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99.3b上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

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SECTION 4: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear a short talk. You will hear the talk only once.
While listening to the talk, you may take notes no the important points so that you can have
enough information to complete a gap filling task on a separate ANSWER BOOKLET. You
are required to write ONE word or figure only in each lank1. You will not get your ANSWER
BOOKLET until after you have listened to the talk.
Advertising2 is important to companies because no company can make a ________(1) on
any product unless it advertises it first in the ____________(2). There are three categories of
media: print, broadcast and __________(3). The print media consist of newspapers and
________(4). Newspaper ads can reach large numbers of people, but they are not very
___________(5) or glamorous3. Magazine advertisement allows a business to direct its ads to the
people who are most ___________(6) in the product, but it can be very expensive. The broadcast
media include __________(7) and television. Of all the media, television is the most dramatic.
so television ads are easy to __________(8).
What's more, almost everybody watches TV, and most TV programmes are broadcast
_______(9). TV ads are viewed by millions of people all over the country. TV advertisement is
enormously ___________(10).
The most common direct medium is the __________(11). The advantage is that the ad goes
directly in the ___________(12) customer's hands. But these ads are often called “________(13)
mail”, and are thrown away without being ___________(14).
Another direct medium is _____________(15), those huge signs on the street. The message
on billboards4 is ____________(16), but it has to be very _________(17). The third type of direct
medium is signs and ____________(18), which are usually used in point of purchase advertising
and can be found in ______________(19) and shop windows. The advantage is that they are
______________(20).
Part B: Listening and Translation
ⅠSentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences
only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in
the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(3)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(4)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(5)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 English passages. You will hear the passages
only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write you version in
the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are
listening.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_________
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_________
SECTION 5: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Read the following passages and then answer INCOMPLETE SENTENCES the
questions which follow each passage. Use only information from the passage you have just read
and write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1~3
A “Campaign for Real Braille” has been set up after plans to introduce capital letters into
the braille alphabet have split the blind community.
The Braille Authority of the United Kingdom (BAUK) has announced that by 2000it is
introducing capital letters into a code which has previously5 only used lower-case characters.
Supporters say that it is necessary because of the increasing use of capitals as abbreviations,
as well as their use in e-mail addresses. It will also bring the UK in line with other
English-speaking countries.
But opponents, such as Sara Morgan, the 25-year-old founder7 of the campaign, argue it will
push up costs and make books more cumbersome8. “There aren't many industries where they
actively make costs go up,” she said. “What I think in particularly ironic9, though, is the fact
this is going to come in at the same time as the Disability Discrimination Act. So, just as we're
asking restaurants to provide braille menus we're making it more expensive to do so.”
Braille, devised by Louis Braille in the 19th century is based upon a system of six raised
dots arranged to represent each character in the alphabet and several short-form words. Around
12,000 people use braille in this country.
BAUK said that it took the decision to go-ahead with plans to introduce capitals after a
questionnaire completed by 1,200 braille readers showed that a majority was in favour of
change.
The secretary of BAUK, Stephen Phippen, said: “The reason the decision was made was
on the basis of the questionnaire, answered by individual members, not on what BAUK
thought.”
Overall 46 per cent of people were in favour of introducing a capital letter sign wherever a
capital letter appears in print and just under 30 per cent were against. Among the respondents
classing themselves as visually impaired10 (those who have some ability to read by sight) it was
more popular compared to those who can read braille only by touch.
Ms Morgan said the figures showed “there wasn't even a majority”. But Mr. Phippen said:
“Those in favour were more or less 50 per cent. Those against were roughly half that. So twice
as many people are in favour as against.”
A spokesman for the National Library for the Blind said a survey done by it in 1994/5
found readers were not in favour. The results of the BAUK survey however convinced them, and
a spokesman said they would implement11 the change.“We recognise there are advantages and
disadvantages and we shall be working with our readers to help them understand how this
symbol will operate,” he said.
The introduction of capital letters is projected to take place by the end of 1999.
“There are pros12 and cons,” admits Mr. Phippen. “But it should be noted13 that we are the
only English speaking country which has not yet introduced capital letters and of all the other
countries which have not one has regretted it and tried to move back.”
However Ms Morgan added: “We are determined14 to fight it all the way. They have got to
stop trampling15 over people's rights.”
1. Give a brief introduction of Braille system.
2. What is the major issue discussed in the passage?
3. what can be learned from Mr. Phippen's talk?
