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NPR 2011-10-20

时间:2011-11-05 05:46来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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 More than 60 million Americans who receive social security benefits are expected to see a little more in their monthly checks. Starting next year, the Social Security Administration says retirees and the disabled will see a cost of living adjustment that as NPR's Jennifer Ludden explains is pegged1 to inflation.

 
For the past two years, stagnant2 inflation meant no increase, the first time that's happened since automatic cost of living adjustments began. Advocates for seniors welcome this latest 3.6% raise but say it's not enough to keep up with rising health costs, those increased by double digits3 in recent years, and the administration expects to announce another rise in Medicare premiums4 next week. The amount of wages subject to social security taxes will also go up by several thousand dollars but will affect only a small share of workers. Jennifer Ludden, NPR News, Washington.
 
It's welcome news to many recipients5 who've seen their savings6 dwindle7 and out-of-pocket medical expenses rise in recent years. Irene Zisblatt lives in Pembroke Pines, Florida, where she says she's had to pinch every penny of her fixed8 income.
 
"I cut out a lot of step that I did before. I don't go, I don't go out too much so I don't have to get gas."
 
Just as well because the price of gas has gone up, so has the cost of food, consumers are still cautious about spending. But a Federal Reserve survey out today reveals consumer spending actually edged up in most parts of the country.
 
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is making a previously9 unannounced visit to Afghanistan. NPR's Jackie Northam is traveling with the secretary.
 
Secretary Clinton was due to have a working dinner with Afghan President Hamid Karzai shortly after her arrival, but scheduling problems forced her to push that meeting back until lunch Thursday. Senior US officials say the two will discuss strategic relations between the US and Afghanistan and possible peace negotiations10 which are critical to helping11 end the conflict here. Those talks took a severe hit after Karzai's peace envoy12. Burhanuddin Rabbani was killed last month by a member of the Taliban posing as a reconciliation13 envoy. US officials say Karzai and Clinton will also discuss relations with Pakistan, which is having an increasingly tense relationship with both the US and Afghanistan. Jackie Northam, NPR News, Kabul.
 
President Obama and the first lady have been spending today in Virginia touting14 parts of the White House's jobs plan, especially pledges of putting more veterans and military spouses15 back to work. It was a final leg of a three-day tour that also included North Carolina. Now President Obama may be the commander in chief, but apparently16 all bets are off in a pumpkin17 patch.
 
"We are gonna have these in the front of the White House, these two white ones. That's what the first lady just decided18, and I do what she says."
 
The first couple also picked up peanuts and apples before a grabbing lunch in Virginia.
 
Before the close, the Dow was down 70 points.
 
This is NPR.
 
The FDA has identified a series of problems at the Colorado cantaloupe farm linked to the deadly listeria outbreak. NPR's Allison Aubrey reports that used equipment and pools of water on the floor likely harbor and spread bacteria to the fruit.
 
Investigators19 found positive listeria samples on used, hard-to-clean packing equipment at Jensen Farms, and they say this likely offered the virulent20 strains of bacteria lots of spots to hide and multiply. The outbreak, which was the deadliest in decades, sickened 123 people, including a pregnant woman who miscarried. FDA Commissioner21 Margaret Hamburg says moving forward prevention must be the cornerstone of food safety.
 
"Well, we know that many in the industry are taking stringent22 food safety measures. We need to make certain that all in the industry know what is expected of them."
 
Hamburg says Jensen Farms has agreed to correct all of the concerns noted23 during the FDA inspections24. Allison Aubrey, NPR News, Washington.
 
Investigators with the National Weather Service were expected in South Florida's Broward County today to assess damage from what was believed to be a tornado25. The storm tore through Plantation26 and Sunrise yesterday and left behind a two-mile-long trail of debris27. Witnesses say a twister plowed28 through vehicles and dozens of homes. Several trailers have been destroyed, but there were no immediate29 reports of serious injuries. 
 
