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大学英语精读第六册 Unit 8

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             Unit Eight

Text
    Science fiction is definitely not pure science, but neither is it pure fiction. This literary genre1, argues science fiction writer Ben Bova, stands as a bridge between science and fiction, between reason and emotion. Moreover, science fiction is not mere2 entertainment, but has a more important role to play. Believe it or not, it can help us to understand the ways in which our world may change and assist us in shaping the future in the manner that we wish.

      THE ROLE OF SCIENCE FICTION

                              Ben Bova
    The year 1972 was marked by publication of a controversial book, The Limits to Growth, This study of the world's future, done by a team of MIT scientists with the aid of computer "models" of the future of our society, forecast a planet wide disaster unless humankind sharply limits its population growth and consumption of natural resources.
    Most people were caught by surprise when the book came out. Many refused to believe that disaster is possible, probable, inevitable3 -- if we don't change our mode of running Spaceship Earth. But science fiction people were neither surprised nor outraged4. The study was really old news to them. They'd been making their own "models" of tomorrow and testing them all them all their lives.
For what the scientists attempted with their computer model is very much like the thing that science fiction writers and readers have been doing for decades. Instead of using a computer to "model" a future world society, science fiction writers have used their human imaginations. This gives the writers some enormous advantages.
One of the advantages is flexibility5.
    Science fiction writers are not in the business of predicting the future. They do something much more important. They try to show the many possible future that lie open to us.
    For there is not simply a future, a time to come that's inevitable. Our future is built, bit by bit, minute by minute, by the actions of human beings. One vital role of science fiction is to show what kinds of future might result from certain kinds of human actions.
    To communicate the ideas, the fears and hopes, the shape and feel of all the infinite possible futures6, science fiction writers lean heavily on another of their advantages: the art of fiction.
    For while a scientist's job has largely ended when he's reduced his data to tabular or graph from, the work of a science fiction writer is just beginning. His task is to convey the human story: the scientific basis for the possible future of his story is merely the background. Perhaps "merely" is too limiting a word. Much of science fiction consists of precious little except the background, the basic idea, the gimmick7. But the best of science fiction, the stories that make a lasting8 impact on generations of readers, are stories about people. The people may be nonhuman. They may be robots or other types of machines. But they will be people, in the sense that human readers can feel for them, share their joys and sorrows, their dangers and their ultimate successes.
    The art of fiction has not changed much since prehistoric9 times. The formula for telling a powerful story has remained the same: create a strong character, a person of great strengths, capable of deep emotions and decisive action. Give him a weakness. Set him in conflict with another powerful character -- or perhaps with nature. Let his exterior10 conflict be the mirror of the protagonist's own interior conflict, the clash of his desires, his own strength against his own weakness. And there you have a story. Whether it's Abraham offering his only son to God, or Paris bringing ruin to Troy over a woman, or Hamlet and Claudius playing their deadly game, Faust seeking the world's knowledge and power -- the stories that stand out in the minds of the reader are those whose characters are unforgettable.
    To show other worlds, to describe possible future societies and the problems lurking11 ahead, is not enough. The writer of science fiction must show how these worlds and these futures affect human beings. And something much more important: he must show how human beings can and do literally12 create these future worlds. For our future is largely in our own hands. It doesn't come blindly rolling out of the heavens; it is the joint13 product of the actions of billions of human beings. This is a point that's easily forgotten in the rush of headlines and the hectic14 badgering of everyday life. But it's a point that science fiction makes constantly: the future belongs to us -- whatever it is. We make it, our actions shape tomorrow. We have the brains and guts15 to build paradise (or at least try). Tragedy is when we fail, and the greatest crime of all is when we fail even to try.