Questions 4~6
Modern woman may be better educated, have a better job and earn more money than her
grandmother ever dream of, but in one way he life remains16 the same—eight out of ten women
still do the household chores.
Only 1 per cent of men say they do the washing and ironing or decide what to have for
dinner. The only area where average man is more likely to help out is with small repairs around
the house.
The report Social Focus on Women and Men, by the Office for National Statistics, found
that attitudes to women working have changed drastically over the past decade. Whereas in 1987
more than half of men and 40 per cent of women agreed with the statement, “A husband's job is
to earn the money, a wife's job is to look after the home and family”, that view had halved17
among both sexes by 1994.
The numbers agreeing strongly with the statement, “A job is all right but what most
women really want is a home and children”, had also halved from 15 pre cent to 7 per cent of
men feeling that way and 12 per cent to5 per cent of women.
Women's increased participation18 in the world of work has been one of the most striking
features of recent decades. Nearly half of all women aged19 55 to 59 have no qualifications. But
their granddaughters are outperforming their male peers across the board, and from
1989overtook boys at A-levels.
Gender20 stereotypes21 persist at this level of education, however, with more than three-fifths of
English entrants being female, wile22 a similar proportion of maths entrants are male. A greater
number of boys take physics and chemistry whereas girls predominate in social sciences and
history.
The explosion in higher education means there was a 66 per cent increase in number of
female undergraduates and a 50 per cent increase in the number of male undergraduates between
1990-91 and 1995-96.
Women are also making breakthroughs in specific are4as of employment. Women now
form a slight majority among new solicitors23 although they make up only one-third of all
solicitors. Since 1984 the number of women in work has risen by 20 per cent to 10.5 million.
But when it comes to pay, they still lag behind their male peers. Women earn on average 80
per of what men do per hour. They are also far more likely to work part-time or with temporary
contracts.
Part of the reason for this is because women still take the main role in childcare, although
they are more likely to work than in the past. The number of mothers with children under five
doubled between 1973 and 1996. And the number of women who return to work within nine to
eleven months of the birth increased dramatically. In 1974, only 24 per cent of women returned
in this period compared with 67 per cent in 1996.
The relationship between the sexes has also seen changes. Seven in ten first marriages are
now preceded by cohabitation compared with only one in twenty first marriages in the
mid-1960s. Since 1992 women in their early thirties have been more likely to give birth than
those in their early twenties, although the fertility rate is still highest among those aged 25 to 29.
4. What is the theme of the passage?
5. What are gender stereotypes? List the gender stereotypes at the level of higher education
discussed in the passage.
6. What are the major changes concerning the status of women in Britain?
Questions 7~10
A new form of cloning to provide every baby with an embryonic25 “twin”, from which spare
body parts could be grown and life threatening diseases treated is expected to be approved
within weeks by senior government advisers26 on medical ethics27.
If their report is accepted by ministers, it would mean that Britain—which 20 years ago
pioneered the test tube baby and last year produced Dolly, the world's first cloned mammal—
could be the first to clone a human embryo24.
A working party from the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) and the
Human Genetics Advisory29 Commission is expected to come down firmly against reproductive
cloning, the process of replicating30 a living human being. It is expected to recommend
government support of so called stem cells, stem cells, are extracted and used to grow spare
parts, treat diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's or address the debilitating31 effects of
cancer, strokes and heart attacks.
Dr. Austin Smith, the scientist likely to be granted the first licence for the work, said that
within the next 12 years it would be routine for every baby to have an embryonic clone.
“All it takes now is financial investment,” said Smith, director of Edinburgh University's
centre for genome research. The crucial discovery of embryonic stem cells, from which skin,
bone. muscles, nerves and vital organs grow, was made earlier this month by scientists in
America.
In a submission32 to the HFEA, Smith said that in order to isolate33 these cells it is only
necessary for the embryo to develop in the laboratory for six days, well within the 14-day limit
of current regulation.
The cells would then be grown and manipulated to make anything from blood or brain cells
to tissue for repairing damaged organs and, ultimately, parts that could be transplanted without
fear of the host body rejecting them.
The development is likely to meet strong opposition34 from the church. Dr. Donald Bruce,
creating an embryo in the knowledge that it would then be destroyed was “very disturbing” to
most people.
Father Paul Murray, secretary to the Catholic bishops35 joint36 bio-ethics committee, said that
whatever the potential benefits, it should be regarded as “intrinsically evil” because the
research depended on the use of foetal material.
