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News & Reports 2011-03-20

时间:2011-05-07 03:46来源:互联网 提供网友:xn5658   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

World leaders announce military intervention1 in Libya, with French fighter jets firing on a Libyan military vehicle and warplanes from other countries amassing2 around the Mediterranean3.

Japan, China and South Korea, involved in talks to rein4 in North Korea's nuclear program, agreed to work together to increase nuclear-power safety.

Shops in Tokyo's normally busy streets remain quiet as the city conserves6 energy to prevent blackouts.

And the number of museum visitors hoping to learn about earthquakes increases by 30 percent in Beijing following Japan's devastating7 disaster.


Hot Issue Reports

Paris Summit Decides to Launch Intervention in Libya

World leaders have announced the start of military action against Libyan government forces, after an emergency summit in Paris.

France led the way with the first surveillance missions and the first strike, firing on a Libyan military vehicle, followed by air strikes from the U.S. and British forces.

French President Nicolas Sarkozy warned that "there is still time for Colonel Gadhafi to avoid the worst by complying immediately and unreservedly with all the demands of the international community."

He said that "the doors of diplomacy9 will open once again when the aggression10 stops."

"If there is not an immediate8 ceasefire and a withdrawal11 of the forces that have been attacking civilian12 populations in the last few weeks, our countries will have recourse to military means. This warning was endorsed13 by all participants of the summit that has just concluded."

U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said the emergency summit attended by leaders from some Arab countries and main Western powers was a success.

He added it was "troubling" to get assurances by the Prime Minister of Libya of a ceasefire, while they were continuing attacking Benghazi.

"Everything depends upon how the Libyan authorities will comply with the Security Council resolution. I again urge in the strongest possible terms that Libyan authorities must fully14 comply with resolutions and they must immediately stop these military hostilities15."

Libyan government troops attacked Benghazi earlier on Saturday, apparently16 ignoring a proclaimed cease-fire.

U.S. President Barack Obama, who is on a Latin America visit, also announced that the United States has started limited military actions in Libya.

U.S. Defense17 Department said over 20 Libyan air defense sites were struck in Tomahawk cruise missile strikes conducted earlier in the day.

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said "the world would not sit idly by while more innocent civilians18 are killed."

"This is a broad international effort. The United States will support our allies and partners as they move to enforce resolution 1973. We are standing19 with the people of Libya and we will not waver in our efforts to protect them."

Warplanes from Canada and Denmark have also arrived at Italian air bases. Germany backed the operation but hasn't offered its own forces.

It was the first reported offensive military action against Gadhafi's troops since the U.N. Security Council approved a resolution 2 days ago, authorising operations in Libya.

Meanwhile the high-level African Union panel on the Libya crisis has said it opposes any foreign military intervention in Libya.


Gaddafi's Supporters Act as Human Shields to Protest a Possible Air Strike

Thousands of supporters of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi packed into his Tripoli compound to act as human shields against a possible air strike by allied20 forces.

Fireworks erupted into the night sky and people fired defiant21 shots into the air after allied warplanes went into action to stop Gaddafi's forces attacking the rebel-held city of Benghazi in eastern Libya.

Thousands of Libyans of all walks of life streamed into the Bab Al-Aziziyah compound, shouting slogans and holding portraits of Gaddafi. Loudspeakers boomed songs praising the leader.

One Gaddafi supporter said the UN-authorised action against Libya was aimed at getting hold of the country's oil.

"What is happening? It is a game from outside Libya. We know this game from America, France and UK. They need just oil. They are not coming to protect us. They are not coming to protect Libyans, they are not coming to protect our country. They are coming just for oil. This is far away from them. We will die all of us, for Libya, for our leader."

The huge Tripoli complex, which also includes military barracks, was the main target of a 1986 U.S. bombing of Libya. Then U.S. President Ronald Reagan said it was in retaliation22 for what he called Libyan complicity in the bombing of a Berlin night club.

The gates of the compound, the heart of Gaddafi's powerful security apparatus23 which is usually off-limits to the general public, were wide open, and people continued to stream into it throughout the evening.

The government took foreign reporters there on a rare visit to showcase people's support for Gaddafi.


Japan, South Korea and China Cooperated to Maintain Nuclear Safety

Japan, China and South Korea, involved in talks to rein in North Korea's nuclear program, agreed in Japan on Saturday to work together to increase nuclear-power safety.

