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新东方优美背诵短文50篇 Unit49:Sleep

时间:2007-11-21 03:21来源:互联网 提供网友:xianging   字体: [ ]
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Sleet1 is part of a person’s daily activity cycle. There are several different stages of sleep, and they too occur in cycles. If you are an average sleeper2, your sleep cycle is as follows. When you fist drift off into slumber3, your eyes will roll about a bit, you temperature will drop slightly, your muscles will relax, and your breathing well slow and become quite regular. Your brain waves slow and become quite regular. Your brain waves slow down a bit too, with the alpha rhythm of rather fast waves 1 sleep. For the next half hour or so, as you relax more and more, you will drift down through stage 2 and stage 3 sleep. The lower your stage of sleep. slower your brain waves will be. Then about 40to 69 minutes after you lose consciousness you will have reached the deepest sleep of all. Your brain will show the large slow waves that are known as the delta4 rhythm. This is stage 4 sleep.

You do not remain at this deep fourth stage all night long, but instead about 80 minutes after you fall into slumber, your brain activity level will increase again slightly. The delta rhythm will disappear, to be replaced by the activity pattern of brain waves. Your eyes will begin to dart5 around under your closed eyelids6 as if you were looking at something occurring in front of you. This period of rapid eye movement lasts for some 8 to 15 minutes and is called REM sleep. It is during REM sleep period, your body will soon relax again, your breathing will slip gently back from stage 1 to stage 4 sleep----only to rise once again to the surface of near consciousness some 80 minutes later.


睡眠
睡眠是人每天日常活动循环的一部分。人的睡眠分几个阶段,而这些阶段也是循环发生的。如果你是一个正常的睡眠者,你的睡眠循环会这样进行。
在你开始昏昏入睡时,你的眼睛会滚动几下,体温略有下降,肌肉放松,呼吸变得缓慢而有节奏。除了开始几分钟比较快的α节奏外,脑电波也稍有减缓。
这被称为第一阶段睡眠。在随后约半小时内,你进一步放松,进入第二和第三阶段睡眠。睡眠越深入,脑电波就越缓慢。大约在开始睡眠后的40到
60分钟,你将进入沉睡状态。这时的脑电波表现为巨大的缓波,被称为δ节奏。这就是第四阶段睡眠。但你并不是整夜都保持这种沉睡状态。入睡后约
80分钟左右,你的大脑运动水平会再度略有提高。δ节奏消失,并被脑电波的运动图形取代。你的眼睛会
在闭着的眼睑下迅速转动,就好象你在看着眼前发生的什么事情。这种迅速的眼球运动持续约8~15分钟,这一阶段睡眠被称之为快速眼动(REM)睡眠。
在REM睡眠阶段,你的肢体会很快再度放松,呼吸也再次放慢并变得有节奏,你会轻松地从第一阶段滑入第四阶段睡眠-直到大约80
分钟后重新接近清醒状态。


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 sleet wxlw6     
n.雨雪;v.下雨雪,下冰雹
参考例句:
  • There was a great deal of sleet last night.昨夜雨夹雪下得真大。
  • When winter comes,we get sleet and frost.冬天来到时我们这儿会有雨夹雪和霜冻。
2 sleeper gETyT     
n.睡眠者,卧车,卧铺
参考例句:
  • I usually go up to London on the sleeper. 我一般都乘卧车去伦敦。
  • But first he explained that he was a very heavy sleeper. 但首先他解释说自己睡觉很沉。
3 slumber 8E7zT     
n.睡眠,沉睡状态
参考例句:
  • All the people in the hotels were wrapped in deep slumber.住在各旅馆里的人都已进入梦乡。
  • Don't wake him from his slumber because he needs the rest.不要把他从睡眠中唤醒,因为他需要休息。
4 delta gxvxZ     
n.(流的)角洲
参考例句:
  • He has been to the delta of the Nile.他曾去过尼罗河三角洲。
  • The Nile divides at its mouth and forms a delta.尼罗河在河口分岔,形成了一个三角洲。
5 dart oydxK     
v.猛冲,投掷;n.飞镖,猛冲
参考例句:
  • The child made a sudden dart across the road.那小孩突然冲过马路。
  • Markov died after being struck by a poison dart.马尔科夫身中毒镖而亡。
6 eyelids 86ece0ca18a95664f58bda5de252f4e7     
n.眼睑( eyelid的名词复数 );眼睛也不眨一下;不露声色;面不改色
参考例句:
  • She was so tired, her eyelids were beginning to droop. 她太疲倦了,眼睑开始往下垂。
  • Her eyelids drooped as if she were on the verge of sleep. 她眼睑低垂好像快要睡着的样子。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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TAG标签:   新概念  背诵  短文  sleep
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