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News & Reports 2011-01-15

时间:2011-05-06 05:21来源:互联网 提供网友:ty4116   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

Vice1-Foreign Minister Cui Tiankai says China and the United States are on track to reach agreement on new cooperation projects in wide-ranging areas during President Hu Jintao's upcoming visit to the US.

U.S. Secretary of Defense2 Robert Gates voices his support for diplomatic engagement with North Korea.

Floods and landslides3 kill over 500 people in Brazil.

As the Chinese yuan keeps breaking the exchange record against the US dollar, Chinese exporters look for ways to try to ease the pressure being put on them.


Hot Issue Reports

Chinese Vice FM: China, US Have No Alternative but Cooperation

China's vice-foreign minister is suggesting that the two countries have no choice but to cooperate with each another. Cui Tiankai was speaking Friday ahead of President Hu Jintao's upcoming trip next week to the United States.


China's growth benefits the US and world economy

Meanwhile, the United States' Commerce Secretary says his country welcomes China's growth, because it's good for the global economy, and important for U.S. companies.

Gary Locke made the comment at a luncheon4 in Washington hosted by the U.S.-China Business Council.

He says China's growth provides opportunities for U.S. companies to offer world-class products and services. They have helped improve the quality of life for the Chinese, while providing jobs for American workers.

"In front of us is the opportunity for China and the United States to lead the world and its economy in the early 21st century to create a new foundation for sustainable growth for years to come."

Locke says he has witnessed China's explosive growth during the past two decades especially after it joined the World Trade Organization.

"Tariffs5 have come down. Property rights are steadily6 evolving, and great strides have been made to free the flow of commerce across China's borders."

The Commerce Secretary says China is one of the top destinations for U.S. exports, only after Canada and Mexico. And the United States is the number-one market for Chinese products.


Gates in Seoul voices approval for diplomatic engagement with North

U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates is voicing his support for diplomatic engagement with North Korea.

The comments come as he wraps up his week- long military discussions in east Asia.

Gates made a brief stop in Seoul today after visiting Beijing and Tokyo, meeting with his South Korean counterpart Kim Kwan-jin for short crisis talks on North Korea.

Earlier in Tokyo, Gates also signaled that the stalled six-party talks can resume if North Korea can prove it is serious about negotiations7.

"When and if North Korea's behavior gives us any reason to believe that negotiations can be conducted productively, and in good faith, we will work with Japan, South Korea, Russia, and China to resume engagement dialogue with North Korea, through the six-party talks."

During his trips to China and Japan, Gates urged North Korea to put a moratorium8 on nuclear and missile testing.


Floods and Landslides Kill Over 500 in Brazil; Rains Ease in Sri Lanka; Cleanup in Brisbane Begins

Rescue workers in Brazil are bracing9 for more rain, as they struggle to reach areas cut off by massive floods and landslides that look certain to have killed more than 500 people.

In one of the country's worst natural disasters, rivers of mud have torn through towns in the mountainous Serrana region outside Rio de Janeiro, leveling houses.

President Dilma Rousseff has now flown over an area by helicopter which is now only accessible only by a perilous10 eight-kilometer hike through mud-slicked jungle.

"What do we have to do? There are going to be landsides because of the heavy rains; fine, we just have to make sure people are not going to get killed because of it (heavy rains)."

More than 13-thousand people have been left homeless.

The flooding has likely caused billions of dollars in damage and has presented Rousseff with her first crisis, only two weeks after taking office.

Meanwhile, in Sri Lanka, the death toll11 from the monsoon12 flooding and mudslides has now risen to 27, with more than a million people still displaced by the devastating13 disaster.

Forcasters say the rains have eased across the eastern region, but many are still in need of aid.

"We don't have proper meals. We are having a very difficult time because of these rains. We have nothing to sleep on and it is very cold. People are suffering. We have nothing to eat and we can't go to work. The government must help us."