    Thus science fiction stands as a bridge between science and art, between the engineers of technology and the poets of humanity. Never has such a bridge been more desperately16 needed.
    Writing in the British journal New Scientist, the famed poet and historian Robert Graves said in 1972, "Technology is now warring openly against the crafts, and science covertly17 against poetry."
    What Graves is expressing is the fear that many people have: technology has already allowed machines to replace human muscle power; now it seems that machines such as electronic computers might replace human brainpower. And he goes even further, criticizing science on the grounds that truly human endeavours such as poetry have a power that scientists can't recognize.
    Apparently18 Graves sees scientists as a sober, plodding19 phalanx of soulless thinking machines, never making a step that hasn't been carefully thought out in advance.
    But as a historian, Graves should be aware that James Clerk Maxwell's brilliant insight about electromagnetism -- the guess that visible light is only one small slice of the spectrum21 of electromagnetic energy, a guess that forms the basis for electronics technology  -- was an intuitive leap into the unknown. Maxwell had precious little evidence to back up his guess. The evidence came later. The list of wild jumps of intuition made by these supposedly stolid22, humorless scientists is long indeed.
    Scientists are human beings! They are just as human, intuitive, and emotional as anyone else. But most people don't realize this. They don't know scientists, any more than they know much about science.
    Today most people still tend to hold scientists in awe23. After all, scientists have brought us nuclear weapons, modern medicines, space flight, and underarm deodorants25. Yet at the same time, we see scientists derided26 as fuzzy-brained eggheads or as coldly ruthless, emotionless makers27 of monsters. Scientists are minority group, and like most minorities they're largely hidden from the public's sight, tucked away in ghettos -- laboratories, campuses, field sites out in the desert or on Pacific atolls.
    Before the public can understand and appreciate what science can and cannot do, the people must get to see and understand the scientists themselves. Get to know their work, their aims, their dreams, and their fears.
    Science fiction can help to explain what science and scientists are all about to the non-scientists. It is no accident that several hundred universities and public schools are now offering science fiction courses and discovering that these classes are a meeting ground for the scientist-engineers and the humanists. Science and fiction. Reason and emotion.
    The essence of the scientific attitude is that the human mind can succeed in understanding the universe. By taking thought, men can move mountains -- and have. In this sense, science is an utterly28 humanistic pursuit, the glorification29 of human intellect over the puzzling, chaotic30, and often frightening darkness of ignorance.
     Much of science fiction celebrates this spirit. Very few science fiction stories picture humanity as a passive species, allowing the tidal forces of nature to flow unperturbed. The heroes of science fiction stories -- the gods of the new mythology31 -- struggle manfully against the darkness, whether it's geological doom32 for the whole planet or the evil of grasping politicians. They may not always win. But they always try.
    Perhaps, however, the most important aspect of science fiction's role in the modern world is best summed up in a single word: change.
    After all, science fiction is the literature of change. Each and every story preaches from the same gospel: tomorrow will be different from today, violently different perhaps.
    Science fiction very clearly shows that changes -- whether good or bad -- are an inherent part of the universe. Resistance to change is an archaic33, and nowadays dangerous, habit of thought. The world will change. It is changing constantly. Humanity's most fruitful course of action is to determine how to shape these changes, how to influence them and produce an environment where the changes that occur are those we want.
    Perhaps this is the ultimate role of science fiction: to act as an interpreter of science to humanity. This is a two-edged weapon, of course. It is necessary to warn as well as evangelize. Science can kill as well as create; technology can deaden the human spirit or life it to the farthermost corners of our imaginations. Only knowledgeable34 people can wisely decide how to use science and technology for humankind's benefit. In the end, this is the ultimate role of all art: to show ourselves to ourselves, to help us to understand our own humanity.