The talks came eight days after an earthquake and tsunami24 ravaged25 northeast Japan, killing26 thousands of people and sparking a nuclear crisis at the country's Fukushima nuclear power complex.

Japanese Foreign Minister Takeaki Matsumoto talked about the current priority with Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi and South Korean Foreign Minister Kim Sung-hwan.

"At this Japan-China-South Korea summit, I would like to make it a priority to discuss disaster prevention and nuclear safety issues, while taking advantage of our country's disaster coping experience and your support."

Japan suffered a crippling earthquake and tsunami on March 11th that killed nearly 7,000 people and turned entire towns into waterlogged, debris-strewn wastelands. Another 10,700 people are missing.

Matsumoto also assured his counterparts that the basis of Japan's economy remained strong.

"Our economy has momentarily been affected27, but the basis supporting our economy remains28 solid."

Japan's total economic losses from the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear reactor29 disaster have been estimated by Barclays Capital at some 184 billion U.S. dollars, about 3 percent of the country's GDP.


Shops Closed in Tokyo to Conserve5 Energy

Japan's Akihabara, a street in Tokyo known for its electronics shops selling gadgets30 of every sort, was quiet as the city conserved31 energy to prevent blackouts.

Escalators were turned off in some buildings and some shops were closed down until power and the transport situation became clearer.

Japan's power plants supplying electricity to Tokyo and surrounding areas were severely32 affected by the massive earthquake and tsunami in Northeastern Japan, which has curtailed33 electric supplies.

Among the city's residents there is mixed feeling about how the situation is being handled.

"I think we are handling the aftermath better than other countries since we have a lot of earthquakes in Japan."

"People receive information on what kind of supplies are needed on Twitter from the evacuation center. I think the government should pick up that kind of information. Their operations should be more diversified34, not centralized."

Japan's trade minister has said power blackouts in the Tokyo area can be avoided if demand stays at its present level.

Worries over a nuclear plant in Fukushima Prefecture, where engineers are frantically35 trying to avert36 a catastrophic release of radiation from a crippled nuclear power plant, has cast a pall37 over Tokyo, with fewer cars on the road and thousands of residents fleeing to other parts of Japan.


Massive Quake Turns a Japanese Northeastern City into Ghost Town

A week after the 9.0-magnitude earthquake and tsunami struck the northeast coast of Japan, the streets of Tono remained virtually deserted38.

The small city, which lies in the center of the Iwate prefecture, had a thriving tourism industry. Tourism office official, Shinichi Tachibana, said that has come to an abrupt39 halt.

"On March 11 there was a big earthquake and since then we haven't had a single tourist. We discussed what we could do as a city to help with the situation."

The city is providing shelter for thousands of evacuees40, few of whom are venturing out.

Fujiko Segawa, who runs a hairdressing business, said most of her clients are regulars. Now she stays open in the hope that business will pick up.

With vehicle fuel tightly rationed41 and completely unavailable at many filling stations some residents, like construction worker, Katsuhiro Tada, are resorting to pedal power to get around.

"There's no gasoline, so basically I use my bicycle to get to work. I live in the suburbs so I do my shopping on by bicycle also, and drive as little as possible."

Some food stores are still operating but increasingly their shelves are empty, with supply routes wrecked42.

Iwate Prefecture alone has reported 1,907 people dead and 4,253 missing.

China Starts Voluntary Evacuation of Chinese Citizens in Japan

More than 6,000 Chinese citizens in Japan's disaster-hit areas have moved to safer places, with about half returning to China by air and the rest living in three emergency shelters in Niigataken.

The Niigataken shelter hosts the largest number of Chinese citizens. Some of them want to be flown back to Harbin City and others are waiting to be flown back to Shanghai.

The most serious problem is how to keep themselves warm, as outdoor temperatures are about three degrees centigrade.

Most people could not sleep well after facing aftershocks, tsunami and radiation worries. But some could still fall asleep.

The girls who worked for a seafood43 company in Miyagi, an the Northeast district in Japan, have been moved to the shelter. They have been so scared by the fires they saw and were unable to shut their eyes. They now understand what a true 'sea of fire' is.

A Chinese eyewitness44, with no name given, described the fire.

"They saw the flames shoot up just like oil suddenly lit by a match. Even though you could survive the tsunami, you cannot escape from fire."

