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News & Reports 2011-03-05

时间:2011-05-07 03:14来源:互联网 提供网友:xn5658   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

China says it plans to raise the defense1 budget by 12.7 percent this year to ensure a balance between national defense and economic development.

36-thousand Chinese citizens in the riot-torn Libya have all been moved out of the North African nation.

Survivors2 in Christchurch struggle to meet their basic needs in the wake of last week's earthquake, and some 2-dozen Chinese nationals remain missing.

And a recent report by the World Travel and Tourism Council says China's travel industry is expected to account for 2.5 percent of World's GDP this year.


Hot Issue Reports

China's defense budget to grow 12.7 pct in 2011: spokesman
China says it plans to raise the defense budget by 12.7 percent this year to around 91 billion U.S. dollars.
This compares to the 7.5 percent rise last year.
Spokesman for the annual session of the National People's Congress, former Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing, says the Chinese government has set the defense spending at a reasonable level to ensure a balance between national defense and economic development.
"The increases in the 2011 budget will be mainly spent on appropriate armament development, military training, human resource development, infrastructure4 construction of grassroots units and increasing allowances and other subsidies5 that are closely related to the living condition of servicemen."
Despite the increase, Li Zhaoxing argues the ratio of military spending to GDP is quite low, saying defense spending will account for 6-percent of the country's overall budget for the year.
He also says the central government's defense spending is transparent7 and defensive8 in nature.
"The defense budget is listed in the national budget every year and is reviewed and approved by the National People's Congress, it is then implemented10 according to due procedure and subject to auditing11 from the government and military. China's defense budget is transparent and there is no such thing as the so-called hidden military expenditure12."
The proposed budget is to be submitted to the annual legislative13 session of the NPC, which opens on Saturday.

China Air Force Transporters Bring Evacuees14 Home from Libya
Four Chinese Air Force transport planes have arrived back in China, brining with them close to 300 people who have been evacuated15 from riot-torn Libya.
Liu Wenzhong is one of the evacuees.
"The air force staff is very considerate to us. We are provided with all life necessities. What's more, there are doctors walking around to check our physical conditions."
Zheng Yuanlin, an assistant to the Chinese Air Force Chief of Staff, says they've done all they can to try to ensure a smooth evacuation.
"It's a difficult and emergent mission for the air force to pick up Chinese citizens abroad. We have done a lot of preparation before flying. You know, the living conditions on our transporters are very bad. For example, we had to install make-shift toilets to make the journey a little easier for the evacuees."
The four transport planes were also used to transport the last of the Chinese citizens from Libya.
The roughly 16-hundred were flown out from southern Libya to Sudan.
Some 36-thousand Chinese citizens in the country when the rioting escallated have all been moved out of Libya.

Chinese Companies May Lose Billions in Libya
Anchor: With the unrest in Libya worsening, the status of Chinese businesses, contracts, and projects worth billions of dollars in the north African nation are now in limbo16.
Larry Chen has more.
Reporter:
Although the uprising in Libya is happening halfway17 around the world, Chinese companies and enterprises stand to lose billions of dollars if the situation worsens.
According to the Ministry18 of Commerce, over 36,000 Chinese nationals work for 75 Chinese companies in Libya, including 13 State-owned enterprises.
Just last year, some $1.8 billion US dollars worth of contracts were signed between Chinese firms and Libya. However, their status is now in jeopardy19.
He Wenping, Director of African Studies at the Institute of West Asia and Africa Studies with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, says Libya had been considered as a safe place for investment.
"But before, countries like Libya, Egypt, Tunisia, all of them were regarded as very stable countries because those strongmen have been in power for decades long. So it has been ranked as very stable, political stable, social stable. So before, nobody had realized that even in those so-called stable countries there are actually high risks."
In a statement from the China Railway Construction Corporation, the state owned company says it has suspended its projects in Libya, worth a total of $4.2 billion US dollars.
Meanwhile, China National Petroleum20 Corporation, who's parent listed company PetroChina has been present in Libya since 2002, says some of its projects and operating sites have been attacked during the upheaval21.
He Wenping says the situation in Libya may change the way Chinese enterprises enter foreign markets in the future.
"I think at least one lesson we can draw from this new round of turbulent in those countries that is in the future, for Chinese companies, even for other commercial activities, so before you move in, the risk analysis should be done very carefully. Not only the economic costs, risks, but also social political risks."
However, she does not expect Chinese companies to leave Libya for good, despite the current situation.
"They can do nothing, actually, frankly22 speaking. they can do nothing about situation like now in Libya. ... but I'm pretty sure no matter what kind of situation happening in Libya, and no matter who is in power, one thing is necessary, and that is economic development. ... so i think they will come back again, to negotiate, and to count the economic loses with whoever in power"
On top of the loss of business, the employment future of the nearly 36-thousand Chinese citizens who had been working in Libya also remains23 an open question.
For CRI, I'm Larry Chen.