All copies of Eugene O'Neill's recently discovered one-act play “Exorcism” are now the property of a library at Yale University. The Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library is not saying how much it paid. O'Neill's manuscript was long assumed lost until a researcher stumbled upon it earlier this year.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 pegged eb18fad4b804ac8ec6deaf528b06e18b     
v.用夹子或钉子固定( peg的过去式和过去分词 );使固定在某水平
参考例句:
  • They pegged their tent down. 他们钉好了账篷。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • She pegged down the stairs. 她急忙下楼。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
2 stagnant iGgzj     
adj.不流动的,停滞的,不景气的
参考例句:
  • Due to low investment,industrial output has remained stagnant.由于投资少,工业生产一直停滞不前。
  • Their national economy is stagnant.他们的国家经济停滞不前。
3 digits a2aacbd15b619a9b9e5581a6c33bd2b1     
n.数字( digit的名词复数 );手指,足趾
参考例句:
  • The number 1000 contains four digits. 1000是四位数。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The number 410 contains three digits. 数字 410 中包括三个数目字。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
4 premiums efa999cd01994787d84b066d2957eaa7     
n.费用( premium的名词复数 );保险费;额外费用;(商品定价、贷款利息等以外的)加价
参考例句:
  • He paid premiums on his life insurance last year. 他去年付了人寿保险费。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
  • Moves are afoot to increase car insurance premiums. 现正在酝酿提高汽车的保险费。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 recipients 972af69bf73f8ad23a446a346a6f0fff     
adj.接受的;受领的;容纳的;愿意接受的n.收件人;接受者;受领者;接受器
参考例句:
  • The recipients of the prizes had their names printed in the paper. 获奖者的姓名登在报上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The recipients of prizes had their names printed in the paper. 获奖者名单登在报上。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
6 savings ZjbzGu     
n.存款,储蓄
参考例句:
  • I can't afford the vacation,for it would eat up my savings.我度不起假,那样会把我的积蓄用光的。
  • By this time he had used up all his savings.到这时,他的存款已全部用完。
7 dwindle skxzI     
v.逐渐变小(或减少)
参考例句:
  • The factory's workforce has dwindled from over 4,000 to a few hundred.工厂雇员总数已经从4,000多人减少到几百人。
  • He is struggling to come to terms with his dwindling authority.他正努力适应自己权力被削弱这一局面。
8 fixed JsKzzj     
adj.固定的,不变的,准备好的;(计算机)固定的
参考例句:
  • Have you two fixed on a date for the wedding yet?你们俩选定婚期了吗?
  • Once the aim is fixed,we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一旦确定,我们就不应该随意改变。
9 previously bkzzzC     
adv.以前,先前(地)
参考例句:
  • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
  • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
10 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
11 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.帮助人的,辅助的
参考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可怜的孩子们总是要求我把我的汉堡包再给他们一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 这样一来, 他在某些时候,有助于竞争的加强。
12 envoy xoLx7     
n.使节,使者,代表,公使
参考例句:
  • Their envoy showed no sign of responding to our proposals.他们的代表对我方的提议毫无回应的迹象。
  • The government has not yet appointed an envoy to the area.政府尚未向这一地区派过外交官。
13 reconciliation DUhxh     
n.和解,和谐,一致
参考例句:
  • He was taken up with the reconciliation of husband and wife.他忙于做夫妻间的调解工作。
  • Their handshake appeared to be a gesture of reconciliation.他们的握手似乎是和解的表示。
14 touting 4d75f17b3549c92164bbfc96b4ef2275     
v.兜售( tout的现在分词 );招揽;侦查;探听赛马情报
参考例句:
  • He's been touting his novel around publishers for years. 他几年来一直到处找出版商兜售自己的小说。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Technology industry leaders are touting cars as a hot area for growth. 科技产业领袖吹捧为增长热点地区的汽车。 来自互联网
15 spouses 3fbe4097e124d44af1bc18e63e898b65     
n.配偶,夫或妻( spouse的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Jobs are available for spouses on campus and in the community. 校园里和社区里有配偶可做的工作。 来自辞典例句
  • An astonishing number of spouses-most particularly in the upper-income brackets-have no close notion of their husbands'paychecks. 相当大一部分妇女——特别在高收入阶层——并不很了解他们丈夫的薪金。 来自辞典例句
16 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
17 pumpkin NtKy8     
n.南瓜
参考例句:
  • They ate turkey and pumpkin pie.他们吃了火鸡和南瓜馅饼。
  • It looks like there is a person looking out of the pumpkin!看起来就像南瓜里有人在看着你!
18 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
19 investigators e970f9140785518a87fc81641b7c89f7     
n.调查者,审查者( investigator的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • This memo could be the smoking gun that investigators have been looking for. 这份备忘录可能是调查人员一直在寻找的证据。
  • The team consisted of six investigators and two secretaries. 这个团队由六个调查人员和两个秘书组成。 来自《简明英汉词典》
20 virulent 1HtyK     
adj.有毒的,有恶意的,充满敌意的
参考例句:
  • She is very virulent about her former employer.她对她过去的老板恨之入骨。
  • I stood up for her despite the virulent criticism.尽管她遭到恶毒的批评,我还是维护她。
21 commissioner gq3zX     
n.(政府厅、局、处等部门)专员,长官,委员
参考例句:
  • The commissioner has issued a warrant for her arrest.专员发出了对她的逮捕令。
  • He was tapped for police commissioner.他被任命为警务处长。
22 stringent gq4yz     
adj.严厉的;令人信服的;银根紧的
参考例句:
  • Financiers are calling for a relaxation of these stringent measures.金融家呼吁对这些严厉的措施予以放宽。
  • Some of the conditions in the contract are too stringent.合同中有几项条件太苛刻。
23 noted 5n4zXc     
adj.著名的,知名的
参考例句:
  • The local hotel is noted for its good table.当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
  • Jim is noted for arriving late for work.吉姆上班迟到出了名。
24 inspections c445f9a2296d8835cd7d4a2da50fc5ca     
n.检查( inspection的名词复数 );检验;视察;检阅
参考例句:
  • Regular inspections are carried out at the prison. 经常有人来视察这座监狱。
  • Government inspections ensure a high degree of uniformity in the standard of service. 政府检查确保了在服务标准方面的高度一致。 来自《简明英汉词典》
25 tornado inowl     
n.飓风,龙卷风
参考例句:
  • A tornado whirled into the town last week.龙卷风上周袭击了这座城市。
  • The approaching tornado struck awe in our hearts.正在逼近的龙卷风使我们惊恐万分。
26 plantation oOWxz     
n.种植园,大农场
参考例句:
  • His father-in-law is a plantation manager.他岳父是个种植园经营者。
  • The plantation owner has possessed himself of a vast piece of land.这个种植园主把大片土地占为己有。
27 debris debris     
n.瓦砾堆,废墟,碎片
参考例句:
  • After the bombing there was a lot of debris everywhere.轰炸之后到处瓦砾成堆。
  • Bacteria sticks to food debris in the teeth,causing decay.细菌附着在牙缝中的食物残渣上,导致蛀牙。
28 plowed 2de363079730210858ae5f5b15e702cf     
v.耕( plow的过去式和过去分词 );犁耕;费力穿过
参考例句:
  • They plowed nearly 100,000 acres of virgin moorland. 他们犁了将近10万英亩未开垦的高沼地。 来自辞典例句
  • He plowed the land and then sowed the seeds. 他先翻土,然后播种。 来自辞典例句
29 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
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