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99.3a上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

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SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with
blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the words you have heard on the tape. Write your
answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the
passage only once.
Building team spirit is always the focal point of what I have been trying to do as a manager.
When I first went to Crystal Palace, football players would ____________(1) and then go
straight home. There was ______________(2). So we brought in a pool table and fruit machines.
When _______________(3) choose to spend time together, it generates a better
atmosphere.____________(4) is very important, but I don't believe in trying to
_____________(5) as a team. I try to motivate them ___________(6). So I don't give team
talks. I speak to the players individually. And I try not to ___________(7). I believe that football
players perform best when they are relaxed. If they're ______________(8), I can guarantee they
won't play well in a game.
I also believe in _______________(9). I like all the people who work for me to be
autonomous; therefore, I_____________(10). I feel people should be judged
_______________(11). If they prove incompetent1, then I'm incompetent if I ____________(12).
It's like that with the team. I get criticized for not interfering2 during a game and
_________(13). But I feel if I've chosen those eleven players to get a result, then I should
___________(14) to get on with it.
If I'm dropping a player from the team, I ________________(15) I have to explain it to
them. If they _______________(16), I'll say “ Come back and talk about it. ”
_______________(17) But I don’t try to re-motivate them. It's up to them to have the character
to ________(18). I'm a great believer that almost everything you achieve in life is (19). If I have
a football player who is magnificently gifted but has a stinking3 attitude, I won't
__________________(20).
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken
only once. Now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have heard and
write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER
BOOKLET.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following radio programme.
1. A. Arts. B. Maths.
C. Science and Technology. D. Social Sciences.
2. A. Three hours. B. 10 hours.
C. 15 hours. D. 16 hours.
3. A. He found it quite easy. B. He failed the exam.
C. He passed it only marginally. D. He was praised by the Dean.
4. A. Because he thinks that the fee would be too expensive.
B. Because he would have to economise.
C. Because it might be too demanding.
D. Because it is designed for younger people only.
5. A. It offers advice on how to go about choosing a career.
B. It criticises the educational system in Britain.
C. It evaluates degree courses at British universities.
D. It discusses educational opportunities for adults.
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following news.
6. A. 95. B. 195.
C. 226. D. 251.
7. A. The military rule in the country.
B. The government's decision to privatize the banking4 sector5.
C. The shortage of food at the detention6 centre.
D. The detention without trial.
8. A. When the plane was trying to take off.
B. When the plane was landing.
C. When the plane was flying across the Cuban-Ecuadorean border.
D. When the plane was caught in a storm.
9. A. Electronic commerce will replace traditional ways of doing business in 20 years' time.
B. Electronic commerce would only supplement traditional ways of doing businesses.
C. Electronic commerce is not suitable for their businesses.
D. Electronic commerce has to be improved to handle day-to-day transactions.
10. A. Violence is becoming worse over the past week.
B. Police used rubber bullets against against the looters.
C. Looting of ethnic7 Chinese houses is continuing.
D. Troops shot and killed hundreds of rioters.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following interview.
11. A. Nine years ago. B. Eight year ago.
C. In 1981. D. In 1991.
12. A. Networking. B. Business applications.
C. Games software. D. Electronic toys.
13. A. Four. B. Eight. C. Twelve. D. Fourteen.
14. A. Six months ago.
B. Last month.
C. Immediately after the founding of the company.
D. After setting up the distribution business.
15. A. Because they believed that it would succeed soon.
B. Because they didn't want people to think they were in trouble.
C. Because this division helped promote the sales of other products.
D. Because this division created useful connections in the business.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
16. A. Both parents working with two or three children.
B. A working father, a housewife mother and a couple of children.
C. Married couples who decide not to have any children.
D. Adult children living with their parents.
17. A. High divorce rate.
B. Rapid economic growth.
C. Unemployment.
D. More women working outside she home.
18. A. 44.5%. B. 45.5%.
C. 54.5% D. 55.5%.
19. A. By allowing the employee to work on flextime.
B. By providing extra benefits for the employee's family.
C. By helping9 the employee's spouse10 to find a new job.
D. By setting up day-care centres.
20. A. Only some large companies have the mew policies listed in the talk.
B. The situation of modern working parents has been greatly improved by adopting these
policies.
C. These policies are very, very expensive to implement11.
D. Some of these policies go against labour laws in the USA and Japan.
SECTION 2: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by several
questions about it. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question.
Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated of implied in that
passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your
ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1~5
The Government claimed yesterday to have imposed a virtual moratorium12 on the
commercial growing of controversial genetically14 modified crops, but was rebuked15 by
environment and consumer groups who said it was allowing their go-ahead under cover of more
experiments. In a package of measures aimed to leave the door open to the powerful
biotechnology industry but also to reassure17 anxious consumers, environment minister Michael
Meacher said no commercial growing of the controversial crops would now be allowed before
autumn 1999.
But the Government will allow six farms to grow GM crops on a commercial basis under
strict ecological18 monitoring to establish the effects of widescale planting. The first crops are
expected to be oilseed rape19, to be planted in August 1999 and harvested in July 2000. Until now
they have only been small-scale trials, without ecological monitoring. Mr. Meacher said further
commercial plantings will depend on the results of the monitoring. The Government will also
ban commercial growing of insect-resistant crops for three years.
“We are effectively declaring a moratorium,” said Mr. Meacher. “We must take the
precautionary approach. We may decide that we need extra time before we give any go-ahead for
widescale commercial planting.”
Giving evidence to the Lords select committee on the European Community, Mr. Meacher
and food safety minister Jeff Rooker, announced that the Government would also tighten20 up the
industry's self-regulatory system, bring in new advisers21, lobby Europe for legal reform, and set
up a Cabinet sub committee drawing on ministers from four departments. Mr. Rooker said it
may also set up with supermarkets a surveillance system to monitor any unexpected health
effects of the crops, and convene22 a new ethics23 committee.
