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新编大学英语阅读部分第一册Unit7-2

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Unit 7
Emotions and Health

After-Class Reading

PASSAGE I Your Anger Can Kill You


Proper Names

Meyer Friedman
(男子名)迈耶.弗里德曼

Ray H. Rosenman
(男子名)雷.H.罗森曼


New Words

adrenalin
n. 肾上腺素

aggravate1 *
v. make worse 加重,加剧
e.g. National poverty was aggravated2 by rapid population growth.

aggression3
n. violent or hostile behavior towards others 敌对的情绪或行为
e.g. Aggression is by no means a male-only trait.

assessment4 *
n. evaluation5 or opinion 评估
e.g. There has to be a clear assessment of the country's social needs.

cardiac
adj. 心脏(病)的

cardiologist
n. 心脏病学家

checkout6
n. (超级市场中的) 付款处

cholesterol7 *
n. 胆固醇

clarify *
v. cause to become clearer and more easily understood 使(某事物)清楚易懂;澄清
e.g. Could the minister clarify the government's policy on South Africa?

clue *
n. something that helps to find the answer to a problem 线索
e.g. The police found several important clues in the dead man's bedroom.

conduct *
v. carry out 进行,实施,处理
e.g. We are conducting a survey to find out what our customers think of their local bus service.

consequence *
n. 结果,后果,影响
e.g. It's impossible to know what the consequences of such a decision would be.

coronary
adj. 冠状动脉(静脉)的
n. 冠状动脉

counsel *
v. give advice 劝告,提议
e.g. Our role is to counsel couples considering divorce.

cumulative8 *
adj. increasing by one addition after another 累积的
e.g. The cumulative effect of using so many chemicals on the land could be disastrous9.

cynic
n. 愤世嫉俗者

cynical10 *
adj. like or typical of a cynic 愤世嫉俗的

diet *
n. the kind of food that someone eats each day 日常饮食

elevator *
n. 电梯

encouraging *
adj. giving one hope and confidence 令人鼓舞的
e.g. We expect business to improve this year; January's sales figures were very encouraging.

episode *
n. 一段经历,片段,插曲

evidence *
n. facts, objects, or signs that make one believe that something exists or is true 证据
e.g. Do you have any evidence that her husband is planning to leave her?

fatal *
adj. resulting in someone's death 致命的
e.g. This illness is in almost all cases fatal.

generate *
v. produce 产生
e.g. His latest film has generated a lot of excitement.

glean12
v. gather (facts) in small amounts 收集(消息、资料、情报等)

heed13
v. pay attention to someone's advice or warning
e.g. I should have heeded14 what you said.

hey
interj. 喂(用以唤起注意或表示惊讶等)

hormone15
n. 荷尔蒙

inconsiderate *
adj. not thinking of other people 不替别人着想的,考虑不周的

irritation16 *
n. annoyance17 恼怒

lane *
n. 通道

mistreat *
v. treat badly

mistrust *
n. distrust 不信任

mortality *
n. 死亡率

noticeable *
adj. worth noticing or easily noticed 明显的,易见的
e.g. The most noticeable effect of these changes is in the way people are now working together.

obviously *
adv. 显然;明白地
e.g. He's obviously in great pain.

odds18 *
n. the probability of something happening 可能性;机会
e.g. --I wonder why he's so late?
--The odds are that his train was delayed.

outpouring
n. an uncontrolled expression of strong feelings (强烈感情的)流露

pitch *
n. 音调
e.g. He raised his voice to an even higher pitch.

prevention *
n. the act of preventing 预防

program *
n. a set of planned activities in education or training, with a specific purpose 行动方案;工作计划

quotient
n. 商,商数

recruit *
v. find in order to employ 征募
e.g. Charities such as Oxfam are always trying to recruit volunteers to help in their work.

recurrent
adj. happening again and again 经常发生的;周期性的

refine *
v. improve (a method, plan, etc.) especially in details 改进,使变得完善
e.g. Surgical19 techniques are constantly being refined.

