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News & Reports 2010-12-11

时间:2011-02-14 07:33来源:互联网 提供网友:hm3842   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

With the Cancun climate talks entering its final day, the prospect1 of an international deal to fight global warming dims as deadlock2 between rich and poor countries continues, on whether to extend the Kyoto Protocol3.

The Chinese government is analyzing4 this year's economic situation and deploying5 economic work for the coming year.

China's trade surplus eased to $23 billion US dollars in November from $27 billion in October, as imports rose faster than exports.


Hot Issue Reports

Deadlock Continues on Whether to Extend Kyoto Protocol
With the Cancun climate talks entering its final day, the prospect of an international deal to fight global warming dims as deadlock between rich and poor countries continues, on whether to extend the Kyoto Protocol.

The protocol obliges almost 40 rich nations to curb6 greenhouse gas emissions7 until 2012.

While the US has long refused to sign the protocol, Japan is now joined by Canada and Russia in snubbing an extension of Kyoto.

Russian special envoy8 for climate change Alexander Bedritsky:

"Russia has repeatedly stated, including at the highest political level, that the adoption9 of commitments for the second commitment period under the Kyoto protocol as it stands now will be neither scientifically, economically, nor politically effective."

Xie Zhenhua, the head of China's delegation10 to Cancun, says there is no reason to drop the Kyoto Protocol, and calls for improvements to the pact11.

"Our position is to safeguard the Kyoto Protocol. We must stick to the protocol and commit to a new period of Kyoto. Only on this basis can we negotiate further emissions cuts. If we abandon it, then the work of the past 20 years would have been a waste of time. And it will waste more time if we start over with a new treaty."

Meanwhile, France says the EU stands ready to commit to a second period under the Kyoto Protocol beyond 2012.

Call-in with Chen Dongmei on Climate Talks in Cancun
1.While most developing countries back the continuation of the Kyoto Protocol, some countries favor a new framework established based on the Copenhagen accord. What's the difference between them?

2. Are the gaps between developed and developing countries narrowing down or growing even larger in Cancun? Do you think a legally-binding treaty could be reached next year in South Africa?

3. While major concessions12 on limits to carbon emissions are unlikely to be seen, agreement on a wide range of subsidiary issues is expected. Some of the talk centres on a deal to prevent deforestation, which is a pay-for-results system. What can we expect from it?

4. If a major climate deal is impossible, might local efforts be enough?

China's Central Economic Work Conference Starts
The Chinese government is analyzing this year's economic situation and deploying economic work for the coming year.

Senior policymakers, including the heads of the major ministries13 and China's largest state enterprises are convened14 for the three-day conference.

Curbing15 inflation, expanding domestic demand and guaranteeing people's livelihood16 will top the agenda. The meeting could also touch upon the issues concerning loans and investment.

Sources say China's economic growth target for 2011 is to be set at 8 percent. The figure is unchanged from this year, but inclusive growth will be stressed.

For many Chinese, the more pressing issue is rising prices.

The country's Consumer Price Index, the main gauge17 for inflation, rose 4.4% in October, a 25-month high. The index was driven by a 10.1% rise in food prices.

China's State Council has increased the penalty for price speculation18, in an effort to stabilize19 consumer prices.

The cabinet last week strengthened regulations to target activities such as the hoarding20 of goods and price manipulation.

Jiang Shufang is head of the Price Monitoring Center in the northeast coastal21 city of Dalian.
He says the move is proving to be effective.

"Now the vegetable prices are relatively22 stable. According to the trend in December, the prices will be stable or fluctuate in small ranges, if severe weather is not seen."

The National Statistics Bureau will announce November's CPI tomorrow. The figure is estimated to have risen 4.7% from the same month last year, according to the median forecast in a survey of 15 economists24.

Experts:Private Medical Institutions to Reduce Burdens on Public Hospitals
China has relaxed restrictions26 on private institutions offering medical services in the country. Experts say the move will help reinforce China's medical service and introduce more competition into the healthcare sector27, which is currently dominated by public hospitals. CRI's Zheng Chenguang reports.

Reporter:
People in China may soon find themselves presented with more options for hospitals as the latest easing of restriction25 is expected to woo more private- or foreign-funded medical institutions to China.

Under a circular issued by the State Council, China's cabinet, governments at all levels should simplify procedures to facilitate private and foreign investment in the healthcare sector. Private medical agencies will also receive the same preferential tax policies as public hospitals.

John Williams is China's Managing Director at International SOS, an international medical institution with operations in over 65 countries.

"We have been working in China for some 20 years, and the barriers to foreign investment in health care have been quite high. So whilst we have been able to open some medical organizations ourselves in China, it has been a very difficult task. This regulation should lower the barriers to entry and help our further expansion in China."

China launched in 2009 a three-year healthcare reform program designed to meet the growing demands for healthcare services in a more affordable28 fashion.

Wang Yanzhong is head of the Research Center for Labor29 and Social Security.

