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News & Reports 2011-01-29

时间:2011-05-06 05:30来源:互联网 提供网友:ty4116   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

The heaviest transient flow in the world is witnessing its peak in China with 35 million people daily travel by train just days ahead the Spring Festival.

South Korea says they will not consider North Korea's offer for holding parliamentary talks a sincere move until Pyongyang admits its responsibility for recent military actions.

Tunisia is bracing1 for the public reaction to the shake-up of the cabinet, which is designed to try to quell2 the huge daily protests.

Chinese experts weigh in on the recent round of policy moves to try to reign3 in housing prices in the country.


Hot Issue Reports

Millions of Workers Prepare to Travel Home for Chinese New Year
The heaviest transient flow in the world is witnessing its peak in China with 35 million people daily travel by train just days ahead the Spring Festival, the traditional Chinese Lunar New Year holiday.

Beginning on February 2, the week long Spring Festival holiday is considered the most important holiday in China, and for many, is the only chance to return home to see their families each year.

Zhao Xuedong is a 34-year-old migrant worker from Heilongjiang.

"On festive4 occasions we miss our loved ones more than ever. Each time when the New Year is coming the wish of going home is at the bottom of the hearts of all the Chinese. This is the national cohesion5 among the Chinese and this cohesion helped the Chinese survive for 5000 years as a nation. That's why there are hundreds of millions of people on the road every New Year."

About 230 million people are expected to travel this year during the 40-day Lunar New Year holiday season, which is billed as the world's largest human migration6.

However, ticket shortages and weather issues have been adding to the challenge of getting people home.

Davos: Chinese Economy Discussed
Chinese Minister of Commerce Chen Deming has co-hosted a session at the ongoing7 Davos World Economic Forum8 with the head of the World Trade Organization.

During his time on the panel with Pascal Lamy, Chen has described the Chinese government's decision to join the WTO ten years ago as a "tough choice," but a choice he says was "right."

For his part, Lamy says China joined under terms much tougher than for any other developing country, which he describes as a "bitter pill" which eventually turned out to be "an insurance policy against protectionism."

Meantime, Wei Jiafu, the CEO of China's state-owned shipping9 giant COSCO, says the world has now recognized the importance of the Chinese economy.

"As a co-chair of this summit, from what I've seen at the summit and heard from other speakers, the positive influence of Chinese economy has been widely recognized."

Jamie Dimon is the chair of JP Morgan.

"You see signs of inflation there. They should use all the tools and they move quickly. Chinese authorities they see the issue and they want to tackle it. I do think they also need the growth."

China is tightening10 its monetary11 policy to try to control liquidity12 and rein13 in the red-hot property market.

North Korea Proposal of Parliamentary Talks with South Korea
North Korea has proposed holding parliamentary talks with South Korea to overcome the "grave situation" between the two sides.

Responding to the offer, South Korean officials say they won't consider it to be sincere until the North admits its responsibility for recent military actions.

Chun Hae-sung is a spokesperson for the South Korean Unification Ministry14.

"Our government's analysis is that the North's continuation of its offensive movements on the South during this situation does not demonstrate sincerity15. I once again repeat our government's stance that now is the time for the North to take responsible measures."

The offer of parliamentary talks by the North comes just two days after the South proposed a February 11th date for holding a preliminary meeting with North Korea to try to lay the groundwork for high-level defence talks.

New Tunisian Cabinet Braces16 for Public Reactions
Tunisia is bracing for the public reaction to the shake-up of the cabinet, which is designed to try to quell the huge daily protests that have been calling for a clean break from the people connected to ousted17 president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.

Following days of tense negotiations18, Prime Minister Mohammed Ghannouchi now says he is staying on, but has replaced five ministers from Ben Ali's last government, whose previous retention19 has been decried20 by protesters.

The response to Ghannouchi's announcement has received a mixed response in Tunis, as protestors continue their demonstration21 today.

"We are not happy because he belongs the same regime and maybe he will keep political steps from the old regime. We would like that he leave also, but we will give him an opportunity that he make some changes.

