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News & Reports 2010-12-04

时间:2011-02-14 07:30来源:互联网 提供网友:hm3842   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

Japan and the United States launch their biggest-ever joint1 military exercises in waters east of the southern island of Okinawa, and elsewhere in Japanese territory.

The United Nations says this year is likely to be one of the warmest years in history, and caps a record-warm decade that is a new indication of man-made climate change.

A Chinese high-speed train breaks the world operational speed record with a speed of 486.1 kilometres-per-hour during its trial run.

China's grain output is up again for the seventh straight year, reassuring2 a market which had been expressing concerns about supplies.


Hot Issue Reports

Japan, U.S. Launch Largest-ever Joint Defense3 Drills

Japan and the United States have launched their biggest-ever joint military exercises in waters east of the southern island of Okinawa, and elsewhere in Japanese territory.

The exercises, dubbed4 "Keen Sword", involve around 44-thousand-500 military personnel from both countries.

The aircraft carrier USS George Washington is taking part in the drill, which is expected to focus on counter-measures to a potential ballistic missile attack.

Colonel Yoshihiko Izaki is a commander with the Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces.

"As part of this military exchange and being at the forefront of military exchange, an effective and functional5 drill will provide us the foundations of future of peace and security in East Asia."

The South Korean military is also taking part as an observer.

For its part, the Chinese side has called for restraint, saying the international community does not support any actions that escalate6 tensions.

The US and South Korea concluded a four-day joint naval7 drill just two days ago, after South Korea and North Korea exchanged artillery8 fire last week.

Tension remain high on the peninsula, with South Korea's newly appointed Defence chief Kim Kwan-jin now vowing10 "retribution", including airstrikes, if the North launch another attack.

Meantime, the foreign ministers for the US, Japan and South Korea are now scheduled to meet in Washington next week to discuss the latest developments on the Korean peninsula.

The Chinese government is still proposing an emergency session of the lead negotiators to the stalled six-party talks as an option to try to ease the tensions on the peninsula.


Wikileaks Wires Show U.S. Spies in Bolivia

Bolivian President Evo Morales said on Friday that WikiLeaks revelations about statements by high-level U.S. government officials were proof that the Americans were spying on his country and other South American nations.

Morales accused the U.S. State Department of trying to create an aura of distrust among South American leaders.

"It confirms everything we are against—spying, conspiracy11. What we never knew before was how the State Department of the United States also used presidents in spying affairs. I welcome this case from WikiLeaks. The information they have unveiled deals with relations between presidents. So Evo Morales distrusts [Argentine President] Cristina [Fernandez]; so Evo Morales distrusts the government of [Brazilian President Luiz Inacio] Lula [da Silva], of his ministers; or that we distrust the former president [of Chile, Michelle] Bachelet. I want to tell you all, I will always trust President Cristina [Fernandez]."

Earlier in the week, the WikLeaks website disclosed statements by high-level U.S. government officials about espionage12 activities in various South American countries, sending the State Department into damage control mode.

The comments came as delegates from 200 nations meet in Cancun, Mexico, for a climate change summit, an issue Morales has championed since taking power in the Andean nation in 2006, where subtropical glaciers13 that keep croplands fertile are threatened by rising temperatures.


Obama Visits Troops in Afghanistan, Unannounced

U.S. President Barack Obama made a surprise visit to Afghanistan on Friday and told American troops there that they were making "important progress" against militants14 in Afghanistan, after he ramped15 up force levels to widen the Afghan military campaign.

"Today we can be proud that there are fewer areas under Taliban control."

Obama stayed at Bagram Air Base after he cancelled a planned trip to Kabul to meet Afghan President Hamid Karzai, because of bad weather. Obama spoke16 to Karzai by phone from the military base outside the capital after a planned helicopter visit was scrapped17.

The U.S. president is under pressure to show progress in the increasingly unpopular nine-year-old war, and the visit is a chance for a firsthand assessment18.

But White House officials emphasized the main purpose of his journey was to visit troops around the Thanksgiving and Christmas holidays, rather than a fact-finding mission.

About 1,400 U.S. troops have died in the war since the U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001.