"It's a daunting30 task to hit the target of the healthcare reform program by solely31 relying on government funding or public hospitals. Allowing private investment into the health care sector will enhance the strength of our medical service and create competition between public and private hospitals."

According to official statistics, Chinese individuals' expenditure32 on healthcare hiked 200-fold between 1978 and 2005. But the number of medical institutions and staff rose only three-quarters in the same period of time.

Wang Yanzhong says it remains33 a key issue for China's health authorities to regulate pricing mechanism34 of private medical institutions so that more ordinary people can benefit from them.

"We can't allow a large profit margin35 for private medical institutions. Government regulations should come in to ensure reasonable cost-benefits for these private institutions. But they should in no way become profit-driven organizations."

Wang Yanzhong suggests that private medical institutions should be included as designated hospitals covered by China's medical insurance scheme to attract more patients.

For CRI, I'm Zheng Chenguang.

Light News


China Trade Surplus Eases in Nov. On Record Exports, Imports
China's trade surplus eased to $23 billion US dollars in November from $27 billion in October, as imports rose faster than exports.

New data from the General Administration of Customs shows that both export and import year-on-year growth rates rose more than expected in November.

Exports rose 35% to $153 billion dollars in November. Imports were up 38% to $130 billion US dollars.

Customs also said foreign-funded companies contributed the majority of the trade surplus in November. Foreign-funded companies booked a surplus of $113 billion for the first 11 months, or 66% of the total year.

For more about the new trade figures, we talked to Chang Jian, analyst36 from Barclays Capital based in Hong Kong.

Back anchor: that was Chang Jian, analyst from Barclays Capital based in Hong Kong.

China to adopt measures to shorten income gap
Although a distinction in income distribution is a normal and inevitable37 process in a growing economy, a gap has rapidly widened in China in recent years. Therefore, the government has recently adopted a series of measures to reduce the income gap and improve people's livelihoods38. Wu Jia has more.

Reporter:
The Gini coefficient, which is one way to measure income inequality, rose from 0.35 to 0.4 between 1988 and 1997 and reached 0.48 now in China.

Excessive income inequality not only undermines the stability of society but also hinders the general public from sharing the fruits of the country's development.

The State Development and Reform Commission has put forward a series of measures to accelerate the adjustment of national income distribution and narrow income disparities.

Shen Kunrong, associate dean of School of Economics at Nanjing University points out there are three major reasons behind this. Besides imbalanced development between regions and rural and urban areas, irrational39 income distribution plays an important part.

"Amid the process of market-driven competition, the salary levels in some state-monopolized sectors40 are much higher than that in other industries. Moreover, the secondary distribution, let's say tax system, has somewhat failed to dwindle41 such differences."

For most people, income from work may be the only one they have. When it takes up too low a proportion in the total national income, it becomes certain the consuming capacity is limited and domestic demand turns sluggish42.

Zuo Xiaolei, chief economist23 at China Galaxy43 Securities, says we should at least synchronize44 people's salary increases with national economic growth.

"It's important for the transformation45 of our economy to increase people's disposable income standards, rural or urban residents and employees alike. Only in this way, we can increase the proportion of consumption in GDP."

To tackle this, one of the moves is to establish an effective mechanism for salary increases and to perfect an income distribution system by increasing the coordinating46 capacity of taxation47.

While it has already been a consensus48 that providing more employment opportunity is the key to the problem, Shen Kunrong carries the idea further, saying that efforts should be put in strengthening people's job skills.

"If we can increase investment in employment training, especially for rural migrant workers and laid-off workers, their job skills and quality will be enhanced. This is an important aspect in ensuring they have a job opportunity. Employment is always the source of people's livelihood."
Experts point out that at this stage gray income is another big problem in rationalizing distribution system. Semi-overt income not only harms our distribution system but the morale49 of the whole of society as well.

For CRI, I'm Wu Jia.

Theme Song of "If You Are the One 2" Unveiled
That is the newly unveiled theme song for Feng Xiaogang's latest romantic comedy, "If You Are the One 2". It's called "Loved" ("Ai Guo").

Mainland singer Chen Chusheng composed the tune50 and wrote the lyrics51.

Taiwan actress An Yixuan, who stars as a TV host in the movie, is featured in the song along with Chen.

This is actually the third time Chen recorded the theme song of a film produced by Huayi Brothers since he signed a contract with the production company back in 2009. The previous two films were the 2009 film "The Message" (Feng Sheng) and Hark Tsui's "Detective Dee and the Mystery of the Phantom52 Flame" (Di Ren Jie Zhi Tong Tian Di Guo).

However, for An, it's her first time singing for a film. She released her debut53 album in 2007.

"If You Are the One 2" will hit cinemas on December 22nd.

'The King's Speech' has charity screening in London
'The King's Speech' has charity screening in London

Staying on the subject of film, "The King's Speech" has debuted54 in London to support the Michael Palin Centre for Stammering56 Children.

As director Tom Hooper sees it, his film has much relevance57 to the charity because it is about King George VI - the monarch58 during World War II who struggled to overcome a severe stammer55.

