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News & Reports 2011-03-13

时间:2011-05-07 03:34来源:互联网 提供网友:xn5658   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

Japan launches a massive military rescue operation after a giant, quake-fed tsunami1 killed hundreds of people and turned the northeastern coast into a swampy2 wasteland.

World leaders express condolences and offer promises of help to Japan.

China joints4 international rescue efforts by sending its rescue team to its neighbor.

And China's Yuan is set to see major progress in its full convertibility5 in the next five years.


Hot Issue Reports

Japan Launches a Massive Military Rescue Operation

Japan launched a massive military rescue operation on Saturday after a giant, quake-fed tsunami killed hundreds of people and turned the northeastern coast into a swampy wasteland.

Prime Minister Naoto Kan said 50,000 troops would join rescue and recovery efforts following Friday's 8.8-magnitude quake that unleashed6 one of the greatest disasters Japan has witnessed.

Kan toured the Northern part of the country on Saturday to see the damage for himself. 

"We will do our best to try to rescue all survivors7 and people who are isolated8, especially today because every minute counts."

The massive quake triggered a huge tsunami along Japan's Pacific coast, causing enormous waves to smash the northern parts of the coast in particular. The tsunami has swept away houses, cars and ships.

The true scale of the destruction was still not known more than 24 hours after the quake, since washed-out roads and shut airports have hindered access to the area.

The ceiling of the building that houses the No. 1 reactor9 at Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant collapsed10 Saturday, injuring 4 workers.
The operator of Tokyo Electric Power said earlier that radioactive substances could have already leaked since radiation was detected to be 1,000 times higher than normal at the nuclear plant.

It prompted the government to quickly order people within a 20-kilometre radius11 of the Dai-ichi nuclear plant to evacuate12 the area.

Prime Minister Naoto Kan said that "in principle" a back-up plan was in place at all of the country's nuclear power plants in case of an earthquake.

"The earthquake this time caused a tsunami that surpassed the limit of that we could ever have imagined. In principle, there is a back-up system that supports the nuclear power plant operation, even if a tsunami attacks, but unfortunately this time there was a problem in implementing14 it."

Japan's nuclear agency said Sunday that it was undertaking15 measures to prevent the possible meltdown of a nuclear power plant on the country's devastated16 coast.

In Sendai, the biggest city in the area near the quake's epicentre, authorities evacuated17 60,000-70,000 people to around 200 shelters.
An untold18 number of bodies were believed to be buried in the rubble19 and debris20.

There are no Chinese citizens reported missing. China's National Tourism Administration said that all the 215 Chinese tour groups in Japan have been confirmed safe.


World Leaders Express Solidarity21 with Japan

World leaders have been quick to express condolences and offer promises of help to Japan following the biggest earthquake in the country.

Chinese Premier22 Wen Jiabao also expressed "deep sympathy and solicitude23 to the Japanese government and the people."

Wen, on behalf of the Chinese government, sent a message to Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan that China is willing to offer necessary assistance to the country.

US President Barack Obama said he was "heartbroken" by images of devastation24 by the earthquake and tsunami, and pledged U.S. assistance to help the country recover.

He said one US aircraft carrier was already in Japan and a second was on its way.

A US ship was also heading to the Marianas Islands to assist as needed.

"Today's events remind us of just how fragile life can be. Our hearts go out to our friends in Japan and across the region and we are going to stand with them as they recover and rebuild from this tragedy."

The European Commission has activated25 the European Civil Protection Mechanism26 to assist Japan.

British Prime Minister David Cameron says the earthquake was a reminder27 of the destructive power of nature.

"The first thing we should be doing today is sending our sympathies and condolences to the Japanese people. We have had a terrible reminder of the destructive power of nature and everyone should be thinking of that country and those people. I have asked immediately that our government should look at what we can do to help."

And UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon says the United Nations is ready to help Japan in any way necessary.

"We will be watching closely as the aftershocks are felt across the Pacific and Southeast Asia throughout the day. I sincerely hope that under the leadership of Prime Minister Kan Naoto and the full support and solidarity of the international community, the Japanese people and government will be able to overcome this difficult time as soon as possible."


Search and Rescue Teams Are Set to Arrive in Japan

So far, a total of 50 nations and regions have promised to provide with relief support, and offers from over 70 specialist rescue services from around the globe have been received by Japan, with crews from Australia, News Zealand, South Korea being requested to join a 150- member team from the United States making its way to the country's northeast.

