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News & Reports 2011-04-24

时间:2011-05-07 05:57来源:互联网 提供网友:xn5658   字体: [ ]
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Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

In This Edition

As rebels advancing in the western Libyan city of Misrata, a stalemate continues in the east, with rebel fighters struggling to take the key oil city of Brega.

The top U.S. military officer in Iraq urges the Iraqi government to decide soon whether it wants American forces to stay longer in the country.

India's environment minister Jairam Ramesh advocates pressing the pause button on nuclear power projects in the wake of Japan's nuclear crisis.

The First Beijing International Film Festival opens in the Chinese capital.


Hot Issue Reports

Libyan Rebels Push on Brega
As rebels advancing in the western Libyan city of Misrata, a stalemate continued in the east, with rebel fighters still struggling to take the key oil city of Brega.

Fighters at the western gate to the nearby city of Ajdabiyah, which leads towards Brega, said that NATO had increased air strikes over the last few days, after complaining for weeks that strikes had slowed.

Rebel fighter Fathi Mukhtar said he was pleased by the prospect1 that the United States would introduce the use of unarmed Predator2 strike aircraft, and that he did not worry about civilian3 casualties.

"Based on what's happened before, if there's an airplane without a pilot, it's no problem. They know how to strike accurately4. They don't threaten civilians5. After all they're here to protect civilians, not to kill them."

Rebels said Gaddafi's forces were ensconced in the center of Brega, often inside houses, while insurgent6 fighters were more exposed.

Gaddafi's forces have been bombing the road from Ajdabiyah for several days, sometimes firing from a distance, sometimes approaching in cars.

Ajdabiyah, once a bustling7 city of 100,000, has become a ghost town, with most residents fleeing the fighting.

Libyan Civilians to Leave Misrata for Benghazi by Water
Meanwhile, the fourth ship chartered by the International Organization for Migration8 to evacuate9 people from the besieged10 Libyan city of Misrata has left to Benghazi.

The ship, called the Red Star One, carried some Libyan civilians, migrant workers and people wounded in the fighting between Libyan rebels and forces loyal to leader Muammar Gaddafi.

According to the IOM, a specialized11 medical team is on board to care for wounded evacuees12.

Migrants will travel on from Benghazi to the Egyptian border by road and eventually return to their final destination countries from there.

A woman boarding the ship described the situation in Misrata.

"In Misrata it's terrible. Everything is terrible in Misrata. I can't tell you how we feel. Hard. Hard. Hard life in Misrata, hard life. Really hard life. And we can't sleep, we can't eat, we can't do anything in Misrata. We only cry and scream all the time. We can do nothing."

Libyan troops captured by rebels in Misrata said the army had been ordered to retreat from the western port, and a rebel spokesman said soldiers had booby-trapped bodies and buildings as they fled.

Misrata, the last large city held by rebels in the west of the country, has been under a punishing government siege for nearly two months.

Hundreds of civilians have died in shelling and fighting, petrol is scarce and thousands of migrant workers are trapped there.

Top US General Urges Iraq to Decide Soon on Troop Presence
The top U.S. military officer in Iraq has urged the Iraqi government to decide soon whether it wants American forces to stay longer in the country.

Admiral Mike Mullen, Chairman of the U.S. military's Joint14 Chiefs of Staff, said the discussions on the issue are intensifying15 but time is running out.

"I think the timeline is in the next few weeks because for the withdrawal16 there is what I call a physics problem. We've 47-thousand troops here, lots of equipment, and physically17 it just takes time to move them."

The White House has reiterated18 the Obama administration's commitment to withdraw the remaining U.S. forces in Iraq by the end of the year, but negotiations19 and discussions about the extension is going on.

The U.S. has said repeatedly that any move to keep American soldiers in Iraq after that date must start with a request from the Iraqi government.

Mullen said Iraq has not made any such request.

Al-Sadr Followers20 Resist Prolonging US Troops Presence in Iraq
Hundreds of followers of anti-American cleric Moqtada al-Sadr took to the streets of Baghdad on Saturday, trampling21 on U.S. flags and vowing22 to escalate23 military resistance if U.S. troops fail to leave Iraq by the end of this year.

It was the second major demonstration24 by Sadr's followers in recent days after Sadr issued a warning on April 9 that he would unleash25 his Mehdi Army militia26 if U.S. troops were not out of Iraq by Dec. 31.

Earlier, more than 5,000 marched in the streets of Basra, Iraq's southern oil hub.

The rally came a day after Admiral Mike Mullen, chairman of the U.S. military's Joint Chiefs of Staff, said during a visit to the capital that Iraq's leaders must move quickly if they want U.S. forces to stay beyond year-end. About 47,000 American troops remain to advise and train Iraqi forces.

Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki has said his police and army are ready to provide security and foreign troops will no longer be needed after December 31, 2011.

Men, women and children, some dressed in the black clothing of the Sadrist movement, trampled27 U.S. and Israeli flags and chanted slogans of loyalty28 to Sadr.

Sheikh Nasir al-Saedi, a Sadr aide, expressed their attitudes towards US military presence in Iraq.

"If the occupier doesn't leave Iraq, we will face him militarily, culturally and in all fields."

The march marked the seventh anniversary of the formation of the Mehdi Army, which fought U.S. forces after the 2003 U.S.-led invasion that toppled Saddam Hussein.

