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2005年NPR美国国家公共电台九月-Civil Rights Icon Rosa Parks Dies

时间:2007-07-18 06:29来源:互联网 提供网友:zhao6221133   字体: [ ]
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....News. I'm Steve/ Inskeep, and I'm Rene/ Montagne.

She turned course of the American history by refusing to move from her seat on a bus. Rosa Parks, the woman known as the mother of civil rights movement died at her home last night. She was 92.NPR Cheryl Corley has this remembrance.

She was born Rosa Louise McCauley on Feb. 4th, 1913, and she married Raymond Parks in 1932. By the early 1950s, Rosa Parks and her now-deceased husband were long-time activists2 in Montgomery Alabama's chapter of the NAACP.

Parks worked as a seamstress at a local department store, and on her way home from work one day, she engaged in a simple gesture of defiance3 that galvanized the civil rights movement.

It was nearly 50 years ago, Dec. 1st, 1955, when Parks challenged the Montgomery's segregated4 bus seating policy -- by refusing to get up and give her seat to a white passenger.

She told the story to NPR during an interview 25 years ago.

It was on the third stop when a few people got on and some white people got on and occupied the remaining vacant seats in the front of the bus. And there was one man left standing5 and when the driver asked me if I was gonna stand up. I told him, no, I wasn't, and he said, well, if you don't stand up, I am going to have you arrested-- call the police and have you arrested.

When the police officer boarded the bus, Parks, who was 42, had one question for him: "I asked the policeman, I said,why do you push us around?' He said, 'I do not know, but the law is the law and you are under arrest.' "

Parks' grass-roots activism had prepared her for this moment. She had attended a session the summer before at the Highlander6 Folk School, the educational center for workers' rights and racial equality in Tennessee. Several years earlier she had been thrown off a bus by the same bus driver.

There were other black women in Montgomery who were arrested in 1955 for violating the segregated busing policy. But this time, the black community fought back in force. The NAACP had been looking for a test case to challenge segregated busing and Parks agreed to let the group take her case.

The Woman's Political Council also called for a one day bus boycott7. But the Parks' arrest triggered a boycott that lasted 381 days. The Montgomery bus boycott was organized by a then little-known Baptist minister Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. In an autobiography8 called My Story. Rosa Parks said too often people thought she didn't get up that day because her feet were tired. During an interview with NPR 1984 Parks said that was not the case.

At that time I was not having any trouble of any kind with my feet. And of course anyone who works a full day at the type of job that i had would be weary. But that was not the utmost thing, the utmost thought in my mind was, it was time, it was far spent for all of us as a people to be treated as human beings.

Parks lost her job and had trouble finding work in Alabama after her public stance. She and her husband moved to Detroit. For many years she worked as an aide to Congressman9 John Conyers, who says Parks was like a saint.

She was very humble10, she was soft-spoken. But inside she had a determination that was quite fierce.

Rosa Parks remained a committed activist1 working in the anti-apartheid movement in the 1980s and opening a career counseling centre for black youth in Detroit. She received numerous awards and in 1999, President Clinton presented her with the nation's highest civilian11 honor, a Congressional Gold Medal. "We must never ever, when this ceremony is over, forget about the power of ordinary people to stand in the fire for the cause of human dignity,"

In her later years, Parks battled with entertainers and others over the use of her name.Attorney settled the lawsuit12 this year that sought to prevent the hip-hop duo OutKast from using her name as a title of a song.In 1994,her home was invaded by a 28-year-old man who beat her and took 53 dollars. Parks was treated at a hospital and released. She was rarely seen in public after 2001.But nearly a decade earlier, in an interview with NPR, Parks said she believed that there were still obstacles to overcome. She wanted young people to understand their right and to be aware of the both current condition of black Americans as well as the suffering that occurred in the past.

And to be willing and ready to prepare themselves to the better education and dedication13 to making conditions better for our people.

The mother of modern day civil rights movement Rosa Parks died in her Detroit home of natural causes. Her attorney said close friends were by her side.

Cheryl Corley, NPR News.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 activist gyAzO     
n.活动分子,积极分子
参考例句:
  • He's been a trade union activist for many years.多年来他一直是工会的积极分子。
  • He is a social activist in our factory.他是我厂的社会活动积极分子。
2 activists 90fd83cc3f53a40df93866d9c91bcca4     
n.(政治活动的)积极分子,活动家( activist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • His research work was attacked by animal rights activists . 他的研究受到了动物权益维护者的抨击。
  • Party activists with lower middle class pedigrees are numerous. 党的激进分子中有很多出身于中产阶级下层。 来自《简明英汉词典》
3 defiance RmSzx     
n.挑战,挑衅,蔑视,违抗
参考例句:
  • He climbed the ladder in defiance of the warning.他无视警告爬上了那架梯子。
  • He slammed the door in a spirit of defiance.他以挑衅性的态度把门砰地一下关上。
4 segregated 457728413c6a2574f2f2e154d5b8d101     
分开的; 被隔离的
参考例句:
  • a culture in which women are segregated from men 妇女受到隔离歧视的文化
  • The doctor segregated the child sick with scarlet fever. 大夫把患猩红热的孩子隔离起来。
5 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
6 highlander 25c9bf68343db897bbd8afce9754ef3c     
n.高地的人,苏格兰高地地区的人
参考例句:
  • They call him the highlander, he is Rory McLeod! 他们叫他寻事者,他是罗瑞·麦克劳德! 来自互联网
7 boycott EW3zC     
n./v.(联合)抵制,拒绝参与
参考例句:
  • We put the production under a boycott.我们联合抵制该商品。
  • The boycott lasts a year until the Victoria board permitsreturn.这个抗争持续了一年直到维多利亚教育局妥协为止。
8 autobiography ZOOyX     
n.自传
参考例句:
  • He published his autobiography last autumn.他去年秋天出版了自己的自传。
  • His life story is recounted in two fascinating volumes of autobiography.这两卷引人入胜的自传小说详述了他的生平。
9 Congressman TvMzt7     
n.(美)国会议员
参考例句:
  • He related several anecdotes about his first years as a congressman.他讲述自己初任议员那几年的几则轶事。
  • The congressman is meditating a reply to his critics.这位国会议员正在考虑给他的批评者一个答复。
10 humble ddjzU     
adj.谦卑的,恭顺的;地位低下的;v.降低,贬低
参考例句:
  • In my humble opinion,he will win the election.依我拙见,他将在选举中获胜。
  • Defeat and failure make people humble.挫折与失败会使人谦卑。
11 civilian uqbzl     
adj.平民的,民用的,民众的
参考例句:
  • There is no reliable information about civilian casualties.关于平民的伤亡还没有确凿的信息。
  • He resigned his commission to take up a civilian job.他辞去军职而从事平民工作。
12 lawsuit A14xy     
n.诉讼,控诉
参考例句:
  • They threatened him with a lawsuit.他们以诉讼威逼他。
  • He was perpetually involving himself in this long lawsuit.他使自己无休止地卷入这场长时间的诉讼。
13 dedication pxMx9     
n.奉献,献身,致力,题献,献辞
参考例句:
  • We admire her courage,compassion and dedication.我们钦佩她的勇气、爱心和奉献精神。
  • Her dedication to her work was admirable.她对工作的奉献精神可钦可佩。
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TAG标签:   npr  公共电台  civil  parks
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