The international rescue team from China, which consists of 15 experienced specialists, set out to Japan early Sunday morning.

Peng Bibo, head of medics division of China's rescue team, says the team is well prepared and equipped to deliver relief work.

"The 15 members are well trained and experience, who have participated in many rescue work. Advanced devices we've brought enable us to search for the victims, rescue them and deliver medical treatment on the spot."

For days, the quake in Japan has topped headlines in major media in China.

In addition to Premier Wan28 Jiabao, top officials in some of the country's state institutions including Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi and Defense29 Minister, Liang Guanglie, have also expressed sympathy and condolences to their Japanese counterparts.

China's Red Cross Society decided30 on Saturday to donate 1 million yuan, or some 150 thousand U.S. dollars, in emergency aid to its Japanese counterpart.

The Director-General of China Radio International, Wang Gengnian, delivered a special message to CRI"s audience in Japan via programmes and website of CRI's Japanese Service.


Relief Work Underway in Quake-hit Yunnan

In southwest China's Yunnan Province, relief efforts have now been concentrated on coordinating31 medical treatment, demolishing32 unsafe buildings, putting up temporary tents, providing food and water to people in the quake-affected town of Yingjiang.

The biggest hospital in Yingjiang was severely33 damaged by the quake. Tents have been set up, where doctors and nurses are treating the injured.

Guo Zhaoyao, director of the People's Hospital of Yingjiang explains the situation.

"We have set up a special office in the open field in front of our hospital, covering an area of about 1,000 square meters. Temporary tents have been used for the injured from the quake."

According to one patient, they feel safer living in the tents than staying in buildings, and the hospital has provided the patients with sufficient food, water and daily supplies.

Patients hospitalized before the quake were also transferred from the hospital to these temporary installations.

Luckily, support is coming. A medical team, organized by Yunnan Armed Police Hospital, is on the way to Yingjiang. The 20-member team mainly consists of nurses and orthopedists. They are bringing two tons of disaster-relief materials, including medical equipment.

At the same time, local governments have started large-scale demolition34 work of the unsafe houses in quake-hit areas.


NATO Ministers Agree Handover of Military Leadership

NATO defence ministers have agreed to handover military leadership, from International Security Assistance Force to Afghan forces, in certain areas pending35 approval from Afghan President, Hamid Karzai.

NATO ministers meeting in Brussels agreed plans to put local troops in the lead across Afghanistan despite widespread violence and persisting weaknesses amongst Afghan police and soldiers.

Ministers from nearly 50 nations endorsed36 recommendations from a joint3 Afghan-NATO board on which districts, areas or provinces can make the transition first to Afghan security control.

The transfer is a key step in the West's plans to slowly wind down its military role in Afghanistan.

Afghan forces already have a leading role in parts of Afghanistan, like Kabul, the NATO-backed transition process will begin in earnest this year.

NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen also warns that the decision is not set in stone.

"So today NATO has taken its own decisions regarding the readiness of ISAF to support the transition process. But I want to make clear, that this is not the final decision. Transition will not start until it has been approved by the Afghan government and announced by President Karzai".

The United States, the dominant37 foreign force in Afghanistan with close to 100,000 soldiers, is preparing to begin withdrawing some troops this year.

U.S. President Barack Obama wants to fulfil a promise to bring home some of the extra 30,000 troops he sent to Afghanistan after a strategy overhaul38 in 2009, foreign troops will continue to bear much of the burden for years to come.

Britain, which has the second-largest troop contingent39 in Afghanistan, could start withdrawing as early as 2011 and Prime Minister David Cameron has said he wants to see combat troops out in five years.

France is expected to begin withdrawing troops this year while the war has produced major political casualties in Germany and the Netherlands.

A growing number of other nations fighting in Afghanistan are gearing up for an end to their own combat roles, even though many plan to leave some soldiers behind to train Afghan forces.

Chinese Yuan to be More Convertible40

China's currency, the yuan, will see major progress in its full convertibility in the next five years, but no timetable has been set to achieve this goal.

Yuan's full convertibility will be determined41 by many factors. The pilot program to allow yuan in settling cross-border trade will promote its convertibility under the capital account.

Although China has not loosened its control of the capital account, the demand for yuan is on the rise, as the currency is getting more and more popular in cross-border transactions.