"You know, our film really, I hope, takes stammering seriously and, you know, sheds a light on this condition in a way that I'm pleased to say that stammerers who have watched the film say that it's very accurate and have been amazed at how Colin Firth portrays60 it so, you know, it's an absolute pleasure for Colin and I to be here to support it."

Colin Firth agrees that it is a sensitive subject to be put into a film.

"Humor is never an easy thing to judge perfectly61. You always feel like you're treading a very narrow line. Cliches, stereotypes62, you know, stereotypical63 oppressed member of the royal family, stereotypical Australian - we sought to avoid those sorts of things. I didn't want it to be a self pitying portrayal64 of a man. So there were an awful lot of things I think we worked very hard on being precise about."

The Michael Palin Centre for Stammering Children was opened by English actor Michael Palin, who also portrayed65 a stammerer59 named Ken66 in the 1988 hit comedy "A Fish Called Wanda."

Palin says he wanted to open the charity center mostly because his own father had a severe stammer.

Founded in 1993, the center has been very successful in helping67 children overcome stammering, with speech therapy.

Thousands of Students Protest University Tuition Fees in London
In Britain's worst political violence in years, furious student protesters rained sticks and rocks on riot police, vandalized government buildings and attacked a car carrying Prince Charles and his wife, Camilla, after lawmakers approved a controversial rise in university tuition fees.

While most of the thousands of protestors were peaceful, others hurled68 chunks69 of paving stones at police and smashed windows in the Supreme70 Court building.

Another group ran riot through the busy shopping streets of London's West End, smashing shop windows and setting fire to a giant Christmas tree in Trafalgar Square.

Prince Charles and his wife, Camilla, were also caught up in the protests, with demonstrators attacking their limousine71 as it drove through the West End.

"Yeah, the car was really damaged, the whole window was completely smashed on the side and there was all paint running down the back. Yeah, it was a real mess."

Police said 38 protesters and 10 officers had been injured, while 15 people were arrested.

Members of Parliament in the House of Commons earlier approved a plan to triple university fees to nine thousand pounds, or $14-thousand US dollars, a year.

Gulou Saved
The neighborhood of Gulou in Beijing is known for its century's old hutongs and courtyard homes, as well as the famous Drum and Bell towers. They were built during the Yuan dynasty and use to be the city's main time keeping instruments.

These days the neighborhood is a popular hangout for expats and locals, with a bevy72 of bars and café's tucked into the hutong alleyways.

But government plans to demolish73 the hutongs and create a new tourist and shopping development this year generated a lot of debate among locals and preservationists.

Now the government has decided74 to scrap75 its plans and is instead creating a smaller time-keeping museum. But as Sana Qadar reports, not everyone is Gulou is happy.

Reporter:
In a hutong just steps from the Drum and Bell Towers in the heart of old Beijing, lives 74 year old Liu Yuan Zhi. The retired76 geologist77 shares his four-room courtyard home with his wife and grandson.

'In Chinese: I have lived here for more than ten years'

He's lived here in the ancient neighborhood of Gulou for over a decade. The Drum and Bell towers, dating from the Yuan Dynasty, use to keep time for the residents of Beijing. Until recently, the local government had been planning to redevelop the area into a major tourism and shopping center. Liu's hutong would have been among the dozens to be destroyed. He says he's glad the government has changed it's plans

"I like to live on the ground floor. Firstly, because im getting old. Secondly78, humans need to be connected with nature. Its called ki, collecting ki from the ground and the air. To live in a building, It would shorten my life."

But not all residents are as philosophical79 about the hutong-lifestyle as Liu. For many, it comes down to an issue of space. Hutong homes often lack heating, and getting from one room to another requires going outside and crossing a central courtyard. Most don't have bathrooms, meaning residents have to use communal80 toilets. And the traditional homes pose another modern problems as well: Liu's wife tells of a local family:

"Most people don't have enough space in the hutongs to live. There is a family here, 3 people living in one tiny room. The son is 28 years old and cant81 get a girlfriend because he doesn't have his own space. So people wanted the government to tear down these hutong so they could get compensation and move into bigger places."

A few gates down from Liu and his wife's home, lives Tian Bao Lan. She says she was looking forward to the area being redeveloped.

"I was very happy to hear the government was going to tear down the whole area. I am in favor of moving out. We don't have enough space to live. I am very disappointed but the new decision has been made."

But Gulou isn't just a residential82 area. The neighborhood has many bars and café's, making it a popular place for expats and younger locals. Du Lei is the owner of the Fei Bi Xun Chan bar, just next to the Bell tower. He says what makes this area special is its history.

"Foreigners come to my bar, and I know they're not here for the coffee. They're here because they enjoy being in a place of history. The coffee tastes the same anywhere, but the location is unique. That's why foreigners come to china."

He Shuzhong with the Beijing Cultural Heritage Protection Center agrees that Gulou's history makes it a unique part of Beijing. His organization lobbied hard to save the area from redevelopment.

