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99.3上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试参考答案

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参考答案:
SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
1. finish training 2. no atmosphere
3. football players 4. Team spirit
5. motivate the team 6. as individuals
7. put too much pressure on them 8. too tense
9. giving people autonomy 10. very rarely interfere1
11. on their results 12. keep on employint them
13. making more substitutions 14. leave them alone
15. don’t feel 16. want to discuss it
17. in a couple of days’ time 18. fight back
19. down to your attitude 20. waste my time on them
Part B: Listening Comprehension
1-5 D B C C D 6-10 C D A B C
11-15 C A D D B 16-20 B B C C A
SECTION 2: READING TEST
1-5 D A C B D 6-10 D C A B B
11-15 D B B D C 16-20 D B C D B
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST
对家庭未来的担忧,其主要来源不是根植于现实,而是根植于文化上理想化的期望与
现实本身之间的紧张关系。对一种已失落的家庭传统的怀念(实际上,这种家庭传统从未
存在过)影响了我们对现代社会家庭状况的了解。因此,时下对家庭命运的担忧,不仅反
映出家庭里的问题,而且也反映了对其他社会问题各种各样的忧虑,而这些社会问题最终
都投射到家庭上。
今天,美国家庭面临的真正问题不是人们常常所说的家庭崩溃的症状,而是反映出美
国家庭难以适应最近的社会变化,尤其是难以适应家庭成员多样性的丧失,难以适应家庭
功能多样化的衰退,以及在某种程度上难以适应家庭性的弱化。把家庭理想化为远离世界
的庇护所,以及把母亲参加工作说成是有害的神话,更平添了相当大的压力。从历史经验
来看,不断强调家庭是万能的私人庇护所和感情的避难地是一种误导。
SECTION 4: TRANSLATION TEST
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
1. profit 2. media
3. direct 4. magazines
5. exciting 6. interested
7. radio 8. remember
9. nationally 10. expensive
11. mail 12. potential
13. junk 14. read/opened
15. billboards2 16. permanent
17. short 18. posters
19. supermarkets 20. cheap
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
1. 近年来,人们已习惯于越来越高的通涨率,虽然有时候还有些抱怨。
2. 我们正对人们的阅读习惯做全国范围的调查,你能花5 分钟回答几个问题吗?
3. 几乎半个美国地区的气温降到零度以下,已有3 人冻死,数百人寻找临时住所。
4. 这代人的趣味和爱好和他们父辈已十分不同,这个事实已从许多方面影响到我们的商业
和工业。
5. 对来伦敦旅游而又没多少钱可花的人不啻为好消息的是,许多值得一看的最好去处是完
全免费的。
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
1. 工资谈判进行不顺利。我们想把提薪与生产率水平挂钩,但是工会拒绝了。最后到了
他们要威胁罢工的地步。我们就把所有雇员都解聘了。我们给每个人发信说他们的受
聘期到某时终止。然后我们向他们提供新的雇佣合同,使加薪和生产率挂钩。他们一
个个都让了步,签了合同。
2. 泰晤士河是英格兰最长的河流,它塑造了该国的历史。没有它,就不会有我们今天所
了解的伦敦。泰晤士河对不同的人有不同的意义。划船者把它看作“运动之河”。每
年3 月,数千观众站在岸边观看牛津大学对剑桥大学的划船比赛。画家和作家把这条
河看作灵感的源泉。对商人来说,泰晤士河是条工作之河。每星期有一千多条船停靠
伦敦的码头,使伦敦成为英格兰最大的港口,特别是在木材、纸张、酒和粮食的进口
方面。
SECTION 5: TRANSLATION TEST
1. Braille system is a language system designed for the blind people. It was devised by the
French Louis Braille in the 19th century and it is based on a system of six raised dots/dots
arranged in different forms/organizes six raised dots in different ways to represent each
character in alphabet.
2. The major issue is the introduction of capital letters into the Braille system used in UK.
Supporters and opponents have different views towards this issue/over the advantages and
disadvantages of introduction of capital letters.
3. Mr. Phippen expresses the view of BAUK and gives the explanation that BAUK’s decision
is based on the quextionnaire, From their investigation3 of situations in other countries, he
reasons that the introduction of capital letters is applicable and acceptable.
4. The passage reveals that the majority of women are still involved in housework/cores
despite improvement in their education, better job opportunities and higher income.
5. Gender4 stereotypes5 refers to conventional/usually over simplified conception of roles, jobs
of male/female/man/woman. The typical/unvarying/fixed pattern of selecting majors shows
the expression of gender stereotypes at the level of higher education, i.e., boys choose maths,
physics and chemistry and girls choose English language, science and history.