Despite spiraling violence and record casualties, U.S. officials have said they believe NATO forces are making progress in stemming the Taliban's momentum19 and training Afghan security forces.

Obama has set a mid-2011 target to begin withdrawing American troops from Afghanistan. U.S. and NATO officials say they plan to shift responsibility for security to Afghan forces by 2014.


WMO: 2010 to Rank among 3 Hottest Years on Record

The United Nations weather agency says this year is likely to be one of the hottest years on record, highlighted by a scorching20 and deadly summer in Russia and exceptionally mild winters in the Arctic.

Two other extraordinary years recently have been 1998 and 2005.

Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organisation21 Michel Jarraud.

"The decade from 2001 to 2010 has set a new record and that's sure, so the decade 2001 to 2010 will be the warmest decade, ever, since we have records."

Data from the WMO, released at the ongoing22 UN climate conference in Cancun, Mexico, now seems to confirm a warming trend that has been going on for decades, which some scientists attribute to man-made pollution trapping heat in the atmosphere.

Jerraud says he hopes the latest figures will help the push for urgent action for countries to cut emissions23.

"This conference is about negotiation24. I see our role there as bringing to the negotiators the very latest scientific information. So, in a sense, this is the foundation to say this is where we are now, these are the facts and of course if nothing is done, this curve we keep on increasing and increasing, they will go up and up and up."

The WMO says the same extreme weather event that suffocated25 Russia with a heat wave, also caused the floods that submerged a fifth of Pakistan, killing26 around 17-hundred people and displacing 20 million others.

Analysts28 say an understanding on measuring emissions will be an important step that could help break the long-standing deadlock29 on reducing emissions.


Chinese High-speed Train Breaks the World's Speed Record

A Chinese high-speed train has broken the operational world speed record, reaching a speed of 486.1 kilometres-per-hour during it's trial run.

The train in question reached it's record speed as it swooped30 along a section of the Beijing-Shanghai high speed rail line between the cities of Zaozhuang in Shandong and Bengbu in Anhui.

Niu Jiatang, head of Zaozhuang's Transport Bureau says the new link will help boost the local economy.

"High-speed railways make it a preferred choice for many, especially short-distance travelers. It not only marks a milestone31 in the construction of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway, but also is a major achievement of China's technology innovation. Meanwhile, it will also help to boost economy of the region."

The over 13-hundred kilometre-long track running between Beijing and Shanghai is expected to halve32 the travel time between the two cities to five hours when it opens next year.

China plans to build 13-thousand kilometers worth of high-speed railway lines by 2012, which is more than the rest of the world combined.

According to the government's blueprint33, by 2020 the network will serve more than 90 percent of China's population at a projected cost of some 2 trillion yuan.

China 2010 Grain Output Rises for Seventh Year in Row

China's grain output is up again for the seventh straight year, reassuring a market which had been expressing concerns about supplies.

New data from the National Bureau of Statistics now shows China's grain output this year has topped a record 546 million tons, up 3 percent from last year.

Analyst27 Zhang Zhaoxin from the Agricultural Economic Research Center attributes the bumper34 harvest to both policy support and good weather.

"China has been focusing on grain production for recent years and rolled out s series of policies. A policy structure is now in shape in favour of promoting grain growth. The structure has proved to be effective with output rises for seven consecutive35 years. A project was launched for infrastructure36 construction, including increased input37 on irrigation, soil and grain field reconstruction38. In the meantime, although last spring was hit by several natural disasters, it got better later on, particularly in the Northeastern areas, where good sunshine contributed to the grain production increase."

Zhang adds the grain harvest should help stabilize39 the price of agricultural products.

"Due to fluctuation40 of prices in the international market, there's a tendency of price hike of agricultural products in China, plus the inflation expectation, the price of agricultural products are pushed up. This harvest can serve as a great weapon for regulating and stabilizing41 the grain market. I think once the signal is sent, the prices of agricultural products will be relatively42 stabilized43."

China's top economic planner has already decided44 to release 8.5 million tonnes of state-reserved grain and cooking oil to try to stabilize prices.