Another serious problem is food shortages. They can have nothing more than a rice-ball and bowl of soup for a day's meal.


Chinese Market Affected as Result of Japan Earthquake

Factories across Japan's quake-struck northeast have shut down, in many cases pending45 further notice.

The move has impacted the country's high-tech46 and auto47 sectors48 in particular, resulting in a shortage of Japanese gadgets and cars in China.

Mi Caifei owns a digital product shop in Beijing.

"The quake in Japan affects both wholesale49 and retail50 (prices). The price of flash drives with Japanese chips has increased by 20 yuan. Customers find it difficult to accept that rise."

Japan manufactures 40 percent of the world's microchips, and China is a major buyer.

The price of cameras made in Japan has also increased by 3 percent.

Besides digital gadgets, automobiles51 are another key Japanese export to China. Major Japanese auto companies in China are facing component52 shortages because of the earthquake.

Experts say the impact of Japan's devastating natural disasters will continue, but their effect on these businesses will eventually taper53 off.


Japanese Earthquake Triggers Drive to Experience Earthquake in Beijing

The number of people who book a visit to a museum to learn about earthquakes has increased by 30 percent in Beijing in the past few days.

The earthquakes in China and especially the one that rocked Japan have triggered interests in experiencing what an earthquake feels like.

There is an earthquake experience hall in the Beijing Fire Museum. People are vying54 with one another to feel the shocks of an earthquake. The guide of the Fire Museum informs visitors about basic knowledege of earthquakes.

"Now, it is an earthquake of magnitude 3 on a little scale. We can feel slight tremors55. There are 134 such earthquakes occurring every day in the world. So, we do not need to take any action."

Then, the earthquake increases to 5-magnitude and the guide asks visitors how to avert risks.

The guide told them, when a strong shock comes, one should not stand still. If we can't run out in time, we should choose a safe place and leave quickly. We must keep away from windows and choose smaller spaces in the room such as a kitchen or bathroom, which are not easy to collapse56. Other good places to hide are the main walls and solid objects.

The earthquake experience hall can provide visitors with a real earthquake environment. Many visitors could learn much knowledge about earthquakes after the visit.


China Raises Bank Reserve Requirement Ratio by 50 Basis Points

The People's Bank of China, China's central bank has announced to raise the bank reserve requirement ratio by 50 basis points starting on March 25.

The reserve requirement ratio of large financial institutions will reach to a historic high of 20 percent after this raise.

It is the third time for China to raise its bank reserve requirement ratio this year and the ninth raise since last year.

Yin Zhongli, an economic researcher from Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, says the move is aimed to to soak up liquidity57 to check inflation.

"A large amount of central bank bills expired recently, releasing a fund of some 1,000 billion yuan. The bank reserve requirement ratio raise by 50 basis points will have 350 billion yuan of bank funds freezed. In addition, the earthquake and Tsunami in Japan also have impacts on China's related industries, such as home appliances industry and high-tech electronic industry. Raising reserve requirement ratio at this moment actually indicates that the Chinese government eyes the inflation control as its main task this year."

Government data showed that the country's consumer price index, a main gauge58 of inflation, remained stubbornly high at 4.9 percent in February. And that figure in March is expected to surpass 4.9 percent to 5 percent.


US Targeting the Latin American Market

US President Barack Obama arrived in Brazil early on Saturday on a five-day mission to reassert U.S. interests in Latin America's fast-growing economies.

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said earlier that jobs, trade and energy security will dominate Obama's first trip south of the border in nearly two years that will also include Chile and El Salvador.

"In Brazil, he will announce new economic opportunities and discuss new ways we can work together on our core challenges in energy, innovation, education and beyond. He will go to Chile to emphasize our fundamental values and shared commitment to democracy. And, in El Salvador, he will show how we can do our part on meeting the shared challenges of security and development in a country that has shown the will to move forward".

Obama's challenge will be an attempt to convince Latin Americans he is sincere in his commitment to make the region a priority for U.S. trade and investment.

The trip has important political implications at home. The White House is touting59 Latin America as a fertile market for increased exports that Obama sees as a path to creating U.S. jobs, considered to be crucial for his 2012 re-election chances.

Why College Students Are Paid Less for Their Entry-level Jobs Than Migrant Workers?

It's been reported that in some manufacturing-based Chinese cities, many college students are paid less for entry-level jobs than low skilled migrant workers.