However, Professor Christine Gosden, professor of genetic28 medicine at Liverpool
University, one of the four senior government advisers on the cloning sub-committee, said there
would be no opportunity for abuse.
For many years, patients with Parkinson's disease who did not respond to drugs have been
treated with brain cells extracted from aborted37 foetuses, a practice approved by a committee led
by the Rev6 Dr. John Polkinghorne, the prominent ethicist38.
Gosden said the arguments for the use of aborted foetal cells and therapeutic39 cloning were
similar: “Before you have a disease, it is easy to say, ‘I would not use cells derived40 from a
foetus’, but if you suffer from that disease, and that is your only hope, your approach can be
quite different.”
7. What is the new form of cloning discussed in the passage? What is the purpose of such
cloning?
8. Summarise41 the different views on baby cloning discussed in the passage.
9. Explain the statement “All it takes now is financial investment.” (para.6)
10. What is the significance of the discovery of embryonic stem cells?
SECTION 6: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
十月的上海,阳光明媚,秋高气爽,来自35 个国家和地区的1300余名比赛选手参加
了在沪举行的本世纪最后一届世界中学生运动会。
世界各国表少年在沪逗留的时间虽然短暂,但上海的风貌和中国的传统文化仍然给他
们留下了深刻的印象。无论是参观矗立于浦江之畔的东方明珠电视塔,还是游览静卧一隅
的城隍庙,他们都能感受到传统与现代的美妙结合。博大精深的中国传统文化让这些外国
朋友感受到的是神秘和新奇,这种认知来自短暂的接触,但从此之后,他们不会忘记:有
这样一个民族,生活在世界的东方。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 lank f9hzd     
adj.瘦削的;稀疏的
参考例句:
  • He rose to lank height and grasped Billy McMahan's hand.他瘦削的身躯站了起来,紧紧地握住比利·麦默恩的手。
  • The old man has lank hair.那位老人头发稀疏
2 advertising 1zjzi3     
n.广告业;广告活动 a.广告的;广告业务的
参考例句:
  • Can you give me any advice on getting into advertising? 你能指点我如何涉足广告业吗?
  • The advertising campaign is aimed primarily at young people. 这个广告宣传运动主要是针对年轻人的。
3 glamorous ezZyZ     
adj.富有魅力的;美丽动人的;令人向往的
参考例句:
  • The south coast is less glamorous but full of clean and attractive hotels.南海岸魅力稍逊,但却有很多干净漂亮的宾馆。
  • It is hard work and not a glamorous job as portrayed by the media.这是份苦差,并非像媒体描绘的那般令人向往。
4 billboards 984a8d026956f1fd68b7105fc9074edf     
n.广告牌( billboard的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Large billboards have disfigured the scenery. 大型告示板已破坏了景色。 来自辞典例句
  • Then, put the logo in magazines and on billboards without telling anyone what it means. 接着我们把这个商标刊在杂志和广告看板上,却不跟任何人透漏它的涵意。 来自常春藤生活英语杂志-2006年4月号
5 previously bkzzzC     
adv.以前,先前(地)
参考例句:
  • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
  • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
6 rev njvzwS     
v.发动机旋转,加快速度
参考例句:
  • It's his job to rev up the audience before the show starts.他要负责在表演开始前鼓动观众的热情。
  • Don't rev the engine so hard.别让发动机转得太快。
7 Founder wigxF     
n.创始者,缔造者
参考例句:
  • He was extolled as the founder of their Florentine school.他被称颂为佛罗伦萨画派的鼻祖。
  • According to the old tradition,Romulus was the founder of Rome.按照古老的传说,罗穆卢斯是古罗马的建国者。
8 cumbersome Mnizj     
adj.笨重的,不便携带的
参考例句:
  • Although the machine looks cumbersome,it is actually easy to use.尽管这台机器看上去很笨重,操作起来却很容易。
  • The furniture is too cumbersome to move.家具太笨,搬起来很不方便。
9 ironic 1atzm     
adj.讽刺的,有讽刺意味的,出乎意料的
参考例句:
  • That is a summary and ironic end.那是一个具有概括性和讽刺意味的结局。
  • People used to call me Mr Popularity at high school,but they were being ironic.人们中学时常把我称作“万人迷先生”,但他们是在挖苦我。
10 impaired sqtzdr     
