her retirement without being beset by financial worries.她想享受退休生活而不必为金钱担忧。
  • I have to put everything away for my retirement.我必须把一切都积蓄起来以便退休后用。
9 taxpayers 8fa061caeafce8edc9456e95d19c84b4     
纳税人,纳税的机构( taxpayer的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Finance for education comes from taxpayers. 教育经费来自纳税人。
  • She was declaiming against the waste of the taxpayers' money. 她慷慨陈词猛烈抨击对纳税人金钱的浪费。
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TAG标签:   npr  公共电台  greenspan  budget  tren
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