6. The major changes can be found in better education, large increase of female undergraduates,
better fobs, significant increase of women in work and changes/improvement in the
relationship between sexes.
7. The new form of cloning refers to the cloning of human embryo6, which can lead to the
growth of spare body parts. The purpose of such cloning is “therapeutic7”, that is, to use the
technology to treat some fatal/life-threatening diseases or repair damaged/bad organs.
8. Cons8: the negative views consider such technology is “very disturbing” and “intrinsically
evil”, they equate9 it with “replicating10 a living human being”/they hold that it is not different
from cloning a human being.
Pros11: The positive views hold that the purpose of such cloning is to treat/cure
fatal/life-threatening diseases and it is within the “current regulation” and will not be used
for other purposes/wrongly.
9. The sentence means that technically12 the cloning of human embryo is no longer a problem
and what is needed most in the development of such technology is financial
funding/aid/support.
10. As human skin, bones, muscles, nerves and vital organs all grow from embryonic13 stem cells,
the discovery of such cells will lead to the growth of spare body parts for “repairing
damaged organs”. or body parts.
SECTION 6: TRANSLATION TEST
The autumn in Shanghai is always the best time of the year in terms of weather. The last
World Students Games of this century which was attended by more than 1 300 participants from
35 countries and regions was held in Shanghai in October 1998.
The time (that) those young people from various countries of the world spent in Shanghai
was short, but the outlook of Shanghai and traditional Chinese culture have left a very deep
impression on them. Whether visiting the Oriental Pearl Radio and Television Tower on the
Huangpu River or touring the City God Temple in a quiet corner of the city, they invariably felt
the miraculous14 combination of tradition and modernity. The profound traditional Chinese culture
struck those foreign youngsters as mysterious and novel. This cognition came from the
short-time contact, but from then on they will never forget that there is such a nation living in the
East of the world.
听力测试题录音文字稿:
SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with
blanks in it, Fill in each of the blanks with the words you have heard on the tape. Write your
answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the
passage only once. Now let us begin Part A with Spot Dictation.
Building team spirit is always the focal point of what I have been trying to do as a manager.
When I first went to Crystal Palace, football players would finish training and then go straight
home. There was no atmosphere, So we brought in a pool table and fruit machines. When
football players choose to spend time together, it generates a better atmosphere.
The team spirit is very important, but I don’t believe in trying to motivate the team as a
team. I try to motivate them as individuals. So I don’t give team talks. I speak to the players
individually. And I try not to put too much pressure on them. I believe that football players
perform best when they are relaxed. If they’re too tense, I can guarantee they won’t play well in
a game.
I also believe in giving people autonomy. I like all the people who work for me to be
autonomous; therefore, I very rarely interfere. I feel people should be judged on their results, If
they prove incompetent15, then I’m incompetent if I keep on employing them.
It’s like that with the team. I get criticized for not interfering16 during a game and making
more substitutions. Then I’m incompetent if I keep on employing them.
It’s like that with the team. I get criticized for not interfering during a game and making
more substitutions. But I feel if I’ve chosen those eleven players to get a result, then I should
leave them alone to get on with it.
If I’m dropping a player from the team, I don’t feel I have to explain it to them. If they want
to discuss it, I’ll say “Come back and talk about it in a couple of days time.” But I don’t try to
re-motivate them. It’s up to them to have the character to fight back. I’m a great believer that
almost everything you achieve in life is down to your attitude. If I have a football player who is
magnificently gifted but has a stinking17 attitude, I won’t waste my time on them.
Part B: Listening comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken
only once, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be
spoken only once. Now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have
heard and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your
ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following radio programme.
Woman: Today we begin a two-part look at the opportunities which are available to mature
students through the Open University. The Open University was founded in 1969 and
it offers a range of courses, varying in length and type, to adults studying in their own
home and in their own time. Like all universities, it awards degrees and we’ll be
looking at the range of degree courses in next week’s programme. But today, we’re
going to concentrate on the pre-degree courses which the O.U. offers.
And to find out what doing such a cou8rse involves, I’ve invited an Open University
student, Steve Marshfield, into the studio.
Steve—you’ve done one course already and you’re now in the middle of your second
year. Is that right?
Man: Yes, I did an Arts foundation course first and now I’m doing the Social Sciences one.
Woman: When did you leave school?
Man: 16.
Woman: So really this was the first time you’d ever had to get down to study. Was that hard?
Man: Yes it was, it was hard and it’s gonna be even harder…
Woman: What’s hard especially? Is it the discipline?
Man: Yes it’s the discipline of switching from being a manual labourer to a mental labourer.
For me it’s really difficult.
Woman: How did you hear about the Open University?