"Different parts of the city serve different purposes. For example, an area rich in heritage gives the city historical value. A financial area has economic value. Gulou has a unique historical function as its value to Beijing."

But Beijing is a growing city and Gulou is in prime location. With development the overall mantra of china, He says its never certain how long neighborhoods like this one can survive the construction boom.

For CRI, Im Sana Qadar

Media Digest

From Xinhua:
China's high-speed trains are expected to run at an operational speed of 500 kilometers per hour or above by 2050, according to Zhang Shuguang, deputy Chief Engineer at the Railway Ministry83. Zhang was speaking at the seventh World Congress on High-Speed Rail in Beijing and was speaking just a few days after a train on the new Shanghai to Beijing high-speed track set a world speed record of 486.1kph. Zhang based his analysis on his observation that when the train reached it's top speed it was running more smoothly84 than when it passed the 400 kph mark, which he took as an indication of greater speeds in the future.

From East Dallas Times:
The Dallas police department has got up to date by issuing e-tickets for traffic law violations85. Rather than whipping out the ticket pad and writing a ticket by hand the cops are using 50 E-ticket gadgets86 in a test program involving motorcycle officers. The gizmos are said to be more efficient because an issuing officer can get the information into the city's database within about three days instead of the 10 days it takes to enter a conventional citation87. E-tickets also take less time to fill out and the officer can also use the e-chine to scan the pulled-over driver's license88 for outstanding arrest warrants.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 prospect P01zn     
n.前景,前途;景色,视野
参考例句:
  • This state of things holds out a cheerful prospect.事态呈现出可喜的前景。
  • The prospect became more evident.前景变得更加明朗了。
2 deadlock mOIzU     
n.僵局,僵持
参考例句:
  • The negotiations reached a deadlock after two hours.两小时后,谈判陷入了僵局。
  • The employers and strikers are at a deadlock over the wage.雇主和罢工者在工资问题上相持不下。
3 protocol nRQxG     
n.议定书,草约,会谈记录,外交礼节
参考例句:
  • We must observe the correct protocol.我们必须遵守应有的礼仪。
  • The statesmen signed a protocol.那些政治家签了议定书。
4 analyzing be408cc8d92ec310bb6260bc127c162b     
v.分析;分析( analyze的现在分词 );分解;解释;对…进行心理分析n.分析
参考例句:
  • Analyzing the date of some socialist countries presents even greater problem s. 分析某些社会主义国家的统计数据,暴露出的问题甚至更大。 来自辞典例句
  • He undoubtedly was not far off the mark in analyzing its predictions. 当然,他对其预测所作的分析倒也八九不离十。 来自辞典例句
5 deploying 79c9e662a7f3c3d49ecc43f559de9424     
(尤指军事行动)使展开( deploy的现在分词 ); 施展; 部署; 有效地利用
参考例句:
  • Provides support for developing and deploying distributed, component-based applications. 为开发和部署基于组件的分布式应用程序提供支持。
  • Advertisement, publishing, repair, and install-on-demand are all available when deploying your application. 在部署应用程序时提供公布、发布、修复和即需即装功能。
6 curb LmRyy     
n.场外证券市场,场外交易;vt.制止,抑制
参考例句:
  • I could not curb my anger.我按捺不住我的愤怒。
  • You must curb your daughter when you are in church.你在教堂时必须管住你的女儿。
7 emissions 1a87f8769eb755734e056efecb5e2da9     
排放物( emission的名词复数 ); 散发物(尤指气体)
参考例句:
  • Most scientists accept that climate change is linked to carbon emissions. 大多数科学家都相信气候变化与排放的含碳气体有关。
  • Dangerous emissions radiate from plutonium. 危险的辐射物从钚放散出来。
8 envoy xoLx7     
n.使节,使者,代表,公使
参考例句:
  • Their envoy showed no sign of responding to our proposals.他们的代表对我方的提议毫无回应的迹象。
  • The government has not yet appointed an envoy to the area.政府尚未向这一地区派过外交官。
9 adoption UK7yu     
n.采用,采纳,通过;收养
参考例句:
  • An adoption agency had sent the boys to two different families.一个收养机构把他们送给两个不同的家庭。
  • The adoption of this policy would relieve them of a tremendous burden.采取这一政策会给他们解除一个巨大的负担。
10 delegation NxvxQ     
n.代表团;派遣
参考例句:
  • The statement of our delegation was singularly appropriate to the occasion.我们代表团的声明非常适合时宜。