religion *
n. 宗教

substantial *
adj. large in amount or degree 可观的;重大的
e.g. That is a very substantial improvement in the present situation.

suspicion *
n. a feeling that someone is guilty of doing something wrong or dishonest 怀疑
e.g. His odd behavior aroused suspicion.

threaten *
v. 威胁;恐吓
e.g. They threatened to kill him unless he did as they asked.

tighten20 *
v. become tight or tighter
e.g. As he struggled, the ropes tightened21 even more.

toxic22
adj. 有害的,有毒的

trigger *
v. cause (something bad) to start 引发,激发
e.g. Some people find that certain foods trigger their headaches.

unseen *
adj. not seen

victim *
n. someone who suffers because they are affected23 by a bad situation or by an illness 受害者;罹病者
e.g. Congress has agreed to provide financial aid to flood victims.

virtue24 *
n. 优点,长处

wisdom *
n. 智慧

Your Anger Can Kill You

For well[1] over 2000 years the world's great religions have taught the virtues25 of a trusting heart. Now there is another reason to heed the wisdom of the ages[2]: scientific evidence indicates that those with trusting hearts will live longer, healthier lives.
As a result of the work published in the US by two pioneering cardiologists, Meyer Friedman and Ray H. Rosenman, nearly every American is aware that Type A[3] people are impatient and easily moved to hostility26 and anger. Many have come to believe that Type A's are at much higher risk of suffering a heart attack or dying of coronary disease than others.
Just as the public was about to add Type A behavior to the list of cardiac risk factors—such as smoking, high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure and lack of physical exercise—reports began to appear suggesting that the Type A story was not so simple.
New studies failed to find an increased risk of heart attack in all Type A's. But recent research is clarifying and refining our understanding of the problem. The good news is that not all aspects of Type A behavior are equally toxic. Recent research shows that being in a hurry appears harmful only as it aggravates27 one's hostility.
Now for the bad news: hostility and anger can be fatal. They not only raise the odds that you will develop coronary heart disease but may also increase your risk of suffering other life-threatening illnesses. If yours is a hostile heart, it is important that you learn to reduce your anger.[4]
The driving force behind hostility is a cynical mistrust of others. If we expect others to mistreat us, we are seldom disappointed.[5] This generates anger and leads us to respond with aggression.
The most characteristic attitude of a cynic is suspicion of the motives28 of people he doesn't know. Imagine you are waiting for an elevator and it stops two floors above for longer than usual. How inconsiderate!you think. If people want to carry on a conversation, why don't they get off the elevator so the rest of us can get where we're going! You have no way of knowing what is causing the delay. Yet, in a few seconds, you have drawn29 hostile conclusions about unseen people and their motives.
Meanwhile, your cynical mistrust is triggering an outpouring of adrenalin and other stress hormones30, with noticeable physical consequences. Your voice changes to a higher pitch. The rate and depth of your breathing increases. Your heart is beating faster and harder, and the muscles of your arms and legs tighten. You feel full of energy and ready for action.
If you frequently experience these feelings, your anger quotient is too high, and you may be at increased risk of developing serious health problems. The cumulative effect of the hormones released during these anger episodes can add to the risk of coronary and other diseases.
Over time, sadly, it becomes easier for the hostile heart to express anger. Do you often show your irritation to someone you just met? This can range from the mild ("I believe you have too many items in your basket for this express checkout lane [6]") to the not-so-mild ("Hey, you can't go through this line with that many items!").
The first clue that your behavior in a situation is hostile can be gleaned31 from your answer to the question "What is my purpose in doing this?" If it is to punish the other person for what he has done, then you are guilty as charged.
Is it possible to reduce your hostility, to become more trusting? Research on heart-attack prevention conducted by cardiologist Meyer Friedman's group is encouraging. He and his colleagues recruited 1,013 heart-attack victims—nearly all Type A's—to participate in the study. Cardiologists counseled a group of the volunteers about their diet and exercise habits. Another group received the same counseling plus a program to reduce their Type A behavior.
Assessments32 after 4.5 years showed that the group receiving both cardiac and behavioral counseling had decreased its dangerous Type A behavior by a substantial degree. Those in the comparison group had done so to only a limited extent.
More important, there was a 45% reduction in the rates of mortality and recurrent heart problems among those who modified their behavior. It follows, then, that reducing anger should help prevent a first heart attack. (734 words)