"We are a little bit happy because we have got new faces, new people that we don't know exactly but at least we got rid of those people who are corrupted22 and belong to the same political regime of our president."

New ministers have been appointed to the key foreign, defense23 and interior posts.

Meanwhile, Tunisia's government has now frozen Ben Ali's assets and has issued an international arrest warrants for the ex-ruler and six members of his once all-powerful family.

Mandela Recovering from Collapsed24 Lung, Could Leave Hospital Today
South Africa's vice25 president has gone on national television to try to quell rumors26 swirling27 around the health of former South African President Nelson Mandela.

The 92-year old Mandela was admitted to the hospital earlier this week, prompting concern for the anti-apartheid icon28.

The current Vice-President now says Mandela is "Alive and kicking." An ambulance is now said to be waiting to take Mandela away from the hospital.

A source close to Mandela says he is recovering from a collapsed lung.

Students from a nearby school have gathered outside the hospital to wish Mandela a speedy recovery. 

"The world will be torn without him, so he must come back. He must not die."

"I wish that Mandela must not die."

Speculation29 surrounding Mandela's health was strong enough to bring family members and dignitaries rushing to the hospital.

Passenger Trains Collide Head-on in Indonesia; Ferry Catches Fire
Indonesia was hit by two separate, severe transportation accidents on Friday.

Two passenger trains crashed head-on in West Java, killing30 at least five people and leaving many others injured.
Hu Xing is our South East Asian correspondent.

"The accident occurred at around 0224 local time. A passenger train did not travel following the signal light and collided with a train running in the opposite direction. Both train derailed right after the accident and created an instant wreck31. Local rescuers and residents come to the scene trying to reach the people trapped there. They carried people out of the carriages and send them to the nearby hospitals for treatment."

Meanwhile, a crowded ferry which runs between the country's two main islands of Sumatra and Java has caught fire, killing a reported 17 people.

At least 100 more have been injured, with a number of people jumping off the ferry in the panic.

A search in the waters is now underway to look for possible survivors32.

There was close to 500 people on board the ferry when the ferry caught fire.

Australia PM Defends Proposed Flood Tax, Cyclones33 Could Hit Queensland Next Week
Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard has defended her government's controversial new flood levy34, as she embarks35 on a tour of flood-affected parts of the state of Victoria.

"I wanted to assure Australians, and I offer them that assurance again, this is a temporary, one-off levy. It will be there for 12 months and that is all."

Tony Abbott, Leader of the Opposition36 Liberals, has criticized the plan, which is designed to raise $1.7 billion US dollars in a new, one-off tax.

"It's absolutely imperative37 that we spend the money but it's quite unnecessary that we should have this new tax. And the point I keep making is that people have suffered enough."

Initial estimates of the overall damage, plus the cost of emergency grants to flood-affected communities, now sits at around $5.5 billion US dollars, but is likely to rise.

PBOC Zhou: Aim for Positive Real Deposit Rates in Medium Term
China's central bank governor says they are now looking to keep the average deposit rates above the inflation rate in the medium term.

Zhou Xiaochuan has defended the interest rate policies by the People's Bank of China, saying that over the long term, the rate of returns on deposits has generally exceeded the rate of inflation.

"In the year 2009 when prices were kept at a low level, we discussed whether to lower the deposit rate, but we decided38 to keep it unchanged, with the one year deposit rates standing39 at 2 percent. There was not much controversy40 on that. But now, we hear a lot of discussions on that when deposit rates are beaten by the inflation rate. That's understandable."

Inflation has become a priority for policy makers41 in recent months. China's consumer price index rose 4.6% in December, down from November's 5.1%.

But government officials and economists42 are warning that inflation will remain high in the coming months.

The People's Bank of China hiked its benchmark lending and deposit rates twice last year.

Trial Property Taxation43 Trivial to Curb44 Home Price
Chinese experts are weighing in on the recent round of policy moves to try to reign in housing prices in the country.
As CRI's Ting Ting reports, there seems to be some uncertainty45 about just how effective the moves will be.

