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NPR 2008-05-29

时间:2009-02-04 02:55来源:互联网 提供网友:jette   字体: [ ]
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Bush loyalists are taking the offensive today in response to a book by former White House Press Secretary Scott McClellan. In it, he claims the administration relied on, what he termed, an aggressive “political propaganda campaign” instead of the truth to sell the Iraq War. Former Bush administration spokesman Ari Fleischer said he’s taken aback by what's contained in the memoirs1. "This comes, sort of, a complete surprise to me. I’m heartbroken in so many ways, because this is not the Scott McClellan I know. And there is just something about this book that just doesn’t make any sense to me, because Scott never once expressed any of these thoughts to me in private." The White House said President Bush doesn't plan to comment, saying he has more pressing matters than to spend time commenting on books by former staffers. Current White House Press Secretary Dana Perino issued a statement in which she said it's clear McClellan is "disgruntled about his experience at the White House”.

 More than 100 nations have reached an agreement to ban the current designs of cluster bombs. the US was not part of the negotiations2. NPR's Michelle Kelemen reports.

 Activists pushing for the treaty say this is the start of a long process of stigmatizing3 the weapon that kills civilians4. Carol Borgerd of Human Rights Watch says it's also a diplomatic defeat for the US. "They weren’t present here in Dublin. They didn't have diplomats5 on the ground here, but there was a lot of active diplomacy6 elsewhere to try and dissuade7 those nations who didn't want a cluster munitions8 treaty from moving forward, and they failed in that. And the treaty that emerged today is a very robust9 one, and that's not what the United States wanted at all. " A top State Department official argued last week that the US preferred to work through the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons to regulate the use of cluster bombs. Borgerd called that a cumbersome10 body and a recipe for paralysis11, which is why, she says, the US wanted to keep the issue there. Michele Kelemen, NPR News, Washington.

Iran's new parliament speaker has warned that his country could set new limits on its cooperation with the UN's nuclear watchdog agency. His comments come after the agency reported Iran may be withholding12 information needed to prove whether it tried to make nuclear weapons. Roxana Saberi reports from Teheran.

 Ali Larijani told Iran's parliament that the new report by the International Atomic Energy Agency was, what he termed, "deplorable". He said Iran recommends that the agency and the 5-plus-1 group stop, what he called, "clandestinely13 passing Iran's nuclear dossier between them". The 5-plus-1 group refers to the permanent members of the UN Security Council and Germany. The Security Council has imposed three sets of sanctions on Iran over its nuclear activities, which Iran says are purely14 peaceful. Larijani is Iran's former top nuclear negotiator. He was overwhelmingly elected as parliament speaker on Wednesday. The new parliament, like the last one, is dominated by conservatives, but it’s expected to be more critical of the Iranian president's foreign and economic policies. For NPR News, I'm Roxana Saberi in Teheran.

 In Wall Street, the Dow was up 45 points.

This is NPR.

 After offering buyouts and incentives15 to its hourly workers, No.2 domestic automaker Ford16 is also expected to now slash17 its salaried workforce18. According to published reports, the struggling automaker may cut its US salaried workforce by as much as 12%, or by roughly 2, 000 jobs. Detroit News reports some employees were told about the proposed involuntary layoffs19 during a town-hall-style meeting last week. A Ford spokesman says no final decision has been made, with the automaker expected to release more details of its latest cost-cutting initiative in July.

 Hollywood studios have tentatively reached agreement on a three-year labor20 contract with one of two Hollywood actors’ unions. NPR's Kim Masters reports.

Prospects21 for another crippling strike grew dimmer Wednesday as the studios reached a deal with the smaller of the two actors’ unions, the American Federation22 of Television and Radio Artists. The surprising stumbling block had been the studio's wish to use clips featuring actors on the Internet without seeking permission. The agreement gives the union 90 days to work out a system for actors to give blanket permission to use clips from a series in exchange for compensation. AFTRA usually negotiates in tandem23 with the larger actors’ union, the Screen Actors Guild24, but this year, they parted company. SAG25 said it would study the AFTRA deal and resume its own stalled talks with the studios. Kim Masters, NPR News.