  • We shall inform you of the date of the delegation's arrival.我们将把代表团到达的日期通知你。
11 pact ZKUxa     
n.合同,条约,公约,协定
参考例句:
  • The two opposition parties made an electoral pact.那两个反对党订了一个有关选举的协定。
  • The trade pact between those two countries came to an end.那两国的通商协定宣告结束。
12 concessions 6b6f497aa80aaf810133260337506fa9     
n.(尤指由政府或雇主给予的)特许权( concession的名词复数 );承认;减价;(在某地的)特许经营权
参考例句:
  • The firm will be forced to make concessions if it wants to avoid a strike. 要想避免罢工,公司将不得不作出一些让步。
  • The concessions did little to placate the students. 让步根本未能平息学生的愤怒。
13 ministries 80c65392682fb821af91521513be1259     
(政府的)部( ministry的名词复数 ); 神职; 牧师职位; 神职任期
参考例句:
  • Local authorities must refer everything to the central ministries. 地方管理机构应请示中央主管部门。
  • The number of Ministries has been pared down by a third. 部委的数量已经减少了1/3。
14 convened fbc66e55ebdef2d409f2794046df6cf1     
召开( convene的过去式 ); 召集; (为正式会议而)聚集; 集合
参考例句:
  • The chairman convened the committee to put the issue to a vote. 主席召集委员们开会对这个问题进行表决。
  • The governor convened his troops to put down the revolt. 总督召集他的部队去镇压叛乱。
15 curbing 8c36e8e7e184a75aca623e404655efad     
n.边石,边石的材料v.限制,克制,抑制( curb的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Progress has been made in curbing inflation. 在控制通货膨胀方面已取得了进展。
  • A range of policies have been introduced aimed at curbing inflation. 为了抑制通货膨胀实施了一系列的政策。
16 livelihood sppzWF     
n.生计,谋生之道
参考例句:
  • Appropriate arrangements will be made for their work and livelihood.他们的工作和生活会得到妥善安排。
  • My father gained a bare livelihood of family by his own hands.父亲靠自己的双手勉强维持家计。
17 gauge 2gMxz     
v.精确计量;估计;n.标准度量;计量器
参考例句:
  • Can you gauge what her reaction is likely to be?你能揣测她的反应可能是什么吗?
  • It's difficult to gauge one's character.要判断一个人的品格是很困难的。
18 speculation 9vGwe     
n.思索,沉思;猜测;投机
参考例句:
  • Her mind is occupied with speculation.她的头脑忙于思考。
  • There is widespread speculation that he is going to resign.人们普遍推测他要辞职。
19 stabilize PvuwZ     
vt.(使)稳定,使稳固,使稳定平衡;vi.稳定
参考例句:
  • They are eager to stabilize currencies.他们急于稳定货币。
  • His blood pressure tended to stabilize.他的血压趋向稳定。
20 hoarding wdwzA     
n.贮藏;积蓄;临时围墙;囤积v.积蓄并储藏(某物)( hoard的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • After the war, they were shot for hoarding. 战后他们因囤积而被枪决。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Actually he had two unused ones which he was hoarding up. 其实他还藏了两片没有用呢。 来自英汉文学
21 coastal WWiyh     
adj.海岸的,沿海的,沿岸的
参考例句:
  • The ocean waves are slowly eating away the coastal rocks.大海的波浪慢慢地侵蚀着岸边的岩石。
  • This country will fortify the coastal areas.该国将加强沿海地区的防御。
22 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
23 economist AuhzVs     
n.经济学家,经济专家,节俭的人
参考例句:
  • He cast a professional economist's eyes on the problem.他以经济学行家的眼光审视这个问题。
  • He's an economist who thinks he knows all the answers.他是个经济学家,自以为什么都懂。
24 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
25 restriction jW8x0     
n.限制,约束
参考例句:
  • The park is open to the public without restriction.这个公园对公众开放,没有任何限制。
  • The 30 mph speed restriction applies in all built-up areas.每小时限速30英里适用于所有建筑物聚集区。
26 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
参考例句:
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
27 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
28 affordable kz6zfq     
adj.支付得起的,不太昂贵的
参考例句:
  • The rent for the four-roomed house is affordable.四居室房屋的房租付得起。
  • There are few affordable apartments in big cities.在大城市中没有几所公寓是便宜的。
29 labor P9Tzs     
n.劳动,努力,工作,劳工;分娩;vi.劳动,努力,苦干;vt.详细分析;麻烦
参考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
30 daunting daunting     
adj.使人畏缩的
参考例句:
  • They were faced with the daunting task of restoring the house.他们面临着修复房子的艰巨任务。
  • Starting a new job can be a daunting prospect.开始一项新工作有时会让人望而却步。
31 solely FwGwe     
adv.仅仅,唯一地
参考例句:
  • Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。
  • The town depends almost solely on the tourist trade.这座城市几乎完全靠旅游业维持。
32 expenditure XPbzM     