Authorities in the Chongqing and Shanghai municipalities announced Thursday that they would kick off the long-awaited trial property taxation amid the latest measures to cool off the red-hot housing market.

Jia Kang, director of Institute of Fiscal46 Science of the Ministry of Finance explains, "If an individual takes up more social resources, he or she should pay more in taxes."

Chongqing will tax all villas47 and new apartments priced at least two times the average price of all newly-built homes in the southwestern city. The annual tax rates are 0.5 percent of the transaction prices for villas and apartments priced less than three times the average price, 1 percent for those priced three to four times the average and 1.2 percent for those priced more than four times the average.

While Shanghai's taxation is relatively48 lighter49, with only the newly-bought second and second-plus homes of permanent residents in Shanghai taxed if the average floor area per family member of all homes is more than 60 square meters. The tax rates are 0.6 percent for housing priced more than two times the average prices and 0.4 percent for those priced less.

Qin Hong from the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development says she doesn't think that the move will lead to a sharp fall in prices, but will stabilize50 market speculation over the short term.

"The tax adds to uncertainties51 in the property market. It used to be simple math for speculators or investors52, but now with the policy, market prospects53 become hard to predict."

Niu Fengrui, from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, indicates that the move is "disorienting."

"The effect of the taxation will be trivial. The tax targets at only a small group of property holders54, let alone that the tax rates take up only a tiny percent of the transaction prices. In the bigger picture, home price is, after all, determined55 more by supply and demand. I believe the way out is to boost the supply by building more houses, including low-cost housing, low-priced renting houses and commercial residential56 buildings."

China implemented57 three rounds of market curbs58 last year, which was regarded as the most stringent59 restrictions60 in the short but turbulent history of the Chinese property market.

However, the country's real estate market remains61 overheated. Home prices in some major cities, such as Beijing, have more than doubled over the past two years.

Niu Fengrui, from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, suggests that the government loosen its policies on the property market to let the market find its balance of supply and demand, even though this would mean a temporary price hike.

Free Online Video Watching and Downloads End
A number of Chinese internet portals are introducing charged services, in an effort to try to provide legal, first-run TV series.

As Liu Min, this comes at the same time China's largest free download site, VeryCD, removed all its download links this week because of IPR issues.

The portal VeryCD's decision to stop free online downloads of unauthorized video and audio files have increased the competition among major portals in China for sales of copyrighted material.

Websites like Sohu.com and Youku.com have a greater opportunity to promote fee-based online video services.

Deng Ye, Vice President of Sohu Entertainment Media Division, says the company has invested a lot in purchasing TV dramas and movies with first-run or exclusive-run copyrights.

"We've bought more than ten TV dramas with exclusive running rights on average during the past two years. So far, we've got 30 such dramas already. Each one needs an investment of 10 million yuan."

The investment has rewarded the websites with high viewing rates. Within two months before the end of last year, the popular TV drama "Marriage Battle" was viewed 600-million times on Sohu.com. But at the moment, most online video providers make a profit from advertisements played at the beginning of the videos rather than user fees.

But a small number of websites have already tried to charge fees. For example, Youku.com promises users they can watch online videos an unlimited62 number of times for only 20 yuan per month.

But for most Chinese netizens who are used to enjoying free online entertainment, fee-based services may be unwelcome.

"I won't watch the first-run TV dramas or movies online since they eventually will air on TV. I love the feeling of expecting to watch several episodes every day on TV. Online watching is not suitable for the whole family to share and talk about the story. The advertisements don't bother me at all since you can also take a rest during the commercials."

"I personally can accept the online service charges, but the prerequisite63 is they must offer programs with fascinating stories and high-quality images. Most importantly, there must be no commercials. It's very irritating that many sitcoms64 broadcast on TV always put in lots of advertisements."

Recent statistics indicate the number of online video viewers has reached 265 million, accounting65 for 63 percent of the country's total number of netizens. The prosperous online video business has also cultivated a new market for film and television drama producers.