International Day of Persons with Disabilities

Friday marked the International Day for Disabled Persons.

Zhang Wan9 now on how people with disabilities here in China are making out.

A recent survey by the China Disabled Persons Federation45 indicates that the lives of disabled people in the country have greatly improved, especially in terms of income, social security and community service.

The federation surveyed more than 3,2000 disabled persons in 31 provinces and municipalities around China. The questions mainly focused on their living conditions, personal development and environment.

More than 57 percent of the respondents indicated they lived relatively well-off lives. Lv Qingzhe from the National Bureau of Statistics explains.

"Since 2007, the China Disabled Persons Federation has conducted a survey of disabled people. Up to now, the work has been ongoing for four years. We have found that their lives have been improving."

Rehabilitation46 services are a key factor in helping47 disabled people to be part of society. In 2010, the number of disabled people who have received rehabilitation services has risen to more than 33 percent, compared with 23 percent last year. A total number of 7 million disabled people have received rehabilitation treatment.

Here is Chen Xinmin from the China Disabled Persons Federation.

"A preferential policy to help disabled people has been expanded. For example, nine categories of rehabilitation treatment are now covered by social insurance. The move is driven by the Ministry48 of Health and the China Disabled Persons Federation. Meanwhile, we have been carrying out many rehabilitation projects. For instance, the Sight Rehabilitating49 Project has been included in the country's major public health projects. Also, we have carried out a rehabilitation project for deaf children."

Chen says many disabled people have benefited from these projects. Moreover, nowadays, there are more professional rehabilitation organizations helping disabled people improve their physical abilities.

But some experts say the lives of the disabled still can be improved further, as there remains50 a large gap between the disabled persons and non-disabled population. Public services for disabled people still need to be further improved, as do the poor living conditions of some disabled people.

Chen Gong, Deputy Director of the Institute of Population Research at Beijing University, says the lives of disabled people have greatly improved compared with their lives in the past. But when they are compared with the average quality of life of non-disabled people, a large gap remains.

For CRI, I am Zhang Wan.


FIFA Gamble on the Unknown

While many are saying that FIFA's decision to choose Russia as the host the 2018 football World Cup is a bold one, many others have been left scratching their heads over the governing body's decision to award the 2022 event to Qatar.

CRI's Paul Ryding now on FIFA's gamble on the unknown, and some of the reservations the wider footballing community may have about the winning bids.

The promises made by Qatar's bid had impressed the executive committee, but in the run up to the final week of lobbying it was still considered something of an outsider to win the race for World Cup 2022.

Ray Gatt is chief football writer at The Australian newspaper. He believes Qatar sealed some bids courtesy of a spectacular closing presentation.

"Obviously they did very well in the final presentation. It was a very slick presentation and a very slick video. They had that wow factor. I think the Qatari's were by far the best presentation of all nine bids, and in the end it probably didn't surprise me that they got up."

Both bids were attractive to FIFA on account of fitting FIFA's remit51 to make football global. The World Cup has never been held in either Eastern Europe or the Middle East.

But thought to be holding both bids back was the level of work both campaigns would require, with much of the infrastructure and facilities required not yet in place in either country.

Russia's bid suffered early on from an unfavorable technical report which criticized country-wide logistical problems. Following that the government promised to pour $155-billion of World Cup related investment into infrastructure across Russia.

Like much of the international football community, Gant felt England's bid was the superior one in the 2018 race, but he expressed his belief that Russia's version will be successful.

"I've got to admit I have a soft spot for England, and I really thought they deserved to win the bid. It was their time-they hadn't held it since 1966. But obviously the people at Exco had different ideas. Russia did its homework very well, and they got up. Look obviously, they'll do a good job, but I still would have preferred England."

Football experts have claimed that Qatar, a country of just 1.7-million inhabitants, and the smallest nation to host the finals, is not fit to host the most watched sporting event in the world. They point to its stifling52 climate in the height of summer and the fact that Qatar have never qualified53 for the World Cup on merit.

