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零距离美语会话[文化风俗差异]Lesson 2: We'll just get a doggie bag

时间:2007-04-28 07:12来源:互联网 提供网友:g346788319   字体: [ ]

Two   We’ll just get a doggie bag. 我们就将剩菜打包。

 1    Introduction 
A   It is impolite to begin a meal until everyone is seated.  It is also considered impolite to chew food with an open mouth, or to talk while chewing anything.
B   Americans often order the food they like to eat, separately from the group.  If a person has had enough or is full,it is considered impolite to insist on that person having more to eat or drink.
 2    Sample Sentences
1. I’d rather not, really, I’m not used to strong drinks. 
2. Shall we have a snack at this coffee shop?
3. We could reserve a window table now.
4. Would you please pass the toothpicks?
5. Let’s toast the arrival of the new baby.
6.  Do you prefer your steak rare, medium or well done?
7. Don’t worry about the mess; I will clean it up after the party.
8. Shall we chat a while over a glass of wine before dinner?
9. Would you accept my invitation to a stag party?
10. Can you use chopsticks or would you rather have a knife and fork? 

 3    Conversations
1. Lisa is a Chinese exchange student who is visiting her friend in Chicago.
Tony:  Want to send out for some Chinese? 
Lisa:  Some what?
Tony:  Some Chinese food.  I'm hungry, and there's a take-out restaurant near here.  We can have them deliver and then watch the news on TV while we eat.
Lisa:  No, I'd rather go out.  The Chinese food here is rather different from what I had at home.  Maybe we can try some other food today… What about that all-you-can-eat place we passed the other day, the one over in the shopping center?
Tony:  Okay.  I could go for that.  It's called Al's Steakhouse.  They also have great fried1 fish, and I love their salad bar.  You can go back to refill1 your plate as often as you like.
Lisa:  Is that the place that serves such large portions2 of meat? 
Tony:  Yes, their steaks are enormous3.  Sometimes I can't finish what I've ordered.
Lisa:  What if that happens to me?  I hate to let food go to waste. 
Tony:  Don't worry.  We'll just get a doggie bag4.

Additional2 Information:
Americans hate to waste food.  And they can always take their leftovers4 home without being embarrassed.  That’s something we both have in common.


2. Chan Lee, a visiting professor at Yale, is in Ella Lewis's apartment.  He arrived from China a month ago.
Chan:  Thanks for offering to give me a lift.  I'm looking forward to this party, but I didn't want to go alone.
Ella:  Don't mention it.  It's my pleasure.  Have you been to one of these large, sit-down dinner parties since you got to New Haven5?
Chan:  No, this is my first.  Last week I went to a cookout5 for new professors at Dean6 Barksdale's home. I took a taxi because I didn't want to be late.  But I was the first one there.
Ella:  I'll bet7 you were a little embarrassed.
Chan:  You're right.  The invitation said "two to seven".  I was there at two o'clock, but most people didn't arrive until three or four.  They didn't start cooking until five o’clock.
Ella:  Cookouts often start slowly.  A two o'clock start means you arrive any time after two.
Chan:  Thanks for telling me this.
Ella:  I was late getting back from the mall, but I'm hurrying.
Chan:  Why are you in such a hurry?  They said, "Dinner at eight," and it's only seven-fifteen.  I don't want to be the first one there again.
Ella:  Don't worry.  We won't be the first.


Helpful Information:
For a dinner date, it’s usually a good idea to be about five minutes early.
For a cookout at 2:00 o’clock, arriving between 2:00 and 2:30 is considered proper.
For a business appointment, it is considered proper to be five minutes early, but never late.


3.  Wong is discussing meals with Marsha and David Gransee.  She has been in the United States for only two days.
Wong:  I want you to know how much I appreciate these terrific8 meals you've been cooking.  Do you guys always eat this well? 
David:  Not really.  During the week, we're both busy with our jobs, so there isn't much time to cook anything fancy9.
Marsha:  We both enjoy cooking and experimenting7, so we usually try to fix something special on Sundays.
Wong:  This morning's breakfast was great: scrambled10 eggs8, bacon9, toast10, and orange juice!  You surely don't eat that kind of breakfast every day.
Marsha:  You're right!  We don't.  During the week, we usually have cold cereal11 and maybe a piece of fruit.  Neither of us has the time to cook breakfast.  Monday through Friday, it's “Every man for himself.” Don’t worry, though.  You’ll never go to bed hungry. 
David:  That's true.  And dinners are different, anyway.  Some nights Marsha will fix a casserole11 or a pasta12 dish.  Other nights, I like to throw fish or hamburgers onto the grill13.  And fix a green salad14.
Wong:  So, you cook every night?
Marsha: Well, not every night.  Some nights we have leftovers15, or maybe we'll just send out for a pizza.  We even enjoy going out to a restaurant once in a while16.
——你说得对!我们没有。一周之内,我们通常吃些冷麦片,大概一片水果。我们都没有时间做早餐。星期一到星期五,都是“个顾个地找些东西吃。” 但不要担心。你都不会饿着睡觉的。