Content producers are sharing profit from online broadcasts with major internet portals rather than selling running copyrights to traditional media like TV stations or selling DVD copyrights to publishers.

Film Director You Xiaogang says moviemakers in China are now following the new trend in the industry.

"The era of fee-based film watching has arrived, so movie producers need to think about whether they should cooperate with online portals to share profit and risks. For example, should they split the profit fifty-fifty?"

At the same time, some major portals such as Youku.com worry about a rush to charge fees which will irritate users. The portals say they will take steps to introduce fee-based business models, and that it will take a long time for Chinese netizens to get used to paying to watch videos.

Michael Jackson Hand and Footprint "Slab66" to Hit Auction67 Block
A 170 kilogram slab of concrete featuring Michael Jackson's hand and foot impressions, along with his signature, is set to go on the auction block in Los Angeles next month.

Nate D. Sanders is the auction house owner.

"I think it will sell for 100,000 dollars or more. It would be perfect for a casino, something like the Hard Rock or Planet Hollywood. Maybe even a collector, who has a lot of money. The glove last time sold for 350,000 dollars. "

The slab dates from 1984 when Jackson made the impression for a Las Vegas Walk of Fame project that never materialized.

The item is dubbed68 the "Broken Heart Stone," because a surface crack runs through a heart design within Jackson's left palm print.

The online auction will end on February 15th.

Newspaper Picks

From the Shanghai Daily: An online campaign to rescue children forced into begging on Chinese streets is now attracting nationwide attention.

Pictures of child beggars are now being posted on one of the countries' leading microblog sites, in the hope that relatives of children reported missing might recognize them and that the police will take action.

Just two days after its launch, the campaign has already attracted more than 4,300 followers69 and 35 people have posted pictures of children spotted70 on the street.