The agriculture ministry14 in Sri Lanka estimates that nearly a fifth of the country's rice farms have been inundated15 and likely destroyed.


EU foreign chief expects progress in new Iranian nuclear talks

European Union foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton says she expects progress in negotiations next week between world powers and Iran over its nuclear program.

"Suffice to say I'm very clear that what I want to see is progress next week. We've set out very clearly from our perspective what we are discussing and let's see what we get to … We've set sight sufficient time to be able to have serious dialogue, that we will be able to make progress and I very much look forward to achieving that."

One Iranian nuclear official has suggested that the talks in Istanbul next week could be the "last chance" for the West because Tehran's atomic capability16 is improving.

Meanwhile, Ashton has confirmed the EU will not go on a tour of Iran's nuclear facilities, insisting the inspection17 of nuclear sites should be done by the UN nuclear watchdog, the IAEA.

China to beef up research on basic sciences

Two Chinese scientists, materials expert Shi Changxu and hematologist Wang Zhenyi, have won China's top science award for their outstanding contributions to scientific and technological18 innovation.

The pair, both from the Chinese Academy of Engineering, each received 5 million yuan, or 757,600 U.S. dollars, and were presented with certificates by President Hu Jintao at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on Friday.


World Bank'sYuan Bond fuels renminbi internationalization

Friday wais the first day of yuan-bond issuance in Hong Kong. Earlier this month the World Bank officially announced its decision to price 500 million yuan, or 76 million U.S. dollars, of renminbi-denominated fixed-rate bonds.

According to HSBC, the book runner, the bonds mature on Jan 14th, 2013 with interests paid semi-annually.

It's widely believed that as a significant step towards the internationalization of the Chinese yuan, the move will help to build trust between investors19 and the currency.

Ding Zhijie, President of the University of International Business and Economics, says it will also promote the recognition of the RMB at regional and international levels.

"It stimulates20 the development of renminbi offshore21 market in Hongkong. Besides, as World Bank gives financial and technical assistance to developing countries, if yuan-denominated bond is used in this way, its recognition will certainly be increased."

It's reported that the Bank of East Asia Ltd.'s China unit also plans to issue an unspecified amount of yuan-denominated bonds in Hong Kong in the first quarter of this year.


Chinese manufacturers tackle with RMB appreciation22

As the Chinese yuan keeps breaking the exchange record against the US dollar, Chinese exporters are looking for ways to try to ease the pressure being put on them.

Many say they've predicted RMB's rise.

Chen Xi is the manager of the Xukun Trade company in Xiamen.

"Last Oct. we have almost predicted that the exchange rate RMB against US dollar will be around 6.5. Therefore, we've readjusted our quoted prices according to the prediction then."

For Chinese exporters, the advantage of lower costs is petering out as the yuan continues its upward move. The situation has also been prompting domestic manufacturers to switch their strategies.

Ou Naiguang is the vice chief executive officer of Global Sources, which facilitates outgoing trade from China.

"The appreciation of RMB indeed puts stress on foreign purchasers in the Chinese market. Therefore, the purchasers now are looking for high quality suppliers but not mainly low-price products."

The Renminbi hit a new record today against the US dollar, the second day in a row it's come in under 6.6.


Hard to Get Back Upfront Fees

One of Beijing's oldest and largest gym franchises23 Qingniao Fitness, or Nirvana Fitness, has recently suspended business at five of its major outlets24, triggering a credit crisis among businesses requiring upfront fees.

From the Nanfang Daily: A strike by hundreds of taxi drivers in Hubei has now entered its fifth week with many of them claiming to have been illegally detained.

Several cabbies in the city of Xianning, who are protesting over a new licensing25 policy, say they have been detained for several days for allegedly causing social disorder26 after they took to the streets to voice their anger against a plan to strip them of taxi licenses28 in 10 years' time.

Xianning cab regulators now say the local government plans to confiscate29 all its 456 taxi licenses by 2020 when drivers will have to apply for a new one. By that time, a government-selected company will manage the taxi business and some 200 more cabs would be put on the road.