Indian Environment Minister Calls for a Pause on the Country's Nuclear Power Project
India's environment minister Jairam Ramesh has advocated pressing the pause button on nuclear power projects in the wake of Japan's nuclear crisis.

Jairam Ramesh said India has undertaken an urgent review of safety standards at its nuclear power plants in case of any emergency, and to withstand natural disasters of the magnitude witnessed in Japan.

He also commented on the construction of an Indian nuclear power plants, which protestors argue would harm the local environment and put people at risk.

"There is a need for balance between development and environment. If we tread the road for nine percent growth, then our jungles and rivers will be affected29 from air and water pollution. All these problems are before us. We want development. Even I also want nine percent growth. But the question is regarding the process of achieving it."

India is to build a 9,900 MW nuclear power project at Jaitapur in western Maharashtra state, in collaboration30 with France.

Ramesh also said that the country's Planning Commission's hope to add 100 thousand megawatts to India's power generation capacity in plans was "ecologically impossible."

US Army Deserter Got His Claim Rejected
Annual traditional Easter marches kicked off in various German cities on Saturday with some 500 marchers taking to the streets in the southern town of Stuttgart to call for peace and an end to international wars.

This year's peace rally was attended by André Shepherd, a U.S. soldier who deserted32 his unit to avoid returning to Iraq in 2007. The 34-year-old former Apache helicopter mechanic has been living in Germany since deserting.

According to U.S. law, soldiers who desert during a time of war can face the death penalty, Shepherd said he had made the claim to the German government to protect himself but also to highlight the problems of war.

"I decided33 to apply for asylum34 for the personal freedom, so that I wouldn't be prosecuted35 and for the political statement. Because people need to do what they can in order to stop this war, or these imperialistic36 wars on the world. The collateral37 murder, actually galvansied my efforts, since then because, what it shows is the brutality38 of the wars."

Shepherd's application for refugee status was turned down by the German government on April 5.

The former soldier said he was surprised by the news given that Germany was a staunch opponent of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, due to the legacy39 of the post-war trials of Nazi40 officials, notably41 in Nuremberg in 1945-1949.

Shepherd has said he will appeal the decision. And he is thought to be the first American deserter to seek asylum in Europe.

Australian PM Gillard Visits Town Destroyed by Tsunami42 and Quake in Japan
Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard traveled to Minamisanriku in northern Japan on Saturday to show her support for the coastal43 town devastated44 by last month's earthquake and tsunami.

Gillard is the first foreign leader to visit the area since the disaster struck on March 11th.

She surveyed damage to buildings and spoke13 with local residents at a makeshift evacuation center.

"We're very pleased that we've been able to assist you in this very, very difficult time."

Seventy-five Australian rescue workers were deployed45 last month to the town in Miyagi Prefecture following the tsunami and quake.

The disasters have left 27-thousand people dead or missing across Japan and also damaged a nuclear power plant in the country's northeast.

Gillard arrived in Japan on Wednesday and held talks with Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan and met with the Japanese royal couple, pledging Australia's help with reconstruction46 efforts.

Thousands Gather in Thai to Remember Japanese Victims
Thousands gathered on Saturday in Pathum Thani, central Thailand, to remember those who died and support those who survived the Japanese tsunami over six weeks ago.

A thousand Buddhist47 monks48 prayed at the Dhammakaya Temple, just north of Bangkok. Dr. Thaniyo Bhikku, one of Buddhist monks, attended the memorial.

"Today is the day that Thais, the Japanese and people from around the world join together for Japan. Everybody here has good intentions, wishing Japanese people to return to normality following the devastation49, as soon as possible."

The devastating50 impact of a tsunami is something that most Thais are painfully familiar with.

During the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, more than 8,000 people were killed or are still missing in Thailand alone.

The total included around 2,200 foreign tourists, almost all of whom were vacationing on or around the southern island of Phuket, a region that had contributed as much as 40 percent of Thailand's annual tourism income.

Saturday's commemoration was dominated by prayers and meditation51.

Thailand and Japan have close ties after more than 120 years of cooperation. Around 45,000 Japanese people live in Thailand.

St. Louis International Airport Expected to Be Partly Operational after Tornado52 Damage
In the US state of Missouri, St.Louis International Airport is expected to be partly operational after tornado damage.

The airport was hit by a roaring storm that also destroyed dozens of houses, tossed cars and knocked out power on Friday night, with winds over 100 mph/160 kph.

Airport director Rhonda Hamm-Niebruegge said an American Airlines jet on the ground was damaged, several injuries were reported but no fatalities53.

"We believe, based where we are now with the assessment54 that if the power is back up and running, we will hear from Ameren shortly, that we can be at about a 70 percent capacity tomorrow. "

Missouri Governor Jay Nixon declared a state of emergency and released state funds to help in the cleanup.

Power lines were reported down across St. Louis County with vehicles overturned on the area's roads, making it hard for emergency personnel to get through and leaving thousands without power on Friday night.

Patricia Fay, a resident of a neighborhood destroyed by the storms, said she went into her basement seconds before the tornado touched down.

"I heard glass breaking. My water pipes on the lower level broke so there was water rushing in everywhere. I heard glass shattering. I knew the windows were blowing out, and I had no idea until I opened the door that the entire roof and back and sides of my house were gone."