The measures were broadly welcomed by English Nature, the Government's wildlife
advisers, and the RSPB, both of whom had earlier called for a three-year moratorium.“It will
take three years of farm trials before we begin to understand the impact of these crops on
wildlife,”said Jonathan Curtoys of the RSPB. But environment, health and consumer watchdog
groups said the proposals were full of loopholes.“It is effectively an expansion of the industry.
The Government is relying on industry to monitor itself which always fails,”said Charles Secrett,
director of Friends of the Earth.
Patrick Holden of the Soil Association, Which represents organic farmers who fear that GM
crops will genetically pollute their produce, said the Government had caved into industry. “They
are saying that you cannot stop the arrival of these crops. It's terrible.”
Others welcomed the move to expand the remit24 of the scientific body that considers
applications from industry to release the crops. A virtually new panel will be asked to look at the
indirect and cumulative25 effects of the crops, and ecologists and wildlife scientists will be drafted
in.
A mew committee made up of farmers, industry and pressure groups will also be set up.
The promised Food Standards Agency is expected to take overall control of the crops' future
development, said Mr. Rooker.
1. It can be concluded from the passage that environment and consumer groups_________.
A. are in full support of the Government's decision on genetic13 crops
B. suggest that the measures put forward by the Government should be revised
C. hold that biotechnology industry will inevitably26 bring disaster to humanity
D. are very much concerned about the Government's new measures
2. The word “moratorium” used in the passage is closest in meaning to__________.
A. temporary delay. B. complete stoppage.
C. immediate8 action. D. strict prohibition27.
3. The expression “loopholes” in the sentence “But environment, health and consumer
watchdog groups said the proposals were full of loopholes.”(para. 7) can be paraphrased28 as
which of the following?
A. Great negative effects. B. Grammatical errors.
C. Vague and inexact expressions. D. unnecessary repetitions.
4. Which of the following is NOT included in the measures suggested by the Government?
A. To strengthen the control of the industry's self-regulatory system.
B. To integrate Friends of the Earth and the Soil Association into one of the committees.
C. To establish a surveillance system with supermarkets to watch and check any harmful
effects of GM crops.
D. To set up a number of committees to study and take control of the future developments of
GM crops.
5. Which of the following is mainly discussed in the passage?
A. The development of biotechnology industry.
B. The protest of Friends of the Earth and the Soil Association.
C. The pollution of natural agricultural products.
D. The policy on the commercial planting of GM products.
Questions 6~10
UP TO NINE serving and retired29 police officers are acting30 as “supergrasses” to inform on
corrupt31 colleagues at Scotland Yard, it was revealed yesterday.
The huge scale of the corruption32 uncovered within the Metropolitan33 Police has resulted in
up to 300 convictions being re examined to discover whether innocent people have been
jailed.
Forty police officers have so far been suspended—including detectives from a witness
protection unit—and nine serving and former officers have been charged in connection with
drugs and money allegations.
In the largest anti-corruption drive for decades, about nine serving or retired officers have
become informants.
The bulk of the officers have com from the former South East Regional Crime Squad34
(SERCS),which investigated major criminals, and the Flying Squad, the unit that targets armed
robbers.
Most of the so-called “supergrasses” have offered to inform on their colleagues in the
hope of receiving more lenient35 sentences for their own wrong-doings.
Among the informants are two former Flying Squad officers, and one detective constable
who was attached to the former SERCS, and was arrested in connection with illegal drug
activities.
As more officers are prepared to turn “informer” —in one case a detective is understood
to have named up to 30 fellow officers—the number of allegations of police corruption is
expected to rise sharply during the next few months.
As the inquiry36 by the specialist anti-corruption units CIB2 and CIB3 widens, a growing
number of officers are being suspended and charged in connection with offenses—including
drug dealing37, taking bribes38, robbery, tampering39 with evidence, and even helping out with
contract killings40. Corrupt officers have made hundreds of thousands of pounds from their illegal
activities. Six officers from the Special Witness Protection Unit have been suspended following
allegations of“financial irregularities”, along with 17 from the Flying Squad unit based at Rigg
Approach in Walthamstow, east London, and four from the former South East Regional Crime
Squad.
The most senior officer so far to be suspended is a detective chief inspector41. A woman
official of the Crown Prosecution43 Service has also been arrested by the Yard's anti-corruption
team over allegations involving the supplying of confidential44 information and sabotaging45 cases.
One consequence of the inquiries46 is the large number of previous cases that involved
suspected “bent47” officers that could be over-turned on appeal.
A special Miscarriages48 of Justice Unit at Scotland Yard is examining about 300 cases
stretching back two decades. There are believed to be up to 10 men serving long jail sentences
because crooked49 detectives planted evidence against them. Once officers start being convicted,
dozens of convicted criminals are expected to appeal against their sentences.
The latest development in the anit-corruption investigations50, revealed by senior police
sources, follows a pledge by Sir Paul Condon, the Commissioner51 of the Metropolitan police, to
stamp out wrong doing by his officers.
Sir Paul has estimated that up to 250 of his 27,000 strong force are corrupt.
A police source said that corruption was a “way of life” for the core of the suspected
officers—who are believed to total about 40.
6. The word “supergrasses” can be replaced by___________.
A. serving and retired police officers
B. corrupt officers from Scotland Yard
C. informants who are the victims of injustice
D. informants who themselves have committed wrong-doings
7. The expression “a way of life”(last paragraph) probably means_________.
A. a kind of ideal life B. a goal in one's life
C. an essential part of one's life D. a means to one's end
8. Which of the following is implied, but not directly stated, in the passage?
A. Without those police “informers”, many of the corruption cases may not be uncovered.
B. A number of people have been wrongly sentenced and jailed.
C. The current anti corruption drive is the biggest over the past decades.
D. The corruption cases vary and some corrupt officers have made a fortune.
9. It can be concluded that police corruption discussed in the passage mainly takes place
in_______.