The Qatari government has vowed54 to spend a reputed 50-billion dollars on readying the emirate state to host the 2022 World Cup. Investing in stadia, infrastructure and solar technology aimed at making the 2022 World Cup the first carbon neutral World Cup in history.

The executive committee was also impressed by Qatar's promise to donate the stadia used for the World Cup to some of the poorer nations in the region when the competition concludes.

Some may consider FIFA's choice of hosts a gamble, but the noises coming from the two host nations express confidence that they will be ready to build on the success of FIFA's first jaunt55 into Africa at last summer's World Cup.

For CRI Sports, I'm Paul Ryding.

Newspaper Picks

From the Guangzhou Daily: The controversial abbot of the world-famous Shaolin Temple now says that he is determined56 to continue with commercial developments to revitalize the 1,500-year-old monastery57 and conserve58 its rich Buddhist59 and cultural heritage.

Renowned60 for its kung fu and Zen Buddisim, the ancient temple was built in the fifth century and nestles in the Songshan Mountains in Henan. Since taking his position in 1999, the temple's 30th abbot, Shi Yongxin, has started a campaign of commercial development of the temple in a variety of fields.

Among a host of other initiatives, the temple is now planning to open a Zen hospital and is now seeking legal approval to put its "Shaolin Medicine" brand on instant foods such as coffee and noodles.

Many have argued that it's inappropriate for a temple to engage in these kinds of money-generating and publicity-gaining activities. The abbot argues the temple is "far from over-developed commercially" as alleged61 by some critics, but instead is in need of more commercialization initiatives.

--------

From the Wuhan Evening News: The State Council has now approved changing the name of the city of Xiangfan in Hubei to Xiangyang.

The city has more than 2,800 years of history.

In the classic novel "Romance of the Three Kingdoms," the events in chapter 31 take place in Xiangyang. In Jin Yong's famous Kung Fu novel "The Legend of the Condor62 Heroes", the hero Guo Jing guards the Southern Song Dynasty in Xiangyang.

The name change has prompted some public feedback, with one prominent microblogger expressing disappointment that the State Council's actions will erase63 his childhood memories of the city of Xiangfan, which garnered64 its name in 1950.

But by contrast, another internet user from Xiangfan says the name changes will bring more economic opportunities, because all the signs used for business or government will be changed, and brand registries with "Xiangyang" should be able to be easily sold.

-----------

From Reuters: In an era when chain smoking, off-color jokes and three-martini lunches have largely faded from the workplace, the holiday office party survives.

Despite potential pitfalls65, such as liability surrounding sexual harassment66 and drunk driving, a new survey still shows that almost 80 percent of companies throw holiday parties. The study by an executive search does point out, though, that the number of companies having parties is down to its lowest level in 22 years to 79 percent, and two-thirds are restricted to employees only.

But workers, when asked in another survey if they would rather receive a bonus than swill67 eggnog at an office party, overwhelmingly chose cash. The survey has found that 93 percent of respondents would ditch the year-end party for more money.


Market Update

US stocks headed for their best week in a month on Friday after a brighter assessment of the economy and a more optimistic view of Europe's debt crisis drove a rally earlier this week.

The Dow Jones industrial average gained 0.2 percent to 11,387. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index was up 0.3 percent to 1,225. The Nasdaq Composite Index rose 0.6 percent to 2,594.