Over the years storms and tornadoes56 have claimed hundreds of lives in the St. Louis region, one of the most active urban areas for tornadoes in the United States.

The worst tornado in St. Louis history killed 137 people and left 550 injured in 1927.

First Beijing International Film Festival Officially Opens
The First Beijing International Film Festival has officially opened in the Chinese capital. More than 100 VIPs in the movie industry, including presidents of established film festivals, well-known directors and A-list movie stars have walked the red carpet and attended the opening ceremony. They all share the same belief that BIFF will grow into a grand, successful and prestigious57 annual event.

Liu Yan has the story.

Although this is only the inaugural58 Beijing International Film Festival, it is being treated as a significant milestone59 event. The organizing committee says it boasts the largest number of VIP guests in history who are presidents, directors or chairmen of well-established international film festivals, including Berlin, Venice, Toronto, Sundance, Warsaw and Tokyo.
Cameron Bailey is the co-director of the Toronto International Film Festival.

"I'm really happy to be here. It was an honor to receive the invitation. Beijing is a very important city. We're very pleased they are launching a new film festival here. We hope to share our experience in terms of our festival. We've run a festival in Toronto for 36 years. We hope to learn from China. We hope to learn more about the Chinese film industry, and we hope that Beijing can build an important festival here."

Darren Aronofsky, director of the Oscar-winning movie "Black Swan", says he's also very glad to be here, as he can communicate and possibly work with some of his Chinese idols60.

"I got to meet John Woo yesterday, which was very exciting. I'm a big (fan). I grew up watching his movies. And of course Wong Kar-wai. I'm a huge fan of so many Chinese actors. It's hard to list them all. So it's exciting to see some of them here, and hopefully there'll be a collaboration in the future."

Wang Xueqi, a veteran Chinese actor whose recent films include Bodyguards61 and Assassins, Chongqing Blues62 and Sacrifice, is visibly excited as well. His reason has more to do with pride.

"We finally have a big-scale international film festival here at home. I truly think it'll be up there with those most-well known film festivals. It's a sign that Chinese movies are beginning to be recognized internationally. I sincerely hope more Chinese films will be trailblazers and lead the international film market in the future."

Right now, Shanghai International Film Festival is the only A festival, or category one film festival in China. Can Beijing become the next? Zhang Ziyi, image ambassador for the first BIFF, is quite confident.

"Very soon. I think if we put our heart and soul into it, if audiences and the media can work as one to make every BIFF the best it can be, we'll definitely reach that goal."

Jackie Chan, the other image ambassador for the first BIFF, is equally optimistic.

"We hope one day, Beijing International Film Festival doesn't need to invite guests anymore. Instead, everybody will flock here, thinking, 'It'll be a huge pity if I don't come.' You know, like the Oscars, celebrities63 won't be asking for money. They'll be willing to take money out of their own pockets just to be a part of the event. This is only the first BIFF, I'm sure we can get there."

The first Beijing International Film Festival will showcase 100 recently-produced foreign films and 60 Chinese films. It will run until April 28th.

For CRI, I'm Liu Yan.

China Daily: Citizens Must Do Their Part to Protect the Planet

Earth Day, which was celebrated64 Friday around the world, is meant to inspire an awareness65 and appreciation66 for the vulnerability of the planet we call home.

It is an annual day designated to highlight the fact that we all have a responsibility to the environment and need to adjust our personal behavior to improve the quality of our air, soil and water.

An editorial in "China Daily" says designating one day a year to the earth's well-being67 and protecting its resources is clearly more than necessary.

It goes on to appreciate what China has achieved in promoting renewable energy in its plan for further economic growth.
The Chinese government is spending billions of yuan to exploit energy alternatives such as wind, solar, nuclear and tidal power. The 12th Five-Year Plan set targets for reducing carbon dioxide emissions68 and creating new forest areas to boost forest cover. The plan also puts forward an "ecological31 security" strategy, rigorously enforcing the ecological protection of areas where development is limited or banned and using green buffer69 zones to shield vulnerable land.

But the editorial also emphasizes that little will be accomplished70 without changes in individuals' behavior. The Chinese generally view solving environmental problems as a function of government and to some extent corporations rather than a personal responsibility. Sustainability practices are seen as being too costly71 and inconvenient72 and therefore unrealistic and impractical73 for citizens to undertake.

The editorial concludes that real action should be taken whenever the Chinese celebrate Earth Day.

***************************

Beijing News: Officials Must Observe the Rule of Law

China's Minister of Justice has called on government officials, public servants and the managers of state-owned enterprises to strengthen their awareness of the rule of law. Officials have been advised to familiarize themselves with relevant laws and regulations and adhere to them in practice.

A recent spate74 of public incidents have exposed blatant75 violations76 of laws by officials and dented77 the legitimate78 rights of ordinary citizens as a result.

An editorial in "The Beijing News" says the ignorance of some officials about the law has complicated the process of problem solving. Others have pretended to know little about laws and regulations and only paid lip service to abiding79 by laws in practice.

The editorial suggests that in the future a long-standing system of creating campaigns to disseminate80 information about laws and regulations be put in place, including assessments81 of officials before they take office. In this way, such a knowledge promotion82 campaign would not be reduced to a mere55 formality, but assure that candidates who were ill-prepared in terms of an awareness of the law would not be appointed.

The editorial further states that officials who do not abide83 by the law on purpose should be held accountable for their actions. These public servants should be clear that the law is superior to officials' authority, performance and vested interests.