n.(时间、劳力、金钱等)支出;使用,消耗
参考例句:
  • The entry of all expenditure is necessary.有必要把一切开支入账。
  • The monthly expenditure of our family is four hundred dollars altogether.我们一家的开销每月共计四百元。
33 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
34 mechanism zCWxr     
n.机械装置;机构,结构
参考例句:
  • The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body.骨骼和肌肉是人体的组成部件。
  • The mechanism of the machine is very complicated.这台机器的结构是非常复杂的。
35 margin 67Mzp     
n.页边空白;差额;余地,余裕;边,边缘
参考例句:
  • We allowed a margin of 20 minutes in catching the train.我们有20分钟的余地赶火车。
  • The village is situated at the margin of a forest.村子位于森林的边缘。
36 analyst gw7zn     
n.分析家,化验员;心理分析学家
参考例句:
  • What can you contribute to the position of a market analyst?你有什么技能可有助于市场分析员的职务?
  • The analyst is required to interpolate values between standards.分析人员需要在这些标准中插入一些值。
37 inevitable 5xcyq     
adj.不可避免的,必然发生的
参考例句:
  • Mary was wearing her inevitable large hat.玛丽戴着她总是戴的那顶大帽子。
  • The defeat had inevitable consequences for British policy.战败对英国政策不可避免地产生了影响。
38 livelihoods 53a2f8716b41c07918d6fc5d944b18a5     
生计,谋生之道( livelihood的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • First came the earliest individualistic pioneers who depended on hunting and fishing for their livelihoods. 走在最前面的是早期的个人主义先驱者,他们靠狩猎捕鱼为生。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
  • With little influence over policies, their traditional livelihoods are threatened. 因为马赛族人对政策的影响力太小,他们的传统生计受到了威胁。
39 irrational UaDzl     
adj.无理性的,失去理性的
参考例句:
  • After taking the drug she became completely irrational.她在吸毒后变得完全失去了理性。
  • There are also signs of irrational exuberance among some investors.在某些投资者中是存在非理性繁荣的征象的。
40 sectors 218ffb34fa5fb6bc1691e90cd45ad627     
n.部门( sector的名词复数 );领域;防御地区;扇形
参考例句:
  • Berlin was divided into four sectors after the war. 战后柏林分成了4 个区。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Industry and agriculture are the two important sectors of the national economy. 工业和农业是国民经济的两个重要部门。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
41 dwindle skxzI     
v.逐渐变小(或减少)
参考例句:
  • The factory's workforce has dwindled from over 4,000 to a few hundred.工厂雇员总数已经从4,000多人减少到几百人。
  • He is struggling to come to terms with his dwindling authority.他正努力适应自己权力被削弱这一局面。
42 sluggish VEgzS     
adj.懒惰的,迟钝的,无精打采的
参考例句:
  • This humid heat makes you feel rather sluggish.这种湿热的天气使人感到懒洋洋的。
  • Circulation is much more sluggish in the feet than in the hands.脚部的循环比手部的循环缓慢得多。
43 galaxy OhoxB     
n.星系;银河系;一群(杰出或著名的人物)
参考例句:
  • The earth is one of the planets in the Galaxy.地球是银河系中的星球之一。
  • The company has a galaxy of talent.该公司拥有一批优秀的人才。
44 synchronize Lqlwy     
v.使同步 [=synchronise]
参考例句:
  • The sound on a film must synchronize with the action. 影片中的声音必须与动作配合一致。
  • You must synchronize your Inbox before selecting additional folders. 在选择其他文件夹前,您必须同步您的收件箱。
45 transformation SnFwO     
n.变化;改造;转变
参考例句:
  • Going to college brought about a dramatic transformation in her outlook.上大学使她的观念发生了巨大的变化。
  • He was struggling to make the transformation from single man to responsible husband.他正在努力使自己由单身汉变为可靠的丈夫。
46 coordinating fc35d08ba9bb2dcfdc96033a33b9ae1e     
v.使协调,使调和( coordinate的现在分词 );协调;协同;成为同等
参考例句:
  • He abolished the Operations Coordinating Board and the Planning Board. 他废除了行动协调委员会和计划委员会。 来自辞典例句
  • He's coordinating the wedding, and then we're not going to invite him? 他是来协调婚礼的,难道我们不去请他? 来自电影对白
47 taxation tqVwP     
n.征税,税收,税金
参考例句:
  • He made a number of simplifications in the taxation system.他在税制上作了一些简化。
  • The increase of taxation is an important fiscal policy.增税是一项重要的财政政策。
48 consensus epMzA     
n.(意见等的)一致,一致同意,共识
参考例句:
  • Can we reach a consensus on this issue?我们能在这个问题上取得一致意见吗?
  • What is the consensus of opinion at the afternoon meeting?下午会议上一致的意见是什么?
49 morale z6Ez8     
n.道德准则,士气,斗志
参考例句:
  • The morale of the enemy troops is sinking lower every day.敌军的士气日益低落。
  • He tried to bolster up their morale.他尽力鼓舞他们的士气。
