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豆知识 2011-07-17&07-23 瓶装水的故事 (2/2)

时间:2011-09-10 03:04来源:互联网 提供网友:gmeng   字体: [ ]
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 Exactly how is that environmentally responsible? The problems start here with extraction and production, where oil is used to make water bottles. Each year, making the plastic water bottles used in the U.S. takes enough oil and energy to fuel a million cars.

 
 
 
All that energy spent to make the bottle; even more to ship it around the planet; and then we drink it in about 2 minutes? That brings us to the big problem at the other end of the life cycle - disposal. 
 
 
 
What happens to all these bottles when we're done? Eighty percent end up in landfills, where they will sit for thousands of years, or in incinerators, where they are burned, releasing toxic1 pollution. The rest gets collected for recycling. 
 
 
 
I was curious about where the plastic bottles that I put in recycling bins2 go. I found out that shiploads were being sent to India. So, I went there. I will never forget riding over a hill outside Madras where I came face to face with a mountain of plastic bottles from California. 
 
 
 
Now, real recycling would turn these bottles back into bottles. But that wasn't what was happening here. Instead these bottles were slated3 to be downcycled, which means turning them into lower quality products that would just be chucked later. The parts that couldn't be downcycled were thrown away there - shipped all the way to India just to be dumped in someone else's backyard. If bottled water companies want to use mountains on their labels, it would be more accurate to show one of these mountains of plastic waste. 
 
 
 
Scaring us, seducing4 us, and misleading us - these strategies are all core parts of manufacturing demand. Once they've manufactured all this demand, creating a new multibillion dollar market, they defend it by beating out the competition. But in this case, the competition is our basic human right to clean, safe drinking water. 
 
 
 
Pepsi's Vice5 Chairman publicly said: “The biggest enemy is tap water.” They want us to think it's dirty, and bottled water is the best alternative. In many places, public water is polluted thanks to polluting industries like the plastic bottle industry. And these bottled water guys are all too happy to offer their expensive solutions which keeps us hooked on their products. 
 
 
 
It is time we took back the tap. That starts with making a personal commitment to not buy or drink bottled water unless the water in your community is truly unhealthy. Yes, it takes a bit of foresight6 to grab a reusable bottle on the way out, but I think we can handle it. 
 
 
 
Then take the next step. Join a campaign that's working for real solutions. Like demanding investment in clean tap water for all. In the US, tap water is underfunded by $24 billion partly because people believe drinking water only comes from a bottle. Around the world, a billion people don't have access to clean water right now, yet cities all over are spending millions of dollars to deal with all the plastic bottles we throw out. What if that money was spent on improving our water systems or better yet, preventing pollution to begin with? 
 
 
 
There are many more things we can do to solve this problem. Lobby your city officials to bring back drinking fountains. Work to ban the purchase of bottled water by your school, your organization or entire city. This is a huge opportunity for millions of people to wake up and protect our wallets, our health and the planet. 
 
 
 
The good news is it's already started. Bottled water sales have begun to drop while business is booming for safe refillable water bottles. Yay! Restaurants are proudly serving "tap" and people are choosing to pocket the hundreds of thousands of dollars they would otherwise be wasting on bottled water. Carrying bottled water is on its way to being as cool as smoking while pregnant. We know better now. 
 
 
 
The bottled water industry is getting worried because the jig7 is up. We are not buying into their manufactured demand anymore. We will choose our own demands, thank you very much, and we're demanding clean safe water for all.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 toxic inSwc     
adj.有毒的,因中毒引起的
参考例句:
  • The factory had accidentally released a quantity of toxic waste into the sea.这家工厂意外泄漏大量有毒废物到海中。
  • There is a risk that toxic chemicals might be blasted into the atmosphere.爆炸后有毒化学物质可能会进入大气层。
2 bins f61657e8b1aa35d4af30522a25c4df3a     
n.大储藏箱( bin的名词复数 );宽口箱(如面包箱,垃圾箱等)v.扔掉,丢弃( bin的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • Garbage from all sources was deposited in bins on trolleys. 来自各方的垃圾是装在手推车上的垃圾箱里的。 来自辞典例句
  • Would you be pleased at the prospect of its being on sale in dump bins? 对于它将被陈列在倾销箱中抛售这件事,你能欣然接受吗? 来自辞典例句
3 slated 87d23790934cf766dc7204830faf2859     
用石板瓦盖( slate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Yuki is working up an in-home phonics program slated for Thursdays, and I'm drilling her on English conversation at dinnertime. Yuki每周四还有一次家庭语音课。我在晚餐时训练她的英语口语。
  • Bromfield was slated to become U.S. Secretary of Agriculture. 布罗姆菲尔德被提名为美国农业部长。
4 seducing 0de3234666d9f0bcf759f3e532ac218f     
诱奸( seduce的现在分词 ); 勾引; 诱使堕落; 使入迷
参考例句:
  • He got into trouble for seducing the daughter of a respectable tradesman. 他因为引诱一个有名望的商人的女儿而惹上了麻烦。
  • Chao Hsin-mei, you scoundrel, you shameless wretch, seducing a married woman. 赵辛楣,你这混帐东西!无耻家伙!引诱有夫之妇。
5 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
6 foresight Wi3xm     
n.先见之明,深谋远虑
参考例句:
  • The failure is the result of our lack of foresight.这次失败是由于我们缺乏远虑而造成的。
  • It required a statesman's foresight and sagacity to make the decision.作出这个决定需要政治家的远见卓识。
7 jig aRnzk     
n.快步舞(曲);v.上下晃动;用夹具辅助加工;蹦蹦跳跳
参考例句:
  • I went mad with joy and danced a little jig.我欣喜若狂,跳了几步吉格舞。
  • He piped a jig so that we could dance.他用笛子吹奏格舞曲好让我们跳舞。
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TAG标签:   豆知识  瓶装水的故事
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