Orders for costly26 manufactured goods, things designed to last three years or more, declined by a smaller-than-expected amount in April. The government reported today the durable27 goods orders were down half a percent, mostly due to a falloff in orders for automobiles28 and commercial aircraft. However, excluding the volatile29 transportation sector30, the government says durable goods orders actually rose two and a half percent.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 memoirs f752e432fe1fefb99ab15f6983cd506c     
n.回忆录;回忆录传( mem,自oir的名词复数)
参考例句:
  • Her memoirs were ghostwritten. 她的回忆录是由别人代写的。
  • I watched a trailer for the screenplay of his memoirs. 我看过以他的回忆录改编成电影的预告片。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
3 stigmatizing a439a524b86cf0ed076d1e37e322db08     
v.使受耻辱,指责,污辱( stigmatize的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Laing regards the concept of mental illness as both unscientific and stigmatizing. 菜恩认为精神病的概念是不科学的和诬蔑性的。 来自辞典例句
  • The existing social benefits are considered to be stigmatizing and repressive. 现存的社会福利被指责为是无价值的、残暴的。 来自互联网
4 civilians 2a8bdc87d05da507ff4534c9c974b785     
平民,百姓( civilian的名词复数 ); 老百姓
参考例句:
  • the bloody massacre of innocent civilians 对无辜平民的血腥屠杀
  • At least 300 civilians are unaccounted for after the bombing raids. 遭轰炸袭击之后,至少有300名平民下落不明。
5 diplomats ccde388e31f0f3bd6f4704d76a1c3319     
n.外交官( diplomat的名词复数 );有手腕的人,善于交际的人
参考例句:
  • These events led to the expulsion of senior diplomats from the country. 这些事件导致一些高级外交官被驱逐出境。
  • The court has no jurisdiction over foreign diplomats living in this country. 法院对驻本国的外交官无裁判权。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 diplomacy gu9xk     
n.外交;外交手腕,交际手腕
参考例句:
  • The talks have now gone into a stage of quiet diplomacy.会谈现在已经进入了“温和外交”阶段。
  • This was done through the skill in diplomacy. 这是通过外交手腕才做到的。
7 dissuade ksPxy     
v.劝阻,阻止
参考例句:
  • You'd better dissuade him from doing that.你最好劝阻他别那样干。
  • I tried to dissuade her from investing her money in stocks and shares.我曾设法劝她不要投资于股票交易。
8 munitions FnZzbl     
n.军火,弹药;v.供应…军需品
参考例句:
  • The army used precision-guided munitions to blow up enemy targets.军队用精确瞄准的枪炮炸掉敌方目标。
  • He rose [made a career for himself] by dealing in munitions.他是靠贩卖军火发迹的。
9 robust FXvx7     
adj.强壮的,强健的,粗野的,需要体力的,浓的
参考例句:
  • She is too tall and robust.她个子太高,身体太壮。
  • China wants to keep growth robust to reduce poverty and avoid job losses,AP commented.美联社评论道,中国希望保持经济强势增长,以减少贫困和失业状况。
10 cumbersome Mnizj     
adj.笨重的,不便携带的
参考例句:
  • Although the machine looks cumbersome,it is actually easy to use.尽管这台机器看上去很笨重,操作起来却很容易。
  • The furniture is too cumbersome to move.家具太笨,搬起来很不方便。
11 paralysis pKMxY     
n.麻痹(症);瘫痪(症)
参考例句:
  • The paralysis affects his right leg and he can only walk with difficulty.他右腿瘫痪步履维艰。
  • The paralysis affects his right leg and he can only walk with difficulty.他右腿瘫痪步履维艰。
12 withholding 7eXzD6     
扣缴税款
参考例句:
  • She was accused of withholding information from the police. 她被指控对警方知情不报。
  • The judge suspected the witness was withholding information. 法官怀疑见证人在隐瞒情况。
13 clandestinely 9e8402766bdca8ca5456d40c568e6e85     
adv.秘密地,暗中地
参考例句:
  • You should do your competing clandestinely, by disguising your export volumes and prices somehow. 你应该设法隐瞒出口数量和价格,暗中进行竞争。 来自辞典例句
  • Darlington. Stevens's angst is clandestinely disclosed while he makes contact with other people. 就在史帝文斯与他人接触的当下,透露出一种不可言喻的焦虑气氛。 来自互联网
14 purely 8Sqxf     
adv.纯粹地,完全地
参考例句:
  • I helped him purely and simply out of friendship.我帮他纯粹是出于友情。