A commentary in the China Daily says that the situation reflects a sign that college degrees are no longer tickets to jobs, while practical skills have become more valuable.

The newspaper points out that from such a situation, it is not difficult to see what is missing in the nation's education: vocational training that can produce a pool of skilled labor60.

A study by the U.S.-based economics consultancy shows that China has superseded61 the United States as the world's top manufacturing country.

But senior technicians make up less than 4 percent of the workforce62 in China while in developed countries it is as much as 40 percent.

The author analyzes63 that vocational education must be more affordable64 and available, especially for children from underdeveloped rural areas, an important pool of cheap labor for industrial development.

Rural students, both in and out of college, face much expectations by their families. However, in a job market where college credentials65 no longer guarantee success, they need to be trained with practical skills to sharpen their competitive edge.

An article in the People's Daily, however, sees the situation from a different approach.

The article says the current situation is a result of an unbalanced industrial structure in China, which sees the manufacturing industry weighing much more.

The article says an overall upgrade of China's industrial structure is badly needed, or more college-educated people would be wasted, as well as the country's educational resources.


Beijing News: China Must Establish a Disaster Insurance System

The losses from Japan's magnitude-9.0 earthquake and tsunami have been estimated at several hundreds of billions of U.S. dollars, while insured losses from the disasters are believed to total US$12 billion-US$25 billion.

By comparison, the earthquake that occurred in southwestern China's Wenchuan County nearly three years ago caused more than 800 billion yuan (US$2 billion) in losses, with insured losses accounting66 for only 2 percent of the total.

A commentary in the "Beijing News" says the difference in the amount of losses reflects the need for a well-established disaster insurance system in China. It points out that the purpose of disaster insurance is to protect businesses and residents against natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods and hurricanes as well as manmade disasters such as terrorist attacks.

The commentary argues that such insurance is badly needed in China, a country that experiences frequent natural disasters and suffers annual losses of more than 100 billion yuan because of them.

The commentary further points out that insured losses following natural disasters in China only make up 5 percent of total losses on average, while the global level is 36 percent. Most of China's disaster compensation comes from state coffers and voluntary donations, which are limited.

The commentary suggests that to improve China's disaster insurance system, the government must establish a related law to monitor responsible departments and insurance companies, and map out detailed67 items covered by the insurance as soon as possible.

The commentary also says the government must think about how to coordinate68 responsibilities between itself and the insurance industry and how to ensure that insurance companies are qualified69 to handle claims from disaster-related losses.