The man behind the campaign, Yu Jianrong, a professor with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, is urging people to take photographs of children in a bid to save those illegally sold by abductors or human traffickers.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 bracing oxQzcw     
adj.令人振奋的
参考例句:
  • The country is bracing itself for the threatened enemy invasion. 这个国家正准备奋起抵抗敌人的入侵威胁。
  • The atmosphere in the new government was bracing. 新政府的气氛是令人振奋的。
2 quell J02zP     
v.压制,平息,减轻
参考例句:
  • Soldiers were sent in to quell the riots.士兵们被派去平息骚乱。
  • The armed force had to be called out to quell violence.不得不出动军队来镇压暴力行动。
3 reign pBbzx     
n.统治时期,统治,支配,盛行;v.占优势
参考例句:
  • The reign of Queen Elizabeth lapped over into the seventeenth century.伊丽莎白王朝延至17世纪。
  • The reign of Zhu Yuanzhang lasted about 31 years.朱元璋统治了大约三十一年。
4 festive mkBx5     
adj.欢宴的,节日的
参考例句:
  • It was Christmas and everyone was in festive mood.当时是圣诞节,每个人都沉浸在节日的欢乐中。
  • We all wore festive costumes to the ball.我们都穿着节日的盛装前去参加舞会。
5 cohesion dbzyA     
n.团结,凝结力
参考例句:
  • I had to bring some cohesion into the company.我得使整个公司恢复凝聚力。
  • The power of culture is deeply rooted in the vitality,creativity and cohesion of a nation. 文化的力量,深深熔铸在民族的生命力、创造力和凝聚力之中。
6 migration mDpxj     
n.迁移,移居,(鸟类等的)迁徙
参考例句:
  • Swallows begin their migration south in autumn.燕子在秋季开始向南方迁移。
  • He described the vernal migration of birds in detail.他详细地描述了鸟的春季移居。
7 ongoing 6RvzT     
adj.进行中的,前进的
参考例句:
  • The problem is ongoing.这个问题尚未解决。
  • The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern's ongoing work in this area.报告中提出的问题与“关心老人”组织在这方面正在做的工作有直接的关系。
8 forum cilx0     
n.论坛,讨论会
参考例句:
  • They're holding a forum on new ways of teaching history.他们正在举行历史教学讨论会。
  • The organisation would provide a forum where problems could be discussed.这个组织将提供一个可以讨论问题的平台。
9 shipping WESyg     
n.船运(发货,运输,乘船)
参考例句:
  • We struck a bargain with an American shipping firm.我们和一家美国船运公司谈成了一笔生意。
  • There's a shipping charge of £5 added to the price.价格之外另加五英镑运输费。
10 tightening 19aa014b47fbdfbc013e5abf18b64642     
上紧,固定,紧密
参考例句:
  • Make sure the washer is firmly seated before tightening the pipe. 旋紧水管之前,检查一下洗衣机是否已牢牢地固定在底座上了。
  • It needs tightening up a little. 它还需要再收紧些。
11 monetary pEkxb     
adj.货币的,钱的;通货的;金融的;财政的
参考例句:
  • The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold.过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
  • Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means.荒凉地区的教育不是钱财问题。
12 liquidity VRXzb     
n.流动性,偿债能力,流动资产
参考例句:
  • The bank has progressively increased its liquidity.银行逐渐地增加其流动资产。
  • The demand for and the supply of credit is closely linked to changes in liquidity.信用的供求和流动资金的变化有密切关系。
13 rein xVsxs     
n.疆绳,统治,支配;vt.以僵绳控制,统治
参考例句:
  • The horse answered to the slightest pull on the rein.只要缰绳轻轻一拉,马就作出反应。
  • He never drew rein for a moment till he reached the river.他一刻不停地一直跑到河边。
14 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
15 sincerity zyZwY     
n.真诚,诚意;真实
参考例句:
  • His sincerity added much more authority to the story.他的真诚更增加了故事的说服力。
  • He tried hard to satisfy me of his sincerity.他竭力让我了解他的诚意。
16 braces ca4b7fc327bd02465aeaf6e4ce63bfcd     
n.吊带,背带;托架( brace的名词复数 );箍子;括弧;(儿童)牙箍v.支住( brace的第三人称单数 );撑牢;使自己站稳;振作起来
参考例句:
  • The table is shaky because the braces are loose. 这张桌子摇摇晃晃,因为支架全松了。
  • You don't need braces if you're wearing a belt! 要系腰带,就用不着吊带了。
17 ousted 1c8f4f95f3bcc86657d7ec7543491ed6     
驱逐( oust的过去式和过去分词 ); 革职; 罢黜; 剥夺
