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零距离美语会话[社会问题]Lesson 2:About society

时间:2007-04-28 08:32来源:互联网 提供网友:g346788319   字体: [ ]

Two   About society. 

 1   Introduction
A    Some people find it’s very meaningful to be kind to the young and care for the old.  America is a wealthy nation, but it has many problems like poverty and loneliness.  So, many people volunteer their time to help teach poor children, or they visit elderly people who are lonely.
B    In many western nations, people are concerned about others who drink or smoke too much.  And drugs are a problem that people openly discuss.
C    Pregnancy1 can be an issue that causes arguments in America.  Pregnancy, abortion2, and birth control, are topics that people do not agree on.
D    It is a common tradition for some Westerners to donate money to charities that help to solve problems such as poverty, disease3, and intolerance.
E    The suburbs4 are popular because people enjoy more space for their homes and the crime rate is usually lower. 

 2    Sample Sentences
1.   Do you prefer the city or the country?
2.   Watch your diet.
3.   You have lost some weight. / You have come off some weight.
4.   At an early age, I found that positive relationships with elderly, infirmed, and disabled people, were personally fulfilling5.
5.   I have the power to change my body and my health, yet I can’t seem to get the job done. 
6.   I think that once you become accustomed to life in a place like New York State, New England, or Minnesota, you would be happy to live there.
7.   Carl was very supportive of your right to be an individual.
     Carl 很支持你作为个人的权力。
8.   He seems very respectful6 of people of different backgrounds.
9.   How would you react if your friend wanted an abortion?
10.  I haven't had a personal experience with abortion other than knowing someone who had one.

 3   Conversations
1.  Dieting.
George:  Do you hear what happened to Sally?
Joanne:  No, what?
George:  She had to go to the hospital. 
Joanne:  Why?
George:  She passed out1 in class.  Seems she hadn't eaten anything in days.
Joanne:  Why on earth would she do that? You mean that she intentionally2 did not eat any food for days?  That's crazy!
George:  Yeah, but that's what she did. 
Joanne:  I can't believe that there are girls who are willing to do that to their bodies.  And all for a certain look.
George:  Well, it's not just the girl’s fault.  It's also society's fault - magazines and ads that show wafer3 - thin models all saying “It's in to be thin”.  It's hard for them not to listen. 
Joanne:  True, but there are limits.  Being thin is one thing; starving oneself to death is another.  No one forces them to do this.
George:  I know that, but sometimes it's hard to make the right decision.  And besides, anorexia4 is a psychological5 problem as well.  Anorexics never think that they are thin enough, and they keep pushing themselves.
Joanne:  Well, they should do more to tone8 down6 those messages and try to promote a healthier body image. It really hurts girls if they grow up thinking they're always too fat.
George:  I agree.

2.  Helping9 homeless people.
Jim:  Hey, Sandy, what's new?  Interested in a movie tonight?
Sandy:  I wish I could, but I'm busy.  I'm going to work at a soup kitchen7 tonight.
Jim:  Soup kitchen?  Is that a new restaurant or something?
Sandy:  Nah, it's a place where homeless people go to eat.
Jim:  How did you get involved in something like that? 
Sandy:  Well, the minister8 at my church told us about it, and it seemed interesting.  I thought I'd try it once, and if I didn't like it I'd stop.
Jim:  So what do you do there? 
Sandy:  It's simple.  All we do is prepare some food, usually sandwiches and some fruit, and give it out to them at the soup kitchen.
Jim:  Yeah, it sounds easy.  How long does it take?
Sandy:  Only about two hours, for a couple of days a month.  Why don't you give it a try? 
Jim:  I don't know.  I mean, I like helping the community and all that, but I don't know if I have the time……
Sandy:  Come on, it's easy, and it'll make you feel good.  Why don't you come with me tonight?
Jim:  I don't know……
Sandy:  I won't accept no for an answer.  I'll pick you up at seven tonight.