A. Scotland B. London
C. the army D. the prison
10. Which of the following can be the best title for this passage?
A. The Impact of Anti-corruption Investigations
B. Police “Informers” Aiding Corruption Inquiry
C. The Growing of “Supergrasses” at Police Force
D. Corruption Spreading in Metropolitan police
Questions 11~15
Anonymity52 has its virtues53. Think of the friend who performs a thoughtful deed in secret, or
the benefactor54 who insists that his name not appear on the building he funded.
But anonymity also comes with a darker side. Just ask the children who can't identify one
parent, either because their biological father was a nameless donor55 at a sperm56 bank or because
their genetic mother donated an egg to a surrogate-parenting program. For these offspring the
haunting question, “Who is my parent?” produces another anguished57 query58: “Who am I?”
“Reproductive foundlings” is the phrase one British woman uses for those like herself
whose donor fathers remain unknown.
So serious is the issue that three weeks from today, on Nov.18, a children's charity in
Britain, Barnardo's, will hold a seminar in London to discuss the implications of donor-assisted
pregnancies. Its title: “Are we just creating children for parents? Are we ignoring the child's
identity and genetic needs?” Tessa Jowell, the British health minister, wants a position paper by
Christmas, outlining the pros42 and cons16 of ending donors59' rights to anonymity.
The debate is long overdue60. In Britain, about 2,000 births result from donor-assisted
pregnancies each year. In the United States, estimates put the figure above 30,000, but in an
unregulated industry, no one knows for sure.
Donor identity also ranks as a fledgling issue in the US. One sperm bank in California,
founded in 1983, is looking ahead to 2001, when the first babies born from its services will come
of age and perhaps begin seeking information about their fathers. The facility has formed an
“identity release task force” to create guidelines so the experience will “be respectful for all
involved.” It claims it is the first sperm bank in the world to the doing this.
Selecting a potential father can be alarmingly simple—as easy as logging onto the Internet
and scrolling61 through listings of sperm donors. One sample description: “Caucasian / Irish,
German, Slavic, fair skin, blond wavy62 hair, blue eyes, 5-ft. 11 in., 168 pounds, O positive blood
type.” Yet only 21 of the 44 donors listed on this Web page are willing to have their identity
released.
Another Web site offers similar information on potential mothers. It reads:“We are proud to
announce the arrival of our new Egg Donor Database on the Internet! Our database has color
photos and profiles of over 300 available Egg Donors.” It adds that “you can select specific
criteria such as eye color, educational background, and ethnic origin.”What could be simpler?
No one can minimize or trivialize the deep yearning63 for a child and the desire to create a
family by any means necessary. Yet reproductive technology represents a slippery slope. Caught
up in the “miracle” of being able to produce babies who otherwise would not have been born,
well meaning fertility specialists sometimes appear to forget that what is medically possible
may not always be ethically64 wise.
The genie65 is out of the bottle. For better of worse, Surrogate parenting is here to stay. The
only prudent66 solution lies in carefully regulating every phase.
In the same way that adoption67, once shrouded68 in secrecy69, is becoming an open subject,
surrogate arrangements must become more honest. Individuals are entitled to know their true
background knowledge that, when lovingly conveyed, need not diminish their relationship
with the parents who raise them.
11. the tone of the phrase of the phrase “reproductive foundlings”(parg.3) is one of________.
A. humour B. affirmation
C. indifference70 D. reproach
12. The sentence “The debate is long overdue.”(para.5) can be paraphrased as which of the
following?
A. The debate comes at the right time.
B. The debate should have started much earlier.
C. The debate should not be overlooked.
D. The debate is to continue for a long time.
13. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Not all the donor parents are prepared to release their identity.
B. Reproductive technology is against moral ethics and should be stopped.
C. People have the right to create a family by different means.
D. Adopted children and test tube children are facing the similar issue of anonymous71
parents.
14. The metaphor72 “The genie is out of the bottle.” (para.10) is used to imply_________.
A. the benefits for test tube babies brought up on the bottle
B. the value of the contribution of sperm of egg donors
C. the necessity for regulating surrogate arrangements
D. both the positive and negative consequences of reproduction technology
15. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
A. The great significance of being anonymous as a donor parent.
B. The direct relationship between anonymity and virtues.
C. The possible implications of donors' anonymous identity.
D. The positive arguments on donors' rights to anonymity.
Questions 16~20
IT will boldly sail where no ship has sailed before. The American space agency Nase is
drawing up plans to make the first trip to another star on the space age equivalent of the tea
clipper.
Scientists from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in America believe aluminum73 sails may
be the only way to span the vast expanses of space that separate the stars. Rockets, the say,
would be too slow and unable to carry the enormous amounts of fuel needed .
Instead, the unmanned ship’s energy would come from a sun powered laser, focused on
the sail through an orbiting 60-ile diameter lens, to accelerate the ship to a tenth of the speed of
light—18,600 miles per second.
The fuelless craft's sails would harness the pressure exerted by light on whatever it hits.
Although it would be only a small force, the absence of friction74 in space would cause the ship's
velocity to increase steadily75.
Despite its eventual76 speed, interstellar distances are so great that it would still take the craft
40 years to reach the sun's nearest neighbour, Alpha Centauri, 26 trillion miles away.
“If the human race wants to go to the stars, there is just one technique that uses known
physics, and this is it,” said Dr. Robert Forward, a solar sail pioneer and space flight consultant
who advised the JPL team.
Reaching Alpha Centauri would be every bit as significant as putting a man on the moon. A
wealth of information would be revealed to help scientists tackle many of the puzzles of the
universe.