In Europe, Britain's lost 0.4 percent to 5745, Germany's DAX went down 0.1 percent to 6948 and France's CAC-40 was up 0.1 percent to 3751.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
2 reassuring vkbzHi     
a.使人消除恐惧和疑虑的,使人放心的
参考例句:
  • He gave her a reassuring pat on the shoulder. 他轻拍了一下她的肩膀让她放心。
  • With a reassuring pat on her arm, he left. 他鼓励地拍了拍她的手臂就离开了。
3 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
4 dubbed dubbed     
v.给…起绰号( dub的过去式和过去分词 );把…称为;配音;复制
参考例句:
  • Mathematics was once dubbed the handmaiden of the sciences. 数学曾一度被视为各门科学的基础。
  • Is the movie dubbed or does it have subtitles? 这部电影是配音的还是打字幕的? 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 functional 5hMxa     
adj.为实用而设计的,具备功能的,起作用的
参考例句:
  • The telephone was out of order,but is functional now.电话刚才坏了,但现在可以用了。
  • The furniture is not fancy,just functional.这些家具不是摆着好看的,只是为了实用。
6 escalate biszi     
v.(使)逐步增长(或发展),(使)逐步升级
参考例句:
  • It would tempt Israel's neighbors to escalate their demands.它将诱使以色列的邻国不断把他们的要求升级。
  • Defeat could cause one side or other to escalate the conflict.失败可能会导致其中一方将冲突升级。
7 naval h1lyU     
adj.海军的,军舰的,船的
参考例句:
  • He took part in a great naval battle.他参加了一次大海战。
  • The harbour is an important naval base.该港是一个重要的海军基地。
8 artillery 5vmzA     
n.(军)火炮,大炮;炮兵(部队)
参考例句:
  • This is a heavy artillery piece.这是一门重炮。
  • The artillery has more firepower than the infantry.炮兵火力比步兵大。
9 wan np5yT     
(wide area network)广域网
参考例句:
  • The shared connection can be an Ethernet,wireless LAN,or wireless WAN connection.提供共享的网络连接可以是以太网、无线局域网或无线广域网。
10 vowing caf27b27bed50d27c008858260bc9998     
起誓,发誓(vow的现在分词形式)
参考例句:
  • President Bush is vowing to help Minneapolis rebuild its collapsed bridge. 布什总统承诺将帮助明尼阿波利斯重建坍塌的大桥。
  • President Bush is vowing to help Minneapolis rebuild this collapse bridge. 布什总统发誓要帮助明尼阿波利斯重建起这座坍塌的桥梁。
11 conspiracy NpczE     
n.阴谋,密谋,共谋
参考例句:
  • The men were found guilty of conspiracy to murder.这些人被裁决犯有阴谋杀人罪。
  • He claimed that it was all a conspiracy against him.他声称这一切都是一场针对他的阴谋。
12 espionage uiqzd     
n.间谍行为,谍报活动
参考例句:
  • The authorities have arrested several people suspected of espionage.官方已经逮捕了几个涉嫌从事间谍活动的人。
  • Neither was there any hint of espionage in Hanley's early life.汉利的早期生活也毫无进行间谍活动的迹象。
13 glaciers e815ddf266946d55974cdc5579cbd89b     
冰河,冰川( glacier的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Glaciers gouged out valleys from the hills. 冰川把丘陵地带冲出一条条山谷。
  • It has ice and snow glaciers, rainforests and beautiful mountains. 既有冰川,又有雨林和秀丽的山峰。 来自英语晨读30分(高一)
14 militants 3fa50c1e4338320d8495907fdc5bdbaf     
激进分子,好斗分子( militant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The militants have been sporadically fighting the government for years. 几年来,反叛分子一直对政府实施零星的战斗。
  • Despite the onslaught, Palestinian militants managed to fire off rockets. 尽管如此,巴勒斯坦的激进分子仍然发射导弹。
15 ramped 5cbb3df46cd03d388e73d269a6b06e0d     
土堤斜坡( ramp的过去式和过去分词 ); 斜道; 斜路; (装车或上下飞机的)活动梯
参考例句:
  • With the arrival of George Lucas, the pace has ramped up. 随着乔治·卢卡斯的到来,速度大大加快。
  • They also sold corporate bonds as the global financial crisis ramped up. 在全球金融危机加剧之际,他们还抛售了公司债券。
16 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