According to a government work report delivered by Premier Wen Jiabao at the ongoing42 NPC's annual session, China will continue to increase the use of its currency, also known as the renminbi, in cross-border trade and investment this year.

The central bank said earlier this month that it will expand the yuan settlement trial program to the entire country this year from the current 20 provincial43 regions as there is growing market demand for the business.

China's central bank governor Zhou Xiaochuan said at the press conference that China has confidence in the economy of the Euro zone.

"Although some countries in the Euro zone are having difficulties, we will strongly support them to overcome their current fiscal44 difficulties to improve their economy."

Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao said in the government work report that China will implement13 a prudent45 monetary46 policy in 2011 and has set a money-supply growth target of about 16 percent.


Independent College Exams Flawed, But Welcomed

Anchor: More top universities in China have held their own entrance exams so far this year to select top undergraduate applicants47 months before the annual national exam.

As Su Yi reports, national political advisors49 say the country's long-waited college admission reforms are on the right track in an effort to make higher education more diversified50.

Reporter: Some of the 200-thousand candidates who joined the independent written exams last month are now facing the interview section and physical test this weekend which they were not trained for thoroughly51 in high school classrooms.

In total 34 of the 80 Chinese universities that are qualified52 to pick some top students by themselves came together this year in at least four leagues to give the written exam.

Luo Lixiong, physics professor from Guangxi University and also member of the national political advisory53 body, says it is a good thing that more universities and students join the independent exams. But Prof. Luo worries it will put extra burden on senior high students.

From spring to early summer is the most intense period for candidates taking the national college entrance exam. Now some students may have to prepare for another one, or for some - three separate exams which also are very different from the national one they will face in June.

National political advisor48 Zhang Qun is also the headmaster of Shanghai Kongjiang Middle Scholl.

"I always support independent exam, but it should not become a battle among top universities for top applicants. I think for those universities that do not have clear thinking about what kind of talent they want it is not necessary to do this. Besides, those exams may make our high school textbooks even harder."

College admission officer Chen Yuehong from Peking University says for top universities, independent admission is necessary.

"Clearly one national exam is not enough to pick diversified talent since far more students are now taking the exam. We do get more talent that usually would not be accepted by Peking University in the national exam which evaluates students solely54 on written papers."

Apart from the independent exams, China's universities now also accept candidates recommended by the heads of some well-known middle schools, though this channel only covers a tiny part of the some 10 million high school graduates every year in China.

National advisor Zhang Qun says these college admission reforms are on the right track.

"A different person has different potential and no one can have them all. What we should do is to find the appropriate way to nurture55 them in university and help them prepare well for their future life and career."

Though more than 95 of college students in China are still recruited through the national exam, national advisors say the whole admission system is facing some real changes now, so ambitious ideas and even failed attempts should be tolerated.

For CRI, I'm Su Yi.


Shanghai Disneyland Park to Open Late

Infrastructure56 and subordinate projects have been set in Shanghai to ensure the scheduled opening of Disneyland Park at the end of 2014.

Huang Rong, director of the Shanghai Urban Construction and Communications Commission, explains:

"We've arranged some supporting projects this year for Disneyland Park, such as the construction of peripheral57 projects and a road network including traffic facilities linked to Disneyland Park."

According to the general plan for the Disneyland project, an investment of 24.5 billion yuan will be put towards the first stage, which covers an area of 3.9 square kilometers. Surrounded by a moat, the Park will be centered on an artificial lake.

The plan, publicized on the website of the Shanghai Planning and Land Administrative58 Bureau, shows that Disneyland will be linked by two local subway lines, Line 2 and Line 11, at a shared station.

Located at the Shanghai International Tourist Resort, an important tourist destination in the Yangtze River Delta59, Shanghai Disneyland will be 290km away from Nanjing and 180km from Hangzhou. Within Shanghai, the Park will be 12km away from the Shanghai Pudong Airport and 30km away from the Hongqiao Transportation Hub.

The Disneyland Park in Shanghai is the second in China and the sixth in the world, following the ones in California, Florida, Paris, Tokyo and Hong Kong.

According to the statistics of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region government, the Hong Kong Disneyland attracted some 5.2 million tourists in 2010.

Equal Retirement60 Age

Women retire five years earlier than men in China. The retirement age for female workers is 50, and 55 for men. While female officials leave their posts at 55, it is 60 for men of the same status. Such a policy, designed decades ago, is supposed to protect women's health.