In conclusion, the commentary advises that the government no longer neglect to create a well-established disaster insurance system.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 intervention e5sxZ     
n.介入,干涉,干预
参考例句:
  • The government's intervention in this dispute will not help.政府对这场争论的干预不会起作用。
  • Many people felt he would be hostile to the idea of foreign intervention.许多人觉得他会反对外来干预。
2 amassing hzmzBn     
v.积累,积聚( amass的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • The study of taxonomy must necessarily involve the amassing of an encyclopaedic knowledge of plants. 分类学研究一定要积累广博的植物知识。 来自辞典例句
  • Build your trophy room while amassing awards and accolades. 建立您的奖杯积累奖项和荣誉。 来自互联网
3 Mediterranean ezuzT     
adj.地中海的;地中海沿岸的
参考例句:
  • The houses are Mediterranean in character.这些房子都属地中海风格。
  • Gibraltar is the key to the Mediterranean.直布罗陀是地中海的要冲。
4 rein xVsxs     
n.疆绳,统治,支配;vt.以僵绳控制,统治
参考例句:
  • The horse answered to the slightest pull on the rein.只要缰绳轻轻一拉,马就作出反应。
  • He never drew rein for a moment till he reached the river.他一刻不停地一直跑到河边。
5 conserve vYRyP     
vt.保存,保护,节约,节省,守恒,不灭
参考例句:
  • He writes on both sides of the sheet to conserve paper.他在纸张的两面都写字以节省用纸。
  • Conserve your energy,you'll need it!保存你的精力,你会用得着的!
6 conserves a064a9c24974e2723476de170b7a5c37     
n.(含有大块或整块水果的)果酱,蜜饯( conserve的名词复数 )v.保护,保藏,保存( conserve的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • To show that the equation conserves the total volume is not difficult. 要证明该方程保持了总体积不变这点是不困难的。 来自辞典例句
  • The antimuon decay also conserves the total light and heavy lepton numbers. 在反μ子衰变中,总轻轻子数和总重轻子数也是守恒的。 来自辞典例句
7 devastating muOzlG     
adj.毁灭性的,令人震惊的,强有力的
参考例句:
  • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.这是20年来破坏性最大的风暴。
  • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情确实会对婚姻造成毁灭性的影响。
8 immediate aapxh     
adj.立即的;直接的,最接近的;紧靠的
参考例句:
  • His immediate neighbours felt it their duty to call.他的近邻认为他们有责任去拜访。
  • We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.我们主张立即召开这个会议。
9 diplomacy gu9xk     
n.外交;外交手腕,交际手腕
参考例句:
  • The talks have now gone into a stage of quiet diplomacy.会谈现在已经进入了“温和外交”阶段。
  • This was done through the skill in diplomacy. 这是通过外交手腕才做到的。
10 aggression WKjyF     
n.进攻,侵略,侵犯,侵害
参考例句:
  • So long as we are firmly united, we need fear no aggression.只要我们紧密地团结,就不必惧怕外来侵略。
  • Her view is that aggression is part of human nature.她认为攻击性是人类本性的一部份。
11 withdrawal Cfhwq     
n.取回,提款;撤退,撤军;收回,撤销
参考例句:
  • The police were forced to make a tactical withdrawal.警方被迫进行战术撤退。
  • They insisted upon a withdrawal of the statement and a public apology.他们坚持要收回那些话并公开道歉。
12 civilian uqbzl     
adj.平民的,民用的,民众的
参考例句:
  • There is no reliable information about civilian casualties.关于平民的伤亡还没有确凿的信息。
  • He resigned his commission to take up a civilian job.他辞去军职而从事平民工作。
13 endorsed a604e73131bb1a34283a5ebcd349def4     
vt.& vi.endorse的过去式或过去分词形式v.赞同( endorse的过去式和过去分词 );在(尤指支票的)背面签字;在(文件的)背面写评论;在广告上说本人使用并赞同某产品
参考例句:
  • The committee endorsed an initiative by the chairman to enter discussion about a possible merger. 委员会通过了主席提出的新方案,开始就可能进行的并购进行讨论。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The government has broadly endorsed a research paper proposing new educational targets for 14-year-olds. 政府基本上支持建议对14 岁少年实行新教育目标的研究报告。 来自《简明英汉词典》
14 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,彻底地;充分地
参考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医生让我先吸气,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就完全融入了当地人的圈子。
15 hostilities 4c7c8120f84e477b36887af736e0eb31     
n.战争;敌意(hostility的复数);敌对状态;战事
参考例句:
  • Mexico called for an immediate cessation of hostilities. 墨西哥要求立即停止敌对行动。
  • All the old hostilities resurfaced when they met again. 他们再次碰面时,过去的种种敌意又都冒了出来。