17 scrapped c056f581043fe275b02d9e1269f11d62     
废弃(scrap的过去式与过去分词); 打架
参考例句:
  • This machine is so old that it will soon have to be scrapped. 这架机器太旧,快报废了。
  • It had been thought that passport controls would be scrapped. 人们曾认为会放开护照管制。
18 assessment vO7yu     
n.评价;评估;对财产的估价,被估定的金额
参考例句:
  • This is a very perceptive assessment of the situation.这是一个对该情况的极富洞察力的评价。
  • What is your assessment of the situation?你对时局的看法如何?
19 momentum DjZy8     
n.动力,冲力,势头;动量
参考例句:
  • We exploit the energy and momentum conservation laws in this way.我们就是这样利用能量和动量守恒定律的。
  • The law of momentum conservation could supplant Newton's third law.动量守恒定律可以取代牛顿第三定律。
20 scorching xjqzPr     
adj. 灼热的
参考例句:
  • a scorching, pitiless sun 灼热的骄阳
  • a scorching critique of the government's economic policy 对政府经济政策的严厉批评
21 organisation organisation     
n.组织,安排,团体,有机休
参考例句:
  • The method of his organisation work is worth commending.他的组织工作的方法值得称道。
  • His application for membership of the organisation was rejected.他想要加入该组织的申请遭到了拒绝。
22 ongoing 6RvzT     
adj.进行中的,前进的
参考例句:
  • The problem is ongoing.这个问题尚未解决。
  • The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern's ongoing work in this area.报告中提出的问题与“关心老人”组织在这方面正在做的工作有直接的关系。
23 emissions 1a87f8769eb755734e056efecb5e2da9     
排放物( emission的名词复数 ); 散发物(尤指气体)
参考例句:
  • Most scientists accept that climate change is linked to carbon emissions. 大多数科学家都相信气候变化与排放的含碳气体有关。
  • Dangerous emissions radiate from plutonium. 危险的辐射物从钚放散出来。
24 negotiation FGWxc     
n.谈判,协商
参考例句:
  • They closed the deal in sugar after a week of negotiation.经过一星期的谈判,他们的食糖生意成交了。
  • The negotiation dragged on until July.谈判一直拖到7月份。
25 suffocated 864b9e5da183fff7aea4cfeaf29d3a2e     
(使某人)窒息而死( suffocate的过去式和过去分词 ); (将某人)闷死; 让人感觉闷热; 憋气
参考例句:
  • Many dogs have suffocated in hot cars. 许多狗在热烘烘的汽车里给闷死了。
  • I nearly suffocated when the pipe of my breathing apparatus came adrift. 呼吸器上的管子脱落时,我差点给憋死。
26 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
27 analyst gw7zn     
n.分析家,化验员;心理分析学家
参考例句:
  • What can you contribute to the position of a market analyst?你有什么技能可有助于市场分析员的职务?
  • The analyst is required to interpolate values between standards.分析人员需要在这些标准中插入一些值。
28 analysts 167ff30c5034ca70abe2d60a6e760448     
分析家,化验员( analyst的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • City analysts forecast huge profits this year. 伦敦金融分析家预测今年的利润非常丰厚。
  • I was impressed by the high calibre of the researchers and analysts. 研究人员和分析人员的高素质给我留下了深刻印象。
29 deadlock mOIzU     
n.僵局,僵持
参考例句:
  • The negotiations reached a deadlock after two hours.两小时后,谈判陷入了僵局。
  • The employers and strikers are at a deadlock over the wage.雇主和罢工者在工资问题上相持不下。
30 swooped 33b84cab2ba3813062b6e35dccf6ee5b     
俯冲,猛冲( swoop的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The aircraft swooped down over the buildings. 飞机俯冲到那些建筑物上方。
  • The hawk swooped down on the rabbit and killed it. 鹰猛地朝兔子扑下来,并把它杀死。
31 milestone c78zM     
n.里程碑;划时代的事件
参考例句:
  • The film proved to be a milestone in the history of cinema.事实证明这部影片是电影史上的一个里程碑。
  • I think this is a very important milestone in the relations between our two countries.我认为这是我们两国关系中一个十分重要的里程碑。
32 halve Re4zV     
vt.分成两半,平分;减少到一半
参考例句:
  • Let's halve the project between our two teams.让我们两个队平均分担这项工程吧。