Phrases and Expressions

add to
increase something 增加
e.g. The bad weather only added to our difficulties.

be about to
be going to do something very soon 即将,正要
e.g. I think he is about to leave.

carry on
continue, especially in spite of an interruption or difficulties 继续(做某事)
e.g. We can carry on our discussion after lunch.

in a hurry 匆忙
e.g. Sorry, I can't stop. I'm in a hurry.

range from... to
vary between limits 从......到
e.g. The quality of food ranges from good to excellent.


PASSAGE II How to Live to Be 100

Proper Names

Harvard University
(美国)哈佛大学


New Words

accumulate *
v. gradually get more and more 积累,聚积
e.g. I've accumulated far too many books over the last two years.

adopt *
v. take and use as one's own 采纳,采取
e.g. We've adopted a new procedure for testing reading skills.

alarm *
n. warning sound or signal 警报的声音或信号

allotment
n. a share, e.g. of money or space 份额

arise *
v. (arose, arisen) follow as a result of something 因某事物而产生、造成、引起
e.g. The company's losses this year arise entirely33 from the new taxes.

athlete *
n. 运动员

biological *
adj. 生物学的;与生物学有关的

cabinet *
n. 贮藏橱

category *
n. a division or class in a system for dividing objects into groups according to their nature or type 种类,类别

community *
n. people living in one place, district or country, considered as a whole 社区,社会
e.g. He's well liked by the people in the community.

cosmic *
adj. 宇宙的

daydream34
v. think about something pleasant, especially when one forgets what one should be doing 做白日梦

diabetes35 *
n. 糖尿病

error *
n. mistake
e.g. I was guilty of making an error of judgment36.

essential *
adj. necessary; most important 不可缺少的;必要的
e.g. The ability to make quick decisions is essential in this job.

excessive *
adj. greater than what is normal or necessary 过量的
e.g. The government says that local authority spending is excessive.

expectancy37
n. 预料,预计,期待
e.g. life expectancy 预期寿命,平均寿命

gene11 *
n. 基因

heartening
adj. 振奋人心的

intensively *
adv. 加强地,集中地

jog
v. 慢跑

longevity38
n. 长寿,长命

minor39 *
adj. 程度轻的,较小的
e.g. He made one or two minor changes to my article.

organization *
n. 系统性,条理性

permanent *
adj. lasting40 or intended to last for a long time or forever 永久的,长久的
e.g. Heavy drinking can cause permanent damage to the brain.

poison *
n. 毒药,毒物

possibility *
n. 可能性
e.g. We should consider the possibility that he may still be alive.

predictor *
n. 预言者

productive *
adj. achieving a lot 富有成效的
e.g. He had an amazingly productive five years in which he managed to write four novels.

quit *
v. (quit, quit) 停止(做)某事物
e.g. That was the week I quit smoking.

remind *
v. tell or cause (someone) to remember 提醒
e.g. Remind me on Friday to get more bread for the weekend.

senior *
adj. older 年长的

theorist
n. 理论家

vastly *
adv. very greatly 极大地

vigorously *
adv. 用力地;有力地;剧烈地
e.g. The dog shook itself vigorously, scattering42 drops of water everywhere.