NZ Trying to Meet Basic Needs of Quake Survivors
Survivors in Christchurch are struggling to meet their basic needs in the wake of last week's earthquake.
Energy supplier Orion New Zealand now says it has restored power to 95 percent of Christchurch, with about 14-thousand customers still without electricity.
However, many residents have been without water since the quake, and repairing the damaged sewage and water pipes will take longer.
New Zealand's prime minister John Key they are doing everything they can to try to meet people's basic needs.
"Civil Defence, who run the operation, are of the view that they've done everything they can as best they can but, that doesn't mean we can't do more and in the perfect world we'd click our fingers and there would be tens of thousands of port-a-loos and all the things that we want but we don't live in the perfect world."
Recovery teams have pulled the last two bodies from the rubble24 of the Pyne Gould Guinness building, one of the worst-hit buildings in last week's earthquake, raising the confirmed death toll25 to 163.
Many more people, including some 2-dozen Chinese citizens, remain missing, and officials expect the final number of dead to come in at around 220.
Authorities say their main task now is to recover bodies still jammed in the wreckage26 of broken buildings and clean up and restore the downtown area of the city.

Food Prices Reach Record High
The United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization says world food prices have risen 2.2% in February from the previous month to a record high.
The organization is also warning that the volatility27 in the oil markets could push prices even higher.
The FAO's price index has now risen for an eighth consecutive28 month, and is at its highest level since the organization started monitoring global food prices in 1990.
Global cereal supplies are also expected to tighten29 sharply this year.
Even though the FAO is seeing an increase in global cereals production, consumption is going to exceed it.
For more on the situation with global food prices we spoke3 earlier Professor Michiel Keyzer, director of the center for World Food Studies based in Amsterdam, and asked him whether there was a clear cut solution to the problem.
Professor Michiel Keyzer from the Centre for World Food Studies in Amsterdam.

Local governments are ordered to peg30 subsidies to CPI
China's top economic planner has ordered local governments to peg low-income subsides31 to current price levels, to try to ensure the living standards of low-income families are not adversely32 affected33 by rising costs.
Yingying has more.
Reporter:
Xu Yunbo, from Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, has been receiving low-income subsides since 2007. He complains that since 2010, his 700 Yuan monthly subsidy34 can barely cover his family's needs.
"Everything is rising in price, water, electricity, gas, and even toilet paper. The price of green beans has hit 20 Yuan per kilogram, a three-fold increase over the past year."
Statistics show that more than 70 million people in China are receiving low-income subsides from the government.
With the country's CPI rising 3.3 percent in 2010 and exceeding the government's target of 3 percent, low income families are feeling the pinch.
Tang Jun is a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
"Low-income people are very sensitive to price fluctuations35, because they rely heavily on their subsidies which are defined by the basic price level of consumer goods and services. If the prices especially food prices go up, low-income families are the first to feel the impact."
To help these people get through these difficult times, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) has ordered local governments to establish a mechanism36 to peg low-income subsides to price levels by the end of this year.
Under the mechanism, if the consumer price index, or CPI, rises to a certain limit to be decided37 by local governments, extra money will be given to low-income families in addition to their monthly benefits.
If the CPI rises over several consecutive months, local governments then have to revise previous standards.
Researcher Tang Jun says that it would be better for local governments to calculate a CPI especially for low-income families.
"The calculation of the general CPI covers many aspects, such as housing and household appliances. But these are not the major concerns for low-income families. What affects them the most is the CPI regarding food, water, electricity and gas, which have been rising faster than the general CPI. The government should refer to this CPI when raising subsidy standards."
Tang Jun says before the National Development and Reform Commission issued this order, many big cities including Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou had already established similar rules to increase subsidies for low-income families. He suggests that the central government provides more financial support to less-developed areas so as to better implement9 this mechanism throughout the country.
For CRI, I'm Yingying.

China's Tourism Share in World GDP to Rise
A new report says China's travel industry is expected to account for 2.5 percent of World's GDP this year, and that share is also set to grow in the next decade.
A report from the World Travel and Tourism Council contends that tourism will be the major propeller38 for economic development in the next decade, saying the industry will generate 120 million jobs worldwide during that time.
Professor Adrian Cooper from Oxford39 Economics, which conducted the research, and says China is set to lead the increase.
"The travel and tourism industry in China contributing about directly about 2.5 percent of total GDP this year, and we expect it to rise by 9 percent every year next ten years, so by 2021, it will account for 2.7 percent of China's GDP, overall, travel and tourism supporting about 8.6 percent of Chinese GDP, rising to 9.2 percent by 2021."
Over 65 million people are currently working in the tourism sector40 in China.