50 tune NmnwW     
n.调子;和谐,协调;v.调音,调节,调整
参考例句:
  • He'd written a tune,and played it to us on the piano.他写了一段曲子,并在钢琴上弹给我们听。
  • The boy beat out a tune on a tin can.那男孩在易拉罐上敲出一首曲子。
51 lyrics ko5zoz     
n.歌词
参考例句:
  • music and lyrics by Rodgers and Hart 由罗杰斯和哈特作词作曲
  • The book contains lyrics and guitar tablatures for over 100 songs. 这本书有100多首歌的歌词和吉他奏法谱。
52 phantom T36zQ     
n.幻影,虚位,幽灵;adj.错觉的,幻影的,幽灵的
参考例句:
  • I found myself staring at her as if she were a phantom.我发现自己瞪大眼睛看着她,好像她是一个幽灵。
  • He is only a phantom of a king.他只是有名无实的国王。
53 debut IxGxy     
n.首次演出,初次露面
参考例句:
  • That same year he made his Broadway debut, playing a suave radio journalist.在那同一年里,他初次在百老汇登台,扮演一个温文而雅的电台记者。
  • The actress made her debut in the new comedy.这位演员在那出新喜剧中首次登台演出。
54 debuted b3e2d85131439fe8678f6628fda0ec90     
初次表演,初次登台(debut的过去式与过去分词形式)
参考例句:
  • In late 2003 a full-size SUV, the Pathfinder Armada, debuted. 2003年末,全尺寸SUV的探路者无敌舰队,推出。
  • The album debuted at number two and quickly went platinum. 专辑一亮相就荣登排行榜第二名,很快就取得了白金销量。
55 stammer duMwo     
n.结巴,口吃;v.结结巴巴地说
参考例句:
  • He's got a bad stammer.他口吃非常严重。
  • We must not try to play off the boy troubled with a stammer.我们不可以取笑这个有口吃病的男孩。
56 stammering 232ca7f6dbf756abab168ca65627c748     
v.结巴地说出( stammer的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • He betrayed nervousness by stammering. 他说话结结巴巴说明他胆子小。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • \"Why,\" he said, actually stammering, \"how do you do?\" “哎呀,\"他说,真的有些结结巴巴,\"你好啊?” 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
57 relevance gVAxg     
n.中肯,适当,关联,相关性
参考例句:
  • Politicians' private lives have no relevance to their public roles.政治家的私生活与他们的公众角色不相关。
  • Her ideas have lost all relevance to the modern world.她的想法与现代社会完全脱节。
58 monarch l6lzj     
n.帝王,君主,最高统治者
参考例句:
  • The monarch's role is purely ceremonial.君主纯粹是个礼仪职位。
  • I think myself happier now than the greatest monarch upon earth.我觉得这个时候比世界上什么帝王都快乐。
59 stammerer 74c461416e45ca2d9b2a28bac81eb0d1     
n.口吃的人;结巴
参考例句:
60 portrays e91d23abfcd9e0ee71757456ac840010     
v.画像( portray的第三人称单数 );描述;描绘;描画
参考例句:
  • The museum collection vividly portrays the heritage of 200 years of canals. 博物馆的藏品让运河200 年的历史再现眼前。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The film portrays Gandhi as a kind of superman. 这部电影把甘地描绘成一个超人。 来自《简明英汉词典》
61 perfectly 8Mzxb     
adv.完美地,无可非议地,彻底地
参考例句:
  • The witnesses were each perfectly certain of what they said.证人们个个对自己所说的话十分肯定。
  • Everything that we're doing is all perfectly above board.我们做的每件事情都是光明正大的。
62 stereotypes 1ff39410e7d7a101c62ac42c17e0df24     
n.老套,模式化的见解,有老一套固定想法的人( stereotype的名词复数 )v.把…模式化,使成陈规( stereotype的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • Such jokes tend to reinforce racial stereotypes. 这样的笑话容易渲染种族偏见。
  • It makes me sick to read over such stereotypes devoid of content. 这种空洞无物的八股调,我看了就讨厌。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
63 stereotypical af5b561e94abd66f688fbfcccaffdce3     
n.常规
参考例句:
  • Personas should be typical and believable, but not stereotypical. 人物角色应该是典型和可信赖的,但不是一成不变的。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
  • Anything could be stereotypical, so I guess it could be criticism. 任何东西都可以变的老套,所以我猜那就是一种批评。 来自互联网
64 portrayal IPlxy     
n.饰演;描画
参考例句:
  • His novel is a vivid portrayal of life in a mining community.他的小说生动地描绘了矿区的生活。
  • The portrayal of the characters in the novel is lifelike.该书中的人物写得有血有肉。
65 portrayed a75f5b1487928c9f7f165b2773c13036     
v.画像( portray的过去式和过去分词 );描述;描绘;描画
参考例句:
  • Throughout the trial, he portrayed himself as the victim. 在审讯过程中,他始终把自己说成是受害者。
  • The author portrayed his father as a vicious drunkard. 作者把他父亲描绘成一个可恶的酒鬼。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
66 ken k3WxV     
n.视野,知识领域
参考例句:
  • Such things are beyond my ken.我可不懂这些事。
  • Abstract words are beyond the ken of children.抽象的言辞超出小孩所理解的范围.
67 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