The editorial concludes by highlighting the significance of disseminating84 information about rules and regulations. Officials would better understand what is allowed and what is not from a legal perspective, because the boundaries no longer would be blurry85. If officials succumbed86 to temptation, they would be held accountable for their violations.

The editorial says promoting the rule of law and imbedding this concept into people's minds will be an arduous87 task. Only when public servants uphold the rule of law can the interests of groups be truly balanced and tensions be dissolved.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 prospect P01zn     
n.前景,前途;景色,视野
参考例句:
  • This state of things holds out a cheerful prospect.事态呈现出可喜的前景。
  • The prospect became more evident.前景变得更加明朗了。
2 predator 11vza     
n.捕食其它动物的动物;捕食者
参考例句:
  • The final part of this chapter was devoted to a brief summary of predator species.本章最后部分简要总结了食肉动物。
  • Komodo dragon is the largest living lizard and a fearsome predator.科摩多龙是目前存在的最大蜥蜴,它是一种令人恐惧的捕食性动物。
3 civilian uqbzl     
adj.平民的,民用的,民众的
参考例句:
  • There is no reliable information about civilian casualties.关于平民的伤亡还没有确凿的信息。
  • He resigned his commission to take up a civilian job.他辞去军职而从事平民工作。
4 accurately oJHyf     
adv.准确地,精确地
参考例句:
  • It is hard to hit the ball accurately.准确地击中球很难。
  • Now scientists can forecast the weather accurately.现在科学家们能准确地预报天气。
5 civilians 2a8bdc87d05da507ff4534c9c974b785     
平民,百姓( civilian的名词复数 ); 老百姓
参考例句:
  • the bloody massacre of innocent civilians 对无辜平民的血腥屠杀
  • At least 300 civilians are unaccounted for after the bombing raids. 遭轰炸袭击之后,至少有300名平民下落不明。
6 insurgent V4RyP     
adj.叛乱的,起事的;n.叛乱分子
参考例句:
  • Faruk says they are threatened both by insurgent and government forces.法鲁克说,他们受到暴乱分子和政府军队的双重威胁。
  • The insurgent mob assembled at the gate of the city park.叛变的暴徒聚在市立公园的门口。
7 bustling LxgzEl     
adj.喧闹的
参考例句:
  • The market was bustling with life. 市场上生机勃勃。
  • This district is getting more and more prosperous and bustling. 这一带越来越繁华了。
8 migration mDpxj     
n.迁移,移居,(鸟类等的)迁徙
参考例句:
  • Swallows begin their migration south in autumn.燕子在秋季开始向南方迁移。
  • He described the vernal migration of birds in detail.他详细地描述了鸟的春季移居。
9 evacuate ai1zL     
v.遣送;搬空;抽出;排泄;大(小)便
参考例句:
  • We must evacuate those soldiers at once!我们必须立即撤出这些士兵!
  • They were planning to evacuate the seventy American officials still in the country.他们正计划转移仍滞留在该国的70名美国官员。
10 besieged 8e843b35d28f4ceaf67a4da1f3a21399     
包围,围困,围攻( besiege的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • Paris was besieged for four months and forced to surrender. 巴黎被围困了四个月后被迫投降。
  • The community besieged the newspaper with letters about its recent editorial. 公众纷纷来信对报社新近发表的社论提出诘问,弄得报社应接不暇。
11 specialized Chuzwe     
adj.专门的,专业化的
参考例句:
  • There are many specialized agencies in the United Nations.联合国有许多专门机构。
  • These tools are very specialized.这些是专用工具。
12 evacuees 68c032ac020acca4ffde7910b32b673f     
n.被疏散者( evacuee的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Moreover, for multi-exits, evacuees select a exit based on game theory. 在有多个出口时,疏散人员根据对策论选择出口。 来自互联网
  • Evacuees wade through flooded area following heavy monsoon rains in Peshawar on Saturday, July 31, 2010. 撤离灾区涉水通过后在白沙瓦沉重的季风降雨在周六,2010年7月31日。 来自互联网
13 spoke XryyC     
n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
参考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
14 joint m3lx4     
adj.联合的,共同的;n.关节,接合处;v.连接,贴合
参考例句:
  • I had a bad fall,which put my shoulder out of joint.我重重地摔了一跤,肩膀脫臼了。
  • We wrote a letter in joint names.我们联名写了封信。
15 intensifying 6af105724a108def30288b810d78b276     
v.(使)增强, (使)加剧( intensify的现在分词 );增辉
参考例句:
  • The allies are intensifying their air campaign. 联军部队正加大他们的空战强度。 来自辞典例句
  • The rest of the European powers were in a state of intensifying congestion. 其余的欧洲强国则处于越来越拥挤的状态。 来自英汉非文学 - 历史
16 withdrawal Cfhwq     
n.取回,提款;撤退,撤军;收回,撤销