               New Words
    genre
n.  a particular type of art, writing, music, etc., which has certain characteristics that all examples of this type share(文艺作品的)体裁,样式;类型

    controversial
a.  causing much argument or disagreement

    forecast
vt. say what will happen ahead of time; predict

    planetwide
a.  extending all over the planet

    humankind
n.  human being in general; mankind

    probable
a.  likely to happen or be true

    inevitable
a.  which can not be avoided; certain to happen

    mode
n.  a way of behaving, living, operating, etc.

    spaceship
n.  a vehicle used for traveling in outerspace; spacecraft

    flexibility
n.  flexible quality

    flexible
a.  easily adapted to fit various conditions

    tabular
a.  arranged in the form of a table

    gimmick
n.  an ingenious or novel mechanical device 别致的玩意儿;新奇的发明

    robot
n.  a machine that can move and do some of the work of a human being and is usu. controlled by a computer 机器人

    sorrow
n.  sadness, grief

    prehistoric
a.  of a time before events were written down

    formula
n.  a fixed35 way of doing sth.; method 公式,程式

    decisive
a.  showing or marked by determination and firmness

    exterior
a.  on the outside; outer
n.  an outer part, surface or appearance

    clash
n.  a strong disagreement; conflict

    lurk
vi. wait in hiding. esp. for an evil purpose; exist unseen

    joint
a.  done or shared by two or more people

    headline
n.  a line usu. printed in large type at the top of a newspaper article

    hectic
a.  very busy; rushed

    badger
vt. bother by requesting sth. repeatedly

    tragedy
n.  a serious play that ends unhappily; a terrible event; disaster

    historian
n.  an expert in history; a person who writes about history

    craft
n.  a trade or art needing skill, esp. with one's hands 工艺

    covertly
ad. secretly

    poetry
n.  (the art of writing) poems

    endeavor
n.  an earnest effort or attempt

    sober
a.  not drunk; serious, solemn

    plodding
a.  proceeding36 in a slow or dull way

    phalanx
n.  a closely massed body of persons, animals, or things; a number of persons united for a common purpose 方阵,密集的人群(兽群、东西);为一个共同目标而团结起来的一群人

    soulless
a.  having or showing no attractive or tender human qualities

    electromagnetism
n.  magnetism20 produced by an electric current; the branch of physics that deals with electricity and magnetism 电磁(学)

    slice
n.  a thin flat piece cut from sth; portion

    electronics
n.  the study of electrons and their behavior and of electronic equipment such as computers

    stolid
a.  not easily excited; showing no emotion; seeming dull

    awe
n.  a feeling of wonder and fear mixed together with deep respect

    underarm
a.  (euph.) of or for the armpit (为)腋下的

    deodorant24
n.  a man-made chemical substance that destroys or hides unpleasant smells, esp. those of the human body

    deride
vt. laugh at or make fun of as of no value

    fuzzy
a.  not clear in shape or sound; confused

    fuzzy-brained
a.

    egghead
n.  (derog.) a clever, highly-educated person, esp. one who is impractical37

    minority
n.  a group of people of a different race, religion or nationality from the rest of society

    tuck
vt. put or store in a safe or secret place

    site
n.  a place where sth. of special interest existed or happened

    Pacific
a.  太平洋的

    atoll
n.  ring-shaped island made of coral partly or completely enclosing an area of sea water环礁,环状珊瑚礁

    humanist
n.  a student of human nature or affairs; follower38 of humanism 人文主义者,人本主义者;人道主义者

    humanistic
    of humanism or humanists

    glorification
n.  the act of glorifying39 or the state of being glorified40

    chaotic
a.  in a state of complete disorder41 and confusion

    celebrate
vt. mark (an event) with public or private rejoicings; praise in writing, speech, etc.

    tidal
a.  of or having a tide

    tide
n.  the regular rise and fall of the sea caused by the pull of the moon and sun 潮汐

    unperturbed
a.  undisturbed; calm

    mythology
n.  a collection of myths; the study of myths 神话集;神话学

    myth
n.  an ancient story that expresses the beliefs and values of a people 神话故事

    manfully
ad. bravely, courageously42

    geological
a.  of or having to do with geology

    geology
n.  the study of the origin, structure and history of the earth 地质学

    politician
n.  a person who runs for or holds a position in government

    preach
v.  speak publicly on a religious or moral subject

    gospel
n.  a set of instructions or teachings; any of the four accounts of Christ's life in the Bible 《新约》四部福音之一

    archaic
a.  belonging to the past; no longer used

    fruitful
a.  producing good results; successful

    interpreter
n.  a person who interprets 翻译

    interpret
vi. put (a language) into the words of another language usu. by speech; make clear or explain the meaning of

    interpretation43
n.

