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疯狂情景会话真功夫 59.Hoistory of Harvard

时间:2010-08-25 01:36来源:互联网 提供网友:of6508   字体: [ ]

Harvard University, which celebrated1 its 350th anniversary in 1986,
[00:05.96]is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States.
[00:10.19]Founded 16 years after the arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth,
[00:14.24]the University has grown from 9 students with a single master to an enrollment2 of more than 18,000 degree candidates,
[00:22.33]including undergraduates, and students in 10 graduate and professional schools.
[00:27.38]An additional 13,000 students are enrolled3 in one or more courses at the Harvard Extension School.
[00:33.67]Over 14,000 people work at Harvard, including more than 2,000 faculty4.
[00:39.78]There are more than 7,000 faculty appointments in affiliated5 teaching hospitals.
[00:45.24]Six presidents of the United States John Adams, John Quincy Adams,
[00:50.65]Theodore and Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Rutherford B. Hayes, and John Fitzgerald Kennedy - were graduates of Harvard.
[00:58.23]Its facutly have produced 34 Nobel Laureates.
[01:02.88]Harvard College was established in 1636 by vote of the Great and General Court of Massachusetts Bay Colony,
[01:10.92]and was named for its first benefactor6, John Harvard of Charlestown, a young minister who upon his death in 1638,
[01:20.07]left his library and half his estate to the new institution.
[01:24.17]During its early years, the College offered a classic academic course based on the English University model but consistent with the prevailing7 Puritan philosophy of the first colonists8.
[01:36.73]Although many of its early graduates became ministers in Puritan congregations throughout New England,
[01:42.90]the college never formally affiliated with a specific religious denomination9.
[01:48.96]Under president Pusey (1953-71), Harvard undertook what was then the largest fundraising campaign in the history of American higher education,
[01:59.95]the $82.5 million Program for Harvard College. The Program strengthened faculty salaries,
[02:08.60]broadened student aid, created new professorships, and expanded Harvard’s physical facilities.
[02:15.05]A similar but greatly expanded fundraising effort, the Harvard Campaign (1979-84),
[02:22.34]was conducted under the leadership of Derek Bok (1971-91) and raised $356 million by the end of 1984.
[02:33.81]Neil L.Rudenstine took office as Harvard’s 26th president in 1991.
[02:40.39]As part of an overall effort to achieve greater coordination10 among the University’s schools and faculties11,
[02:47.52]Rudenstine set in motion an intensive process of University-wide academic planning,
[02:54.24]intended to identify some of Harvard’s main intellectual and programmatic priorities.
[03:00.56]Those have become an integral part of the current five-year capital campaign.
[03:06.36]In addition, Rudenstine has stressed the University’s commitment to excellence12 in undergraduate education,
[03:13.33]the importance of keeping Harvard’s doors open to students from across the economic spectrum13,
[03:19.00]the task of adapting the research university to an era of both rapid information growth and serious financial constraints14,
[03:27.07]and the challenge of living together in a diverse community committed to freedom of expression.


1 celebrated iwLzpz     
  • He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  • The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
2 enrollment itozli     
  • You will be given a reading list at enrollment.注册时你会收到一份阅读书目。
  • I just got the enrollment notice from Fudan University.我刚刚接到复旦大学的入学通知书。
3 enrolled ff7af27948b380bff5d583359796d3c8     
adj.入学登记了的v.[亦作enrol]( enroll的过去式和过去分词 );登记,招收,使入伍(或入会、入学等),参加,成为成员;记入名册;卷起,包起
  • They have been studying hard from the moment they enrolled. 从入学时起,他们就一直努力学习。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He enrolled with an employment agency for a teaching position. 他在职业介绍所登了记以谋求一个教师的职位。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 faculty HhkzK     
  • He has a great faculty for learning foreign languages.他有学习外语的天赋。
  • He has the faculty of saying the right thing at the right time.他有在恰当的时候说恰当的话的才智。
5 affiliated 78057fb733c9c93ffbdc5f0ed15ef458     
adj. 附属的, 有关连的
  • The hospital is affiliated with the local university. 这家医院附属于当地大学。
  • All affiliated members can vote. 所有隶属成员都有投票权。
6 benefactor ZQEy0     
n. 恩人,行善的人,捐助人
  • The chieftain of that country is disguised as a benefactor this time. 那个国家的首领这一次伪装出一副施恩者的姿态。
  • The first thing I did, was to recompense my original benefactor, my good old captain. 我所做的第一件事, 就是报答我那最初的恩人, 那位好心的老船长。
7 prevailing E1ozF     
  • She wears a fashionable hair style prevailing in the city.她的发型是这个城市流行的款式。
  • This reflects attitudes and values prevailing in society.这反映了社会上盛行的态度和价值观。
8 colonists 4afd0fece453e55f3721623f335e6c6f     
n.殖民地开拓者,移民,殖民地居民( colonist的名词复数 )
  • Colonists from Europe populated many parts of the Americas. 欧洲的殖民者移居到了美洲的许多地方。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Some of the early colonists were cruel to the native population. 有些早期移居殖民地的人对当地居民很残忍。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 denomination SwLxj     
  • The firm is still operating under another denomination.这家公司改用了名称仍在继续营业。
  • Litre is a metric denomination.升是公制单位。
10 coordination Ho8zt     
  • Gymnastics is a sport that requires a considerable level of coordination.体操是一项需要高协调性的运动。
  • The perfect coordination of the dancers and singers added a rhythmic charm to the performance.舞蹈演员和歌手们配合得很好,使演出更具魅力。
11 faculties 066198190456ba4e2b0a2bda2034dfc5     
n.能力( faculty的名词复数 );全体教职员;技巧;院
  • Although he's ninety, his mental faculties remain unimpaired. 他虽年届九旬,但头脑仍然清晰。
  • All your faculties have come into play in your work. 在你的工作中,你的全部才能已起到了作用。 来自《简明英汉词典》
12 excellence ZnhxM     
  • His art has reached a high degree of excellence.他的艺术已达到炉火纯青的地步。
  • My performance is far below excellence.我的表演离优秀还差得远呢。
13 spectrum Trhy6     
  • This is a kind of atomic spectrum.这是一种原子光谱。
  • We have known much of the constitution of the solar spectrum.关于太阳光谱的构成,我们已了解不少。
14 constraints d178923285d63e9968956a0a4758267e     
强制( constraint的名词复数 ); 限制; 约束
  • Data and constraints can easily be changed to test theories. 信息库中的数据和限制条件可以轻易地改变以检验假设。 来自英汉非文学 - 科学史
  • What are the constraints that each of these imply for any design? 这每种产品的要求和约束对于设计意味着什么? 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
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