Man: I used to see the programmes on the television when I got in from the night shift.
They’re on from twenty past seven to a quarter to eight on Thursdays.
Woman: Is that the only time they’re shown?
Man: NO, they’re shown on Sunday morning. I’d like to know more about this. But it’s a
repeat of Thursday’s. Anyway, I thought I’d like to know more about this.
Man: Well, you’re supposed to do a unit a week and they say to allow 15 hours a unit. But I
just haven’t got that amount of time to spare—not without completely reorganising my
life, anyway. I reckon you can get away with two-thirds a minimum of 10 hours. A
good Saturday and Sunday.
Woman: How did you get on with the exam at the end of the course?
Man: I completely fluffed the exam. I made an absolute hash of it! I did pass the course but I
realize now that it was in spite of the exam. I realize that because I had a letter from
the Dean of the Arts Faculty19 telling me that, very nicely, that though I’d passed, I only
passed absolutely minimally20!
Woman: You say you fluffed the exam. Can you pinpoint21 why?
Man: Well, I went in there in completely the wrong frame of mind. I was just completely
apathetic. I sat there and wrote for 3 hours but it’s only when you get outside you think
“Oh no. did I really say that?”
Woman: You could probably get a grant to go to an ordinary university now. If you were
offered a place, would you jump at the chance?
Man: No, I wouldn’t jump at it. I’d consider it. The thing is, for me, it’d be very difficu8lt to
go into higher education now that I’ve had 10, no, 12 years of having money in my
pocket.
Woman: Yes.
Man: Cos it’d be an enormous change in my lifestyle and probably one that’d be difficult to
cope with.
Woman: Yes. And finally, Steve, have you any advice you’d like to give to someone who was
thinking of taking an O.U. course?
Man: Yes,. Hold your nose and jump in!
Woman: Thank you very much for talking to me, Steve.
Question No.1. What open university course is the man taking now?
Question No.2. According to the man, how much time did he spend every week on a course?
Question No.3. What did the man say about the exam at the end of the course?
Question No.4. Why would the man hesitate about going to an ordinary university?
Question No.5. Which of the following best shows the main purpose of the programme?
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following news
(Man): MOSCOW—Russian lawmakers voted overwhelmingly yesterday to reject the
appointment of Viktor Chernomyrdin as prime minister despite warnings that the country was on
the verge22 of political and economic collapse23.
The Duma, the lower chamber24 of parliament, voted after more than three hours of bitter
debate not to confirm Chernomyrdin. Hard-line delgates called for President Boris Yeltsin’s
resignation.
Chernomyrdin pleaded before the vote with lawmakers to approve the formation of a
government to tackle the country’s crisis that has seen the collapse of the stock market and the
devaluation of the currency. The acting25 premier26, who needed 226 votes for confirmation,
watched glumly27 as the Duma voted not to confirm him.
LAGOS—More than 160 bank chiefs jailed by Nigeria’s military regime have gone on
hunger strike to protest against their ongoing28 detention29 without trial, reports here said yesterday.
Eighty-five jailed bank chiefs refused food. On Sunday at their detention center in Lagos, said
the privately-owned Post Express and State-owned Daily Times newspapers.
QUITO—The death toll30 from the crash of a Cuban aircraft at Ecuador’s Quito airport rose
to 80 Sunday as aviation experts searched the wreckage31 in the hope of pinning down the cause of
the accident.
The Cubana de Aviation plane, a Russian-made Tupolev, ploughed through airport fences
into a n earby field after it aborted32 it aborted a third attempt to take off on Saturday, witnesses
said. It caught fire and exploded.
The civil aviation department said80 people had died by Sunday afternoon. The initial toll
of 77 increased when one victim died in hospital of severe burns and two more bodies were
found at the site.
SINGAPORE—Around 47 percent of 600 firms in six Asia-Pacific countries are uncertain
about the advantages of electronic commerce(E-commerce),according to the results of a survey
by Visa International released here yesterday, Fifty-three per cent of merchants believe
conducting transactions via the Internet was suitable for their businesses. Meanwhile, 73 per cent
said this would only supplement, but not replace traditional ways of doing business.
JAKARTA—Indonesian troops threatened to fire rubber bullets yesterday at hundreds of
looters attacking houses owned by ethnic33 Chinese in the central Java town of Cilacap.
Pioting has rocked the town in recent days.
Violence, not looting, has abated34 in the town. A military official said.
“Basically, the situation is getting better. There is no violence today, but hundreds of jobless
people are still continuing to loot a number of ethnic Chinese fishermen’s houses,” Colonel M
Noer Muis told reporters.
“We are going to take action against the robbers, with rubber bullets if necessary.”