68 hurled 16e3a6ba35b6465e1376a4335ae25cd2     
v.猛投,用力掷( hurl的过去式和过去分词 );大声叫骂
参考例句:
  • He hurled a brick through the window. 他往窗户里扔了块砖。
  • The strong wind hurled down bits of the roof. 大风把屋顶的瓦片刮了下来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
69 chunks a0e6aa3f5109dc15b489f628b2f01028     
厚厚的一块( chunk的名词复数 ); (某物)相当大的数量或部分
参考例句:
  • a tin of pineapple chunks 一罐菠萝块
  • Those chunks of meat are rather large—could you chop them up a bIt'smaller? 这些肉块相当大,还能再切小一点吗?
70 supreme PHqzc     
adj.极度的,最重要的;至高的,最高的
参考例句:
  • It was the supreme moment in his life.那是他一生中最重要的时刻。
  • He handed up the indictment to the supreme court.他把起诉书送交最高法院。
71 limousine B3NyJ     
n.豪华轿车
参考例句:
  • A chauffeur opened the door of the limousine for the grand lady.司机为这个高贵的女士打开了豪华轿车的车门。
  • We arrived in fine style in a hired limousine.我们很气派地乘坐出租的豪华汽车到达那里。
72 bevy UtZzo     
n.一群
参考例句:
  • A bevy of bathing beauties appeared on the beach.沙滩上出现了一群游泳的美女。
  • Look,there comes a bevy of ladies.看,一群女人来了。
73 demolish 1m7ze     
v.拆毁(建筑物等),推翻(计划、制度等)
参考例句:
  • They're going to demolish that old building.他们将拆毁那座旧建筑物。
  • He was helping to demolish an underground garage when part of the roof collapsed.他当时正在帮忙拆除一个地下汽车库,屋顶的一部份突然倒塌。
74 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
75 scrap JDFzf     
n.碎片;废料;v.废弃,报废
参考例句:
  • A man comes round regularly collecting scrap.有个男人定时来收废品。
  • Sell that car for scrap.把那辆汽车当残品卖了吧。
76 retired Njhzyv     
adj.隐退的,退休的,退役的
参考例句:
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
77 geologist ygIx7     
n.地质学家
参考例句:
  • The geologist found many uncovered fossils in the valley.在那山谷里,地质学家发现了许多裸露的化石。
  • He was a geologist,rated by his cronies as the best in the business.他是一位地质学家,被他的老朋友们看做是这门行当中最好的一位。
78 secondly cjazXx     
adv.第二,其次
参考例句:
  • Secondly,use your own head and present your point of view.第二,动脑筋提出自己的见解。
  • Secondly it is necessary to define the applied load.其次,需要确定所作用的载荷。
79 philosophical rN5xh     
adj.哲学家的,哲学上的,达观的
参考例句:
  • The teacher couldn't answer the philosophical problem.老师不能解答这个哲学问题。
  • She is very philosophical about her bad luck.她对自己的不幸看得很开。
80 communal VbcyU     
adj.公有的,公共的,公社的,公社制的
参考例句:
  • There was a communal toilet on the landing for the four flats.在楼梯平台上有一处公共卫生间供4套公寓使用。
  • The toilets and other communal facilities were in a shocking state.厕所及其他公共设施的状况极其糟糕。
81 cant KWAzZ     
n.斜穿,黑话,猛扔
参考例句:
  • The ship took on a dangerous cant to port.船只出现向左舷危险倾斜。
  • He knows thieves'cant.他懂盗贼的黑话。
82 residential kkrzY3     
adj.提供住宿的;居住的;住宅的
参考例句:
  • The mayor inspected the residential section of the city.市长视察了该市的住宅区。
  • The residential blocks were integrated with the rest of the college.住宿区与学院其他部分结合在了一起。
83 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
84 smoothly iiUzLG     
adv.平滑地,顺利地,流利地,流畅地
参考例句:
  • The workmen are very cooperative,so the work goes on smoothly.工人们十分合作,所以工作进展顺利。
  • Just change one or two words and the sentence will read smoothly.这句话只要动一两个字就顺了。
85 violations 403b65677d39097086593415b650ca21     
违反( violation的名词复数 ); 冒犯; 违反(行为、事例); 强奸
参考例句:
  • This is one of the commonest traffic violations. 这是常见的违反交通规则之例。
  • These violations of the code must cease forthwith. 这些违犯法规的行为必须立即停止。
86 gadgets 7239f3f3f78d7b7d8bbb906e62f300b4     
n.小机械,小器具( gadget的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Certainly. The idea is not to have a house full of gadgets. 当然。设想是房屋不再充满小配件。 来自超越目标英语 第4册
  • This meant more gadgets and more experiments. 这意味着要设计出更多的装置,做更多的实验。 来自英汉非文学 - 科学史
87 citation 1qyzo     
n.引用,引证,引用文;传票
参考例句:
  • He had to sign the proposition for the citation.他只好在受奖申请书上签了字。
  • The court could issue a citation and fine Ms. Robbins.法庭可能会发传票,对罗宾斯女士处以罚款。
88 license B9TzU     
n.执照,许可证,特许;v.许可,特许
参考例句:
  • The foreign guest has a license on the person.这个外国客人随身携带执照。
  • The driver was arrested for having false license plates on his car.司机由于使用假车牌而被捕。
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