参考例句:
  • He was ousted as chairman. 他的主席职务被革除了。
  • He may be ousted by a military takeover. 他可能在一场军事接管中被赶下台。
18 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
19 retention HBazK     
n.保留,保持,保持力,记忆力
参考例句:
  • They advocate the retention of our nuclear power plants.他们主张保留我们的核电厂。
  • His retention of energy at this hour is really surprising.人们惊叹他在这个时候还能保持如此旺盛的精力。
20 decried 8228a271dcb55838e82261f4e24dc430     
v.公开反对,谴责( decry的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The measures were decried as useless. 这些措施受到指责,说是不起作用。
  • The old poet decried the mediocrity of today's writing. 老诗人抨击了现代文体的平庸无奇。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
21 demonstration 9waxo     
n.表明,示范,论证,示威
参考例句:
  • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism.他写的新书是他的爱国精神的证明。
  • He gave a demonstration of the new technique then and there.他当场表演了这种新的操作方法。
22 corrupted 88ed91fad91b8b69b62ce17ae542ff45     
(使)败坏( corrupt的过去式和过去分词 ); (使)腐化; 引起(计算机文件等的)错误; 破坏
参考例句:
  • The body corrupted quite quickly. 尸体很快腐烂了。
  • The text was corrupted by careless copyists. 原文因抄写员粗心而有讹误。
23 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
24 collapsed cwWzSG     
adj.倒塌的
参考例句:
  • Jack collapsed in agony on the floor. 杰克十分痛苦地瘫倒在地板上。
  • The roof collapsed under the weight of snow. 房顶在雪的重压下突然坍塌下来。
25 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
26 rumors 2170bcd55c0e3844ecb4ef13fef29b01     
n.传闻( rumor的名词复数 );[古]名誉;咕哝;[古]喧嚷v.传闻( rumor的第三人称单数 );[古]名誉;咕哝;[古]喧嚷
参考例句:
  • Rumors have it that the school was burned down. 有谣言说学校给烧掉了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Rumors of a revolt were afloat. 叛变的谣言四起。 来自《简明英汉词典》
27 swirling Ngazzr     
v.旋转,打旋( swirl的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Snowflakes were swirling in the air. 天空飘洒着雪花。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • She smiled, swirling the wine in her glass. 她微笑着,旋动着杯子里的葡萄酒。 来自辞典例句
28 icon JbxxB     
n.偶像,崇拜的对象,画像
参考例句:
  • They found an icon in the monastery.他们在修道院中发现了一个圣像。
  • Click on this icon to align or justify text.点击这个图标使文本排齐。
29 speculation 9vGwe     
n.思索,沉思;猜测;投机
参考例句:
  • Her mind is occupied with speculation.她的头脑忙于思考。
  • There is widespread speculation that he is going to resign.人们普遍推测他要辞职。
30 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
31 wreck QMjzE     
n.失事,遇难;沉船;vt.(船等)失事,遇难
参考例句:
  • Weather may have been a factor in the wreck.天气可能是造成这次失事的原因之一。
  • No one can wreck the friendship between us.没有人能够破坏我们之间的友谊。
32 survivors 02ddbdca4c6dba0b46d9d823ed2b4b62     
幸存者,残存者,生还者( survivor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The survivors were adrift in a lifeboat for six days. 幸存者在救生艇上漂流了六天。
  • survivors clinging to a raft 紧紧抓住救生筏的幸存者
33 cyclones 17cc49112c36617738bb1601499ae56d     
n.气旋( cyclone的名词复数 );旋风;飓风;暴风
参考例句:
  • The pricipal objective in designing cyclones is to create a vortex. 设计旋风除尘器的主要目的在于造成涡旋运动。 来自辞典例句
  • Middle-latitude cyclones originate at the popar front. 中纬度地区的气旋发源于极锋。 来自辞典例句
34 levy Z9fzR     
n.征收税或其他款项,征收额
参考例句:
  • They levy a tax on him.他们向他征税。
  • A direct food levy was imposed by the local government.地方政府征收了食品税。
35 embarks 4bfe4112ab4d9f19114755c302641d3c     
乘船( embark的第三人称单数 ); 装载; 从事
参考例句:
  • Patricia is a free-spirited girl who embarks on an erotic odyssey. 翠茜亚是个任性少女、毅然踏上一次性爱之旅。
  • Passenger train driver: Punctually embarks. 客车司机:准时出发。
36 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
37 imperative BcdzC     