  • I'll halve expenses with you.我要跟你平均分摊费用。
33 blueprint 6Rky6     
n.蓝图,设计图,计划;vt.制成蓝图,计划
参考例句:
  • All the machine parts on a blueprint must answer each other.设计图上所有的机器部件都应互相配合。
  • The documents contain a blueprint for a nuclear device.文件内附有一张核装置的设计蓝图。
34 bumper jssz8     
n.(汽车上的)保险杠;adj.特大的,丰盛的
参考例句:
  • The painting represents the scene of a bumper harvest.这幅画描绘了丰收的景象。
  • This year we have a bumper harvest in grain.今年我们谷物丰收。
35 consecutive DpPz0     
adj.连续的,联贯的,始终一贯的
参考例句:
  • It has rained for four consecutive days.已连续下了四天雨。
  • The policy of our Party is consecutive.我党的政策始终如一。
36 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
37 input X6lxm     
n.输入(物);投入;vt.把(数据等)输入计算机
参考例句:
  • I will forever be grateful for his considerable input.我将永远感激他的大量投入。
  • All this information had to be input onto the computer.所有这些信息都必须输入计算机。
38 reconstruction 3U6xb     
n.重建,再现,复原
参考例句:
  • The country faces a huge task of national reconstruction following the war.战后,该国面临着重建家园的艰巨任务。
  • In the period of reconstruction,technique decides everything.在重建时期,技术决定一切。
39 stabilize PvuwZ     
vt.(使)稳定,使稳固,使稳定平衡;vi.稳定
参考例句:
  • They are eager to stabilize currencies.他们急于稳定货币。
  • His blood pressure tended to stabilize.他的血压趋向稳定。
40 fluctuation OjaxE     
n.(物价的)波动,涨落;周期性变动;脉动
参考例句:
  • The erratic fluctuation of market prices are in consequence of unstable economy.经济波动致使市场物价忽起忽落。
  • Early and adequate drainage is essential if fluctuation occurs.有波动感时,应及早地充分引流。
41 stabilizing 37789793f41246ac9b11622dadb461ab     
n.稳定化处理[退火]v.(使)稳定, (使)稳固( stabilize的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • The disulfide bridges might then be viewed primarily as stabilizing components. 二硫桥可以被看作是初级的稳定因素。 来自辞典例句
  • These stabilizing design changes are usually not desirable for steady-state operation. 这些增加稳定性的设计改变通常不太符合稳态工作的要求。 来自辞典例句
42 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
43 stabilized 02f3efdac3635abcf70576f3b5d20e56     
v.(使)稳定, (使)稳固( stabilize的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The patient's condition stabilized. 患者的病情稳定下来。
  • His blood pressure has stabilized. 他的血压已经稳定下来了。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
44 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
45 federation htCzMS     
n.同盟,联邦,联合,联盟,联合会
参考例句:
  • It is a federation of 10 regional unions.它是由十个地方工会结合成的联合会。
  • Mr.Putin was inaugurated as the President of the Russian Federation.普京正式就任俄罗斯联邦总统。
46 rehabilitation 8Vcxv     
n.康复,悔过自新,修复,复兴,复职,复位
参考例句:
  • He's booked himself into a rehabilitation clinic.他自己联系了一家康复诊所。
  • No one can really make me rehabilitation of injuries.已经没有人可以真正令我的伤康复了。
47 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
48 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
49 rehabilitating 2ab8a707ad794c99e1fc577fdcd404dd     
改造(罪犯等)( rehabilitate的现在分词 ); 使恢复正常生活; 使恢复原状; 修复
参考例句:
  • a unit for rehabilitating drug addicts 帮助吸毒者恢复正常生活的机构
  • She was more concerned about protecting the public than rehabilitating the criminal. 她比较关心保护百姓,而不大关心改造罪犯。
50 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
51 remit AVBx2     
v.汇款,汇寄;豁免(债务),免除(处罚等)
参考例句:
  • I hope you'll remit me the money in time.我希望你能及时把钱汇寄给我。