Very high speeds, far in excess of anything mankind has achieved so far, would be vital if
the journey is to be made within a human lifetime.
The idea was first proposed by Russian scientists in the 1920s and has been explored
several times since the start of the start of the space race. However, only now with
nanotechnology that has enabled the weight of the sail to be reduced can scientists consider it
seriously for interstellar travel.
To make a beam that could cross the distance to the destination star, sunlight would have to
be converted into powerful laser light and focused using a giant, orbiting lens 60 miles in
diameter.
For a few years at the start and finish of the mission, this light would be aimed at the half
mile wide sail which would carry a minimal77 payload of micro-electronic detectors78, transmitters,
computers and self-repair systems embedded79 in its centre.
The proposal was welcomed by Dr. Richard Taylor, who as a member of a team of experts
from the British Interplanetary Society made a feasibility study of a solar sail to propel an
interstellar spacecraft no bigger than a beer can—dubbed “Project Heineken” as it was
intended to reach the parts of the parts of the galaxy80 that other spacecraft could not reach..
Taylor said his group concluded five years ago that the idea was a non-runner:“We could
demonstrate that it was technically81 possible, but the cost would be immense.”
JPL is also evaluating a proposal to use solar sails of just on metre in diameter, put forward
by a British scientist, Dr. Colin Jack82.
“There's no doubt solar sailing is a feasible technology and harnessing light pressure is a
perfectly valid83 method of space craft propulsion.” said Jack..
Another British scientist, Dr. Steve Temple of Cambridge, who helped develop a more
modest vessel84 to take part in a race to Mars in 1992,believes technical problems would make the
concept useless for reaching another star. “A solar sail is an exciting and realistic way of getting
around the solar system, but the idea of using it to send a piece of tin foil off to the next star
leaves me rather cold.” he said.
16. According to the passage, Alpha Centauri is__________.
A. a star within the solar system
B. the smallest star in the Galaxy
C. the only star we can reach
D. the star closest to the solar system
17. Which of the following best expresses the meaning of the clause “the idea was a
non-runner” (para.13)?
A. Solar-sailing technology was essential to space travel.
B. Interstellar travel by solar sailing was unrealistic.
C. Solar-sailing was a pioneering adventure in space exploration.
D. Flying to other stars was considered a beautiful dream.
18. It is implied, but not directly stated in the passage that to reach other stars, an interstellar
spacecraft.
A. must travel at a high speed
B. must be made of light material
C. cannot simply travel on the fuel as a rocket does
D. may not travel without the use of solar energy
19. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. British scientists have different views towards solar sailing.
B. Laser technology is essential to interstellar travelling.
C. The function of solar sail is to collect sunlight and convert it into laser light to prople a
spacecraft.
D. The design of an interstellar spacecraft has been completed and it will be launched soon.
20. What do we know about Dr. Steve Temple's view on space travel from the passage?
A. Technical issues have been already settled for interstellar travel.
B. It is almost impossible to travel to other stars through solar sails.
C. Technical problems for interstellar travels will never be solved.
D. Travelling around the solar system is comparatively easy and simple.
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
A major source of anxiety about the future of the family is rooted not so much in reality as
in the tension between the idealized expectation in the culture and the reality itself. Nostalgia85 for
a lost family tradition, which, in fact, never existed, has prejudiced our understanding of the
conditions of families in contemporary society. Thus, the current anxiety over the fate of the
family reflects not only problems in the family but also a variety of fears about other social
problems that are eventually projected onto the family.
The real problem facing American families today are not symptoms of breakdown86 as is
often suggested; rather, they reflect the difficulties of adaptation to recent social changes,
particularly to the loss of diversity in household membership, to the reduction of the variety of
family functions and, to some extent, to the weakening of the family adaptability87. The
idealization of the family as a refuge from the world and the myth that the work of mothers is
harmful has added considerable strain. The continuous emphasis on the family as a universal
private retreat and as an continuous haven88 is misguided in light of historical experience.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 incompetent JcUzW     
adj.无能力的,不能胜任的
参考例句:
  • He is utterly incompetent at his job.他完全不能胜任他的工作。
  • He is incompetent at working with his hands.他动手能力不行。
2 interfering interfering     
adj. 妨碍的 动词interfere的现在分词
参考例句:
  • He's an interfering old busybody! 他老爱管闲事!
  • I wish my mother would stop interfering and let me make my own decisions. 我希望我母亲不再干预,让我自己拿主意。
3 stinking ce4f5ad2ff6d2f33a3bab4b80daa5baa     
adj.臭的,烂醉的,讨厌的v.散发出恶臭( stink的现在分词 );发臭味;名声臭;糟透
参考例句:
  • I was pushed into a filthy, stinking room. 我被推进一间又脏又臭的屋子里。
  • Those lousy, stinking ships. It was them that destroyed us. 是的!就是那些该死的蠢猪似的臭飞船!是它们毁了我们。 来自英汉非文学 - 科幻
4 banking aySz20     
n.银行业,银行学,金融业
参考例句:
  • John is launching his son on a career in banking.约翰打算让儿子在银行界谋一个新职位。
  • He possesses an extensive knowledge of banking.他具有广博的银行业务知识。
5 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
6 detention 1vhxk     
n.滞留,停留;拘留,扣留;(教育)留下
参考例句:
  • He was kept in detention by the police.他被警察扣留了。
  • He was in detention in connection with the bribery affair.他因与贿赂事件有牵连而被拘留了。
7 ethnic jiAz3     
adj.人种的,种族的,异教徒的
参考例句:
  • This music would sound more ethnic if you played it in steel drums.如果你用钢鼓演奏,这首乐曲将更具民族特色。
  • The plan is likely only to aggravate ethnic frictions.这一方案很有可能只会加剧种族冲突。
8 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
9 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
10 spouse Ah6yK     
n.配偶(指夫或妻)
参考例句:
  • Her spouse will come to see her on Sunday.她的丈夫星期天要来看她。
  • What is the best way to keep your spouse happy in the marriage?在婚姻中保持配偶幸福的最好方法是什么?