    evangelize
vt. preach the Gospel (to)对……宣讲福音

    farthermost
a.  most distant; farthest

    knowledgeable
a.  knowing a lot

           Phrases & Expression
come out
  be published

bit by bit
  gradually; little by little

lean on
  choose, esp. for support; depend on

feel for
  sympathize with

in one's hands
  under one's control; be taken care of

one the grounds that
  for the reason that

think out
  consider, examine carefully

back up
  support, esp. in an argument

tuck away
  store in a safe place

take thought
  perform the actions connected with thinking; think

               Proper Names
  Ben Bova
  本.博瓦

  MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
  麻省理工学院

  Abraham
  亚伯拉罕

  Paris
  帕里斯

  Troy
  特洛伊

  Hamlet
  哈姆雷特

  Claudius
  克劳狄斯

  Faust
  浮士德

  New Scientist
  《新科学家》周刊

  Robert Graves
  罗伯特.格雷夫斯

  James Clerk Maxwell
  詹姆斯.克拉克.马克斯韦尔


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 genre ygPxi     
n.(文学、艺术等的)类型,体裁,风格
参考例句:
  • My favorite music genre is blues.我最喜欢的音乐种类是布鲁斯音乐。
  • Superficially,this Shakespeare's work seems to fit into the same genre.从表面上看, 莎士比亚的这个剧本似乎属于同一类型。
2 mere rC1xE     
adj.纯粹的;仅仅,只不过
参考例句:
  • That is a mere repetition of what you said before.那不过是重复了你以前讲的话。
  • It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.再等下去纯粹是浪费时间。
3 inevitable 5xcyq     
adj.不可避免的,必然发生的
参考例句:
  • Mary was wearing her inevitable large hat.玛丽戴着她总是戴的那顶大帽子。
  • The defeat had inevitable consequences for British policy.战败对英国政策不可避免地产生了影响。
4 outraged VmHz8n     
a.震惊的,义愤填膺的
参考例句:
  • Members of Parliament were outraged by the news of the assassination. 议会议员们被这暗杀的消息激怒了。
  • He was outraged by their behavior. 他们的行为使他感到愤慨。
5 flexibility vjPxb     
n.柔韧性,弹性,(光的)折射性,灵活性
参考例句:
  • Her great strength lies in her flexibility.她的优势在于她灵活变通。
  • The flexibility of a man's muscles will lessen as he becomes old.人老了肌肉的柔韧性将降低。
6 futures Isdz1Q     
n.期货,期货交易
参考例句:
  • He continued his operations in cotton futures.他继续进行棉花期货交易。
  • Cotton futures are selling at high prices.棉花期货交易的卖价是很高的。
7 gimmick Iefzy     
n.(为引人注意而搞的)小革新,小发明
参考例句:
  • He dismissed the event as just a publicity gimmick.他不理会这件事,只当它是一种宣传手法。
  • It is just a public relations gimmick.这只不过是一种公关伎俩。
8 lasting IpCz02     
adj.永久的,永恒的;vbl.持续,维持
参考例句:
  • The lasting war debased the value of the dollar.持久的战争使美元贬值。
  • We hope for a lasting settlement of all these troubles.我们希望这些纠纷能获得永久的解决。
9 prehistoric sPVxQ     
adj.(有记载的)历史以前的,史前的,古老的
参考例句:
  • They have found prehistoric remains.他们发现了史前遗迹。
  • It was rather like an exhibition of prehistoric electronic equipment.这儿倒像是在展览古老的电子设备。
10 exterior LlYyr     
adj.外部的,外在的;表面的
参考例句:
  • The seed has a hard exterior covering.这种子外壳很硬。
  • We are painting the exterior wall of the house.我们正在给房子的外墙涂漆。
11 lurking 332fb85b4d0f64d0e0d1ef0d34ebcbe7     
潜在
参考例句:
  • Why are you lurking around outside my house? 你在我房子外面鬼鬼祟祟的,想干什么?
  • There is a suspicious man lurking in the shadows. 有一可疑的人躲在阴暗中。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
12 literally 28Wzv     
adv.照字面意义,逐字地;确实
参考例句:
  • He translated the passage literally.他逐字逐句地翻译这段文字。
  • Sometimes she would not sit down till she was literally faint.有时候,她不走到真正要昏厥了,决不肯坐下来。