The plan has angered the city's taxi drivers, who point out they've paid at least 300,000 yuan for a license27. They argue the government has no right to take it back when the business is booming.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
2 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
3 landslides 5a0c95bd1e490515d70aff3ba74490cb     
山崩( landslide的名词复数 ); (山坡、悬崖等的)崩塌; 滑坡; (竞选中)一方选票占压倒性多数
参考例句:
  • Landslides have cut off many villages in remote areas. 滑坡使边远地区的许多村庄与外界隔绝。
  • The storm caused landslides and flooding in Savona. 风暴致使萨沃纳发生塌方和洪灾。
4 luncheon V8az4     
n.午宴,午餐,便宴
参考例句:
  • We have luncheon at twelve o'clock.我们十二点钟用午餐。
  • I have a luncheon engagement.我午饭有约。
5 tariffs a7eb9a3f31e3d6290c240675a80156ec     
关税制度; 关税( tariff的名词复数 ); 关税表; (旅馆或饭店等的)收费表; 量刑标准
参考例句:
  • British industry was sheltered from foreign competition by protective tariffs. 保护性关税使英国工业免受国际竞争影响。
  • The new tariffs have put a stranglehold on trade. 新的关税制对开展贸易极为不利。
6 steadily Qukw6     
adv.稳定地;不变地;持续地
参考例句:
  • The scope of man's use of natural resources will steadily grow.人类利用自然资源的广度将日益扩大。
  • Our educational reform was steadily led onto the correct path.我们的教学改革慢慢上轨道了。
7 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
8 moratorium K6gz5     
n.(行动、活动的)暂停(期),延期偿付
参考例句:
  • The government has called for a moratorium on weapons testing.政府已要求暂停武器试验。
  • We recommended a moratorium on two particular kinds of experiments.我们建议暂禁两种特殊的实验。
9 bracing oxQzcw     
adj.令人振奋的
参考例句:
  • The country is bracing itself for the threatened enemy invasion. 这个国家正准备奋起抵抗敌人的入侵威胁。
  • The atmosphere in the new government was bracing. 新政府的气氛是令人振奋的。
10 perilous E3xz6     
adj.危险的,冒险的
参考例句:
  • The journey through the jungle was perilous.穿过丛林的旅行充满了危险。
  • We have been carried in safety through a perilous crisis.历经一连串危机,我们如今已安然无恙。
11 toll LJpzo     
n.过路(桥)费;损失,伤亡人数;v.敲(钟)
参考例句:
  • The hailstone took a heavy toll of the crops in our village last night.昨晚那场冰雹损坏了我们村的庄稼。
  • The war took a heavy toll of human life.这次战争夺去了许多人的生命。
12 monsoon 261zf     
n.季雨,季风,大雨
参考例句:
  • The monsoon rains started early this year.今年季雨降雨开始得早。
  • The main climate type in that region is monsoon.那个地区主要以季风气候为主要气候类型。
13 devastating muOzlG     
adj.毁灭性的,令人震惊的,强有力的
参考例句:
  • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.这是20年来破坏性最大的风暴。
  • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情确实会对婚姻造成毁灭性的影响。
14 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
15 inundated b757ab1facad862c244d283c6bf1f666     
v.淹没( inundate的过去式和过去分词 );(洪水般地)涌来;充满;给予或交予(太多事物)使难以应付
参考例句:
  • We have been inundated with offers of help. 主动援助多得使我们应接不暇。
  • We have been inundated with every bit of information imaginable. 凡是想得到的各种各样的信息潮水般地向我们涌来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
16 capability JsGzZ     
n.能力;才能;(pl)可发展的能力或特性等
参考例句:
  • She has the capability to become a very fine actress.她有潜力成为杰出演员。
  • Organizing a whole department is beyond his capability.组织整个部门是他能力以外的事。
17 inspection y6TxG     
n.检查,审查,检阅
参考例句:
  • On random inspection the meat was found to be bad.经抽查,发现肉变质了。
  • The soldiers lined up for their daily inspection by their officers.士兵们列队接受军官的日常检阅。
18 technological gqiwY     