16 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.显然地;表面上,似乎
参考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山穷水尽,豁然开朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他对那个消息显然感到十分惊异。
17 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
18 civilians 2a8bdc87d05da507ff4534c9c974b785     
平民,百姓( civilian的名词复数 ); 老百姓
参考例句:
  • the bloody massacre of innocent civilians 对无辜平民的血腥屠杀
  • At least 300 civilians are unaccounted for after the bombing raids. 遭轰炸袭击之后,至少有300名平民下落不明。
19 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
20 allied iLtys     
adj.协约国的;同盟国的
参考例句:
  • Britain was allied with the United States many times in history.历史上英国曾多次与美国结盟。
  • Allied forces sustained heavy losses in the first few weeks of the campaign.同盟国在最初几周内遭受了巨大的损失。
21 defiant 6muzw     
adj.无礼的,挑战的
参考例句:
  • With a last defiant gesture,they sang a revolutionary song as they were led away to prison.他们被带走投入监狱时,仍以最后的反抗姿态唱起了一支革命歌曲。
  • He assumed a defiant attitude toward his employer.他对雇主采取挑衅的态度。
22 retaliation PWwxD     
n.报复,反击
参考例句:
  • retaliation against UN workers 对联合国工作人员的报复
  • He never said a single word in retaliation. 他从未说过一句反击的话。 来自《简明英汉词典》
23 apparatus ivTzx     
n.装置,器械;器具,设备
参考例句:
  • The school's audio apparatus includes films and records.学校的视听设备包括放映机和录音机。
  • They had a very refined apparatus.他们有一套非常精良的设备。
24 tsunami bpAyo     
n.海啸
参考例句:
  • Powerful quake sparks tsunami warning in Japan.大地震触发了日本的海啸预警。
  • Coastlines all around the Indian Ocean inundated by a huge tsunami.大海啸把印度洋沿岸地区都淹没了。
25 ravaged 0e2e6833d453fc0fa95986bdf06ea0e2     
毁坏( ravage的过去式和过去分词 ); 蹂躏; 劫掠; 抢劫
参考例句:
  • a country ravaged by civil war 遭受内战重创的国家
  • The whole area was ravaged by forest fires. 森林火灾使整个地区荒废了。
26 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
27 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
28 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
29 reactor jTnxL     
n.反应器;反应堆
参考例句:
  • The atomic reactor generates enormous amounts of thermal energy.原子反应堆发出大量的热能。
  • Inside the reactor the large molecules are cracked into smaller molecules.在反应堆里,大分子裂变为小分子。
30 gadgets 7239f3f3f78d7b7d8bbb906e62f300b4     
n.小机械,小器具( gadget的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Certainly. The idea is not to have a house full of gadgets. 当然。设想是房屋不再充满小配件。 来自超越目标英语 第4册
  • This meant more gadgets and more experiments. 这意味着要设计出更多的装置,做更多的实验。 来自英汉非文学 - 科学史
31 conserved d1dc02a3bfada72e10ece79fe3aa19af     
v.保护,保藏,保存( conserve的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • He conserved his energy for the game. 他为比赛而养精蓄锐。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Under these conditions, the total mechanical energy remains constant, or is conserved. 在这种条件下,总机械能保持不变或机械能保存。 来自辞典例句
32 severely SiCzmk     
adv.严格地;严厉地;非常恶劣地
参考例句:
  • He was severely criticized and removed from his post.他受到了严厉的批评并且被撤了职。
  • He is severely put down for his careless work.他因工作上的粗心大意而受到了严厉的批评。
33 curtailed 7746e1f810c323c484795ba1ce76a5e5     
v.截断,缩短( curtail的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Spending on books has been severely curtailed. 购书开支已被大大削减。
  • Their public health programme had to be severely curtailed. 他们的公共卫生计划不得不大大收缩。 来自《简明英汉词典》
34 diversified eumz2W     
adj.多样化的,多种经营的v.使多样化,多样化( diversify的过去式和过去分词 );进入新的商业领域
参考例句:
  • The college biology department has diversified by adding new courses in biotechnology. 该学院生物系通过增加生物技术方面的新课程而变得多样化。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Take grain as the key link, develop a diversified economy and ensure an all-round development. 以粮为纲,多种经营,全面发展。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
35 frantically ui9xL     
ad.发狂地, 发疯地
参考例句:
  • He dashed frantically across the road. 他疯狂地跑过马路。
  • She bid frantically for the old chair. 她发狂地喊出高价要买那把古老的椅子。
36 avert 7u4zj     
v.防止,避免;转移(目光、注意力等)
参考例句:
  • He managed to avert suspicion.他设法避嫌。
  • I would do what I could to avert it.我会尽力去避免发生这种情况。
37 pall hvwyP     
v.覆盖,使平淡无味;n.柩衣,棺罩;棺材;帷幕
参考例句:
  • Already the allure of meals in restaurants had begun to pall.饭店里的饭菜已经不像以前那样诱人。
  • I find his books begin to pall on me after a while.我发觉他的书读过一阵子就开始对我失去吸引力。
38 deserted GukzoL     
adj.荒芜的,荒废的,无人的,被遗弃的
参考例句:
  • The deserted village was filled with a deathly silence.这个荒废的村庄死一般的寂静。
  • The enemy chieftain was opposed and deserted by his followers.敌人头目众叛亲离。
39 abrupt 2fdyh     
adj.突然的,意外的;唐突的,鲁莽的
参考例句:
  • The river takes an abrupt bend to the west.这河突然向西转弯。
  • His abrupt reply hurt our feelings.他粗鲁的回答伤了我们的感情。
40 evacuees 68c032ac020acca4ffde7910b32b673f     
n.被疏散者( evacuee的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Moreover, for multi-exits, evacuees select a exit based on game theory. 在有多个出口时,疏散人员根据对策论选择出口。 来自互联网
  • Evacuees wade through flooded area following heavy monsoon rains in Peshawar on Saturday, July 31, 2010. 撤离灾区涉水通过后在白沙瓦沉重的季风降雨在周六,2010年7月31日。 来自互联网
41 rationed 2212acec6f7cb9ea03723718b31648f3     
限量供应,配给供应( ration的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • We were rationed to two eggs a day. 每天配给我们两个鸡蛋。
  • The army is well rationed. 部队给养良好。
42 wrecked ze0zKI     
adj.失事的,遇难的
参考例句:
  • the hulk of a wrecked ship 遇难轮船的残骸
  • the salvage of the wrecked tanker 对失事油轮的打捞
43 seafood 7j6zUl     
n.海产食品,海味,海鲜
参考例句:
  • There's an excellent seafood restaurant near here.离这儿不远有家非常不错的海鲜馆。
  • Shrimps are a popular type of seafood.小虾是比较普遍的一种海味。
44 eyewitness VlVxj     
n.目击者,见证人
参考例句:
  • The police questioned several eyewitness to the murder.警察询问了谋杀案的几位目击者。
  • He was the only eyewitness of the robbery.他是那起抢劫案的唯一目击者。
45 pending uMFxw     
prep.直到,等待…期间;adj.待定的;迫近的
参考例句:
  • The lawsuit is still pending in the state court.这案子仍在州法庭等待定夺。
  • He knew my examination was pending.他知道我就要考试了。
46 high-tech high-tech     
adj.高科技的
参考例句:
  • The economy is in the upswing which makes high-tech services in more demand too.经济在蓬勃发展,这就使对高科技服务的需求量也在加大。
  • The quest of a cure for disease with high-tech has never ceased. 人们希望运用高科技治疗疾病的追求从未停止过。
47 auto ZOnyW     
n.(=automobile)(口语)汽车
参考例句:
  • Don't park your auto here.别把你的汽车停在这儿。
  • The auto industry has brought many people to Detroit.汽车工业把许多人吸引到了底特律。
48 sectors 218ffb34fa5fb6bc1691e90cd45ad627     
n.部门( sector的名词复数 );领域;防御地区;扇形
参考例句:
  • Berlin was divided into four sectors after the war. 战后柏林分成了4 个区。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Industry and agriculture are the two important sectors of the national economy. 工业和农业是国民经济的两个重要部门。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
49 wholesale Ig9wL     
n.批发;adv.以批发方式;vt.批发,成批出售
参考例句:
  • The retail dealer buys at wholesale and sells at retail.零售商批发购进货物,以零售价卖出。
  • Such shoes usually wholesale for much less.这种鞋批发出售通常要便宜得多。
50 retail VWoxC     
v./n.零售;adv.以零售价格
参考例句:
  • In this shop they retail tobacco and sweets.这家铺子零售香烟和糖果。
  • These shoes retail at 10 yuan a pair.这些鞋子零卖10元一双。
51 automobiles 760a1b7b6ea4a07c12e5f64cc766962b     
n.汽车( automobile的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • When automobiles become popular,the use of the horse and buggy passed away. 汽车普及后,就不再使用马和马车了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Automobiles speed in an endless stream along the boulevard. 宽阔的林荫道上,汽车川流不息。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
52 component epSzv     
n.组成部分,成分,元件;adj.组成的,合成的
参考例句:
  • Each component is carefully checked before assembly.每个零件在装配前都经过仔细检查。