Can Groupon.com Win in China?
US-based daily discount website groupon.com has formally launched its Chinese edition, provoking a new round of competition in the booming industry.
Our Liu Min has more.
Reporter:
Groupon.com has paved its way to China after a period of struggles, and given itself a Chinese name, Gaopeng.com, which means a host's party that has attracted many distinguished41 friends.
The company chooses two powerful Chinese partners, one is Yunfeng Fund sponsored by Ma Yun, Chairman of Alibaba Group, and the other is Tencent.com, which owns a huge number of its online messenger users. Vice6 President of another group purchase website 58.com Xu Guipeng says some of its Chinese counterparts have already smelled strong gunpowder42 in the competition.
"They are already poaching our staff from our branches across the country. They are such a large leading website on the global market, and we hope that they could behave according to the rule in the industry."
But many Chinese group purchase websites say they don't worry too much, since they still need time to see what kind of tricks the foreign newcomers will play in future competition.
Many say the issue of profit splits alone will give Groupon a big headache. In the U.S., such websites like Groupon.com usually split profits with partners by half-and-half, but here in China, most group purchase websites only get 10 percent of the profits, leaving 90 percent to their partners. Internet Researcher, Qu Xiaodong, says it'd be quite difficult for Groupon to maintain a high profit like before.
"There are huge regional disparities across the country, especially in the way of doing business. I don't think the company will see explosive growth like what it achieved in the U.S."
Recently, domestic group purchase websites have been going full blast to secure a larger share of the market. Kaixin001.com introduced a third-party group purchase project to meet various demands from consumers. Meituan.com, has launched business in another 15 cities across the country. Manzuo.com even established their billboard43 in front of the office building of Gaopeng.com.
Confronting the powerful foreign newcomer, many domestic websites say they wouldn't be pressured within a short period of time.
"Groupon is one year late to enter the Chinese market. The domestic market has changed much compared to one year ago. Many online consumers have generated their own shopping habits, which, I believe, is quite different from the U.S. model."
"I think they need at least one year to test the market, and then they could establish their own brand name after the period of exploration."
By the end of 2010, the number of domestic group purchase websites has already accumulated up to 2,600 in China. One analysis says many smaller businesses will be elbowed out of the market and Chinese online consumers will benefit from fierce competition.
For CRI, I'm Liu Min.

Media Digest

A PREGNANT woman from Nanjing, capital of Jiangsu Province, was told by a hospital that they would not deliver her baby until a relative donated blood.
The woman went to Meishan Hospital to give birth on February 28. However, the hospital demanded her family donate blood at a local center first, and the surgery was delayed for one day while her husband gave blood.
But the hospital's demand was later questioned by many people, as such obligatory44 donations are not supported by the Law on Blood Donation, which only "encourages" patient's relatives to donate blood before operations.
An official from the Najing Blood Center told the Newspaper - "The bottom line is we are short of blood"