How to Live to Be 100

Living until 100 isn't possible for everyone, still most of us can take steps to lengthen43 our lives. Here's how to vastly improve your chances of a long, happy, healthy, and productive life.
Why do we age? No one knows why our bodies seem to wear out, but most guesses fall into one of two categories. We can describe these as "wear and tear"[1] and "alarm clocks"[2]. The "wear and tear" side argues that aging reflects a lifetime of accumulated damage to cells and organs. This damage arises from natural sources like cosmic rays and minor errors in the body's chemical reactions and from self-caused choices like smoking cigarettes and eating too much fat. The "alarm clocks" side argues that the aging process is programmed into our genes44. Thus aging is a scheduled event much like one's first permanent tooth.Of course everyone's biological alarm clock is set differently and there is no way of knowing when it will go off for any individual. However, both the "wear and tear" and the "alarm clocks" theorists agree on one important point: Most of us waste some of our allotment of time, and we could add 20 years to our life expectancy if we all adopted better living habits.
The best place to begin living longer is at the dinner table. Everything from cancer to heart disease to diabetes can be caused or made worse by a lifetime of bad eating habits. Eating less fat is the most important thing for most people. That is the best way to lower the amount of cholesterol in the blood.
Exercise is essential. Vigorous exercise can slow the aging process. One research group found that a group of intensively trained athletes aged41 55 or older, men who jogged or ran as much as 50 miles a week, were as fit in many respects as were healthy 25-year-old athletes.[3]Another study shows that among 17,000 Harvard University graduates, those who exercised regularly and vigorously after graduation had death rates a quarter to a third lower than their classmates who did not exercise.
Of course, there are obvious things that people need to remind themselves of from time to time: Don't leave poisons in the medicine cabinet where "sleepy" hands can find them in the night; don't daydream while crossing the street; when driving a car, don't drive at excessive speed. People should also stop damaging their bodies with drugs, including cigarettes and too much alcohol. If they will do this, they will probably add years to their lives. Studies show that the body can often begin to reverse the ill[4] effects of such damage even in later years. It really is never too late to quit smoking or heavy drinking.
The most heartening possibilities of all for longer life have been found in the area of mental outlook. Keeping mentally active will increase one's chances of staying healthy farther into one's senior years. One study of healthy individuals whose average age was 71 indicated that the people in the group who had high goals and interests as well as a high degree of organization in their lives were the ones who lived longer. The nature of the interest was not important. It could be interest in a grandchild, in community activities, or even the success of some sports team, just as long as there was strong interest. Researchers have also found that the interests that keep older people going can be solitary45 as well as shared with others.
Other research studies have found that the best predictor of one's longevity is the age at which one's parents die. If they lived a long life, chances are good that their children will also.[5] Many studies have also shown that married people get sick less and live longer than those who remain single. (634 words)

Phrases and Expressions

arise from
be a result of; be caused by 因某事物而产生、造成、引起
e.g. Are there any matters arising from the last meeting?

fall into
be able to be divided into 可分为
e.g. This lecture falls naturally into three sections.

from time to time
sometimes; not very often 偶尔
e.g. They come to see us from time to time.

go off
make a sudden loud noise 突然发出响声
e.g. Then the fire alarm went off. I just grabbed my clothes and ran out.

remind...of
tell or cause (someone) to remember 使发生联想
e.g. I've forgotten his name--will you remind me of it?

take steps to do something
take action in order to achieve a desired result 采取步骤以达到某目的
e.g. The government is taking steps to control the rising crime rate.