  • This disproves the theory that children are purely imitative.这证明认为儿童只会单纯地模仿的理论是站不住脚的。
15 incentives 884481806a10ef3017726acf079e8fa7     
激励某人做某事的事物( incentive的名词复数 ); 刺激; 诱因; 动机
参考例句:
  • tax incentives to encourage savings 鼓励储蓄的税收措施
  • Furthermore, subsidies provide incentives only for investments in equipment. 更有甚者,提供津贴仅是为鼓励增添设备的投资。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
16 Ford KiIxx     
n.浅滩,水浅可涉处;v.涉水,涉过
参考例句:
  • They were guarding the bridge,so we forded the river.他们驻守在那座桥上,所以我们只能涉水过河。
  • If you decide to ford a stream,be extremely careful.如果已决定要涉过小溪,必须极度小心。
17 slash Hrsyq     
vi.大幅度削减;vt.猛砍,尖锐抨击,大幅减少;n.猛砍,斜线,长切口,衣衩
参考例句:
  • The shop plans to slash fur prices after Spring Festival.该店计划在春节之后把皮货降价。
  • Don't slash your horse in that cruel way.不要那样残忍地鞭打你的马。
18 workforce workforce     
n.劳动大军,劳动力
参考例句:
  • A large part of the workforce is employed in agriculture.劳动人口中一大部分受雇于农业。
  • A quarter of the local workforce is unemployed.本地劳动力中有四分之一失业。
19 layoffs ce61a640e39c61e757a47e52d4154974     
临时解雇( layoff的名词复数 ); 停工,停止活动
参考例句:
  • Textile companies announced 2000 fresh layoffs last week. 各纺织公司上周宣布再次裁员两千人。
  • Stock prices broke when the firm suddenly announced layoffs. 当公司突然宣布裁员时,股票价格便大跌
20 labor P9Tzs     
n.劳动,努力,工作,劳工;分娩;vi.劳动,努力,苦干;vt.详细分析;麻烦
参考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
21 prospects fkVzpY     
n.希望,前途(恒为复数)
参考例句:
  • There is a mood of pessimism in the company about future job prospects. 公司中有一种对工作前景悲观的情绪。
  • They are less sanguine about the company's long-term prospects. 他们对公司的远景不那么乐观。
22 federation htCzMS     
n.同盟,联邦,联合,联盟,联合会
参考例句:
  • It is a federation of 10 regional unions.它是由十个地方工会结合成的联合会。
  • Mr.Putin was inaugurated as the President of the Russian Federation.普京正式就任俄罗斯联邦总统。
23 tandem 6Ibzp     
n.同时发生;配合;adv.一个跟着一个地;纵排地;adj.(两匹马)前后纵列的
参考例句:
  • Malcolm's contract will run in tandem with his existing one.马尔科姆的合同将与他手头的合同同时生效。
  • He is working in tandem with officials of the Serious Fraud Office.他正配合欺诈重案办公室的官员工作。
24 guild 45qyy     
n.行会,同业公会,协会
参考例句:
  • He used to be a member of the Writers' Guild of America.他曾是美国作家协会的一员。
  • You had better incorporate the firm into your guild.你最好把这个公司并入你的行业协会。
25 sag YD4yA     
v.下垂,下跌,消沉;n.下垂,下跌,凹陷,[航海]随风漂流
参考例句:
  • The shelf was beginning to sag beneath the weight of the books upon it.书架在书的重压下渐渐下弯。
  • We need to do something about the sag.我们须把下沉的地方修整一下。
26 costly 7zXxh     
adj.昂贵的,价值高的,豪华的
参考例句:
  • It must be very costly to keep up a house like this.维修这么一幢房子一定很昂贵。
  • This dictionary is very useful,only it is a bit costly.这本词典很有用,左不过贵了些。
27 durable frox4     
adj.持久的,耐久的
参考例句:
  • This raincoat is made of very durable material.这件雨衣是用非常耐用的料子做的。
  • They frequently require more major durable purchases.他们经常需要购买耐用消费品。
28 automobiles 760a1b7b6ea4a07c12e5f64cc766962b     
n.汽车( automobile的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • When automobiles become popular,the use of the horse and buggy passed away. 汽车普及后,就不再使用马和马车了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Automobiles speed in an endless stream along the boulevard. 宽阔的林荫道上,汽车川流不息。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
29 volatile tLQzQ     
adj.反复无常的,挥发性的,稍纵即逝的,脾气火爆的;n.挥发性物质
参考例句:
  • With the markets being so volatile,investments are at great risk.由于市场那么变化不定,投资冒着很大的风险。
  • His character was weak and volatile.他这个人意志薄弱,喜怒无常。
30 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
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