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2005年NPR美国国家公共电台八月-China Seeks Cheaper Labor Within Its Bord

时间:2007-07-18 02:35来源:互联网 提供网友:atm009e   字体: [ ]
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Another story about China now. This one has to do with the country’s economy. Most of China’s phenomenal growth is taking place in regions along the coast. For the inland, many people have been left behind. But now China's west and mid1-west are starting to catch up. NPR’s Rob Gifford takes us to the central city of Hefei.

“You've probably never heard of Hefei, but if the leaders of this city of nearly 4 million people have their way, within a few years you’ll know all about it. Hefei is about 300 miles west of Shanghai. It is a rather nondescript city, the capital of Anhui province in the rice belt of central China. But Hefei has several things going for it. It has, for some reason, among the best technical universities in the country. It has increasingly fast links to the coast and has something of a visionary local government. On the edge of town, on what used to be a state-owned pig farm, the vision of Hefei's government is being put into practice.

Earthmoving equipment clears the land for new buildings, some of which are already under construction nearby. This will eventually be the site of a science city, a high-tech2 park covering nearly 20 square miles, where the Hefei government is offering massive financial incentives3 to high-tech companies both local and foreign. “It’s already attracted one-and-three-quarter billion dollars of investment,” says manager of the park, Jin Rei.

“We want Hefei to become a top level high-tech city. It can become such a place. Through working hard over the next fifteen years, we want Hefei to be the Silicon4 Valley of China.”

The move from incubating pigs to incubating high-tech companies is highly symbolic5. As some cities in central China with central government support try to leapfrog from the agricultural age to the technological6, there is still plenty of the industrial revolution going on here, though. And officials admit that their high-tech ambitions will take time. But the city already has a smaller high-tech park which has been incubating small companies for several years and is now attracting big hitters like Microsoft which has opened a research center here and U.S. video conferencing company Webaks. (With millions of online meetings, Webaks is taking the conference call to a whole new level)

Grace Gao of Webaks’ human resources department gives a guided tour of the company’s Hefei headquarters. She says they have more than 300 software engineers here linking up daily with their offices in the U.S. and elsewhere in China. Gao says they were attracted to Hefei for many reasons.

“Hefei has many high quality engineers from very good universities, so it's a very attractive city. The government gives us good incentives, too. We could never afford such massive office space without local government policies to help us."

Some other companies are clearly feeling the same. British conglomerate7 Unilever just moved its Chinese production operations to Hefei from Shanghai. It is now only four and a half hours from Hefei to Shanghai on the newly built highway and less than three by the new high-speed rail link.

Hefei offers a well-educated workforce8 sometimes for about a third of the cost of hiring in Shanghai. The government is also working overtime9 to make Hefei a more livable city.

A recent concert by the Youth Orchestra of Hefei’s sister city Columbus, Ohio was just one event this summer aimed at promoting the arts and showing that Hefei is more than just an industrial or high-tech production base.

Foreign students who lived in Hefei as recently as the mid 1990s say it was a desperate place: nothing to do, no good infrastructure10 and nothing to see. There is still a long way to go before Hefei becomes the international city it wants to be. But when you look at what else China has achieved in 25 years, you might not want to bet against it.

Rob Gifford NPR news, Hefei central China.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 mid doTzSB     
adj.中央的,中间的
参考例句:
  • Our mid-term exam is pending.我们就要期中考试了。
  • He switched over to teaching in mid-career.他在而立之年转入教学工作。
2 high-tech high-tech     
adj.高科技的
参考例句:
  • The economy is in the upswing which makes high-tech services in more demand too.经济在蓬勃发展,这就使对高科技服务的需求量也在加大。
  • The quest of a cure for disease with high-tech has never ceased. 人们希望运用高科技治疗疾病的追求从未停止过。
3 incentives 884481806a10ef3017726acf079e8fa7     
激励某人做某事的事物( incentive的名词复数 ); 刺激; 诱因; 动机
参考例句:
  • tax incentives to encourage savings 鼓励储蓄的税收措施
  • Furthermore, subsidies provide incentives only for investments in equipment. 更有甚者,提供津贴仅是为鼓励增添设备的投资。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
4 silicon dykwJ     
n.硅(旧名矽)
参考例句:
  • This company pioneered the use of silicon chip.这家公司开创了使用硅片的方法。
  • A chip is a piece of silicon about the size of a postage stamp.芯片就是一枚邮票大小的硅片。
5 symbolic ErgwS     
adj.象征性的,符号的,象征主义的
参考例句:
  • It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征着现代妇女的战斗精神。
  • The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗礼仪式是一种象征性的做法。
6 technological gqiwY     
adj.技术的;工艺的
参考例句:
  • A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技术变革的步伐。
  • Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 随着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
7 conglomerate spBz6     
n.综合商社,多元化集团公司
参考例句:
  • The firm has been taken over by an American conglomerate.该公司已被美国一企业集团接管。
  • An American conglomerate holds a major share in the company.一家美国的大联合企业持有该公司的大部分股份。
8 workforce workforce     
n.劳动大军,劳动力
参考例句:
  • A large part of the workforce is employed in agriculture.劳动人口中一大部分受雇于农业。
  • A quarter of the local workforce is unemployed.本地劳动力中有四分之一失业。
9 overtime aKqxn     
adj.超时的,加班的;adv.加班地
参考例句:
  • They are working overtime to finish the work.为了完成任务他们正在加班加点地工作。
  • He was paid for the overtime he worked.他领到了加班费。
10 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
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TAG标签:   npr  公共电台  cheaper  labor  bord
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