wear out
be reduced to nothing or to a useless state by long use 耗尽
e.g. The past few days had really worn him out.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 aggravate Gxkzb     
vt.加重(剧),使恶化;激怒,使恼火
参考例句:
  • Threats will only aggravate her.恐吓只能激怒她。
  • He would only aggravate the injury by rubbing it.他揉擦伤口只会使伤势加重。
2 aggravated d0aec1b8bb810b0e260cb2aa0ff9c2ed     
使恶化( aggravate的过去式和过去分词 ); 使更严重; 激怒; 使恼火
参考例句:
  • If he aggravated me any more I shall hit him. 假如他再激怒我,我就要揍他。
  • Far from relieving my cough, the medicine aggravated it. 这药非但不镇咳,反而使我咳嗽得更厉害。
3 aggression WKjyF     
n.进攻,侵略,侵犯,侵害
参考例句:
  • So long as we are firmly united, we need fear no aggression.只要我们紧密地团结,就不必惧怕外来侵略。
  • Her view is that aggression is part of human nature.她认为攻击性是人类本性的一部份。
4 assessment vO7yu     
n.评价;评估;对财产的估价,被估定的金额
参考例句:
  • This is a very perceptive assessment of the situation.这是一个对该情况的极富洞察力的评价。
  • What is your assessment of the situation?你对时局的看法如何?
5 evaluation onFxd     
n.估价,评价;赋值
参考例句:
  • I attempted an honest evaluation of my own life.我试图如实地评价我自己的一生。
  • The new scheme is still under evaluation.新方案还在评估阶段。
6 checkout lwGzd1     
n.(超市等)收银台,付款处
参考例句:
  • Could you pay at the checkout.你能在结帐处付款吗。
  • A man was wheeling his shopping trolley to the checkout.一个男人正推着购物车向付款台走去。
7 cholesterol qrzzV     
n.(U)胆固醇
参考例句:
  • There is cholesterol in the cell of body.人体细胞里有胆固醇。
  • They are determining the serum-protein and cholesterol levels.他们正在测定血清蛋白和胆固醇的浓度。
8 cumulative LyYxo     
adj.累积的,渐增的
参考例句:
  • This drug has a cumulative effect.这种药有渐增的效力。
  • The benefits from eating fish are cumulative.吃鱼的好处要长期才能显现。
9 disastrous 2ujx0     
adj.灾难性的,造成灾害的;极坏的,很糟的
参考例句:
  • The heavy rainstorm caused a disastrous flood.暴雨成灾。
  • Her investment had disastrous consequences.She lost everything she owned.她的投资结果很惨,血本无归。
10 cynical Dnbz9     
adj.(对人性或动机)怀疑的,不信世道向善的
参考例句:
  • The enormous difficulty makes him cynical about the feasibility of the idea.由于困难很大,他对这个主意是否可行持怀疑态度。
  • He was cynical that any good could come of democracy.他不相信民主会带来什么好处。
11 gene WgKxx     
n.遗传因子,基因
参考例句:
  • A single gene may have many effects.单一基因可能具有很多种效应。
  • The targeting of gene therapy has been paid close attention.其中基因治疗的靶向性是值得密切关注的问题之一。
12 glean Ye5zu     
v.收集(消息、资料、情报等)
参考例句:
  • The little information that we could glean about them was largely contradictory.我们能够收集到的有关它们的少量信息大部分是自相矛盾的。
  • From what I was able to glean,it appears they don't intend to take any action yet.根据我所收集到的资料分析,他们看来还不打算采取任何行动。
13 heed ldQzi     
v.注意,留意;n.注意,留心
参考例句:
  • You must take heed of what he has told.你要注意他所告诉的事。
  • For the first time he had to pay heed to his appearance.这是他第一次非得注意自己的外表不可了。
14 heeded 718cd60e0e96997caf544d951e35597a     
v.听某人的劝告,听从( heed的过去式和过去分词 );变平,使(某物)变平( flatten的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • She countered that her advice had not been heeded. 她反驳说她的建议未被重视。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I heeded my doctor's advice and stopped smoking. 我听从医生的劝告,把烟戒了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
15 hormone uyky3     
n.荷尔蒙,激素,内分泌
参考例句:
  • Hormone implants are used as growth boosters.激素植入物被用作生长辅助剂。
  • This hormone interacts closely with other hormones in the body.这种荷尔蒙与体內其他荷尔蒙紧密地相互作用。