  • Blade and handle are the component parts of a knife.刀身和刀柄是一把刀的组成部分。
53 taper 3IVzm     
n.小蜡烛,尖细,渐弱;adj.尖细的;v.逐渐变小
参考例句:
  • You'd better taper off the amount of time given to rest.你最好逐渐地减少休息时间。
  • Pulmonary arteries taper towards periphery.肺动脉向周围逐渐变细。
54 vying MHZyS     
adj.竞争的;比赛的
参考例句:
  • California is vying with other states to capture a piece of the growing communications market.为了在日渐扩大的通讯市场分得一杯羹,加利福尼亚正在和其他州展开竞争。
  • Four rescue plans are vying to save the zoo.4个拯救动物园的方案正争得不可开交。
55 tremors 266b933e7f9df8a51b0b0795733d1e93     
震颤( tremor的名词复数 ); 战栗; 震颤声; 大地的轻微震动
参考例句:
  • The story was so terrible that It'sent tremors down my spine. 这故事太可怕,它使我不寒而栗。
  • The story was so terrible that it sent tremors down my spine. 这故事太可怕,它使我不寒而栗。
56 collapse aWvyE     
vi.累倒;昏倒;倒塌;塌陷
参考例句:
  • The country's economy is on the verge of collapse.国家的经济已到了崩溃的边缘。
  • The engineer made a complete diagnosis of the bridge's collapse.工程师对桥的倒塌做了一次彻底的调查分析。
57 liquidity VRXzb     
n.流动性,偿债能力,流动资产
参考例句:
  • The bank has progressively increased its liquidity.银行逐渐地增加其流动资产。
  • The demand for and the supply of credit is closely linked to changes in liquidity.信用的供求和流动资金的变化有密切关系。
58 gauge 2gMxz     
v.精确计量;估计;n.标准度量;计量器
参考例句:
  • Can you gauge what her reaction is likely to be?你能揣测她的反应可能是什么吗?
  • It's difficult to gauge one's character.要判断一个人的品格是很困难的。
59 touting 4d75f17b3549c92164bbfc96b4ef2275     
v.兜售( tout的现在分词 );招揽;侦查;探听赛马情报
参考例句:
  • He's been touting his novel around publishers for years. 他几年来一直到处找出版商兜售自己的小说。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Technology industry leaders are touting cars as a hot area for growth. 科技产业领袖吹捧为增长热点地区的汽车。 来自互联网
60 labor P9Tzs     
n.劳动,努力,工作,劳工;分娩;vi.劳动,努力,苦干;vt.详细分析;麻烦
参考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我们从不延误付给他劳动报酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艰苦劳动两周后,他已经疲惫不堪了。
61 superseded 382fa69b4a5ff1a290d502df1ee98010     
[医]被代替的,废弃的
参考例句:
  • The theory has been superseded by more recent research. 这一理论已为新近的研究所取代。
  • The use of machinery has superseded manual labour. 机器的使用已经取代了手工劳动。
62 workforce workforce     
n.劳动大军,劳动力
参考例句:
  • A large part of the workforce is employed in agriculture.劳动人口中一大部分受雇于农业。
  • A quarter of the local workforce is unemployed.本地劳动力中有四分之一失业。
63 analyzes e2e80b8320e1dd8d4c035d41fd7e44e5     
v.分析( analyze的第三人称单数 );分解;解释;对…进行心理分析
参考例句:
  • This approach analyzes management by studying experience usually through cases. 这个学派通常从实例获得经验,用以分析管理。 来自辞典例句
  • The econometrician analyzes statistical data. 经济计量学者要分析统计材料。 来自辞典例句
64 affordable kz6zfq     
adj.支付得起的,不太昂贵的
参考例句:
  • The rent for the four-roomed house is affordable.四居室房屋的房租付得起。
  • There are few affordable apartments in big cities.在大城市中没有几所公寓是便宜的。
65 credentials credentials     
n.证明,资格,证明书,证件
参考例句:
  • He has long credentials of diplomatic service.他的外交工作资历很深。
  • Both candidates for the job have excellent credentials.此项工作的两个求职者都非常符合资格。
66 accounting nzSzsY     
n.会计,会计学,借贷对照表
参考例句:
  • A job fell vacant in the accounting department.财会部出现了一个空缺。
  • There's an accounting error in this entry.这笔账目里有差错。
67 detailed xuNzms     
adj.详细的,详尽的,极注意细节的,完全的
参考例句:
  • He had made a detailed study of the terrain.他对地形作了缜密的研究。
  • A detailed list of our publications is available on request.我们的出版物有一份详细的目录备索。
68 coordinate oohzt     
adj.同等的,协调的;n.同等者;vt.协作,协调
参考例句:
  • You must coordinate what you said with what you did.你必须使你的言行一致。
  • Maybe we can coordinate the relation of them.或许我们可以调和他们之间的关系。
69 qualified DCPyj     
adj.合格的,有资格的,胜任的,有限制的
参考例句:
  • He is qualified as a complete man of letters.他有资格当真正的文学家。
  • We must note that we still lack qualified specialists.我们必须看到我们还缺乏有资质的专家。
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