4.  At a Thanksgiving dinner in Juneau [朱诺(美国阿拉斯加州之首府)].  There are fourteen guests at the Wrights' dinner table.
Tina:  There's so much food on the table, I don't know where to begin.
Rachel:  Pass your plate down to Chuck, Tina.  He'll put meat on it.  He always carves the turkey.
Chuck:  White meat or dark, Tina?
Tina:  Dark, please.  I like the drumsticks.
Chuck:  (To his wife) Why don't you start passing the potatoes, honey?
Rachel:  You know, Tina, it's okay to pick up the leg with your fingers.  You don't have to cut it from the bone.  Around here, we think eating should be easy and fun.
Chuck:  And try a little bit of everything.  Then you can go back for seconds, after you see which dishes you like best.
Tina:  (At the end of the meal) I feel so full; I don't think I could eat another bite.  Thank you, Chuck and Rachel, for inviting13 me to share this delicious meal with you and all your friends. 
(Chuck belches14 loudly.)
Rachel:  Chuck! 
Additional Information:
It’s very important to express your gratitude15 to the people who have cooked for you, or have invited you to a meal.  Americans also find it important and necessary to say “thank you” even to their own mothers.   It’s one of the ways to show your appreciation16 of the people who have given their time to do kind things for you.



 4   Words and Expressions
1. refill 再装满,再灌满
2. portion  (一)部分,一份
3. enormous  巨大的,庞大的
4. doggie bag 餐厅供客人带走未吃完食物的袋子
5. cookout  野炊
6. dean6 教务长,训导主任
7. experiment 实验;试验 
8. scrambled eggs 炒蛋
9. bacon 熏猪肉;咸猪
10. toast 土司,烤面包片
11. casserole 砂锅,烤锅
12. pasta 面团、意大利通心粉
13. grill12 烤架
14. green salad 蔬菜色拉 
15. leftover3 残余物,吃剩的饭菜
16. once in a while  有时 



1 fried osfz81     
  • I ate everything fried.所有油炸的我都吃。
  • I prefer fried peanuts.我选择炸花生。
2 additional rJTyM     
  • It is necessary to set down these additional rules.有必要制定这些补充规则。
  • I think we can fit in an additional room.我想我们可以再加建一间房子。
3 leftover V97zC     
  • These narrow roads are a leftover from the days of horse-drawn carriages.这些小道是从马车时代沿用下来的。
  • Wonder if that bakery lets us take leftover home.不知道那家糕饼店会不会让我们把卖剩的带回家。
4 leftovers AprzGJ     
  • He can do miracles with a few kitchen leftovers.他能用厨房里几样剩饭做出一顿美餐。
  • She made supper from leftovers she had thrown together.她用吃剩的食物拼凑成一顿晚饭。
5 haven 8dhzp     
  • It's a real haven at the end of a busy working day.忙碌了一整天后,这真是一个安乐窝。
  • The school library is a little haven of peace and quiet.学校的图书馆是一个和平且安静的小避风港。
6 Dean lmUyu     
  • The students much like the new dean.学生们很喜欢这位新系主任。
  • Who is the dean of the Foreign Languages Department?外语系主任是谁?
7 bet ddZy8     
  • I bet you can't do this puzzle.我敢说,你解决不了这个难题。
  • I offered to bet with him.我提出与他打赌。
8 terrific 9pwwG     
  • The game was terrific.那场比赛棒极了。
  • Darren drove at a terrific speed.达伦以惊人的速度驾车。
9 fancy Pl2yl     
  • He seemed to have taken quite a fancy to her.他似乎相当喜欢她。
  • I have a fancy that it's going to rain.我想大概要下雨。
10 scrambled 2e4a1c533c25a82f8e80e696225a73f2     
v.快速爬行( scramble的过去式和过去分词 );攀登;争夺;(军事飞机)紧急起飞
  • Each scrambled for the football at the football ground. 足球场上你争我夺。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • He scrambled awkwardly to his feet. 他笨拙地爬起身来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 cereal Wrzz1     
  • I have hot cereal every day for breakfast.我每天早餐吃热麦片粥。
  • Soybeans are handled differently from cereal grains.大豆的加工处理与谷类的加工处理不同。
12 grill wQ8zb     
  • Put it under the grill for a minute to brown the top.放在烤架下烤一分钟把上面烤成金黄色。
  • I'll grill you some mutton.我来给你烤一些羊肉吃。
13 inviting CqIzNp     
  • An inviting smell of coffee wafted into the room.一股诱人的咖啡香味飘进了房间。
  • The kitchen smelled warm and inviting and blessedly familiar.这间厨房的味道温暖诱人,使人感到亲切温馨。
14 belches 13ddd7222339715cb6bdcac7fb133952     
n.嗳气( belch的名词复数 );喷吐;喷出物v.打嗝( belch的第三人称单数 );喷出,吐出;打(嗝);嗳(气)
  • A volcano belches smoke and ashes. 火山喷出黑烟和灰土。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • A volcano belches forth smoke and ashes. 火山喷出烟和尘埃。 来自互联网
15 gratitude p6wyS     
  • I have expressed the depth of my gratitude to him.我向他表示了深切的谢意。
  • She could not help her tears of gratitude rolling down her face.她感激的泪珠禁不住沿着面颊流了下来。
16 appreciation Pv9zs     
  • I would like to express my appreciation and thanks to you all.我想对你们所有人表达我的感激和谢意。
  • I'll be sending them a donation in appreciation of their help.我将送给他们一笔捐款以感谢他们的帮助。
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