16 irritation la9zf     
n.激怒,恼怒,生气
参考例句:
  • He could not hide his irritation that he had not been invited.他无法掩饰因未被邀请而生的气恼。
  • Barbicane said nothing,but his silence covered serious irritation.巴比康什么也不说,但是他的沉默里潜伏着阴郁的怒火。
17 annoyance Bw4zE     
n.恼怒,生气,烦恼
参考例句:
  • Why do you always take your annoyance out on me?为什么你不高兴时总是对我出气?
  • I felt annoyance at being teased.我恼恨别人取笑我。
18 odds n5czT     
n.让步,机率,可能性,比率;胜败优劣之别
参考例句:
  • The odds are 5 to 1 that she will win.她获胜的机会是五比一。
  • Do you know the odds of winning the lottery once?你知道赢得一次彩票的几率多大吗?
19 surgical 0hXzV3     
adj.外科的,外科医生的,手术上的
参考例句:
  • He performs the surgical operations at the Red Cross Hospital.他在红十字会医院做外科手术。
  • All surgical instruments must be sterilised before use.所有的外科手术器械在使用之前,必须消毒。
20 tighten 9oYwI     
v.(使)变紧;(使)绷紧
参考例句:
  • Turn the screw to the right to tighten it.向右转动螺钉把它拧紧。
  • Some countries tighten monetary policy to avoid inflation.一些国家实行紧缩银根的货币政策,以避免通货膨胀。
21 tightened bd3d8363419d9ff838bae0ba51722ee9     
收紧( tighten的过去式和过去分词 ); (使)变紧; (使)绷紧; 加紧
参考例句:
  • The rope holding the boat suddenly tightened and broke. 系船的绳子突然绷断了。
  • His index finger tightened on the trigger but then relaxed again. 他的食指扣住扳机,然后又松开了。
22 toxic inSwc     
adj.有毒的,因中毒引起的
参考例句:
  • The factory had accidentally released a quantity of toxic waste into the sea.这家工厂意外泄漏大量有毒废物到海中。
  • There is a risk that toxic chemicals might be blasted into the atmosphere.爆炸后有毒化学物质可能会进入大气层。
23 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
24 virtue BpqyH     
n.德行,美德;贞操;优点;功效,效力
参考例句:
  • He was considered to be a paragon of virtue.他被认为是品德尽善尽美的典范。
  • You need to decorate your mind with virtue.你应该用德行美化心灵。
25 virtues cd5228c842b227ac02d36dd986c5cd53     
美德( virtue的名词复数 ); 德行; 优点; 长处
参考例句:
  • Doctors often extol the virtues of eating less fat. 医生常常宣扬少吃脂肪的好处。
  • She delivered a homily on the virtues of family life. 她进行了一场家庭生活美德方面的说教。
26 hostility hdyzQ     
n.敌对,敌意;抵制[pl.]交战,战争
参考例句:
  • There is open hostility between the two leaders.两位领导人表现出公开的敌意。
  • His hostility to your plan is well known.他对你的计划所持的敌意是众所周知的。
27 aggravates b7b09c2f91842c4161671a7f19cda589     
使恶化( aggravate的第三人称单数 ); 使更严重; 激怒; 使恼火
参考例句:
  • If he aggravates me any more I shall punish him. 如果他再惹我生气,我就要惩罚他。
  • Now nothing aggravates me more than when people torment each pther. 没有什么东西比人们的互相折磨更使我愤怒。
28 motives 6c25d038886898b20441190abe240957     
n.动机,目的( motive的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • to impeach sb's motives 怀疑某人的动机
  • His motives are unclear. 他的用意不明。
29 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,紧张的
参考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的风景所吸引。
30 hormones hormones     
n. 荷尔蒙,激素 名词hormone的复数形式
参考例句:
  • This hormone interacts closely with other hormones in the body. 这种荷尔蒙与体內其他荷尔蒙紧密地相互作用。
  • The adrenals produce a large per cent of a man's sex hormones. 肾上腺分泌人体的大部分性激素。
31 gleaned 83f6cdf195a7d487666a71e02179d977     
v.一点点地收集(资料、事实)( glean的过去式和过去分词 );(收割后)拾穗
参考例句:
  • These figures have been gleaned from a number of studies. 这些数据是通过多次研究收集得来的。
  • A valuable lesson may be gleaned from it by those who have eyes to see. 明眼人可从中记取宝贵的教训。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