参考例句:
  • The police were forced to make a tactical withdrawal.警方被迫进行战术撤退。
  • They insisted upon a withdrawal of the statement and a public apology.他们坚持要收回那些话并公开道歉。
17 physically iNix5     
adj.物质上,体格上,身体上,按自然规律
参考例句:
  • He was out of sorts physically,as well as disordered mentally.他浑身不舒服,心绪也很乱。
  • Every time I think about it I feel physically sick.一想起那件事我就感到极恶心。
18 reiterated d9580be532fe69f8451c32061126606b     
反复地说,重申( reiterate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • "Well, I want to know about it,'she reiterated. “嗯,我一定要知道你的休假日期,"她重复说。 来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
  • Some twenty-two years later President Polk reiterated and elaborated upon these principles. 大约二十二年之后,波尔克总统重申这些原则并且刻意阐释一番。
19 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
20 followers 5c342ee9ce1bf07932a1f66af2be7652     
追随者( follower的名词复数 ); 用户; 契据的附面; 从动件
参考例句:
  • the followers of Mahatma Gandhi 圣雄甘地的拥护者
  • The reformer soon gathered a band of followers round him. 改革者很快就获得一群追随者支持他。
21 trampling 7aa68e356548d4d30fa83dc97298265a     
踩( trample的现在分词 ); 践踏; 无视; 侵犯
参考例句:
  • Diplomats denounced the leaders for trampling their citizens' civil rights. 外交官谴责这些领导人践踏其公民的公民权。
  • They don't want people trampling the grass, pitching tents or building fires. 他们不希望人们踩踏草坪、支帐篷或生火。
22 vowing caf27b27bed50d27c008858260bc9998     
起誓,发誓(vow的现在分词形式)
参考例句:
  • President Bush is vowing to help Minneapolis rebuild its collapsed bridge. 布什总统承诺将帮助明尼阿波利斯重建坍塌的大桥。
  • President Bush is vowing to help Minneapolis rebuild this collapse bridge. 布什总统发誓要帮助明尼阿波利斯重建起这座坍塌的桥梁。
23 escalate biszi     
v.(使)逐步增长(或发展),(使)逐步升级
参考例句:
  • It would tempt Israel's neighbors to escalate their demands.它将诱使以色列的邻国不断把他们的要求升级。
  • Defeat could cause one side or other to escalate the conflict.失败可能会导致其中一方将冲突升级。
24 demonstration 9waxo     
n.表明,示范,论证,示威
参考例句:
  • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism.他写的新书是他的爱国精神的证明。
  • He gave a demonstration of the new technique then and there.他当场表演了这种新的操作方法。
25 unleash bjewz     
vt.发泄,发出;解带子放开
参考例句:
  • They hope to create allies to unleash against diseases,pests,and invasive species.他们希望创造出一些新群体来对付疾病、害虫和一些有侵害性的物种。
  • Changing water levels now at times unleash a miasma of disease from exposed sewage.如今,大坝不时地改变水位,从暴露的污水释放出了疾病瘴气。
26 militia 375zN     
n.民兵,民兵组织
参考例句:
  • First came the PLA men,then the people's militia.人民解放军走在前面,其次是民兵。
  • There's a building guarded by the local militia at the corner of the street.街道拐角处有一幢由当地民兵团守卫的大楼。
27 trampled 8c4f546db10d3d9e64a5bba8494912e6     
踩( trample的过去式和过去分词 ); 践踏; 无视; 侵犯
参考例句:
  • He gripped his brother's arm lest he be trampled by the mob. 他紧抓着他兄弟的胳膊,怕他让暴民踩着。
  • People were trampled underfoot in the rush for the exit. 有人在拼命涌向出口时被踩在脚下。
28 loyalty gA9xu     
n.忠诚,忠心
参考例句:
  • She told him the truth from a sense of loyalty.她告诉他真相是出于忠诚。
  • His loyalty to his friends was never in doubt.他对朋友的一片忠心从来没受到怀疑。
29 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
30 collaboration bW7yD     
n.合作,协作;勾结
参考例句:
  • The two companies are working in close collaboration each other.这两家公司密切合作。
  • He was shot for collaboration with the enemy.他因通敌而被枪毙了。
31 ecological IrRxX     
adj.生态的,生态学的
参考例句:
  • The region has been declared an ecological disaster zone.这个地区已经宣布为生态灾难区。
  • Each animal has its ecological niche.每种动物都有自己的生态位.
32 deserted GukzoL     
adj.荒芜的,荒废的,无人的,被遗弃的
参考例句:
  • The deserted village was filled with a deathly silence.这个荒废的村庄死一般的寂静。
  • The enemy chieftain was opposed and deserted by his followers.敌人头目众叛亲离。
33 decided lvqzZd     
adj.决定了的,坚决的;明显的,明确的
参考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
34 asylum DobyD     
n.避难所,庇护所,避难
参考例句:
  • The people ask for political asylum.人们请求政治避难。
  • Having sought asylum in the West for many years,they were eventually granted it.他们最终获得了在西方寻求多年的避难权。
35 prosecuted Wk5zqY     
a.被起诉的
参考例句:
  • The editors are being prosecuted for obscenity. 编辑因刊载污秽文字而被起诉。