adj.受损的;出毛病的;有(身体或智力)缺陷的v.损害,削弱( impair的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Much reading has impaired his vision. 大量读书损害了他的视力。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • His hearing is somewhat impaired. 他的听觉已受到一定程度的损害。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
11 implement WcdzG     
n.(pl.)工具,器具;vt.实行,实施,执行
参考例句:
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
12 pros pros     
abbr.prosecuting 起诉;prosecutor 起诉人;professionals 自由职业者;proscenium (舞台)前部n.赞成的意见( pro的名词复数 );赞成的理由;抵偿物;交换物
参考例句:
  • The pros and cons cancel out. 正反两种意见抵消。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • We should hear all the pros and cons of the matter before we make a decision. 我们在对这事做出决定之前,应该先听取正反两方面的意见。 来自《简明英汉词典》
13 noted 5n4zXc     
adj.著名的,知名的
参考例句:
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
14 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
15 trampling 7aa68e356548d4d30fa83dc97298265a     
踩( trample的现在分词 ); 践踏; 无视; 侵犯
参考例句:
  • Diplomats denounced the leaders for trampling their citizens' civil rights. 外交官谴责这些领导人践踏其公民的公民权。
  • They don't want people trampling the grass, pitching tents or building fires. 他们不希望人们踩踏草坪、支帐篷或生火。
16 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
17 halved e23e4ddc1c29e5a63536d2c9bb621fbc     
v.把…分成两半( halve的过去式和过去分词 );把…减半;对分;平摊
参考例句:
  • The shares have halved in value . 股价已经跌了一半。
  • Overall operating profits halved to $24 million. 总的营业利润减少了一半,降至2,400 万元。 来自《简明英汉词典》
18 participation KS9zu     
n.参与,参加,分享
参考例句:
  • Some of the magic tricks called for audience participation.有些魔术要求有观众的参与。
  • The scheme aims to encourage increased participation in sporting activities.这个方案旨在鼓励大众更多地参与体育活动。
19 aged 6zWzdI     
adj.年老的,陈年的
参考例句:
  • He had put on weight and aged a little.他胖了,也老点了。
  • He is aged,but his memory is still good.他已年老,然而记忆力还好。
20 gender slSyD     
n.(生理上的)性,(名词、代词等的)性
参考例句:
  • French differs from English in having gender for all nouns.法语不同于英语,所有的名词都有性。
  • Women are sometimes denied opportunities solely because of their gender.妇女有时仅仅因为性别而无法获得种种机会。
21 stereotypes 1ff39410e7d7a101c62ac42c17e0df24     
n.老套,模式化的见解,有老一套固定想法的人( stereotype的名词复数 )v.把…模式化,使成陈规( stereotype的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • Such jokes tend to reinforce racial stereotypes. 这样的笑话容易渲染种族偏见。
  • It makes me sick to read over such stereotypes devoid of content. 这种空洞无物的八股调,我看了就讨厌。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
22 wile PgcwT     
v.诡计,引诱;n.欺骗,欺诈
参考例句:
  • The music wiled him from his study.诱人的音乐使他无心学习下去。
  • The sunshine wiled me from my work.阳光引诱我放下了工作。
23 solicitors 53ed50f93b0d64a6b74a2e21c5841f88     
初级律师( solicitor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Most solicitors in England and Wales are in private practice . 英格兰和威尔士的大多数律师都是私人执业者。
  • The family has instructed solicitors to sue Thomson for compensation. 那家人已经指示律师起诉汤姆森,要求赔偿。
24 embryo upAxt     
n.胚胎,萌芽的事物
参考例句:
  • They are engaging in an embryo research.他们正在进行一项胚胎研究。
  • The project was barely in embryo.该计划只是个雏形。
25 embryonic 58EyK     
adj.胚胎的
参考例句:
  • It is still in an embryonic stage.它还处于萌芽阶段。
  • The plan,as yet,only exists in embryonic form.这个计划迄今为止还只是在酝酿之中。
26 advisers d4866a794d72d2a666da4e4803fdbf2e     
顾问,劝告者( adviser的名词复数 ); (指导大学新生学科问题等的)指导教授
参考例句:
  • a member of the President's favoured circle of advisers 总统宠爱的顾问班子中的一员