In recent years this regulation has been questioned by increasing numbers of women who want to keep their jobs as long as their male colleagues.

An editorial from China Daily says today many women take the policy as discriminatory. For them, earlier retirement means fewer social welfare benefits.

The article further explains that generally speaking a woman is usually younger than her partner and lives longer. Besides, women are likely to have more gaps in their employment history since their careers are interrupted to raise children. This means they often enter retirement with fewer assets than men. What's more, earlier mandatory61 retirement also limits women's pension income.

The paper adds women are fully62 able to work longer than before due to improved working conditions and better health. One child at home makes it possible for mothers to concentrate on their jobs.

The editorial concludes equalizing retirement ages for both genders63 is not only a worldwide trend, but also a logical option. But a more flexible retirement policy would enable women to decide when they want to retire within an upper age limit.


Time to Adjust Family Planning Policy

China's family planning policy has been in practice for over three decades, which is also enshrined in the Constitution. In recent years, more and more voices are calling for amendment64 to this family planning policy, also known as one-child policy.

An increasing number of people are questioning the negative impact of this policy on China's social and economic development.

An editorial at China Economic Net points out the disadvantages of continuing to carry out this policy.

First and foremost, it is the violation65 of people's right to reproduce. The right of reproduction is a basic human right, which should not be witheld anytime and under any circumstance.

Second, it has caused an unbalanced mix of population. Due to the stringent66 one-child policy, the proportion of young people is shrinking, while that of the elderly is increasing. Sooner or later, the issue of aging society will become burning and acute.

Third, the falling fertility rate has resulted in sluggish67 growth of the labor68 force, which will eventually threaten economic growth.

The editorial further says some propositions which were thought to be right have been proved wrong. More and more Chinese people have come to realize the weak link between population density69, the unemployment rate and resource constraints70.