  • The company was prosecuted for breaching the Health and Safety Act. 这家公司被控违反《卫生安全条例》。
36 imperialistic 19d2b52d439a25cec4dbdc0a40cb4759     
帝国主义的,帝制的
参考例句:
  • An imperialistic country extends its power and influence into neighbouring countries. 一个帝国主义国家将其势力与影响伸展至邻国。
  • EXTEND An imperialistic country extends its power and influence into neighboring countries. 帝国主义国家将它的势力和影响扩展至邻近国家。
37 collateral wqhzH     
adj.平行的;旁系的;n.担保品
参考例句:
  • Many people use personal assets as collateral for small business loans.很多人把个人财产用作小额商业贷款的抵押品。
  • Most people here cannot borrow from banks because they lack collateral.由于拿不出东西作为抵押,这里大部分人无法从银行贷款。
38 brutality MSbyb     
n.野蛮的行为,残忍,野蛮
参考例句:
  • The brutality of the crime has appalled the public. 罪行之残暴使公众大为震惊。
  • a general who was infamous for his brutality 因残忍而恶名昭彰的将军
39 legacy 59YzD     
n.遗产,遗赠;先人(或过去)留下的东西
参考例句:
  • They are the most precious cultural legacy our forefathers left.它们是我们祖先留下来的最宝贵的文化遗产。
  • He thinks the legacy is a gift from the Gods.他认为这笔遗产是天赐之物。
40 Nazi BjXyF     
n.纳粹分子,adj.纳粹党的,纳粹的
参考例句:
  • They declare the Nazi regime overthrown and sue for peace.他们宣布纳粹政权已被推翻,并出面求和。
  • Nazi closes those war criminals inside their concentration camp.纳粹把那些战犯关在他们的集中营里。
41 notably 1HEx9     
adv.值得注意地,显著地,尤其地,特别地
参考例句:
  • Many students were absent,notably the monitor.许多学生缺席,特别是连班长也没来。
  • A notably short,silver-haired man,he plays basketball with his staff several times a week.他个子明显较为矮小,一头银发,每周都会和他的员工一起打几次篮球。
42 tsunami bpAyo     
n.海啸
参考例句:
  • Powerful quake sparks tsunami warning in Japan.大地震触发了日本的海啸预警。
  • Coastlines all around the Indian Ocean inundated by a huge tsunami.大海啸把印度洋沿岸地区都淹没了。
43 coastal WWiyh     
adj.海岸的,沿海的,沿岸的
参考例句:
  • The ocean waves are slowly eating away the coastal rocks.大海的波浪慢慢地侵蚀着岸边的岩石。
  • This country will fortify the coastal areas.该国将加强沿海地区的防御。
44 devastated eb3801a3063ef8b9664b1b4d1f6aaada     
v.彻底破坏( devastate的过去式和过去分词);摧毁;毁灭;在感情上(精神上、财务上等)压垮adj.毁坏的;极为震惊的
参考例句:
  • The bomb devastated much of the old part of the city. 这颗炸弹炸毁了旧城的一大片地方。
  • His family is absolutely devastated. 他的一家感到极为震惊。
45 deployed 4ceaf19fb3d0a70e329fcd3777bb05ea     
(尤指军事行动)使展开( deploy的过去式和过去分词 ); 施展; 部署; 有效地利用
参考例句:
  • Tanks have been deployed all along the front line. 沿整个前线已部署了坦克。
  • The artillery was deployed to bear on the fort. 火炮是对着那个碉堡部署的。
46 reconstruction 3U6xb     
n.重建,再现,复原
参考例句:
  • The country faces a huge task of national reconstruction following the war.战后,该国面临着重建家园的艰巨任务。
  • In the period of reconstruction,technique decides everything.在重建时期,技术决定一切。
47 Buddhist USLy6     
adj./n.佛教的,佛教徒
参考例句:
  • The old lady fell down in adoration before Buddhist images.那老太太在佛像面前顶礼膜拜。
  • In the eye of the Buddhist,every worldly affair is vain.在佛教徒的眼里,人世上一切事情都是空的。
48 monks 218362e2c5f963a82756748713baf661     
n.修道士,僧侣( monk的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The monks lived a very ascetic life. 僧侣过着很清苦的生活。
  • He had been trained rigorously by the monks. 他接受过修道士的严格训练。 来自《简明英汉词典》
49 devastation ku9zlF     
n.毁坏;荒废;极度震惊或悲伤
参考例句:
  • The bomb caused widespread devastation. 炸弹造成大面积破坏。
  • There was devastation on every side. 到处都是破坏的创伤。 来自《简明英汉词典》
50 devastating muOzlG     
adj.毁灭性的,令人震惊的,强有力的
参考例句:
  • It is the most devastating storm in 20 years.这是20年来破坏性最大的风暴。
  • Affairs do have a devastating effect on marriages.婚外情确实会对婚姻造成毁灭性的影响。
51 meditation yjXyr     
n.熟虑,(尤指宗教的)默想,沉思,(pl.)冥想录
参考例句:
  • This peaceful garden lends itself to meditation.这个恬静的花园适于冥想。
  • I'm sorry to interrupt your meditation.很抱歉,我打断了你的沉思。
52 tornado inowl     
n.飓风,龙卷风
参考例句:
  • A tornado whirled into the town last week.龙卷风上周袭击了这座城市。
  • The approaching tornado struck awe in our hearts.正在逼近的龙卷风使我们惊恐万分。
53 fatalities d08638a004766194f5b8910963af71d4     
n.恶性事故( fatality的名词复数 );死亡;致命性;命运
参考例句:
  • Several people were injured, but there were no fatalities. 有几个人受伤,但没有人死亡。