13 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
14 hectic jdZzk     
adj.肺病的;消耗热的;发热的;闹哄哄的
参考例句:
  • I spent a very hectic Sunday.我度过了一个忙乱的星期天。
  • The two days we spent there were enjoyable but hectic.我们在那里度过的两天愉快但闹哄哄的。
15 guts Yraziv     
v.狼吞虎咽,贪婪地吃,飞碟游戏(比赛双方每组5人,相距15码,互相掷接飞碟);毁坏(建筑物等)的内部( gut的第三人称单数 );取出…的内脏n.勇气( gut的名词复数 );内脏;消化道的下段;肠
参考例句:
  • I'll only cook fish if the guts have been removed. 鱼若已收拾干净,我只需烧一下即可。
  • Barbara hasn't got the guts to leave her mother. 巴巴拉没有勇气离开她妈妈。 来自《简明英汉词典》
16 desperately cu7znp     
adv.极度渴望地,绝望地,孤注一掷地
参考例句:
  • He was desperately seeking a way to see her again.他正拼命想办法再见她一面。
  • He longed desperately to be back at home.他非常渴望回家。
17 covertly 9vgz7T     
adv.偷偷摸摸地
参考例句:
  • Naval organizations were covertly incorporated into civil ministries. 各种海军组织秘密地混合在各民政机关之中。 来自辞典例句
  • Modern terrorism is noteworthy today in that it is being done covertly. 现代的恐怖活动在今天是值得注意的,由于它是秘密进行的。 来自互联网
18 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
19 plodding 5lMz16     
a.proceeding in a slow or dull way
参考例句:
  • They're still plodding along with their investigation. 他们仍然在不厌其烦地进行调查。
  • He is plodding on with negotiations. 他正缓慢艰难地进行着谈判。
20 magnetism zkxyW     
n.磁性,吸引力,磁学
参考例句:
  • We know about magnetism by the way magnets act.我们通过磁铁的作用知道磁性是怎么一回事。
  • His success showed his magnetism of courage and devotion.他的成功表现了他的胆量和热诚的魅力。
21 spectrum Trhy6     
n.谱,光谱,频谱;范围,幅度,系列
参考例句:
  • This is a kind of atomic spectrum.这是一种原子光谱。
  • We have known much of the constitution of the solar spectrum.关于太阳光谱的构成,我们已了解不少。
22 stolid VGFzC     
adj.无动于衷的,感情麻木的
参考例句:
  • Her face showed nothing but stolid indifference.她的脸上毫无表情,只有麻木的无动于衷。
  • He conceals his feelings behind a rather stolid manner.他装作无动于衷的样子以掩盖自己的感情。
23 awe WNqzC     
n.敬畏,惊惧;vt.使敬畏,使惊惧
参考例句:
  • The sight filled us with awe.这景色使我们大为惊叹。
  • The approaching tornado struck awe in our hearts.正在逼近的龙卷风使我们惊恐万分。
24 deodorant p9Hy9     
adj.除臭的;n.除臭剂
参考例句:
  • She applies deodorant to her armpits after she showers.沐浴后,她在腋下涂上除臭剂。
  • Spray deodorant and keep the silk garments dry before dressing.在穿衣之前,洒涂防臭剂并保持干燥。
25 deodorants 01c6b1b494118d169a87c0acd9bf4dc0     
n.(尤指去除体臭的)除臭剂( deodorant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The U.S. is already a mature market for its razors and deodorants. 美国已经是使它的刀片和除臭剂得到充分发展的市场了。 来自辞典例句
  • Deodorants are available as aerosols or roll-ons. 除臭剂有喷雾装或滚抹装。 来自辞典例句
26 derided 1f15d33e96bce4cf40473b17affb79b6     
v.取笑,嘲笑( deride的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • His views were derided as old-fashioned. 他的观点被当作旧思想受到嘲弄。
  • Gazing up to the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity. 我抬头疑视着黑暗,感到自己是一个被虚荣心驱使和拨弄的可怜虫。 来自辞典例句
27 makers 22a4efff03ac42c1785d09a48313d352     
n.制造者,制造商(maker的复数形式)
参考例句:
  • The makers of the product assured us that there had been no sacrifice of quality. 这一产品的制造商向我们保证说他们没有牺牲质量。
  • The makers are about to launch out a new product. 制造商们马上要生产一种新产品。 来自《简明英汉词典》
28 utterly ZfpzM1     
adv.完全地,绝对地
参考例句:
  • Utterly devoted to the people,he gave his life in saving his patients.他忠于人民,把毕生精力用于挽救患者的生命。
  • I was utterly ravished by the way she smiled.她的微笑使我完全陶醉了。
29 glorification VgwxY     
n.赞颂
参考例句:
  • Militant devotion to and glorification of one's country; fanatical patriotism. 对国家的军事效忠以及美化;狂热的爱国主义。
  • Glorification-A change of place, a new condition with God. 得荣─在神面前新处境,改变了我们的结局。
30 chaotic rUTyD     
adj.混沌的,一片混乱的,一团糟的
参考例句:
  • Things have been getting chaotic in the office recently.最近办公室的情况越来越乱了。
  • The traffic in the city was chaotic.这城市的交通糟透了。
31 mythology I6zzV     
n.神话,神话学,神话集
参考例句:
  • In Greek mythology,Zeus was the ruler of Gods and men.在希腊神话中,宙斯是众神和人类的统治者。
  • He is the hero of Greek mythology.他是希腊民间传说中的英雄。
32 doom gsexJ     
n.厄运,劫数;v.注定,命定
参考例句:
  • The report on our economic situation is full of doom and gloom.这份关于我们经济状况的报告充满了令人绝望和沮丧的调子。
  • The dictator met his doom after ten years of rule.独裁者统治了十年终于完蛋了。
33 archaic 4Nyyd     
adj.(语言、词汇等)古代的,已不通用的
参考例句:
  • The company does some things in archaic ways,such as not using computers for bookkeeping.这个公司有些做法陈旧,如记账不使用电脑。
  • Shaanxi is one of the Chinese archaic civilized origins which has a long history.陕西省是中国古代文明发祥之一,有悠久的历史。
34 knowledgeable m2Yxg     
adj.知识渊博的;有见识的
参考例句:
  • He's quite knowledgeable about the theatre.他对戏剧很有心得。
  • He made some knowledgeable remarks at the meeting.他在会上的发言颇有见地。
35 fixed JsKzzj     
adj.固定的,不变的,准备好的;(计算机)固定的
参考例句:
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
36 proceeding Vktzvu     
n.行动,进行,(pl.)会议录,学报
参考例句:
  • This train is now proceeding from Paris to London.这次列车从巴黎开往伦敦。
  • The work is proceeding briskly.工作很有生气地进展着。
37 impractical 49Ixs     
adj.不现实的,不实用的,不切实际的
参考例句:
  • He was hopelessly impractical when it came to planning new projects.一到规划新项目,他就完全没有了实际操作的能力。
  • An entirely rigid system is impractical.一套完全死板的体制是不实际的。
38 follower gjXxP     
n.跟随者;随员;门徒;信徒
参考例句:
  • He is a faithful follower of his home football team.他是他家乡足球队的忠实拥护者。
  • Alexander is a pious follower of the faith.亚历山大是个虔诚的信徒。
39 glorifying 1f84c1020d395ee8281fcd2ddf031934     
赞美( glorify的现在分词 ); 颂扬; 美化; 使光荣
参考例句:
  • I had no intention of either glorifying or belittling Christianity, merely the desire to understand it. 我并没有赞扬基督教或蔑视它的立意,我所想的只是了解它。
  • You are glorifying a rather mediocre building. 你正在美化一栋普普通通的建筑。
40 glorified 74d607c2a7eb7a7ef55bda91627eda5a     
美其名的,变荣耀的
参考例句:
  • The restaurant was no more than a glorified fast-food cafe. 这地方美其名曰餐馆,其实只不过是个快餐店而已。
  • The author glorified the life of the peasants. 那个作者赞美了农民的生活。
41 disorder Et1x4     
n.紊乱,混乱;骚动,骚乱;疾病,失调
参考例句:
  • When returning back,he discovered the room to be in disorder.回家后,他发现屋子里乱七八糟。
  • It contained a vast number of letters in great disorder.里面七零八落地装着许多信件。
42 courageously wvzz8b     
ad.勇敢地,无畏地
参考例句:
  • Under the correct leadership of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, the army and civilians in flooded areas fought the floods courageously, reducing the losses to the minimum. 在中共中央、国务院的正确领导下,灾区广大军民奋勇抗洪,把灾害的损失减少到了最低限度。
  • He fought death courageously though his life was draining away. 他虽然生命垂危,但仍然勇敢地与死亡作斗争。
43 interpretation P5jxQ     
n.解释,说明,描述;艺术处理
参考例句:
  • His statement admits of one interpretation only.他的话只有一种解释。
  • Analysis and interpretation is a very personal thing.分析与说明是个很主观的事情。
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TAG标签:   大学英语  精读  第六册  unit
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