n.命令,需要;规则;祈使语气;adj.强制的;紧急的
参考例句:
  • He always speaks in an imperative tone of voice.他老是用命令的口吻讲话。
  • The events of the past few days make it imperative for her to act.过去这几天发生的事迫使她不得不立即行动。
38 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
39 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
40 controversy 6Z9y0     
n.争论,辩论,争吵
参考例句:
  • That is a fact beyond controversy.那是一个无可争论的事实。
  • We ran the risk of becoming the butt of every controversy.我们要冒使自己在所有的纷争中都成为众矢之的的风险。
41 makers 22a4efff03ac42c1785d09a48313d352     
n.制造者,制造商(maker的复数形式)
参考例句:
  • The makers of the product assured us that there had been no sacrifice of quality. 这一产品的制造商向我们保证说他们没有牺牲质量。
  • The makers are about to launch out a new product. 制造商们马上要生产一种新产品。 来自《简明英汉词典》
42 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.经济学家,经济专家( economist的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外国银行家和经济学家对部长的倡议反应谨慎。 来自《简明英汉词典》
43 taxation tqVwP     
n.征税,税收,税金
参考例句:
  • He made a number of simplifications in the taxation system.他在税制上作了一些简化。
  • The increase of taxation is an important fiscal policy.增税是一项重要的财政政策。
44 curb LmRyy     
n.场外证券市场,场外交易;vt.制止,抑制
参考例句:
  • I could not curb my anger.我按捺不住我的愤怒。
  • You must curb your daughter when you are in church.你在教堂时必须管住你的女儿。
45 uncertainty NlFwK     
n.易变,靠不住,不确知,不确定的事物
参考例句:
  • Her comments will add to the uncertainty of the situation.她的批评将会使局势更加不稳定。
  • After six weeks of uncertainty,the strain was beginning to take its toll.6个星期的忐忑不安后,压力开始产生影响了。
46 fiscal agbzf     
adj.财政的,会计的,国库的,国库岁入的
参考例句:
  • The increase of taxation is an important fiscal policy.增税是一项重要的财政政策。
  • The government has two basic strategies of fiscal policy available.政府有两个可行的财政政策基本战略。
47 villas 00c79f9e4b7b15e308dee09215cc0427     
别墅,公馆( villa的名词复数 ); (城郊)住宅
参考例句:
  • Magnificent villas are found throughout Italy. 在意大利到处可看到豪华的别墅。
  • Rich men came down from wealthy Rome to build sea-side villas. 有钱人从富有的罗马来到这儿建造海滨别墅。
48 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
49 lighter 5pPzPR     
n.打火机,点火器;驳船;v.用驳船运送;light的比较级
参考例句:
  • The portrait was touched up so as to make it lighter.这张画经过润色,色调明朗了一些。
  • The lighter works off the car battery.引燃器利用汽车蓄电池打火。
50 stabilize PvuwZ     
vt.(使)稳定,使稳固,使稳定平衡;vi.稳定
参考例句:
  • They are eager to stabilize currencies.他们急于稳定货币。
  • His blood pressure tended to stabilize.他的血压趋向稳定。
51 uncertainties 40ee42d4a978cba8d720415c7afff06a     
无把握( uncertainty的名词复数 ); 不确定; 变化不定; 无把握、不确定的事物
参考例句:
  • One of the uncertainties of military duty is that you never know when you might suddenly get posted away. 任军职不稳定的因素之一是你永远不知道什么时候会突然被派往它处。
  • Uncertainties affecting peace and development are on the rise. 影响和平与发展的不确定因素在增加。 来自汉英非文学 - 十六大报告
52 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投资者,出资者( investor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 诈取投资者几百万元的骗子
  • a cash bonanza for investors 投资者的赚钱机会
53 prospects fkVzpY     
n.希望,前途(恒为复数)
参考例句:
  • There is a mood of pessimism in the company about future job prospects. 公司中有一种对工作前景悲观的情绪。
  • They are less sanguine about the company's long-term prospects. 他们对公司的远景不那么乐观。
54 holders 79c0e3bbb1170e3018817c5f45ebf33f     
支持物( holder的名词复数 ); 持有者; (支票等)持有人; 支托(或握持)…之物
参考例句:
  • Slaves were mercilessly ground down by slave holders. 奴隶受奴隶主的残酷压迫。
  • It is recognition of compassion's part that leads the up-holders of capital punishment to accuse the abolitionists of sentimentality in being more sorry for the murderer than for his victim. 正是对怜悯的作用有了认识,才使得死刑的提倡者指控主张废除死刑的人感情用事,同情谋杀犯胜过同情受害者。