11 implement WcdzG     
n.(pl.)工具,器具;vt.实行,实施,执行
参考例句:
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
12 moratorium K6gz5     
n.(行动、活动的)暂停(期),延期偿付
参考例句:
  • The government has called for a moratorium on weapons testing.政府已要求暂停武器试验。
  • We recommended a moratorium on two particular kinds of experiments.我们建议暂禁两种特殊的实验。
13 genetic PgIxp     
adj.遗传的,遗传学的
参考例句:
  • It's very difficult to treat genetic diseases.遗传性疾病治疗起来很困难。
  • Each daughter cell can receive a full complement of the genetic information.每个子细胞可以收到遗传信息的一个完全补偿物。
14 genetically Lgixo     
adv.遗传上
参考例句:
  • All the bees in the colony are genetically related. 同一群体的蜜蜂都有亲缘关系。
  • Genetically modified foods have already arrived on American dinner tables. 经基因改造加工过的食物已端上了美国人的餐桌。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 基因与食物
15 rebuked bdac29ff5ae4a503d9868e9cd4d93b12     
责难或指责( rebuke的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The company was publicly rebuked for having neglected safety procedures. 公司因忽略了安全规程而受到公开批评。
  • The teacher rebuked the boy for throwing paper on the floor. 老师指责这个男孩将纸丢在地板上。
16 cons eec38a6d10735a91d1247a80b5e213a6     
n.欺骗,骗局( con的名词复数 )v.诈骗,哄骗( con的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • The pros and cons cancel out. 正反两种意见抵消。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • We should hear all the pros and cons of the matter before we make a decision. 我们在对这事做出决定之前,应该先听取正反两方面的意见。 来自《简明英汉词典》
17 reassure 9TgxW     
v.使放心,使消除疑虑
参考例句:
  • This seemed to reassure him and he continued more confidently.这似乎使他放心一点,于是他更有信心地继续说了下去。
  • The airline tried to reassure the customers that the planes were safe.航空公司尽力让乘客相信飞机是安全的。
18 ecological IrRxX     
adj.生态的,生态学的
参考例句:
  • The region has been declared an ecological disaster zone.这个地区已经宣布为生态灾难区。
  • Each animal has its ecological niche.每种动物都有自己的生态位.
19 rape PAQzh     
n.抢夺,掠夺,强奸;vt.掠夺,抢夺,强奸
参考例句:
  • The rape of the countryside had a profound ravage on them.对乡村的掠夺给他们造成严重创伤。
  • He was brought to court and charged with rape.他被带到法庭并被指控犯有强奸罪。
20 tighten 9oYwI     
v.(使)变紧;(使)绷紧
参考例句:
  • Turn the screw to the right to tighten it.向右转动螺钉把它拧紧。
  • Some countries tighten monetary policy to avoid inflation.一些国家实行紧缩银根的货币政策,以避免通货膨胀。
21 advisers d4866a794d72d2a666da4e4803fdbf2e     
顾问,劝告者( adviser的名词复数 ); (指导大学新生学科问题等的)指导教授
参考例句:
  • a member of the President's favoured circle of advisers 总统宠爱的顾问班子中的一员
  • She withdrew to confer with her advisers before announcing a decision. 她先去请教顾问然后再宣布决定。
22 convene QpSzZ     
v.集合,召集,召唤,聚集,集合
参考例句:
  • The Diet will convene at 3p.m. tomorrow.国会将于明天下午三点钟开会。
  • Senior officials convened in October 1991 in London.1991年10月,高级官员在伦敦会齐。
23 ethics Dt3zbI     
n.伦理学;伦理观,道德标准
参考例句:
  • The ethics of his profession don't permit him to do that.他的职业道德不允许他那样做。
  • Personal ethics and professional ethics sometimes conflict.个人道德和职业道德有时会相互抵触。
24 remit AVBx2     
v.汇款,汇寄;豁免(债务),免除(处罚等)
参考例句:
  • I hope you'll remit me the money in time.我希望你能及时把钱汇寄给我。
  • Many immigrants regularly remit money to their families.许多移民定期给他们的家人汇款。
25 cumulative LyYxo     
adj.累积的,渐增的
参考例句:
  • This drug has a cumulative effect.这种药有渐增的效力。
  • The benefits from eating fish are cumulative.吃鱼的好处要长期才能显现。
26 inevitably x7axc     
adv.不可避免地;必然发生地
参考例句:
  • In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你们这样下去,毫无疑问是会散伙的。
  • Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技术变革必然会导致失业。
27 prohibition 7Rqxw     
n.禁止;禁令,禁律
参考例句:
  • The prohibition against drunken driving will save many lives.禁止酒后开车将会减少许多死亡事故。
  • They voted in favour of the prohibition of smoking in public areas.他们投票赞成禁止在公共场所吸烟。
28 paraphrased d569177caee5b5f776d80587b5ce9fac     
v.释义,意译( paraphrase的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Baxter paraphrased the contents of the press release. 巴克斯特解释了新闻稿的内容。 来自辞典例句
  • It is paraphrased from the original. 它是由原文改述的。 来自辞典例句
29 retired Njhzyv     
adj.隐退的,退休的,退役的
参考例句:
  • The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。
  • Many retired people take up gardening as a hobby.许多退休的人都以从事园艺为嗜好。
30 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
31 corrupt 4zTxn     
v.贿赂,收买;adj.腐败的,贪污的
参考例句:
  • The newspaper alleged the mayor's corrupt practices.那家报纸断言市长有舞弊行为。