  • Many immigrants regularly remit money to their families.许多移民定期给他们的家人汇款。
52 stifling dhxz7C     
a.令人窒息的
参考例句:
  • The weather is stifling. It looks like rain. 今天太闷热,光景是要下雨。
  • We were stifling in that hot room with all the windows closed. 我们在那间关着窗户的热屋子里,简直透不过气来。
53 qualified DCPyj     
adj.合格的,有资格的,胜任的,有限制的
参考例句:
  • He is qualified as a complete man of letters.他有资格当真正的文学家。
  • We must note that we still lack qualified specialists.我们必须看到我们还缺乏有资质的专家。
54 vowed 6996270667378281d2f9ee561353c089     
起誓,发誓(vow的过去式与过去分词形式)
参考例句:
  • He vowed quite solemnly that he would carry out his promise. 他非常庄严地发誓要实现他的诺言。
  • I vowed to do more of the cooking myself. 我发誓自己要多动手做饭。
55 jaunt F3dxj     
v.短程旅游;n.游览
参考例句:
  • They are off for a day's jaunt to the beach.他们出去到海边玩一天。
  • They jaunt about quite a lot,especially during the summer.他们常常到处闲逛,夏天更是如此。
56 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
57 monastery 2EOxe     
n.修道院,僧院,寺院
参考例句:
  • They found an icon in the monastery.他们在修道院中发现了一个圣像。
  • She was appointed the superior of the monastery two years ago.两年前她被任命为这个修道院的院长。
58 conserve vYRyP     
vt.保存,保护,节约,节省,守恒,不灭
参考例句:
  • He writes on both sides of the sheet to conserve paper.他在纸张的两面都写字以节省用纸。
  • Conserve your energy,you'll need it!保存你的精力,你会用得着的!
59 Buddhist USLy6     
adj./n.佛教的,佛教徒
参考例句:
  • The old lady fell down in adoration before Buddhist images.那老太太在佛像面前顶礼膜拜。
  • In the eye of the Buddhist,every worldly affair is vain.在佛教徒的眼里,人世上一切事情都是空的。
60 renowned okSzVe     
adj.著名的,有名望的,声誉鹊起的
参考例句:
  • He is one of the world's renowned writers.他是世界上知名的作家之一。
  • She is renowned for her advocacy of human rights.她以提倡人权而闻名。
61 alleged gzaz3i     
a.被指控的,嫌疑的
参考例句:
  • It was alleged that he had taken bribes while in office. 他被指称在任时收受贿赂。
  • alleged irregularities in the election campaign 被指称竞选运动中的不正当行为
62 condor ip1zl     
n.秃鹰;秃鹰金币
参考例句:
  • The condor soars above the mountain heights.禿鹰翱翔于高山之上。
  • A condor prepares to fly in Colombia.一只兀鹰在哥伦比亚准备振翅高飞。
63 erase woMxN     
v.擦掉;消除某事物的痕迹
参考例句:
  • He tried to erase the idea from his mind.他试图从头脑中抹掉这个想法。
  • Please erase my name from the list.请把我的名字从名单上擦去。
64 garnered 60d1f073f04681f98098b8374f4a7693     
v.收集并(通常)贮藏(某物),取得,获得( garner的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Mr. Smith gradually garnered a national reputation as a financial expert. 史密斯先生逐渐赢得全国金融专家的声誉。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He has garnered extensive support for his proposals. 他的提议得到了广泛的支持。 来自辞典例句
65 pitfalls 0382b30a08349985c214a648cf92ca3c     
(捕猎野兽用的)陷阱( pitfall的名词复数 ); 意想不到的困难,易犯的错误
参考例句:
  • the potential pitfalls of buying a house 购买房屋可能遇到的圈套
  • Several pitfalls remain in the way of an agreement. 在达成协议的进程中还有几个隐藏的困难。
66 harassment weNxI     
n.骚扰,扰乱,烦恼,烦乱
参考例句:
  • She often got telephone harassment at night these days.这些天她经常在夜晚受到电话骚扰。
  • The company prohibits any form of harassment.公司禁止任何形式的骚扰行为。
67 swill DHMzF     
v.冲洗;痛饮;n.泔脚饲料;猪食;(谈话或写作中的)无意义的话
参考例句:
  • Having finished his coffee,he swilled out the mug and left it on the draining board.喝完咖啡后,他涮了涮杯子然后把它放在滴水板上。
  • A crowd of men were standing around swilling beer.一群人正站在一起痛饮啤酒。
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