Police detained 27 people in the town in recent days, Muis said.
Question No.6. How many votes are needed in the lower chamber of Russian parliament to
confirm the appointment of the prime minister?
Question No.7. What do the jailed bank chiefs protest against in Nigeria?
Question No.8. When did the plane crash happen?
Question No.9. What’s the majority view concerning electronic commerce, according to a
recent survey conducted by Visa International?
Question No.10. Which of the following statements is true about the rioting in Indonesia?
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following interview
M: How long has SOFTBANK been in business?
W: The company started in 1981. At that time the PC was just a toy. No one was distributing
software, No one even knew what software was available.
M: The growth’s been phenomenal, then.
W: that’s right. Sales revenues have gone up every year since we started. At one time they were
doubling every month.
M: What’s the main growth area now?
W: Networking. That’s really taking off. It includes operating systems, cables, boards,
everything you need for the networked company. Before that, the big growth area was
business applications. Things like word processing packages and spreadsheets.
M: And before that?
W: Games. Games software. That’ where it all started.
M: And what about your magazine business? Is that growing?
W: Yes indeed. We published 14 different computer magazines last month. But it got off to a
poor start initially35.
M: Yeah?
W: We set up the publishing division just six months after we’d set up the distribution business,
so we didn’t have a lot of money to spare. We launched two magazines, printed 50,000
copies and 85% were returned.
M: Really?
W: They just didn’t sell and they were eating up all our profits.
M: I’m surprised you didn’t close them down.
W: We didn’t want people to think we were in trouble. We decided36 to take a gamble instead.
We made them twice as thick, kept the price the same, change the layout and printed twice
as many. Then we spent all the money we had left on TV advertising37.
M: It obviously worked.
W: Yes, They sold out in three days.
Question No.11. When was the company founded?
Question No.12. What is the company’s main growth area at present?
Question No.13. According to the woman, how many computer magazines did they publish
last month?
Question No.14. When did they set up the publishing division?
Question No.15. Why didn’t they close down the publishing division when it wasn’t
successful?
Question 16 to 20 are based on the following talk
The traditional American family used to have a working father, a housewife-mother, and
two or three children. But in the last twenty or twenty-five years, this picture has changed. Now
we have many different kinds of families and living situations besides this traditional one. For
example, there are many single mothers and single fathers who are raising children by
themselves. There are married couples who decide that they don’t want any children. Sometimes
adult children who have been living alone for a long time come back and live with their parents
again. You can also find groups of older people sharing a house in order to save money. And
there are many other examples of new types of families in this country.
Why has the traditional family changed so much? Well, the reasons are both social and
economic. First, as you know, the divorce rate is high in our culture; as a result, we have many
single-parent families. Second, there is unemployment among young adults. If they cannot find a
job, many times they return home and live with their parents again. But of course the most
important reason for the changes in the American family is that most American women now
work outside the home. In fact, 54.5% of all American women are now working or looking for
work. This means that more than half of all American homes do not have a full-time38 homemaker
anymore.
Some people might say that these are “women’s problems,” so women should be the ones
to solve them. But more people understand that everybody in our society is responsible for trying
to find answers to these problems. In fact, many companies are trying to help modern working
parents, both the mother and the father, by creating flexible new policies. Here are a few
examples.
One example is that many companies now allow a woman to leave her job temporarily in
order to have a baby. This is called maternity39 leave.
Second, you know that big companies like IBM or Mitsubishi often transfer their
employees to other cities…right? If a company transfers the husband, for example, this might
create a problem for the wife because now she has to find a new job, too. Well, now there are
some companies that will help the husband or wife of a transferred worker to find a new job.
Another new policy is that many companies now have something called “flextime.”
Flextime means that instead of working from 8∶00 A.M. to 5∶00 P.M.. as most people do in
this country, a worker can work from, say, 6∶00 A.M. to 3∶00 P.M.. or from 10∶00 A.M. to
7∶00 P.M.. etc. As you can imagine, flextime is very useful for people with children.
Fourth, some companies allow their employees to work at home instead of coming in to the
office every day. Working at home is easy for people in professions like computer programming
and telephone sales.
Fifth, a few large companies now have day-care centers for the children of their employees.
I’ve given you five examples of new company policies that are supposed to make life a
little easier for working mothers and fathers. Let me repeat them for you briefly40: maternity leave,
helping the wife or husband of a transferred worker to find a new job in another city, flextime,
allowing employees to work at home, and day-care centers. However, it’s important for you to
understand that there are only a few large companies that can afford to help their employees with
these kinds of programs, For most people trying to work and take care of a family is still very,
very difficult.
Question NO.16. What is typical of the traditional American family?