adj.技术的;工艺的
参考例句:
  • A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技术变革的步伐。
  • Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 随着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
19 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投资者,出资者( investor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 诈取投资者几百万元的骗子
  • a cash bonanza for investors 投资者的赚钱机会
20 stimulates 7384b1562fa5973e17b0984305c09f3e     
v.刺激( stimulate的第三人称单数 );激励;使兴奋;起兴奋作用,起刺激作用,起促进作用
参考例句:
  • Exercise stimulates the body. 运动促进身体健康。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Alcohol stimulates the action of the heart. 酒刺激心脏的活动。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
21 offshore FIux8     
adj.海面的,吹向海面的;adv.向海面
参考例句:
  • A big program of oil exploration has begun offshore.一个大规模的石油勘探计划正在近海展开。
  • A gentle current carried them slowly offshore.和缓的潮流慢慢地把他们带离了海岸。
22 appreciation Pv9zs     
n.评价;欣赏;感谢;领会,理解;价格上涨
参考例句:
  • I would like to express my appreciation and thanks to you all.我想对你们所有人表达我的感激和谢意。
  • I'll be sending them a donation in appreciation of their help.我将送给他们一笔捐款以感谢他们的帮助。
23 franchises ef6665e7cd0e166d2f4deb0f4f26c671     
n.(尤指选举议员的)选举权( franchise的名词复数 );参政权;获特许权的商业机构(或服务);(公司授予的)特许经销权v.给…以特许权,出售特许权( franchise的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • TV franchises will be auctioned to the highest bidder. 电视特许经营权将拍卖给出价最高的投标人。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Ford dealerships operated as independent franchises. 福特汽车公司的代销商都是独立的联营商。 来自辞典例句
24 outlets a899f2669c499f26df428cf3d18a06c3     
n.出口( outlet的名词复数 );经销店;插座;廉价经销店
参考例句:
  • The dumping of foreign cotton blocked outlets for locally grown cotton. 外国棉花的倾销阻滞了当地生产的棉花的销路。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They must find outlets for their products. 他们必须为自己的产品寻找出路。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
25 licensing 7352ce0b4e0665659ae6466c18decb2a     
v.批准,许可,颁发执照( license的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • A large part of state regulation consists of occupational licensing. 大部分州的管理涉及行业的特许批准。 来自英汉非文学 - 行政法
  • That licensing procedures for projects would move faster. 这样的工程批准程序一定会加快。 来自辞典例句
26 disorder Et1x4     
n.紊乱,混乱;骚动,骚乱;疾病,失调
参考例句:
  • When returning back,he discovered the room to be in disorder.回家后,他发现屋子里乱七八糟。
  • It contained a vast number of letters in great disorder.里面七零八落地装着许多信件。
27 license B9TzU     
n.执照,许可证,特许;v.许可,特许
参考例句:
  • The foreign guest has a license on the person.这个外国客人随身携带执照。
  • The driver was arrested for having false license plates on his car.司机由于使用假车牌而被捕。
28 licenses 9d2fccd1fa9364fe38442db17bb0cb15     
n.执照( license的名词复数 )v.批准,许可,颁发执照( license的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • Drivers have ten days' grace to renew their licenses. 驾驶员更换执照有10天的宽限期。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • Jewish firms couldn't get import or export licenses or raw materials. 犹太人的企业得不到进出口许可证或原料。 来自辞典例句
29 confiscate 8pizd     
v.没收(私人财产),把…充公
参考例句:
  • The police have the right to confiscate any forbidden objects they find.如发现违禁货物,警方有权查扣。
  • Did the teacher confiscate your toy?老师没收你的玩具了吗?
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