  • The accident resulted in fatalities. 那宗意外道致多人死亡。 来自《简明英汉词典》
54 assessment vO7yu     
n.评价;评估;对财产的估价,被估定的金额
参考例句:
  • This is a very perceptive assessment of the situation.这是一个对该情况的极富洞察力的评价。
  • What is your assessment of the situation?你对时局的看法如何?
55 mere rC1xE     
adj.纯粹的;仅仅,只不过
参考例句:
  • That is a mere repetition of what you said before.那不过是重复了你以前讲的话。
  • It's a mere waste of time waiting any longer.再等下去纯粹是浪费时间。
56 tornadoes d428421c5237427db20a5bcb22937389     
n.龙卷风,旋风( tornado的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Tornadoes, severe earthquakes, and plagues create wide spread havoc. 龙卷风、大地震和瘟疫成普遍的毁坏。 来自互联网
  • Meteorologists are at odds over the working of tornadoes. 气象学者对龙卷风的运动方式看法不一。 来自互联网
57 prestigious nQ2xn     
adj.有威望的,有声望的,受尊敬的
参考例句:
  • The young man graduated from a prestigious university.这个年轻人毕业于一所名牌大学。
  • You may even join a prestigious magazine as a contributing editor.甚至可能会加入一个知名杂志做编辑。
58 inaugural 7cRzQ     
adj.就职的;n.就职典礼
参考例句:
  • We listened to the President's inaugural speech on the radio yesterday.昨天我们通过无线电听了总统的就职演说。
  • Professor Pearson gave the inaugural lecture in the new lecture theatre.皮尔逊教授在新的阶梯讲堂发表了启用演说。
59 milestone c78zM     
n.里程碑;划时代的事件
参考例句:
  • The film proved to be a milestone in the history of cinema.事实证明这部影片是电影史上的一个里程碑。
  • I think this is a very important milestone in the relations between our two countries.我认为这是我们两国关系中一个十分重要的里程碑。
60 idols 7c4d4984658a95fbb8bbc091e42b97b9     
偶像( idol的名词复数 ); 受崇拜的人或物; 受到热爱和崇拜的人或物; 神像
参考例句:
  • The genii will give evidence against those who have worshipped idols. 魔怪将提供证据来反对那些崇拜偶像的人。 来自英汉非文学 - 文明史
  • Teenagers are very sequacious and they often emulate the behavior of their idols. 青少年非常盲从,经常模仿他们的偶像的行为。
61 bodyguards 3821fc3f6fca49a9cdaf6dca498d42dc     
n.保镖,卫士,警卫员( bodyguard的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • Brooks came to Jim's office accompanied—like always—by his two bodyguards. 和往常一样,在两名保镖的陪同下,布鲁克斯去吉姆的办公室。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Three of his bodyguards were injured in the attack. 在这次袭击事件中,他有3名保镖受了伤。 来自辞典例句
62 blues blues     
n.抑郁,沮丧;布鲁斯音乐
参考例句:
  • She was in the back of a smoky bar singing the blues.她在烟雾弥漫的酒吧深处唱着布鲁斯歌曲。
  • He was in the blues on account of his failure in business.他因事业失败而意志消沉。
63 celebrities d38f03cca59ea1056c17b4467ee0b769     
n.(尤指娱乐界的)名人( celebrity的名词复数 );名流;名声;名誉
参考例句:
  • He only invited A-list celebrities to his parties. 他只邀请头等名流参加他的聚会。
  • a TV chat show full of B-list celebrities 由众多二流人物参加的电视访谈节目
64 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,声誉卓著的
参考例句:
  • He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格兰最负盛名的年轻画家之一。
  • The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.观众团团围住了这位著名的小提琴演奏家。
65 awareness 4yWzdW     
n.意识,觉悟,懂事,明智
参考例句:
  • There is a general awareness that smoking is harmful.人们普遍认识到吸烟有害健康。
  • Environmental awareness has increased over the years.这些年来人们的环境意识增强了。
66 appreciation Pv9zs     
n.评价;欣赏;感谢;领会,理解;价格上涨
参考例句:
  • I would like to express my appreciation and thanks to you all.我想对你们所有人表达我的感激和谢意。
  • I'll be sending them a donation in appreciation of their help.我将送给他们一笔捐款以感谢他们的帮助。
67 well-being Fe3zbn     
n.安康,安乐,幸福
参考例句:
  • He always has the well-being of the masses at heart.他总是把群众的疾苦挂在心上。
  • My concern for their well-being was misunderstood as interference.我关心他们的幸福,却被误解为多管闲事。
68 emissions 1a87f8769eb755734e056efecb5e2da9     
排放物( emission的名词复数 ); 散发物(尤指气体)
参考例句:
  • Most scientists accept that climate change is linked to carbon emissions. 大多数科学家都相信气候变化与排放的含碳气体有关。
  • Dangerous emissions radiate from plutonium. 危险的辐射物从钚放散出来。
69 buffer IxYz0B     
n.起缓冲作用的人(或物),缓冲器;vt.缓冲
参考例句:
  • A little money can be a useful buffer in time of need.在急需时,很少一点钱就能解燃眉之急。
  • Romantic love will buffer you against life's hardships.浪漫的爱会减轻生活的艰辛。
70 accomplished UzwztZ     
adj.有才艺的;有造诣的;达到了的
参考例句:
  • Thanks to your help,we accomplished the task ahead of schedule.亏得你们帮忙,我们才提前完成了任务。