Question NO.17. Which of the following is NOT cited in the talk as a reason for the change of
the American family pattern?
Question NO.18. What is the percentage of all American women who are working or looking
for work?
Question NO.19. According to the talk, how do some companies help a transferred employee?
Question NO.20. Which of the following statements is TRUE, according to the speaker?
SECTION 4: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear a short talk. You will hear the talk only once.
While listening to the talk, you may take notes on the important points so that you can have
enough information to complete a gap-filling task on a separate ANSWER BOOKLET. You are
required to write ONE word or figure only in each blank. You will not get your ANSWER
BOOKLET until after you have listened to the talk. Now listen to the talk carefully.
In a modern society, no company can hope to make a profit on any product unless it
advertises it first.
The most important decision that a company has to make regarding advertising is where to
advertise. On TV? In magazines? On the radio? In newspapers? We refer to these means of
communication as “the media.” There are three categories of media: print, broadcast, and direct.
Today, we are going to describe each of these categories and discuss their importance and
usefulness in advertising.
The first category, the print media, consists of printed information sources; in other words,
newspapers and magazines. For the advertisers, each of these has certain advantages and
disadvantages. Let’s talk first about newspapers, which receive more money from
advertisements each year than any other medium. This is because newspaper advertising has
several outstanding advantages. First of all, nearly everybody reads newspapers. Therefore,
newspaper ads reach huge numbers of people. Moreover. Newspapers are generally local. This
allows small, local businesses to advertise directly to their potential customers. Third, newspaper
advertising is relatively41 cheap; so the ad can be as long as the advertiser wants, and it can also be
repeated. On the other hand, newspaper ads have no color, and they are not very exciting or
glamorous. Instead, you find these ads in the second type of print medium, magazines.
For the advertiser, the greatest advantage of magazines is that they have specialized42 groups
of readers. In other words, the people who read Car and Driver are probably not the same people
who read Glamour43, which is a women’s magazine, or The New Republic, a political magazine.
Therefore, advertising in a magazine allows a business to direct its ads to the people who are
most interested in the product. The big disadvantage of magazine advertisement is that it can be
very expensive, especially in magazines like Playboy or National Geographic44.
Let’s move along now and talk about the broadcast media, by which we mean radio and
television. These also have both advantages and disadvantages. First, radio. Radio has two of the
same advantages as newspapers: Almost everybody listens to it, and it’s usually local. The
disadvantages of radio ads are that they must be short and that they are not permanent in the way
printed ads are.
Millions of dollars are spent each year on radio ads, but millions more are spent on
television advertising. You can easily understand why. Of all the media, T.V., with sound,
movement, and color, is the most dramatic, so the ads are easy to remember,. How many of you,
for example, can sing the slogan for Coca-Cola, “It’s the real thing?” Television ads are viewed
by millions of people all over the country because, first of all, almost everybody watches T.V.,
and second, because most T.V. programs are broadcast nationally. These are the great advantages
of T.V. advertising. On the other hand, ads on T.V. are enormously expensive. For example, a
thirty-second commercial during the evening can cost $ 150,000. Obviously, only large
companies can afford to advertise on television.
There is one more category of media that is used extensively in advertising. These are the
direct medial. The most common direct media is the mail, and direct mail advertising is a very
big business. Even if you have only lived in this country for a short time, you have probably
already received advertisements in the mail. The advantage of advertising by mail is that the ad
goes directly to the potential customer’s hands. However, many people don’t bother to read these
ads; in fact, we call them “junk mail” and often throw them away without even opening the
envelope.
Another direct medium is billboards; these are the huge signs that you see whenever you
drive down the street. Billboards are useful because they are colorful and easy to see. And the
message is permanent. However, the message must be short enough for drivers to read as they
are passing by.
The third type of direct medium is signs and posters. They are usually used in what is called
“point of purchase ”advertising —that is, ads that appear in the same place where the product is
being sold. You can see point of purchase advertising every time you go to the supermarket.
There are always signs in the window telling you what is on sale that day. This is also a kind of
advertising. Its great advantage is that it is cheap.
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences
only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in
the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Now, let’s begin Sentence Translation
with the first sentence.
Sentence No.1. People have grown accustomed in recent years to higher and higher rates of
inflation, though sometimes they still make complaints.
Sentence No.2. We are conducting a nationwide survey of people’s reading habits. Would
you have five minutes to answer a few questions?
Sentence No.3. Three people froze to death and hundreds sought temporary shelter as
temperatures dropped below zero in nearly half of the United States.
Sentence No.4. The tastes and preferences of this generation are very different from those of
their parents, and this fact has influenced our business and industry in many
different ways.