3.   Two students, one white (Anthony) and one black (Charles), are talking together.
Kate:  So it is hard to be a black student on campus10?
Charles:  Yes, in many ways it is.  There are many stereotypes11 I have to deal with in my daily life.
Kate:  Stereotypes?  Like what? 
Charles:  Well, like since I'm black, I must like rap12 music10, come from the inner13 city, or play basketball well.
Kate:  I do know you like rap music, but the other two are definitely14 false. I’ve seen you play basketball.
Charles:  Hey!  But that's not the only problem.  There's also the affirmative action11 stigma12. 
Kate:  You mean that people look down upon you because they think you're in school because of a quota13? That's not true at all; you're really a smart guy.
Charles:  I know that, but some people don't think like that.  And I get problems from teachers as well.
Kate:  Teachers?  I didn't think that they would be racist14 at all. 
Charles:  Racist16?  Not exactly.  It's how they look at me and ask for my opinion on a topic, as if I can speak for all black people and give them the black opinion on a subject.  Suddenly I become the representative15 of the black race, as if we all had the same opinion.
Kate:  I see.  It looks like there are still a lot of issues we need to work on in the US.

4.  Karen is walking on the street.  She just saw a Chinese man throwing rubbish on the ground.
Karen:  Hey, you, pick up that piece of garbage! 
Man:  Huh?  Me?
Karen:  Yeah, you.  I just saw you throw a piece of garbage on the ground.  Can't you read the No Littering sign?  It's a $500 penalty16 for littering17, so go pick it up and put it in the garbage can18 over there.
Man:  Why should I do that?  It's only a piece of garbage.  Why should you care?
Karen:  Because this is a public place, and I want to spend my time here without having to look at your garbage.
Man:  Listen; I really don't know why you're making this into such a big issue.  It's only a small piece of garbage in a large space.  It's not like there's garbage everywhere.  Besides, someone will come along to clean it up at some time or another.
Karen:  It's not the cleaner's responsibility to pick up after lazy people.  It's part of your responsibility to make sure that the place is neat for other people.  If everyone thought like you, there'd be garbage everywhere!  The cleaners can't be everywhere! 
Man:  Ok, whatever.  See, I'm putting it in the garbage can.
Karen:  Hold on, that's an item.  You should put that in the recycle19 bin18 next to the trashcan.
Man:  Recycle bin?  Garbage is garbage! 
Karen:  No, it isn't.  There are many times we can take what we've used and reuse it.  It saves from having to use new materials, and it creates less garbage.
Man:   Ok, ok.  I'll do whatever you want as long as you get off my back20.


 4    Words and Expressions
1. pass out 昏倒
2. intentionally7 有意地, 故意地
3. wafer  薄酥饼; 威化饼
4. anorexia  食欲缺乏(症);厌食症
5. psychological  心理学的
6. tone down  使柔和
7. soup kitchen 施舍食物给穷人之处所; 施粥场 
8. minister  部长; 大臣; 牧师, 神职人员
9. stereotype  刻板模式 
10. rap music   说唱音乐
11. affirmative action] 以新证据推翻原告所控事实的抗辩
12. stigma  耻辱, 污名
13. quota15 配额; 定额; 限额
14. racist  种族主义者
15. representative  代表
16. penalty17 处罚; 刑罚;罚款
17. litter 乱扔废弃物 
18. garbage can  垃圾箱 
19. recycle 使再循环; 回收
20. get off one's back   不再打扰某人