  • Removal of excess heat is accomplished by means of a radiator.通过散热器完成多余热量的排出。
71 costly 7zXxh     
adj.昂贵的,价值高的,豪华的
参考例句:
  • It must be very costly to keep up a house like this.维修这么一幢房子一定很昂贵。
  • This dictionary is very useful,only it is a bit costly.这本词典很有用,左不过贵了些。
72 inconvenient m4hy5     
adj.不方便的,令人感到麻烦的
参考例句:
  • You have come at a very inconvenient time.你来得最不适时。
  • Will it be inconvenient for him to attend that meeting?他参加那次会议会不方便吗?
73 impractical 49Ixs     
adj.不现实的,不实用的,不切实际的
参考例句:
  • He was hopelessly impractical when it came to planning new projects.一到规划新项目,他就完全没有了实际操作的能力。
  • An entirely rigid system is impractical.一套完全死板的体制是不实际的。
74 spate BF7zJ     
n.泛滥,洪水,突然的一阵
参考例句:
  • Police are investigating a spate of burglaries in the area.警察正在调查这一地区发生的大量盗窃案。
  • Refugees crossed the border in full spate.难民大量地越过了边境。
75 blatant ENCzP     
adj.厚颜无耻的;显眼的;炫耀的
参考例句:
  • I cannot believe that so blatant a comedy can hoodwink anybody.我无法相信这么显眼的一出喜剧能够欺骗谁。
  • His treatment of his secretary was a blatant example of managerial arrogance.他管理的傲慢作风在他对待秘书的态度上表露无遗。
76 violations 403b65677d39097086593415b650ca21     
违反( violation的名词复数 ); 冒犯; 违反(行为、事例); 强奸
参考例句:
  • This is one of the commonest traffic violations. 这是常见的违反交通规则之例。
  • These violations of the code must cease forthwith. 这些违犯法规的行为必须立即停止。
77 dented dented     
v.使产生凹痕( dent的过去式和过去分词 );损害;伤害;挫伤(信心、名誉等)
参考例句:
  • The back of the car was badly dented in the collision. 汽车尾部被撞后严重凹陷。
  • I'm afraid I've dented the car. 恐怕我把车子撞瘪了一些。 来自《简明英汉词典》
78 legitimate L9ZzJ     
adj.合法的,合理的,合乎逻辑的;v.使合法
参考例句:
  • Sickness is a legitimate reason for asking for leave.生病是请假的一个正当的理由。
  • That's a perfectly legitimate fear.怀有这种恐惧完全在情理之中。
79 abiding uzMzxC     
adj.永久的,持久的,不变的
参考例句:
  • He had an abiding love of the English countryside.他永远热爱英国的乡村。
  • He has a genuine and abiding love of the craft.他对这门手艺有着真挚持久的热爱。
80 disseminate VtKxS     
v.散布;传播
参考例句:
  • We should disseminate science and promote the scientific spirit.普及科学知识,弘扬科学精神。
  • We sincerely welcome all countries to disseminate their languages in China.我们真诚地欢迎世界各国来华推广本国语言。
81 assessments 7d0657785d6e5832f8576c61c78262ef     
n.评估( assessment的名词复数 );评价;(应偿付金额的)估定;(为征税对财产所作的)估价
参考例句:
  • He was shrewd in his personal assessments. 他总能对人作出精明的评价。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Surveys show about two-thirds use such assessments, while half employ personality tests. 调查表明,约有三分之二的公司采用了这种测评;而一半的公司则采用工作人员个人品质测试。 来自百科语句
82 promotion eRLxn     
n.提升,晋级;促销,宣传
参考例句:
  • The teacher conferred with the principal about Dick's promotion.教师与校长商谈了迪克的升级问题。
  • The clerk was given a promotion and an increase in salary.那个职员升了级,加了薪。
83 abide UfVyk     
vi.遵守;坚持;vt.忍受
参考例句:
  • You must abide by the results of your mistakes.你必须承担你的错误所造成的后果。
  • If you join the club,you have to abide by its rules.如果你参加俱乐部,你就得遵守它的规章。
84 disseminating 0f1e052268849c3fd235d949b9da68ba     
散布,传播( disseminate的现在分词 )
参考例句:
  • Our comrades in propaganda work have the task of disseminating Marxism. 我们作宣传工作的同志有一个宣传马克思主义的任务。
  • Disseminating indecent photographs on the internet a distasteful act. 在因特网上发布不雅照片是卑劣的行径。
85 blurry blurry     
adj.模糊的;污脏的,污斑的
参考例句:
  • My blurry vision makes it hard to drive. 我的视力有点模糊,使得开起车来相当吃力。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The lines are pretty blurry at this point. 界线在这个时候是很模糊的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
86 succumbed 625a9b57aef7b895b965fdca2019ba63     
不再抵抗(诱惑、疾病、攻击等)( succumb的过去式和过去分词 ); 屈从; 被压垮; 死
参考例句:
  • The town succumbed after a short siege. 该城被围困不久即告失守。
  • After an artillery bombardment lasting several days the town finally succumbed. 在持续炮轰数日后,该城终于屈服了。
87 arduous 5vxzd     
adj.艰苦的,费力的,陡峭的
参考例句:
  • We must have patience in doing arduous work.我们做艰苦的工作要有耐性。
  • The task was more arduous than he had calculated.这项任务比他所估计的要艰巨得多。
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