  • She withdrew to confer with her advisers before announcing a decision. 她先去请教顾问然后再宣布决定。
27 ethics Dt3zbI     
n.伦理学;伦理观,道德标准
参考例句:
  • The ethics of his profession don't permit him to do that.他的职业道德不允许他那样做。
  • Personal ethics and professional ethics sometimes conflict.个人道德和职业道德有时会相互抵触。
28 genetic PgIxp     
adj.遗传的,遗传学的
参考例句:
  • It's very difficult to treat genetic diseases.遗传性疾病治疗起来很困难。
  • Each daughter cell can receive a full complement of the genetic information.每个子细胞可以收到遗传信息的一个完全补偿物。
29 advisory lKvyj     
adj.劝告的,忠告的,顾问的,提供咨询
参考例句:
  • I have worked in an advisory capacity with many hospitals.我曾在多家医院做过顾问工作。
  • He was appointed to the advisory committee last month.他上个月获任命为顾问委员会委员。
30 replicating f99e0d57427bf581c14df13d1256bc97     
复制( replicate的现在分词 ); 重复; 再造; 再生
参考例句:
  • Applications create these partitions for storing and replicating data. 应用程序创建这些分区用来储存和复制数据。
  • The closest real things to these creatures were bits of self-replicating RNA. 最贴近这些造物的实物是能做一点微不足道的自复制的核糖核酸。
31 debilitating RvIzXw     
a.使衰弱的
参考例句:
  • The debilitating disease made him too weak to work. 这个令他衰弱的病,使他弱到没有办法工作。
  • You may soon leave one debilitating condition or relationship forever. 你即将永远地和这段霉运说拜拜了。
32 submission lUVzr     
n.服从,投降;温顺,谦虚;提出
参考例句:
  • The defeated general showed his submission by giving up his sword.战败将军缴剑表示投降。
  • No enemy can frighten us into submission.任何敌人的恐吓都不能使我们屈服。
33 isolate G3Exu     
vt.使孤立,隔离
参考例句:
  • Do not isolate yourself from others.不要把自己孤立起来。
  • We should never isolate ourselves from the masses.我们永远不能脱离群众。
34 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
35 bishops 391617e5d7bcaaf54a7c2ad3fc490348     
(基督教某些教派管辖大教区的)主教( bishop的名词复数 ); (国际象棋的)象
参考例句:
  • Each player has two bishops at the start of the game. 棋赛开始时,每名棋手有两只象。
  • "Only sheriffs and bishops and rich people and kings, and such like. “他劫富济贫,抢的都是郡长、主教、国王之类的富人。
36 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
37 aborted dfb7069bfc6e0064a6c667626eca07b4     
adj.流产的,失败的v.(使)流产( abort的过去式和过去分词 );(使)(某事物)中止;(因故障等而)(使)(飞机、宇宙飞船、导弹等)中断飞行;(使)(飞行任务等)中途失败
参考例句:
  • The rocket flight had to be aborted because of difficulties with computer. 因电脑出故障,这次火箭飞行只好中辍。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They aborted the space flight finally. 他们最后中止了这次宇航飞行。 来自《简明英汉词典》
38 ethicist Ki8z4     
n.伦理学家,道德学家
参考例句:
  • They are used to resolving conflicting principles, says Dick Willems, a Dutch doctor and ethicist. 荷兰的医生,伦理学家DickWillems说,他们惯于解决相冲突的原则。
  • They are used to resolving conflicting principles, says Dick Willems gold, a Dutch doctor and ethicist. 一个荷兰医生与道德家,认为他们习惯了解决有冲突的原则。
39 therapeutic sI8zL     
adj.治疗的,起治疗作用的;对身心健康有益的
参考例句:
  • Therapeutic measures were selected to fit the patient.选择治疗措施以适应病人的需要。
  • When I was sad,music had a therapeutic effect.我悲伤的时候,音乐有治疗效力。
40 derived 6cddb7353e699051a384686b6b3ff1e2     
vi.起源;由来;衍生;导出v.得到( derive的过去式和过去分词 );(从…中)得到获得;源于;(从…中)提取
参考例句:
  • Many English words are derived from Latin and Greek. 英语很多词源出于拉丁文和希腊文。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He derived his enthusiasm for literature from his father. 他对文学的爱好是受他父亲的影响。 来自《简明英汉词典》
41 summarise summarise     
vt.概括,总结
参考例句:
  • I will summarise what I have done.我将概述我所做的事情。
  • Of course,no one article can summarise the complexities of china today.当然,没有哪一篇文章能概括出中国今日的复杂性。
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