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历年考研英语阅读理解mp3(07-4)

时间:2008-10-13 08:18来源:互联网 提供网友:流畅   字体: [ ]
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[00:00:30]2007年黑暗版历年阅读真题解析    第四篇
[00:00:45]在线英语听力室

[00:01.18]It never rains but is pours.
[00:03.03]Just as bosses and boards have finally sorted out their worst

accounting1 and compliance2 troubles,
[00:08.49]and improved their feeble corporation governance,
[00:11.60]a new problem threatens to earn them—especially in America—
[00:15.20]the sort of nasty headlines that inevitably3 lead to heads

rolling in the executive suite4: data insecurity.
[00:22.50]Left, until now, to odd, low-level IT staff to put right,
[00:26.73]and seen as a concern only of data-rich industries such as

banking,
[00:31.12]telecoms and air travel,
[00:33.10]information protection is now high on the boss's agenda in

businesses of every variety.
[00:38.55]Several massive leakages6 of customer and employee data this

year—
[00:44.14]from organizations as diverse as Time Warner,
[00:46.89]the American defense7 contractor8 Science Applications

International Corp and even the University of California,
[00:53.10]Berkeley—have left managers hurriedly peering into their

intricate IT systems
[00:58.06]and business processes in search of potential

vulnerabilities.
[01:01.51]“Data is becoming an asset which needs to be guarded as much

as any other asset,”
[01:07.45]says Haim Mendelson of Stanford University’s business

School,
[01:11.22]“The ability to guard customer data is the key to market

value,
[01:15.55]which the board is responsible for on behalf of shareholders9

”.
[01:19.16]Indeed, just as there is the concept of Generally Accepted

Accounting Principles (GAAP),
[01:24.04]perhaps it is time for GASP,
[01:26.88]Generally Accepted Security Practices,
[01:29.42]suggested Eli Noam of New York’s Columbia Business School.
[01:33.06]“Setting the proper investment level for security,

redundancy, and recovery is a management issue,
[01:40.20]not a technical one,” he says.
[01:42.32]The mystery is that this should come as a surprise to any

boss.
[01:47.68]Surely it should be obvious to the dimmest executive that

trust,
[01:50.96]that most valuable of economic assets,
[01:54.90]is easily destroyed and hugely expensive to restore—
[01:58.52]and that few things are more likely to destroy trust than a

company letting sensitive personal data get into the wrong hands.?
[02:06.43]The current state of affairs may have been encouraged—
[02:09.88]though not justified—
[02:11.32]by the lack of legal penalty (in America, but not Europe) for

data leakage5.
[02:14.83]Until California recently passed a law,
[02:17.10]American firms did not have to tell anyone,
[02:19.60]even the victim, when data went astray.
[02:22.56]That may change fast:
[02:24.12]lots of proposed data-security legislation is now doing the

rounds in Washington, D.C.
[02:29.72]Meanwhile, the theft of information about some 40 million

credit-card accounts in America,
[02:35.51]disclosed on June 17th,
[02:37.92]overshadowed a hugely important decision a day earlier by

America’s Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
[02:44.13]that puts corporate10 America on notice that regulators will

act if firms fail to provide adequate data security.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 accounting nzSzsY     
n.会计,会计学,借贷对照表
参考例句:
  • A job fell vacant in the accounting department.财会部出现了一个空缺。
  • There's an accounting error in this entry.这笔账目里有差错。
2 compliance ZXyzX     
n.顺从;服从;附和;屈从
参考例句:
  • I was surprised by his compliance with these terms.我对他竟然依从了这些条件而感到吃惊。
  • She gave up the idea in compliance with his desire.她顺从他的愿望而放弃自己的主意。
3 inevitably x7axc     
adv.不可避免地;必然发生地
参考例句:
  • In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你们这样下去,毫无疑问是会散伙的。
  • Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技术变革必然会导致失业。
4 suite MsMwB     
n.一套(家具);套房;随从人员
参考例句:
  • She has a suite of rooms in the hotel.她在那家旅馆有一套房间。
  • That is a nice suite of furniture.那套家具很不错。
5 leakage H1dxq     
n.漏,泄漏;泄漏物;漏出量
参考例句:
  • Large areas of land have been contaminated by the leakage from the nuclear reactor.大片地区都被核反应堆的泄漏物污染了。
  • The continuing leakage is the result of the long crack in the pipe.这根管子上的那一条裂缝致使渗漏不断。
6 leakages 36373042d7bcef17373f6410c1bd165a     
泄露; 漏( leakage的名词复数 ); 漏出; 漏出物; 渗漏物
参考例句:
  • We can see that the flow has both leakages from it and injection into it. 我们就可以看到,这个流量既有漏出的又有注入的。
  • We can see that the flow has both leakages from it and injections into it. 我们就可以看到,这个流量是既有漏出的又有注入的。
7 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
8 contractor GnZyO     
n.订约人,承包人,收缩肌
参考例句:
  • The Tokyo contractor was asked to kick $ 6000 back as commission.那个东京的承包商被要求退还6000美元作为佣金。
  • The style of house the contractor builds depends partly on the lay of the land.承包商所建房屋的式样,有几分要看地势而定。
9 shareholders 7d3b0484233cf39bc3f4e3ebf97e69fe     
n.股东( shareholder的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The meeting was attended by 90% of shareholders. 90%的股东出席了会议。
  • the company's fiduciary duty to its shareholders 公司对股东负有的受托责任
10 corporate 7olzl     
adj.共同的,全体的;公司的,企业的
参考例句:
  • This is our corporate responsibility.这是我们共同的责任。
  • His corporate's life will be as short as a rabbit's tail.他的公司的寿命是兔子尾巴长不了。
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