1 pregnancy lPwxP     
  • Early pregnancy is often accompanied by nausea.怀孕早期常有恶心的现象。
  • Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage.怀孕期吸烟会增加流产的危险。
2 abortion ZzjzxH     
  • She had an abortion at the women's health clinic.她在妇女保健医院做了流产手术。
  • A number of considerations have led her to have a wilful abortion.多种考虑使她执意堕胎。
3 disease etMxx     
  • The doctors are trying to stamp out the disease.医生正在尽力消灭这种疾病。
  • He fought against the disease for a long time.他同疾病做了长时间的斗争。
4 suburbs 9112fbe5b7505b1970f54b03ee463b57     
n.郊区,城郊( suburb的名词复数 );四乡;隧;四郊
  • The poor suburbs traditionally formed the bedrock of the party's support. 贫穷的郊区在传统上构成了支持该党的牢固基础。
  • The new college will be located in the suburbs. 这所新建的学院将设在郊区。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 fulfilling hsdz4P     
adj.使人满足的,令人愉快的v.履行(诺言等)( fulfill的现在分词 );执行(命令等);达到(目的);使结束;满足( fulfil的现在分词 );执行;尽到;应验
  • If you expect to fail, you will fail. It's a self-fulfilling prophecy . 你如果预期失败,就会失败。这是一种自我应验的预测。
  • Nursing is hard work, but it can be very fulfilling. 护士工作很艰苦;但可以使人感到满足。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 respectful AWNxb     
  • He is respectful to his elders.他对长辈很尊敬。
  • She received guests with a respectful attitude.她恭恭敬敬地接待了客人。
7 intentionally 7qOzFn     
  • I didn't say it intentionally. 我是无心说的。
  • The local authority ruled that he had made himself intentionally homeless and was therefore not entitled to be rehoused. 当地政府裁定他是有意居无定所,因此没有资格再获得提供住房。
8 tone bqFyP     
  • There was a tone of mockery in his voice.他说话的语气含有嘲笑的意味。
  • Holmes used an informal,chatty tone in his essays.霍姆斯在文章中语气轻松随便。
9 helping 2rGzDc     
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
10 campus iTOyj     
  • They spoke of the old days on the campus.他们谈起昔日的校园生活。
  • The campus covers an area of twenty square kilometres.这个校园占地二十平方公里。
11 stereotypes 1ff39410e7d7a101c62ac42c17e0df24     
n.老套,模式化的见解,有老一套固定想法的人( stereotype的名词复数 )v.把…模式化,使成陈规( stereotype的第三人称单数 )
  • Such jokes tend to reinforce racial stereotypes. 这样的笑话容易渲染种族偏见。
  • It makes me sick to read over such stereotypes devoid of content. 这种空洞无物的八股调,我看了就讨厌。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
12 rap SABzi     
  • I heard a rap on the door.我听到有轻轻的敲门声。
  • Today we are going to rap about relationships.今天我们要聊聊关系的问题。
13 inner 96Mxs     
  • The label is on the inner side of the box.标签贴在盒子内侧。
  • Other people seek the mountains for renewal of their inner lives.另一些人到深山中去,寻求新的精神生活。
14 definitely RuJzx0     
  • The team will definitely lose if he doesn't play.如果他不参加比赛,这个队肯定会输。
  • I shall definitely be home before six o'clock.6点以前,我一定回家。
15 quota vSKxV     
  • A restricted import quota was set for meat products.肉类产品设定了进口配额。
  • He overfulfilled his production quota for two months running.他一连两个月超额完成生产指标。
16 racist GSRxZ     
  • a series of racist attacks 一连串的种族袭击行为
  • His speech presented racist ideas under the guise of nationalism. 他的讲话以民族主义为幌子宣扬种族主义思想。
17 penalty LSQzm     
  • If you knock the ball with your hand in football,you will suffer a penalty.如果在踢足球时你用手碰到球,你将受到处罚。
  • One of those arrested could face the death penalty.被捕的那些人中有一人可能被判死刑。
18 bin yR2yz     
n.箱柜;vt.放入箱内;[计算机] DOS文件名:二进制目标文件
  • He emptied several bags of rice into a bin.他把几袋米倒进大箱里。
  • He threw the empty bottles in the bin.他把空瓶子扔进垃圾箱。
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