Wang Feng, commentator71 of China Economic Net, also supports efforts to fully liberalize the one-child regulation. He proposes the government loosen this control. To start with, couples either of whom is the only child of their family should be allowed to have a second child. To gradually abolish the family planning policy completely is the ultimate goal.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 tsunami bpAyo     
n.海啸
参考例句:
  • Powerful quake sparks tsunami warning in Japan.大地震触发了日本的海啸预警。
  • Coastlines all around the Indian Ocean inundated by a huge tsunami.大海啸把印度洋沿岸地区都淹没了。
2 swampy YrRwC     
adj.沼泽的,湿地的
参考例句:
  • Malaria is still rampant in some swampy regions.疟疾在一些沼泽地区仍很猖獗。
  • An ox as grazing in a swampy meadow.一头牛在一块泥泞的草地上吃草。
3 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
4 joints d97dcffd67eca7255ca514e4084b746e     
接头( joint的名词复数 ); 关节; 公共场所(尤指价格低廉的饮食和娱乐场所) (非正式); 一块烤肉 (英式英语)
参考例句:
  • Expansion joints of various kinds are fitted on gas mains. 各种各样的伸缩接头被安装在煤气的总管道上了。
  • Expansion joints of various kinds are fitted on steam pipes. 各种各样的伸缩接头被安装在蒸气管道上了。
5 convertibility 26aa79edc39a25b28019b676cdd8a6fd     
n.可改变性,可变化性;兑换
参考例句:
  • Some countermeasure and recommendation on RMB's full convertibility. " 对人民币实现完全自由兑换提出了对策和建议。 来自互联网
  • China capital convertibility's course is the same as foreign exchange system reform. 中国资本项目开放的进程,是与我国外汇体制改革的步伐相一致的。 来自互联网
6 unleashed unleashed     
v.把(感情、力量等)释放出来,发泄( unleash的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • The government's proposals unleashed a storm of protest in the press. 政府的提案引发了新闻界的抗议浪潮。
  • The full force of his rage was unleashed against me. 他把所有的怒气都发泄在我身上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
7 survivors 02ddbdca4c6dba0b46d9d823ed2b4b62     
幸存者,残存者,生还者( survivor的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The survivors were adrift in a lifeboat for six days. 幸存者在救生艇上漂流了六天。
  • survivors clinging to a raft 紧紧抓住救生筏的幸存者
8 isolated bqmzTd     
adj.与世隔绝的
参考例句:
  • His bad behaviour was just an isolated incident. 他的不良行为只是个别事件。
  • Patients with the disease should be isolated. 这种病的患者应予以隔离。
9 reactor jTnxL     
n.反应器;反应堆
参考例句:
  • The atomic reactor generates enormous amounts of thermal energy.原子反应堆发出大量的热能。
  • Inside the reactor the large molecules are cracked into smaller molecules.在反应堆里,大分子裂变为小分子。
10 collapsed cwWzSG     
adj.倒塌的
参考例句:
  • Jack collapsed in agony on the floor. 杰克十分痛苦地瘫倒在地板上。
  • The roof collapsed under the weight of snow. 房顶在雪的重压下突然坍塌下来。
11 radius LTKxp     
n.半径,半径范围;有效航程,范围,界限
参考例句:
  • He has visited every shop within a radius of two miles.周围两英里以内的店铺他都去过。
  • We are measuring the radius of the circle.我们正在测量圆的半径。
12 evacuate ai1zL     
v.遣送;搬空;抽出;排泄;大(小)便
参考例句:
  • We must evacuate those soldiers at once!我们必须立即撤出这些士兵!
  • They were planning to evacuate the seventy American officials still in the country.他们正计划转移仍滞留在该国的70名美国官员。
13 implement WcdzG     
n.(pl.)工具,器具;vt.实行,实施,执行
参考例句:
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
14 implementing be68540dfa000a0fb38be40d32259215     
v.实现( implement的现在分词 );执行;贯彻;使生效
参考例句:
  • -- Implementing a comprehensive drug control strategy. ――实行综合治理的禁毒战略。 来自汉英非文学 - 白皮书
  • He was in no hurry about implementing his unshakable principle. 他并不急于实行他那不可动摇的原则。 来自辞典例句
15 undertaking Mfkz7S     
n.保证,许诺,事业
参考例句:
  • He gave her an undertaking that he would pay the money back with in a year.他向她做了一年内还钱的保证。
  • He is too timid to venture upon an undertaking.他太胆小,不敢从事任何事业。
16 devastated eb3801a3063ef8b9664b1b4d1f6aaada     
v.彻底破坏( devastate的过去式和过去分词);摧毁;毁灭;在感情上(精神上、财务上等)压垮adj.毁坏的;极为震惊的
参考例句:
  • The bomb devastated much of the old part of the city. 这颗炸弹炸毁了旧城的一大片地方。
  • His family is absolutely devastated. 他的一家感到极为震惊。
17 evacuated b2adcc11308c78e262805bbcd7da1669     
撤退者的
参考例句:
  • Police evacuated nearby buildings. 警方已将附近大楼的居民疏散。
  • The fireman evacuated the guests from the burning hotel. 消防队员把客人们从燃烧着的旅馆中撤出来。
18 untold ljhw1     
adj.数不清的,无数的
参考例句:
  • She has done untold damage to our chances.她给我们的机遇造成了不可估量的损害。
  • They suffered untold terrors in the dark and huddled together for comfort.他们遭受着黑暗中的难以言传的种种恐怖,因而只好挤在一堆互相壮胆。
19 rubble 8XjxP     
n.(一堆)碎石,瓦砾
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake,it took months to clean up the rubble.地震后,花了数月才清理完瓦砾。
  • After the war many cities were full of rubble.战后许多城市到处可见颓垣残壁。
20 debris debris     
n.瓦砾堆,废墟,碎片
参考例句:
  • After the bombing there was a lot of debris everywhere.轰炸之后到处瓦砾成堆。
  • Bacteria sticks to food debris in the teeth,causing decay.细菌附着在牙缝中的食物残渣上,导致蛀牙。
21 solidarity ww9wa     
n.团结;休戚相关
参考例句:
  • They must preserve their solidarity.他们必须维护他们的团结。
  • The solidarity among China's various nationalities is as firm as a rock.中国各族人民之间的团结坚如磐石。
22 premier R19z3     
adj.首要的;n.总理,首相
参考例句:
  • The Irish Premier is paying an official visit to Britain.爱尔兰总理正在对英国进行正式访问。
  • He requested that the premier grant him an internview.他要求那位总理接见他一次。
23 solicitude mFEza     
n.焦虑
参考例句:
  • Your solicitude was a great consolation to me.你对我的关怀给了我莫大的安慰。
  • He is full of tender solicitude towards my sister.他对我妹妹满心牵挂。
24 devastation ku9zlF     
n.毁坏;荒废;极度震惊或悲伤
参考例句:
  • The bomb caused widespread devastation. 炸弹造成大面积破坏。
  • There was devastation on every side. 到处都是破坏的创伤。 来自《简明英汉词典》
25 activated c3905c37f4127686d512a7665206852e     
adj. 激活的 动词activate的过去式和过去分词
参考例句:
  • The canister is filled with activated charcoal.蒸气回收罐中充满了活性炭。
26 mechanism zCWxr     
n.机械装置;机构,结构
参考例句:
  • The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body.骨骼和肌肉是人体的组成部件。
  • The mechanism of the machine is very complicated.这台机器的结构是非常复杂的。
27 reminder WkzzTb     
n.提醒物,纪念品;暗示,提示
参考例句:
  • I have had another reminder from the library.我又收到图书馆的催还单。
  • It always took a final reminder to get her to pay her share of the rent.总是得发给她一份最后催缴通知,她才付应该交的房租。
28 wan np5yT     
(wide area network)广域网
参考例句:
  • The shared connection can be an Ethernet,wireless LAN,or wireless WAN connection.提供共享的网络连接可以是以太网、无线局域网或无线广域网。
29 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
30 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
31 coordinating fc35d08ba9bb2dcfdc96033a33b9ae1e     
v.使协调,使调和( coordinate的现在分词 );协调;协同;成为同等
参考例句:
  • He abolished the Operations Coordinating Board and the Planning Board. 他废除了行动协调委员会和计划委员会。 来自辞典例句
  • He's coordinating the wedding, and then we're not going to invite him? 他是来协调婚礼的,难道我们不去请他? 来自电影对白
32 demolishing 0031225f2d8907777f09b918fb527ad4     
v.摧毁( demolish的现在分词 );推翻;拆毁(尤指大建筑物);吃光
参考例句:
  • The machine was designed specially for demolishing old buildings. 这种机器是专为拆毁旧楼房而设计的。 来自《用法词典》
  • Conventional demolishing work would have caused considerable interruptions in traffic. 如果采用一般的拆除方法就要引起交通的严重中断。 来自辞典例句
33 severely SiCzmk     
adv.严格地;严厉地;非常恶劣地
参考例句:
  • He was severely criticized and removed from his post.他受到了严厉的批评并且被撤了职。
  • He is severely put down for his careless work.他因工作上的粗心大意而受到了严厉的批评。
34 demolition omezd     
n.破坏,毁坏,毁坏之遗迹
参考例句:
  • The church has been threatened with demolition for years. 这座教堂多年来一直面临拆毀的威胁。
  • The project required the total demolition of the old bridge. 该项目要求将老桥完全拆毁。
35 pending uMFxw     
prep.直到,等待…期间;adj.待定的;迫近的
参考例句:
  • The lawsuit is still pending in the state court.这案子仍在州法庭等待定夺。
  • He knew my examination was pending.他知道我就要考试了。
36 endorsed a604e73131bb1a34283a5ebcd349def4     
vt.& vi.endorse的过去式或过去分词形式v.赞同( endorse的过去式和过去分词 );在(尤指支票的)背面签字;在(文件的)背面写评论;在广告上说本人使用并赞同某产品
参考例句:
  • The committee endorsed an initiative by the chairman to enter discussion about a possible merger. 委员会通过了主席提出的新方案,开始就可能进行的并购进行讨论。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The government has broadly endorsed a research paper proposing new educational targets for 14-year-olds. 政府基本上支持建议对14 岁少年实行新教育目标的研究报告。 来自《简明英汉词典》