Sentence No.5. The good news for visitors to London without a great deal of money to
spend is that many of the best things to see are absolutely free.
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 English passages. You will hear the passages
only once. After you have heard each passages, translate it into Chinese and write your version
in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Now, let’s begin Sentence Translation
with the first sentence.
Passage 1:
The pay negotiations45 were going on badly. We wanted to link the pay increase to a
productivity level, but the unions refused. We finally reached a pint46 where they were threatening
to go on strike. We sacked all the employees. We sent out letters to everyone saying that their
employment would cease on a certain date. Then we offered them new employment contracts
which linked a pay-rise with productivity. One by one they all gave in and signed the contracts.
Passages 2:
The Thames is the longest river in England. It has shaped the history of the country. Without it.
There would have been no London as we know it today. The Thames means different things to
different people. Boat-rowers consider it a “sporting river”. In March of every year, thousands of
spectators stand on its banks to watch Oxford-Cambridge Boat Race. Painters and writers regard
the river as a source of inspiration. For men of commerce, the Thames is a working river. More
than a thousand ships a week put in at London’s dockland, making London the biggest port of
England. Especially for timber, paper, wine and grain imports.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 interfere b5lx0     
v.(in)干涉,干预;(with)妨碍,打扰
参考例句:
  • If we interfere, it may do more harm than good.如果我们干预的话,可能弊多利少。
  • When others interfere in the affair,it always makes troubles. 别人一卷入这一事件,棘手的事情就来了。
2 billboards 984a8d026956f1fd68b7105fc9074edf     
n.广告牌( billboard的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Large billboards have disfigured the scenery. 大型告示板已破坏了景色。 来自辞典例句
  • Then, put the logo in magazines and on billboards without telling anyone what it means. 接着我们把这个商标刊在杂志和广告看板上,却不跟任何人透漏它的涵意。 来自常春藤生活英语杂志-2006年4月号
3 investigation MRKzq     
n.调查,调查研究
参考例句:
  • In an investigation,a new fact became known, which told against him.在调查中新发现了一件对他不利的事实。
  • He drew the conclusion by building on his own investigation.他根据自己的调查研究作出结论。
4 gender slSyD     
n.(生理上的)性,(名词、代词等的)性
参考例句:
  • French differs from English in having gender for all nouns.法语不同于英语,所有的名词都有性。
  • Women are sometimes denied opportunities solely because of their gender.妇女有时仅仅因为性别而无法获得种种机会。
5 stereotypes 1ff39410e7d7a101c62ac42c17e0df24     
n.老套,模式化的见解,有老一套固定想法的人( stereotype的名词复数 )v.把…模式化,使成陈规( stereotype的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • Such jokes tend to reinforce racial stereotypes. 这样的笑话容易渲染种族偏见。
  • It makes me sick to read over such stereotypes devoid of content. 这种空洞无物的八股调,我看了就讨厌。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
6 embryo upAxt     
n.胚胎,萌芽的事物
参考例句:
  • They are engaging in an embryo research.他们正在进行一项胚胎研究。
  • The project was barely in embryo.该计划只是个雏形。
7 therapeutic sI8zL     
adj.治疗的,起治疗作用的;对身心健康有益的
参考例句:
  • Therapeutic measures were selected to fit the patient.选择治疗措施以适应病人的需要。
  • When I was sad,music had a therapeutic effect.我悲伤的时候,音乐有治疗效力。
8 cons eec38a6d10735a91d1247a80b5e213a6     
n.欺骗,骗局( con的名词复数 )v.诈骗,哄骗( con的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • The pros and cons cancel out. 正反两种意见抵消。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • We should hear all the pros and cons of the matter before we make a decision. 我们在对这事做出决定之前,应该先听取正反两方面的意见。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 equate NolxH     
v.同等看待,使相等
参考例句:
  • You can't equate passing examination and being intelligent.你不能把考试及格看成是聪明。
  • You cannot equate his poems with his plays.你不可以把他的诗歌和他的剧本相提并论。
10 replicating f99e0d57427bf581c14df13d1256bc97     
复制( replicate的现在分词 ); 重复; 再造; 再生
参考例句:
  • Applications create these partitions for storing and replicating data. 应用程序创建这些分区用来储存和复制数据。
  • The closest real things to these creatures were bits of self-replicating RNA. 最贴近这些造物的实物是能做一点微不足道的自复制的核糖核酸。
11 pros pros     
abbr.prosecuting 起诉;prosecutor 起诉人;professionals 自由职业者;proscenium (舞台)前部n.赞成的意见( pro的名词复数 );赞成的理由;抵偿物;交换物
参考例句:
  • The pros and cons cancel out. 正反两种意见抵消。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • We should hear all the pros and cons of the matter before we make a decision. 我们在对这事做出决定之前,应该先听取正反两方面的意见。 来自《简明英汉词典》
12 technically wqYwV     
adv.专门地,技术上地
参考例句:
  • Technically it is the most advanced equipment ever.从技术上说,这是最先进的设备。
  • The tomato is technically a fruit,although it is eaten as a vegetable.严格地说,西红柿是一种水果,尽管它是当作蔬菜吃的。
13 embryonic 58EyK     
adj.胚胎的
参考例句:
  • It is still in an embryonic stage.它还处于萌芽阶段。
  • The plan,as yet,only exists in embryonic form.这个计划迄今为止还只是在酝酿之中。
14 miraculous DDdxA     
adj.像奇迹一样的,不可思议的
参考例句:
  • The wounded man made a miraculous recovery.伤员奇迹般地痊愈了。
  • They won a miraculous victory over much stronger enemy.他们战胜了远比自己强大的敌人,赢得了非凡的胜利。
15 incompetent JcUzW     
adj.无能力的,不能胜任的
参考例句:
  • He is utterly incompetent at his job.他完全不能胜任他的工作。
  • He is incompetent at working with his hands.他动手能力不行。
16 interfering interfering     
adj. 妨碍的 动词interfere的现在分词
参考例句:
  • He's an interfering old busybody! 他老爱管闲事!
  • I wish my mother would stop interfering and let me make my own decisions. 我希望我母亲不再干预,让我自己拿主意。
17 stinking ce4f5ad2ff6d2f33a3bab4b80daa5baa     
adj.臭的,烂醉的,讨厌的v.散发出恶臭( stink的现在分词 );发臭味;名声臭;糟透
参考例句:
  • I was pushed into a filthy, stinking room. 我被推进一间又脏又臭的屋子里。
  • Those lousy, stinking ships. It was them that destroyed us. 是的!就是那些该死的蠢猪似的臭飞船!是它们毁了我们。 来自英汉非文学 - 科幻
18 bespoken 8a016953f5ddcb26681c5eb3a0919f2d     
v.预定( bespeak的过去分词 );订(货);证明;预先请求
参考例句:
  • We have bespoken three tickets for tomorrow. 我们已经预定了三张明天的票。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • We have bespoken two tickets for tomorrow. 我们已预订两张明天的票。 来自互联网
19 faculty HhkzK     
n.才能;学院,系;(学院或系的)全体教学人员
参考例句:
  • He has a great faculty for learning foreign languages.他有学习外语的天赋。
  • He has the faculty of saying the right thing at the right time.他有在恰当的时候说恰当的话的才智。
20 minimally 0e3844f43172f471e75a897f7b3116da     
最低限度地,最低程度地
参考例句:
  • Food spoilage problems occur with minimally processed, concentrated frozen citrus products. 食品的变质也发生在轻微加工的、浓缩冷冻的柑橘制品中。
  • So, minimally, they are responsible for such actions and omissions. 所以,至少来说,他们要对这样的行为和忽略负责。
21 pinpoint xNExL     
vt.准确地确定;用针标出…的精确位置
参考例句:
  • It is difficult to pinpoint when water problems of the modern age began.很难准确地指出,现代用水的问题是什么时候出现的。
  • I could pinpoint his precise location on a map.我能在地图上指明他的准确位置。
22 verge gUtzQ     
n.边,边缘;v.接近,濒临
参考例句:
  • The country's economy is on the verge of collapse.国家的经济已到了崩溃的边缘。
  • She was on the verge of bursting into tears.她快要哭出来了。
23 collapse aWvyE     
vi.累倒;昏倒;倒塌;塌陷
参考例句:
  • The country's economy is on the verge of collapse.国家的经济已到了崩溃的边缘。
  • The engineer made a complete diagnosis of the bridge's collapse.工程师对桥的倒塌做了一次彻底的调查分析。
24 chamber wnky9     
n.房间,寝室;会议厅;议院;会所
参考例句:
  • For many,the dentist's surgery remains a torture chamber.对许多人来说,牙医的治疗室一直是间受刑室。
  • The chamber was ablaze with light.会议厅里灯火辉煌。
25 acting czRzoc     
n.演戏,行为,假装;adj.代理的,临时的,演出用的
参考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
26 premier R19z3     
adj.首要的;n.总理,首相
参考例句:
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
27 glumly glumly     
adv.忧郁地,闷闷不乐地;阴郁地
参考例句:
  • He stared at it glumly, and soon became lost in thought. 他惘然沉入了瞑想。 来自子夜部分
  • The President sat glumly rubbing his upper molar, saying nothing. 总统愁眉苦脸地坐在那里,磨着他的上牙,一句话也没有说。 来自辞典例句
28 ongoing 6RvzT     
adj.进行中的,前进的
参考例句:
  • The problem is ongoing.这个问题尚未解决。
  • The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern's ongoing work in this area.报告中提出的问题与“关心老人”组织在这方面正在做的工作有直接的关系。
29 detention 1vhxk     
n.滞留,停留;拘留,扣留;(教育)留下
参考例句:
  • He was kept in detention by the police.他被警察扣留了。
  • He was in detention in connection with the bribery affair.他因与贿赂事件有牵连而被拘留了。
30 toll LJpzo     
n.过路(桥)费;损失,伤亡人数;v.敲(钟)
参考例句:
  • The hailstone took a heavy toll of the crops in our village last night.昨晚那场冰雹损坏了我们村的庄稼。
  • The war took a heavy toll of human life.这次战争夺去了许多人的生命。
31 wreckage nMhzF     
n.(失事飞机等的)残骸,破坏,毁坏
参考例句:
  • They hauled him clear of the wreckage.他们把他从形骸中拖出来。
  • New states were born out of the wreckage of old colonial empires.新生国家从老殖民帝国的废墟中诞生。
32 aborted dfb7069bfc6e0064a6c667626eca07b4     
adj.流产的,失败的v.(使)流产( abort的过去式和过去分词 );(使)(某事物)中止;(因故障等而)(使)(飞机、宇宙飞船、导弹等)中断飞行;(使)(飞行任务等)中途失败
参考例句:
  • The rocket flight had to be aborted because of difficulties with computer. 因电脑出故障,这次火箭飞行只好中辍。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They aborted the space flight finally. 他们最后中止了这次宇航飞行。 来自《简明英汉词典》
33 ethnic jiAz3     
adj.人种的,种族的,异教徒的
参考例句:
  • This music would sound more ethnic if you played it in steel drums.如果你用钢鼓演奏,这首乐曲将更具民族特色。
  • The plan is likely only to aggravate ethnic frictions.这一方案很有可能只会加剧种族冲突。
34 abated ba788157839fe5f816c707e7a7ca9c44     
减少( abate的过去式和过去分词 ); 减去; 降价; 撤消(诉讼)
参考例句:
  • The worker's concern about cuts in the welfare funding has not abated. 工人们对削减福利基金的关心并没有减少。
  • The heat has abated. 温度降低了。
35 initially 273xZ     
adv.最初,开始
参考例句:
  • The ban was initially opposed by the US.这一禁令首先遭到美国的反对。
  • Feathers initially developed from insect scales.羽毛最初由昆虫的翅瓣演化而来。
36 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
37 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  • Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  • The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
38 full-time SsBz42     
adj.满工作日的或工作周的,全时间的
参考例句:
  • A full-time job may be too much for her.全天工作她恐怕吃不消。
  • I don't know how she copes with looking after her family and doing a full-time job.既要照顾家庭又要全天工作,我不知道她是如何对付的。
39 maternity kjbyx     
n.母性,母道,妇产科病房;adj.孕妇的,母性的
参考例句:
  • Women workers are entitled to maternity leave with full pay.女工产假期间工资照发。
  • Trainee nurses have to work for some weeks in maternity.受训的护士必须在产科病房工作数周。
40 briefly 9Styo     
adv.简单地,简短地
参考例句:
  • I want to touch briefly on another aspect of the problem.我想简单地谈一下这个问题的另一方面。
  • He was kidnapped and briefly detained by a terrorist group.他被一个恐怖组织绑架并短暂拘禁。
41 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
42 specialized Chuzwe     
adj.专门的,专业化的
参考例句:
  • There are many specialized agencies in the United Nations.联合国有许多专门机构。
  • These tools are very specialized.这些是专用工具。
43 glamour Keizv     
n.魔力,魅力;vt.迷住
参考例句:
  • Foreign travel has lost its glamour for her.到国外旅行对她已失去吸引力了。
  • The moonlight cast a glamour over the scene.月光给景色增添了魅力。
44 geographic tgsxb     
adj.地理学的,地理的
参考例句:
  • The city's success owes much to its geographic position. 这座城市的成功很大程度上归功于它的地理位置。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Environmental problems pay no heed to these geographic lines. 环境问题并不理会这些地理界限。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
45 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
46 pint 1NNxL     
n.品脱
参考例句:
  • I'll have a pint of beer and a packet of crisps, please.我要一品脱啤酒和一袋炸马铃薯片。
  • In the old days you could get a pint of beer for a shilling.从前,花一先令就可以买到一品脱啤酒。
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