55 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
56 residential kkrzY3     
adj.提供住宿的;居住的;住宅的
参考例句:
  • The mayor inspected the residential section of the city.市长视察了该市的住宅区。
  • The residential blocks were integrated with the rest of the college.住宿区与学院其他部分结合在了一起。
57 implemented a0211e5272f6fc75ac06e2d62558aff0     
v.实现( implement的过去式和过去分词 );执行;贯彻;使生效
参考例句:
  • This agreement, if not implemented, is a mere scrap of paper. 这个协定如不执行只不过是一纸空文。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • The economy is in danger of collapse unless far-reaching reforms are implemented. 如果不实施影响深远的改革,经济就面临崩溃的危险。 来自辞典例句
58 curbs 33e58ba55cb8445083b74c118601eb9a     
v.限制,克制,抑制( curb的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • In executing his functions he is not bound by any legal curbs on his power. 在他履行职务时,他的权力是不受任何法律约束的。 来自辞典例句
  • Curbs on air travel were being worked out and would shortly be announced. 限制航空旅行的有关规定正在拟定中,不久即将公布。 来自辞典例句
59 stringent gq4yz     
adj.严厉的;令人信服的;银根紧的
参考例句:
  • Financiers are calling for a relaxation of these stringent measures.金融家呼吁对这些严厉的措施予以放宽。
  • Some of the conditions in the contract are too stringent.合同中有几项条件太苛刻。
60 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
参考例句:
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
61 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
62 unlimited MKbzB     
adj.无限的,不受控制的,无条件的
参考例句:
  • They flew over the unlimited reaches of the Arctic.他们飞过了茫茫无边的北极上空。
  • There is no safety in unlimited technological hubris.在技术方面自以为是会很危险。
63 prerequisite yQCxu     
n.先决条件;adj.作为前提的,必备的
参考例句:
  • Stability and unity are a prerequisite to the four modernizations.安定团结是实现四个现代化的前提。
  • It is a prerequisite of entry to the profession that you pass the exams.做这一行的先决条件是要通过了有关的考试。
64 sitcoms e9efe427c2759f3f06d1cd5efe314cd3     
n.情景喜剧( sitcom的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • This is the stuff most stadard TV sitcoms are made of. 这是大多数标注的电视幽默剧所采用的题材。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • In most countries, prime-time Monday night television is dominated by sitcoms. 在大多数国家,周一晚上的电视黄金时段都由连续剧所占据。 来自互联网
65 accounting nzSzsY     
n.会计,会计学,借贷对照表
参考例句:
  • A job fell vacant in the accounting department.财会部出现了一个空缺。
  • There's an accounting error in this entry.这笔账目里有差错。
66 slab BTKz3     
n.平板,厚的切片;v.切成厚板,以平板盖上
参考例句:
  • This heavy slab of oak now stood between the bomb and Hitler.这时笨重的橡木厚板就横在炸弹和希特勒之间了。
  • The monument consists of two vertical pillars supporting a horizontal slab.这座纪念碑由两根垂直的柱体构成,它们共同支撑着一块平板。
67 auction 3uVzy     
n.拍卖;拍卖会;vt.拍卖
参考例句:
  • They've put the contents of their house up for auction.他们把房子里的东西全都拿去拍卖了。
  • They bought a new minibus with the proceeds from the auction.他们用拍卖得来的钱买了一辆新面包车。
68 dubbed dubbed     
v.给…起绰号( dub的过去式和过去分词 );把…称为;配音;复制
参考例句:
  • Mathematics was once dubbed the handmaiden of the sciences. 数学曾一度被视为各门科学的基础。
  • Is the movie dubbed or does it have subtitles? 这部电影是配音的还是打字幕的? 来自《简明英汉词典》
69 followers 5c342ee9ce1bf07932a1f66af2be7652     
追随者( follower的名词复数 ); 用户; 契据的附面; 从动件
参考例句:
  • the followers of Mahatma Gandhi 圣雄甘地的拥护者
  • The reformer soon gathered a band of followers round him. 改革者很快就获得一群追随者支持他。
70 spotted 7FEyj     
adj.有斑点的,斑纹的,弄污了的
参考例句:
  • The milkman selected the spotted cows,from among a herd of two hundred.牛奶商从一群200头牛中选出有斑点的牛。
  • Sam's shop stocks short spotted socks.山姆的商店屯积了有斑点的短袜。
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