37 dominant usAxG     
adj.支配的,统治的;占优势的;显性的;n.主因,要素,主要的人(或物);显性基因
参考例句:
  • The British were formerly dominant in India.英国人从前统治印度。
  • She was a dominant figure in the French film industry.她在法国电影界是个举足轻重的人物。
38 overhaul yKGxy     
v./n.大修,仔细检查
参考例句:
  • Master Worker Wang is responsible for the overhaul of this grinder.王师傅主修这台磨床。
  • It is generally appreciated that the rail network needs a complete overhaul.众所周知,铁路系统需要大检修。
39 contingent Jajyi     
adj.视条件而定的;n.一组,代表团,分遣队
参考例句:
  • The contingent marched in the direction of the Western Hills.队伍朝西山的方向前进。
  • Whether or not we arrive on time is contingent on the weather.我们是否按时到达要视天气情况而定。
40 convertible aZUyK     
adj.可改变的,可交换,同意义的;n.有活动摺篷的汽车
参考例句:
  • The convertible sofa means that the apartment can sleep four.有了这张折叠沙发,公寓里可以睡下4个人。
  • That new white convertible is totally awesome.那辆新的白色折篷汽车简直棒极了。
41 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
42 ongoing 6RvzT     
adj.进行中的,前进的
参考例句:
  • The problem is ongoing.这个问题尚未解决。
  • The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern's ongoing work in this area.报告中提出的问题与“关心老人”组织在这方面正在做的工作有直接的关系。
43 provincial Nt8ye     
adj.省的,地方的;n.外省人,乡下人
参考例句:
  • City dwellers think country folk have provincial attitudes.城里人以为乡下人思想迂腐。
  • Two leading cadres came down from the provincial capital yesterday.昨天从省里下来了两位领导干部。
44 fiscal agbzf     
adj.财政的,会计的,国库的,国库岁入的
参考例句:
  • The increase of taxation is an important fiscal policy.增税是一项重要的财政政策。
  • The government has two basic strategies of fiscal policy available.政府有两个可行的财政政策基本战略。
45 prudent M0Yzg     
adj.谨慎的,有远见的,精打细算的
参考例句:
  • A prudent traveller never disparages his own country.聪明的旅行者从不贬低自己的国家。
  • You must school yourself to be modest and prudent.你要学会谦虚谨慎。
46 monetary pEkxb     
adj.货币的,钱的;通货的;金融的;财政的
参考例句:
  • The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold.过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
  • Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means.荒凉地区的教育不是钱财问题。
47 applicants aaea8e805a118b90e86f7044ecfb6d59     
申请人,求职人( applicant的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • There were over 500 applicants for the job. 有500多人申请这份工作。
  • He was impressed by the high calibre of applicants for the job. 求职人员出色的能力给他留下了深刻印象。
48 advisor JKByk     
n.顾问,指导老师,劝告者
参考例句:
  • They employed me as an advisor.他们聘请我当顾问。
  • The professor is engaged as a technical advisor.这位教授被聘请为技术顾问。
49 advisors 9c02a9c1778f1533c47ade215559070d     
n.顾问,劝告者( advisor的名词复数 );(指导大学新生学科问题等的)指导教授
参考例句:
  • The governors felt that they were being strung along by their advisors. 地方长官感到他们一直在受顾问们的愚弄。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
  • We will consult together with advisors about her education. 我们将一起和专家商议她的教育事宜。 来自互联网
50 diversified eumz2W     
adj.多样化的,多种经营的v.使多样化,多样化( diversify的过去式和过去分词 );进入新的商业领域
参考例句:
  • The college biology department has diversified by adding new courses in biotechnology. 该学院生物系通过增加生物技术方面的新课程而变得多样化。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Take grain as the key link, develop a diversified economy and ensure an all-round development. 以粮为纲,多种经营,全面发展。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
51 thoroughly sgmz0J     
adv.完全地,彻底地,十足地
参考例句:
  • The soil must be thoroughly turned over before planting.一定要先把土地深翻一遍再下种。
  • The soldiers have been thoroughly instructed in the care of their weapons.士兵们都系统地接受过保护武器的训练。
52 qualified DCPyj     
adj.合格的,有资格的,胜任的,有限制的
参考例句:
  • He is qualified as a complete man of letters.他有资格当真正的文学家。
  • We must note that we still lack qualified specialists.我们必须看到我们还缺乏有资质的专家。
53 advisory lKvyj     
adj.劝告的,忠告的,顾问的,提供咨询
参考例句:
  • I have worked in an advisory capacity with many hospitals.我曾在多家医院做过顾问工作。
  • He was appointed to the advisory committee last month.他上个月获任命为顾问委员会委员。
54 solely FwGwe     
adv.仅仅,唯一地
参考例句:
  • Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。
  • The town depends almost solely on the tourist trade.这座城市几乎完全靠旅游业维持。
55 nurture K5sz3     
n.养育,照顾,教育;滋养,营养品;vt.养育,给与营养物,教养,扶持
参考例句:
  • The tree grows well in his nurture.在他的培育下这棵树长得很好。
  • The two sisters had received very different nurture.这俩个姊妹接受过极不同的教育。
56 infrastructure UbBz5     
n.下部构造,下部组织,基础结构,基础设施
参考例句:
  • We should step up the development of infrastructure for research.加强科学基础设施建设。
  • We should strengthen cultural infrastructure and boost various types of popular culture.加强文化基础设施建设,发展各类群众文化。
57 peripheral t3Oz5     
adj.周边的,外围的
参考例句:
  • We dealt with the peripheral aspects of a cost reduction program.我们谈到了降低成本计划的一些外围问题。
  • The hotel provides the clerk the service and the peripheral traveling consultation.旅舍提供票务服务和周边旅游咨询。
58 administrative fzDzkc     
adj.行政的,管理的
参考例句:
  • The administrative burden must be lifted from local government.必须解除地方政府的行政负担。
  • He regarded all these administrative details as beneath his notice.他认为行政管理上的这些琐事都不值一顾。
59 delta gxvxZ     
n.(流的)角洲
参考例句:
  • He has been to the delta of the Nile.他曾去过尼罗河三角洲。
  • The Nile divides at its mouth and forms a delta.尼罗河在河口分岔,形成了一个三角洲。
60 retirement TWoxH     
n.退休,退职
参考例句:
  • She wanted to enjoy her retirement without being beset by financial worries.她想享受退休生活而不必为金钱担忧。
  • I have to put everything away for my retirement.我必须把一切都积蓄起来以便退休后用。
61 mandatory BjTyz     
adj.命令的;强制的;义务的;n.受托者
参考例句:
  • It's mandatory to pay taxes.缴税是义务性的。
  • There is no mandatory paid annual leave in the U.S.美国没有强制带薪年假。
62 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
63 genders 83bb1a3a9f58b3256de7992ae4edb965     
n.性某些语言的(阳性、阴性和中性,不同的性有不同的词尾等)( gender的名词复数 );性别;某些语言的(名词、代词和形容词)性的区分
参考例句:
  • There are three genders in German: masculine, feminine and neuter. 德语中有叁性:阳性、阴性和中性。 来自辞典例句
  • Japan was fourth among the genders of foreign students. 日本在二十个留美学生输送地中列第四位。 来自互联网
64 amendment Mx8zY     
n.改正,修正,改善,修正案
参考例句:
  • The amendment was rejected by 207 voters to 143.这项修正案以207票对143票被否决。
  • The Opposition has tabled an amendment to the bill.反对党已经就该议案提交了一项修正条款。
65 violation lLBzJ     
n.违反(行为),违背(行为),侵犯
参考例句:
  • He roared that was a violation of the rules.他大声说,那是违反规则的。
  • He was fined 200 dollars for violation of traffic regulation.他因违反交通规则被罚款200美元。
66 stringent gq4yz     
adj.严厉的;令人信服的;银根紧的
参考例句:
  • Financiers are calling for a relaxation of these stringent measures.金融家呼吁对这些严厉的措施予以放宽。
  • Some of the conditions in the contract are too stringent.合同中有几项条件太苛刻。
67 sluggish VEgzS     
adj.懒惰的,迟钝的,无精打采的
参考例句:
  • This humid heat makes you feel rather sluggish.这种湿热的天气使人感到懒洋洋的。
  • Circulation is much more sluggish in the feet than in the hands.脚部的循环比手部的循环缓慢得多。
68 labor P9Tzs     
n.劳动,努力,工作,劳工;分娩;vi.劳动,努力,苦干;vt.详细分析;麻烦
参考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
69 density rOdzZ     
n.密集,密度,浓度
参考例句:
  • The population density of that country is 685 per square mile.那个国家的人口密度为每平方英里685人。
  • The region has a very high population density.该地区的人口密度很高。
70 constraints d178923285d63e9968956a0a4758267e     
强制( constraint的名词复数 ); 限制; 约束
参考例句:
  • Data and constraints can easily be changed to test theories. 信息库中的数据和限制条件可以轻易地改变以检验假设。 来自英汉非文学 - 科学史
  • What are the constraints that each of these imply for any design? 这每种产品的要求和约束对于设计意味着什么? 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
71 commentator JXOyu     
n.注释者,解说者;实况广播评论员
参考例句:
  • He is a good commentator because he can get across the game.他能简单地解说这场比赛,是个好的解说者。
  • The commentator made a big mistake during the live broadcast.在直播节目中评论员犯了个大错误。
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