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
2 survivors 02ddbdca4c6dba0b46d9d823ed2b4b62     
幸存者,残存者,生还者( survivor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The survivors were adrift in a lifeboat for six days. 幸存者在救生艇上漂流了六天。
  • survivors clinging to a raft 紧紧抓住救生筏的幸存者
3 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
4 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
5 subsidies 84c7dc8329c19e43d3437248757e572c     
n.补贴,津贴,补助金( subsidy的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • European agriculture ministers failed to break the deadlock over farm subsidies. 欧洲各国农业部长在农业补贴问题上未能打破僵局。
  • Agricultural subsidies absorb about half the EU's income. 农业补贴占去了欧盟收入的大约一半。 来自《简明英汉词典》
6 vice NU0zQ     
n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
参考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上坏习惯。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
7 transparent Smhwx     
adj.明显的,无疑的;透明的
参考例句:
  • The water is so transparent that we can see the fishes swimming.水清澈透明,可以看到鱼儿游来游去。
  • The window glass is transparent.窗玻璃是透明的。
8 defensive buszxy     
adj.防御的;防卫的;防守的
参考例句:
  • Their questions about the money put her on the defensive.他们问到钱的问题,使她警觉起来。
  • The Government hastily organized defensive measures against the raids.政府急忙布置了防卫措施抵御空袭。
9 implement WcdzG     
n.(pl.)工具,器具;vt.实行,实施,执行
参考例句:
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
10 implemented a0211e5272f6fc75ac06e2d62558aff0     
v.实现( implement的过去式和过去分词 );执行;贯彻;使生效
参考例句:
  • This agreement, if not implemented, is a mere scrap of paper. 这个协定如不执行只不过是一纸空文。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • The economy is in danger of collapse unless far-reaching reforms are implemented. 如果不实施影响深远的改革,经济就面临崩溃的危险。 来自辞典例句
11 auditing JyVzib     
n.审计,查账,决算
参考例句:
  • Auditing standards are the rules governing how an audit is performed.收支检查标准是规则统治一个稽核如何被运行。
  • The auditing services market is dominated by a few large accounting firms.审计服务市场被几家大型会计公司独占了。
12 expenditure XPbzM     
n.(时间、劳力、金钱等)支出;使用,消耗
参考例句:
  • The entry of all expenditure is necessary.有必要把一切开支入账。
  • The monthly expenditure of our family is four hundred dollars altogether.我们一家的开销每月共计四百元。
13 legislative K9hzG     
n.立法机构,立法权;adj.立法的,有立法权的
参考例句:
  • Congress is the legislative branch of the U.S. government.国会是美国政府的立法部门。
  • Today's hearing was just the first step in the legislative process.今天的听证会只是展开立法程序的第一步。
14 evacuees 68c032ac020acca4ffde7910b32b673f     
n.被疏散者( evacuee的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Moreover, for multi-exits, evacuees select a exit based on game theory. 在有多个出口时,疏散人员根据对策论选择出口。 来自互联网
  • Evacuees wade through flooded area following heavy monsoon rains in Peshawar on Saturday, July 31, 2010. 撤离灾区涉水通过后在白沙瓦沉重的季风降雨在周六,2010年7月31日。 来自互联网
15 evacuated b2adcc11308c78e262805bbcd7da1669     
撤退者的
参考例句:
  • Police evacuated nearby buildings. 警方已将附近大楼的居民疏散。
  • The fireman evacuated the guests from the burning hotel. 消防队员把客人们从燃烧着的旅馆中撤出来。
16 limbo Z06xz     
n.地狱的边缘;监狱
参考例句:
  • His life seemed stuck in limbo and he could not go forward and he could not go back.他的生活好像陷入了不知所措的境地,进退两难。
  • I didn't know whether my family was alive or dead.I felt as if I was in limbo.我不知道家人是生是死,感觉自己茫然无措。
17 halfway Xrvzdq     
adj.中途的,不彻底的,部分的;adv.半路地,在中途,在半途
参考例句:
  • We had got only halfway when it began to get dark.走到半路,天就黑了。
  • In study the worst danger is give up halfway.在学习上,最忌讳的是有始无终。
18 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
19 jeopardy H3dxd     
n.危险;危难
参考例句:
  • His foolish behaviour may put his whole future in jeopardy.他愚蠢的行为可能毁了他一生的前程。
  • It is precisely at this juncture that the boss finds himself in double jeopardy.恰恰在这个关键时刻,上司发现自己处于进退两难的境地。
20 petroleum WiUyi     
n.原油,石油
参考例句:
  • The Government of Iran advanced the price of petroleum last week.上星期伊朗政府提高了石油价格。
  • The purpose of oil refinery is to refine crude petroleum.炼油厂的主要工作是提炼原油。
21 upheaval Tp6y1     
n.胀起,(地壳)的隆起;剧变,动乱
参考例句:
  • It was faced with the greatest social upheaval since World War Ⅱ.它面临第二次世界大战以来最大的社会动乱。
  • The country has been thrown into an upheaval.这个国家已经陷入动乱之中。
22 frankly fsXzcf     
adv.坦白地,直率地;坦率地说
参考例句:
  • To speak frankly, I don't like the idea at all.老实说,我一点也不赞成这个主意。
  • Frankly speaking, I'm not opposed to reform.坦率地说,我不反对改革。
23 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
24 rubble 8XjxP     
n.(一堆)碎石,瓦砾
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake,it took months to clean up the rubble.地震后,花了数月才清理完瓦砾。
  • After the war many cities were full of rubble.战后许多城市到处可见颓垣残壁。
25 toll LJpzo     
n.过路(桥)费;损失,伤亡人数;v.敲(钟)
参考例句:
  • The hailstone took a heavy toll of the crops in our village last night.昨晚那场冰雹损坏了我们村的庄稼。
  • The war took a heavy toll of human life.这次战争夺去了许多人的生命。
26 wreckage nMhzF     
n.(失事飞机等的)残骸,破坏,毁坏
参考例句:
  • They hauled him clear of the wreckage.他们把他从形骸中拖出来。
  • New states were born out of the wreckage of old colonial empires.新生国家从老殖民帝国的废墟中诞生。
27 volatility UhSwC     
n.挥发性,挥发度,轻快,(性格)反复无常
参考例句:
  • That was one reason why volatility was so low last year.这也是去年波动性如此低的原因之一。
  • Yet because volatility remained low for so long,disaster myopia prevailed.然而,由于相当长的时间里波动性小,灾难短视就获胜了。
28 consecutive DpPz0     
adj.连续的,联贯的,始终一贯的
参考例句:
  • It has rained for four consecutive days.已连续下了四天雨。
  • The policy of our Party is consecutive.我党的政策始终如一。
29 tighten 9oYwI     
v.(使)变紧;(使)绷紧
参考例句:
  • Turn the screw to the right to tighten it.向右转动螺钉把它拧紧。
  • Some countries tighten monetary policy to avoid inflation.一些国家实行紧缩银根的货币政策,以避免通货膨胀。
30 peg p3Fzi     
n.木栓,木钉;vt.用木钉钉,用短桩固定
参考例句:
  • Hang your overcoat on the peg in the hall.把你的大衣挂在门厅的挂衣钩上。
  • He hit the peg mightily on the top with a mallet.他用木槌猛敲木栓顶。
31 subsides 400fe15f1aceae93cab4b312b1ff926c     
v.(土地)下陷(因在地下采矿)( subside的第三人称单数 );减弱;下降至较低或正常水平;一下子坐在椅子等上
参考例句:
  • Emotion swells and subsides. 情绪忽高忽低。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • His emotion swells and subsides. 他的情绪忽高忽低。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
32 adversely 6zEzi6     
ad.有害地
参考例句:
  • We commented adversely upon the imbecility of that message of telegraphic style. 我们对着这条电报式的愚蠢的留言发泄了一通不满。
  • Widely fluctuating exchange rates may adversely affect international trade. 浮动幅度很大的汇率可能会对国际贸易产生有害的影响。
33 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
34 subsidy 2U5zo     
n.补助金,津贴
参考例句:
  • The university will receive a subsidy for research in artificial intelligence.那个大学将得到一笔人工智能研究的补助费。
  • The living subsidy for senior expert's family is included in the remuneration.报酬已包含高级专家家人的生活补贴。
35 fluctuations 5ffd9bfff797526ec241b97cfb872d61     
波动,涨落,起伏( fluctuation的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • He showed the price fluctuations in a statistical table. 他用统计表显示价格的波动。
  • There were so many unpredictable fluctuations on the Stock Exchange. 股票市场瞬息万变。
36 mechanism zCWxr     
n.机械装置;机构,结构
参考例句:
  • The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body.骨骼和肌肉是人体的组成部件。
  • The mechanism of the machine is very complicated.这台机器的结构是非常复杂的。
37 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
38 propeller tRVxe     
n.螺旋桨,推进器
参考例句:
  • The propeller started to spin around.螺旋桨开始飞快地旋转起来。
  • A rope jammed the boat's propeller.一根绳子卡住了船的螺旋桨。
39 Oxford Wmmz0a     
n.牛津(英国城市)
参考例句:
  • At present he has become a Professor of Chemistry at Oxford.他现在已是牛津大学的化学教授了。
  • This is where the road to Oxford joins the road to London.这是去牛津的路与去伦敦的路的汇合处。
40 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
41 distinguished wu9z3v     
adj.卓越的,杰出的,著名的
参考例句:
  • Elephants are distinguished from other animals by their long noses.大象以其长长的鼻子显示出与其他动物的不同。
  • A banquet was given in honor of the distinguished guests.宴会是为了向贵宾们致敬而举行的。
42 gunpowder oerxm     
n.火药
参考例句:
  • Gunpowder was introduced into Europe during the first half of the 14th century.在14世纪上半叶,火药传入欧洲。
  • This statement has a strong smell of gunpowder.这是一篇充满火药味的声明。
43 billboard Ttrzj     
n.布告板,揭示栏,广告牌
参考例句:
  • He ploughed his energies into his father's billboard business.他把精力投入到父亲的广告牌业务中。
  • Billboard spreads will be simpler and more eye-catching.广告牌广告会比较简单且更引人注目。
44 obligatory F5lzC     
adj.强制性的,义务的,必须的
参考例句:
  • It is obligatory for us to obey the laws.我们必须守法。
  • It is obligatory on every citizen to safeguard our great motherland.保卫我们伟大的祖国是每一个公民应尽的义务。
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