  • This judge is corrupt.这个法官贪污。
32 corruption TzCxn     
n.腐败,堕落,贪污
参考例句:
  • The people asked the government to hit out against corruption and theft.人民要求政府严惩贪污盗窃。
  • The old man reviled against corruption.那老人痛斥了贪污舞弊。
33 metropolitan mCyxZ     
adj.大城市的,大都会的
参考例句:
  • Metropolitan buildings become taller than ever.大城市的建筑变得比以前更高。
  • Metropolitan residents are used to fast rhythm.大都市的居民习惯于快节奏。
34 squad 4G1zq     
n.班,小队,小团体;vt.把…编成班或小组
参考例句:
  • The squad leader ordered the men to mark time.班长命令战士们原地踏步。
  • A squad is the smallest unit in an army.班是军队的最小构成单位。
35 lenient h9pzN     
adj.宽大的,仁慈的
参考例句:
  • The judge was lenient with him.法官对他很宽大。
  • It's a question of finding the means between too lenient treatment and too severe punishment.问题是要找出处理过宽和处罚过严的折中办法。
36 inquiry nbgzF     
n.打听,询问,调查,查问
参考例句:
  • Many parents have been pressing for an inquiry into the problem.许多家长迫切要求调查这个问题。
  • The field of inquiry has narrowed down to five persons.调查的范围已经缩小到只剩5个人了。
37 dealing NvjzWP     
n.经商方法,待人态度
参考例句:
  • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing.该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
  • His fair dealing earned our confidence.他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
38 bribes f3132f875c572eefabf4271b3ea7b2ca     
n.贿赂( bribe的名词复数 );向(某人)行贿,贿赂v.贿赂( bribe的第三人称单数 );向(某人)行贿,贿赂
参考例句:
  • It was alleged that he had taken bribes while in office. 他被指称在任时收受贿赂。
  • corrupt officials accepting bribes 接受贿赂的贪官污吏
39 tampering b4c81c279f149b738b8941a10e40864a     
v.窜改( tamper的现在分词 );篡改;(用不正当手段)影响;瞎摆弄
参考例句:
  • Two policemen were accused of tampering with the evidence. 有两名警察被控篡改证据。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • As Harry London had forecast, Brookside's D-day caught many meter-tampering offenders. 正如哈里·伦敦预见到的那样,布鲁克赛德的D日行动抓住了不少非法改装仪表的人。 来自辞典例句
40 killings 76d97e8407f821a6e56296c4c9a9388c     
谋杀( killing的名词复数 ); 突然发大财,暴发
参考例句:
  • His statement was seen as an allusion to the recent drug-related killings. 他的声明被视为暗指最近与毒品有关的多起凶杀案。
  • The government issued a statement condemning the killings. 政府发表声明谴责这些凶杀事件。
41 inspector q6kxH     
n.检查员,监察员,视察员
参考例句:
  • The inspector was interested in everything pertaining to the school.视察员对有关学校的一切都感兴趣。
  • The inspector was shining a flashlight onto the tickets.查票员打着手电筒查看车票。
42 pros pros     
abbr.prosecuting 起诉;prosecutor 起诉人;professionals 自由职业者;proscenium (舞台)前部n.赞成的意见( pro的名词复数 );赞成的理由;抵偿物;交换物
参考例句:
  • The pros and cons cancel out. 正反两种意见抵消。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • We should hear all the pros and cons of the matter before we make a decision. 我们在对这事做出决定之前,应该先听取正反两方面的意见。 来自《简明英汉词典》
43 prosecution uBWyL     
n.起诉,告发,检举,执行,经营
参考例句:
  • The Smiths brought a prosecution against the organizers.史密斯家对组织者们提出起诉。
  • He attempts to rebut the assertion made by the prosecution witness.他试图反驳原告方证人所作的断言。
44 confidential MOKzA     
adj.秘(机)密的,表示信任的,担任机密工作的
参考例句:
  • He refused to allow his secretary to handle confidential letters.他不让秘书处理机密文件。
  • We have a confidential exchange of views.我们推心置腹地交换意见。
45 sabotaging ba20b6ee606869e83e5a042beefced7e     
阴谋破坏(某事物)( sabotage的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Mr Smith fiercely denied any question of sabotaging the talks. 史密斯先生坚决拒绝任何企图阻挠谈话的提问。
  • Failed in sabotaging APEC summit in Sydney of Australia. 澳大利亚悉尼APEC会议遭遇惨败。
46 inquiries 86a54c7f2b27c02acf9fcb16a31c4b57     
n.调查( inquiry的名词复数 );疑问;探究;打听
参考例句:
  • He was released on bail pending further inquiries. 他获得保释,等候进一步调查。
  • I have failed to reach them by postal inquiries. 我未能通过邮政查询与他们取得联系。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
47 bent QQ8yD     
n.爱好,癖好;adj.弯的;决心的,一心的
参考例句:
  • He was fully bent upon the project.他一心扑在这项计划上。
  • We bent over backward to help them.我们尽了最大努力帮助他们。
48 miscarriages 2c3546985b1786ea597757cadb396a39     
流产( miscarriage的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Miscarriages are usually caused by abnormal chromosome patterns in the fetus. 流产通常是因为胎儿的染色体异常造成的。
  • Criminals go unpunishedareconvicted and are miscarriages of justice. 罪犯会逍遥法外,法律会伤及无辜,审判不公时有发生。
49 crooked xvazAv     
adj.弯曲的;不诚实的,狡猾的,不正当的
参考例句:
  • He crooked a finger to tell us to go over to him.他弯了弯手指,示意我们到他那儿去。
  • You have to drive slowly on these crooked country roads.在这些弯弯曲曲的乡间小路上你得慢慢开车。
50 investigations 02de25420938593f7db7bd4052010b32     
(正式的)调查( investigation的名词复数 ); 侦查; 科学研究; 学术研究
参考例句:
  • His investigations were intensive and thorough but revealed nothing. 他进行了深入彻底的调查,但没有发现什么。
  • He often sent them out to make investigations. 他常常派他们出去作调查。
51 commissioner gq3zX     
n.(政府厅、局、处等部门)专员,长官,委员
参考例句:
  • The commissioner has issued a warrant for her arrest.专员发出了对她的逮捕令。
  • He was tapped for police commissioner.他被任命为警务处长。
52 anonymity IMbyq     
n.the condition of being anonymous
参考例句:
  • Names of people in the book were changed to preserve anonymity. 为了姓名保密,书中的人用的都是化名。
  • Our company promises to preserve the anonymity of all its clients. 我们公司承诺不公开客户的姓名。
53 virtues cd5228c842b227ac02d36dd986c5cd53     
美德( virtue的名词复数 ); 德行; 优点; 长处
参考例句:
  • Doctors often extol the virtues of eating less fat. 医生常常宣扬少吃脂肪的好处。
  • She delivered a homily on the virtues of family life. 她进行了一场家庭生活美德方面的说教。
54 benefactor ZQEy0     
n. 恩人,行善的人,捐助人
参考例句:
  • The chieftain of that country is disguised as a benefactor this time. 那个国家的首领这一次伪装出一副施恩者的姿态。
  • The first thing I did, was to recompense my original benefactor, my good old captain. 我所做的第一件事, 就是报答我那最初的恩人, 那位好心的老船长。
55 donor dstxI     
n.捐献者;赠送人;(组织、器官等的)供体
参考例句:
  • In these cases,the recipient usually takes care of the donor afterwards.在这类情况下,接受捐献者以后通常会照顾捐赠者。
  • The Doctor transplanted the donor's heart to Mike's chest cavity.医生将捐赠者的心脏移植进麦克的胸腔。
56 sperm jFOzO     
n.精子,精液
参考例句:
  • Only one sperm fertilises an egg.只有一个精子使卵子受精。
  • In human reproduction,one female egg is usually fertilized by one sperm.在人体生殖过程中,一个精子使一个卵子受精。
57 anguished WzezLl     
adj.极其痛苦的v.使极度痛苦(anguish的过去式)
参考例句:
  • Desmond eyed her anguished face with sympathy. 看着她痛苦的脸,德斯蒙德觉得理解。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The loss of her husband anguished her deeply. 她丈夫的死亡使她悲痛万分。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
58 query iS4xJ     
n.疑问,问号,质问;vt.询问,表示怀疑
参考例句:
  • I query very much whether it is wise to act so hastily.我真怀疑如此操之过急地行动是否明智。
  • They raised a query on his sincerity.他们对他是否真诚提出质疑。
59 donors 89b49c2bd44d6d6906d17dca7315044b     
n.捐赠者( donor的名词复数 );献血者;捐血者;器官捐献者
参考例句:
  • Please email us to be removed from our active list of blood donors. 假如你想把自己的名字从献血联系人名单中删去,请给我们发电子邮件。
  • About half this amount comes from individual donors and bequests. 这笔钱大约有一半来自个人捐赠及遗赠。 来自《简明英汉词典》
60 overdue MJYxY     
adj.过期的,到期未付的;早该有的,迟到的
参考例句:
  • The plane is overdue and has been delayed by the bad weather.飞机晚点了,被坏天气耽搁了。
  • The landlady is angry because the rent is overdue.女房东生气了,因为房租过期未付。
61 scrolling ee5631e545c57660dc98fd28795cb9ff     
n.卷[滚]动法,上下换行v.(电脑屏幕上)从上到下移动(资料等),卷页( scroll的现在分词 );(似卷轴般)卷起;(像展开卷轴般地)将文字显示于屏幕
参考例句:
  • Another important detail required by auto-scrolling is a time delay. 自动滚屏需要的另一个重要细节是时间延迟。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
  • In 2D visualization and drawing applications, vertical and horizontal scrolling are common. 在二维的可视化及绘图应用中,垂直和水平滚动非常普遍。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
62 wavy 7gFyX     
adj.有波浪的,多浪的,波浪状的,波动的,不稳定的
参考例句:
  • She drew a wavy line under the word.她在这个词的下面画了一条波纹线。
  • His wavy hair was too long and flopped just beneath his brow.他的波浪式头发太长了,正好垂在他的眉毛下。
63 yearning hezzPJ     
a.渴望的;向往的;怀念的
参考例句:
  • a yearning for a quiet life 对宁静生活的向往
  • He felt a great yearning after his old job. 他对过去的工作有一种强烈的渴想。
64 ethically CtrzbD     
adv.在伦理上,道德上
参考例句:
  • Ethically , we have nothing to be ashamed about . 从伦理上说,我们没有什么好羞愧的。
  • Describe the appropriate action to take in an ethically ambiguous situation. 描述适当行为采取在一个道德地模棱两可的情况。
65 genie xstzLd     
n.妖怪,神怪
参考例句:
  • Now the genie of his darkest and weakest side was speaking.他心灵中最阴暗最软弱的部分有一个精灵在说话。
  • He had to turn to the Genie of the Ring for help.他不得不向戒指神求助。
66 prudent M0Yzg     
adj.谨慎的,有远见的,精打细算的
参考例句:
  • A prudent traveller never disparages his own country.聪明的旅行者从不贬低自己的国家。
  • You must school yourself to be modest and prudent.你要学会谦虚谨慎。
67 adoption UK7yu     
n.采用,采纳,通过;收养
参考例句:
  • An adoption agency had sent the boys to two different families.一个收养机构把他们送给两个不同的家庭。