32 assessments 7d0657785d6e5832f8576c61c78262ef     
n.评估( assessment的名词复数 );评价;(应偿付金额的)估定;(为征税对财产所作的)估价
参考例句:
  • He was shrewd in his personal assessments. 他总能对人作出精明的评价。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Surveys show about two-thirds use such assessments, while half employ personality tests. 调查表明,约有三分之二的公司采用了这种测评;而一半的公司则采用工作人员个人品质测试。 来自百科语句
33 entirely entirely     
ad.全部地,完整地;完全地,彻底地
参考例句:
  • The fire was entirely caused by their neglect of duty. 那场火灾完全是由于他们失职而引起的。
  • His life was entirely given up to the educational work. 他的一生统统献给了教育工作。
34 daydream jvGzVa     
v.做白日梦,幻想
参考例句:
  • Boys and girls daydream about what they want to be.孩子们遐想着他们将来要干什么。
  • He drifted off into another daydream.他飘飘然又做了一个白日梦。
35 diabetes uPnzu     
n.糖尿病
参考例句:
  • In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
  • Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body.糖尿病是由体內胰岛素分泌失调引起的。
36 judgment e3xxC     
n.审判;判断力,识别力,看法,意见
参考例句:
  • The chairman flatters himself on his judgment of people.主席自认为他审视人比别人高明。
  • He's a man of excellent judgment.他眼力过人。
37 expectancy tlMys     
n.期望,预期,(根据概率统计求得)预期数额
参考例句:
  • Japanese people have a very high life expectancy.日本人的平均寿命非常长。
  • The atomosphere of tense expectancy sobered everyone.这种期望的紧张气氛使每个人变得严肃起来。
38 longevity C06xQ     
n.长命;长寿
参考例句:
  • Good habits promote longevity.良好的习惯能增长寿命。
  • Human longevity runs in families.人类的长寿具有家族遗传性。
39 minor e7fzR     
adj.较小(少)的,较次要的;n.辅修学科;vi.辅修
参考例句:
  • The young actor was given a minor part in the new play.年轻的男演员在这出新戏里被分派担任一个小角色。
  • I gave him a minor share of my wealth.我把小部分财产给了他。
40 lasting IpCz02     
adj.永久的,永恒的;vbl.持续,维持
参考例句:
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的战争使美元贬值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我们希望这些纠纷能获得永久的解决。
41 aged 6zWzdI     
adj.年老的,陈年的
参考例句:
  • He had put on weight and aged a little.他胖了,也老点了。
  • He is aged,but his memory is still good.他已年老,然而记忆力还好。
42 scattering 91b52389e84f945a976e96cd577a4e0c     
n.[物]散射;散乱,分散;在媒介质中的散播adj.散乱的;分散在不同范围的;广泛扩散的;(选票)数量分散的v.散射(scatter的ing形式);散布;驱散
参考例句:
  • The child felle into a rage and began scattering its toys about. 这孩子突发狂怒,把玩具扔得满地都是。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The farmers are scattering seed. 农夫们在播种。 来自《简明英汉词典》
43 lengthen n34y1     
vt.使伸长,延长
参考例句:
  • He asked the tailor to lengthen his coat.他请裁缝把他的外衣放长些。
  • The teacher told her to lengthen her paper out.老师让她把论文加长。
44 genes 01914f8eac35d7e14afa065217edd8c0     
n.基因( gene的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • You have good genes from your parents, so you should live a long time. 你从父母那儿获得优良的基因,所以能够活得很长。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Differences will help to reveal the functions of the genes. 它们间的差异将会帮助我们揭开基因多种功能。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 生物技术的世纪
45 solitary 7FUyx     
adj.孤独的,独立的,荒凉的;n.隐士
参考例句:
  • I am rather fond of a solitary stroll in the country.我颇喜欢在乡间独自徜徉。
  • The castle rises in solitary splendour on the fringe of the desert.这座城堡巍然耸立在沙漠的边际,显得十分壮美。
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TAG标签:   大学英语  阅读  第四册  unit
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