  • The adoption of this policy would relieve them of a tremendous burden.采取这一政策会给他们解除一个巨大的负担。
68 shrouded 6b3958ee6e7b263c722c8b117143345f     
v.隐瞒( shroud的过去式和过去分词 );保密
参考例句:
  • The hills were shrouded in mist . 这些小山被笼罩在薄雾之中。
  • The towers were shrouded in mist. 城楼被蒙上薄雾。 来自《简明英汉词典》
69 secrecy NZbxH     
n.秘密,保密,隐蔽
参考例句:
  • All the researchers on the project are sworn to secrecy.该项目的所有研究人员都按要求起誓保守秘密。
  • Complete secrecy surrounded the meeting.会议在绝对机密的环境中进行。
70 indifference k8DxO     
n.不感兴趣,不关心,冷淡,不在乎
参考例句:
  • I was disappointed by his indifference more than somewhat.他的漠不关心使我很失望。
  • He feigned indifference to criticism of his work.他假装毫不在意别人批评他的作品。
71 anonymous lM2yp     
adj.无名的;匿名的;无特色的
参考例句:
  • Sending anonymous letters is a cowardly act.寄匿名信是懦夫的行为。
  • The author wishes to remain anonymous.作者希望姓名不公开。
72 metaphor o78zD     
n.隐喻,暗喻
参考例句:
  • Using metaphor,we say that computers have senses and a memory.打个比方,我们可以说计算机有感觉和记忆力。
  • In poetry the rose is often a metaphor for love.玫瑰在诗中通常作为爱的象征。
73 aluminum 9xhzP     
n.(aluminium)铝
参考例句:
  • The aluminum sheets cannot be too much thicker than 0.04 inches.铝板厚度不能超过0.04英寸。
  • During the launch phase,it would ride in a protective aluminum shell.在发射阶段,它盛在一只保护的铝壳里。
74 friction JQMzr     
n.摩擦,摩擦力
参考例句:
  • When Joan returned to work,the friction between them increased.琼回来工作后,他们之间的摩擦加剧了。
  • Friction acts on moving bodies and brings them to a stop.摩擦力作用于运动着的物体,并使其停止。
75 steadily Qukw6     
adv.稳定地;不变地;持续地
参考例句:
  • The scope of man's use of natural resources will steadily grow.人类利用自然资源的广度将日益扩大。
  • Our educational reform was steadily led onto the correct path.我们的教学改革慢慢上轨道了。
76 eventual AnLx8     
adj.最后的,结局的,最终的
参考例句:
  • Several schools face eventual closure.几所学校面临最终关闭。
  • Both parties expressed optimism about an eventual solution.双方对问题的最终解决都表示乐观。
77 minimal ODjx6     
adj.尽可能少的,最小的
参考例句:
  • They referred to this kind of art as minimal art.他们把这种艺术叫微型艺术。
  • I stayed with friends, so my expenses were minimal.我住在朋友家,所以我的花费很小。
78 detectors bff80b364ed19e1821aa038fae38df83     
探测器( detector的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The report advocated that all buildings be fitted with smoke detectors. 报告主张所有的建筑物都应安装烟火探测器。
  • This is heady wine for experimenters using these neutrino detectors. 对于使用中微子探测器的实验工作者,这是令人兴奋的美酒。 来自英汉非文学 - 科技
79 embedded lt9ztS     
a.扎牢的
参考例句:
  • an operation to remove glass that was embedded in his leg 取出扎入他腿部玻璃的手术
  • He has embedded his name in the minds of millions of people. 他的名字铭刻在数百万人民心中。
80 galaxy OhoxB     
n.星系;银河系;一群(杰出或著名的人物)
参考例句:
  • The earth is one of the planets in the Galaxy.地球是银河系中的星球之一。
  • The company has a galaxy of talent.该公司拥有一批优秀的人才。
81 technically wqYwV     
adv.专门地,技术上地
参考例句:
  • Technically it is the most advanced equipment ever.从技术上说,这是最先进的设备。
  • The tomato is technically a fruit,although it is eaten as a vegetable.严格地说,西红柿是一种水果,尽管它是当作蔬菜吃的。
82 jack 53Hxp     
n.插座,千斤顶,男人;v.抬起,提醒,扛举;n.(Jake)杰克
参考例句:
  • I am looking for the headphone jack.我正在找寻头戴式耳机插孔。
  • He lifted the car with a jack to change the flat tyre.他用千斤顶把车顶起来换下瘪轮胎。
83 valid eiCwm     
adj.有确实根据的;有效的;正当的,合法的
参考例句:
  • His claim to own the house is valid.他主张对此屋的所有权有效。
  • Do you have valid reasons for your absence?你的缺席有正当理由吗?
84 vessel 4L1zi     
n.船舶;容器,器皿;管,导管,血管
参考例句:
  • The vessel is fully loaded with cargo for Shanghai.这艘船满载货物驶往上海。
  • You should put the water into a vessel.你应该把水装入容器中。
85 nostalgia p5Rzb     
n.怀乡病,留恋过去,怀旧
参考例句:
  • He might be influenced by nostalgia for his happy youth.也许是对年轻时幸福时光的怀恋影响了他。
  • I was filled with nostalgia by hearing my favourite old song.我听到这首喜爱的旧歌,心中充满了怀旧之情。
86 breakdown cS0yx     
n.垮,衰竭;损坏,故障,倒塌
参考例句:
  • She suffered a nervous breakdown.她患神经衰弱。
  • The plane had a breakdown in the air,but it was fortunately removed by the ace pilot.飞机在空中发生了故障,但幸运的是被王牌驾驶员排除了。
87 adaptability 6J9yH     
n.适应性
参考例句:
  • It has a wide range of adaptability.它的应用性广。
88 haven 8dhzp     
n.安全的地方,避难所,庇护所
参考例句:
  • It's a real haven at the end of a busy working day.忙碌了一整天后,这真是一个安乐窝。
  • The school library is a little haven of peace and quiet.学校的图书馆是一个和平且安静的小避风港。
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