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News & Reports 2011-05-29

时间:2011-08-29 03:27来源:互联网 提供网友:幽幽草   字体: [ ]
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 Hello and Welcome to News and Reports on China Radio International.

 
In This Edition
 
US President Barack Obama visits Poland to stress missile defense1 and energy security.
 
Japan and the European Union agree to begin negotiations2 on a free trade agreement that will deepen economic ties between two of the world's largest economies.
 
Two German soldiers were killed and three others were injured in an attack on the compound in northern Afghanistan.
 
And Chinese experts call for more financing channels be established to ease funding problems faced by small enterprises as a result of the country's tightening3 monetary4 policy.
 
 
Hot Issue Reports
 
Obama Meets with Polish Leaders, Discussing Democracy and Defence
Visiting US President Barack Obama has met with Polish President Bronislaw Komorowski and Prime Minister Donald Tusk5 in the Polish capital, Warsaw.
 
Obama's two-day visit to Poland will focus on missile defence, energy security and promoting democracy in eastern Europe.
 
Whilst meeting with Mr Komorowski, Obama praised Poland's progress over the past decades.
 
"This incredible transformation6 that's taken place over the last 25 years in Poland is now making it a leader in Europe as we look forward to an EU Presidency8 for Poland, that's an example of the leadership it's taking."
 
The president also elaborated on Washington's stance on missile defence in Europe.
 
"We believe that missile defence is something where we should be co-operating with the Russians because we share external threats and this would not be a threat to the strategic balance that Russia is concerned with but we think it's very important that NATO remains9 in charge of NATO defence capabilities10, that's one of the central principles."
 
Obama abandoned in 2009 the missile defence plan of his predecessor11 George W. Bush, who intended to deploy12 missile defence systems in Poland and the Czech Republic. Instead, Obama pushed forward a network of ship-based smaller and more modern missiles.
 
Obama's visit to Poland caps a six-day European tour that has also taken him to Ireland, Britain and France.
 
Japan and EU to Begin FTA Negotiations
Japan and the European Union have agreed to begin negotiations on a free trade agreement that will deepen economic ties between two of the world's largest economies.
 
Herman Van Rompuy, President of the European Council, hailed the move after a summit with Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan in Brussels.
 
"We have taken an important step in our trade relationship. By launching a scoping exercise we have set a course towards a free trade agreement between the European Union and Japan. We still have a long way to go but the objective is now clear."
 
Meanwhile, Jose Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission, said the EU is willing to help with Japan's recovery from a catastrophic quake and tsunami13 in March.
 
"We are standing14 by Japan and this summit was an occasion to show that commitment. We firmly believe that Japan is safe and open for business. And I am sure that with the efforts of the government Japan will come back even stronger than before."
 
For his part, Naoto Kan said developing more stringent15 international rules on nuclear safety is an important aspect of bilateral16 cooperation.
 
"We agreed that it would be extremely important for us to bilaterally17 cooperate in the betterment of nuclear safety. In regard to import restrictions18 of Japanese products to the European Union, I have asked for a relaxation19 of the measures based on scientific evidence."
 
A Japanese official has said that Japan and the International Atomic Energy Agency want to host an international conference on nuclear safety next year to share lessons from the latest nuclear accident in Japan.
 
Afghanistan Attack Killed Two German Soldiers
German Defense Minister Thomas de Maiziere confirmed that two German soldiers were killed and three others injured in an attack on the compound of northern Afghanistan's governor in Takhar province on Saturday.
 
General Dawood Dawood, police chief of north Afghanistan, was also killed in the attack.
 
But de Maiziere stressed the attacks will not stop the partnership20 between German and Afghan forces.
 
"These assassins want to destroy these kind of partnerships21. They must and will not succeed. Theses assassins and their leaders are criminal murderers and political criminals to the peaceful development process for the freedom of Afghanistan. They won't have the last word. We won't abandon our way of our partnership."
 
The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack, saying they had targeted the meeting of senior leaders.
 
The killing22 of Dawood is a big blow to a force which is struggling to professionalize and shake off a reputation for abuse and corruption23 as foreign forces prepare to hand over security responsibilities in coming years.
 
It may also complicate24 NATO efforts to prepare for the start of a security handover from foreign forces to Afghan soldiers and police in some parts of north Afghanistan.
 
Roadside Bomb Kills One Peacekeeper in Lebanon
A roadside bomb has ripped through a convoy25 of United Nations vehicles carrying Italian peacekeepers in south Lebanon, killing one of the soldiers and wounding several others.
 
Italian Foreign Ministry26 spokesman, Maurizio Massari, confirmed the peacekeeper's death and said the blast hit a vehicle carrying six Italian soldiers in the port city of Sidon.
 
Lebanese security and military officials, however, said six UN peacekeepers and two civilians27 were wounded with one of the peacekeepers in serious condition.
 
Abu Tony, a passerby28, described what he had seen.
 
"A United Nations Interim29 Forces in Lebanon convoy was hit by a road side bomb as it was passing by here."
 
The UN peacekeeping force, known as United Nations Interim Forces in Lebanon, is deployed30 in southern Lebanon to monitor the border with Israel.
 
The last such incident was in January 2008, when a roadside bomb struck a UN vehicle traveling along the coastal31 highway south of Beirut, slightly wounding two peacekeepers.
 
No group has claimed responsibility for any of the attacks targeting the peacekeepers.
 
Egypt Opens Rafah Crossing for Gaza Residents
Egypt has opened the Rafah crossing for residents of Gaza, weakening a blockade of the Palestinian territory imposed by Israel to isolate32 Hamas.
 
Palestinians hail the move as a manifestation33 of a new era in relations after the ousting34 of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, who helped preserve the blockade of Gaza.
 
Nearly 300 Gaza residents entered Egypt through the Rafah crossing in the first hours after it opened.
 
Many of them are joyous35.
 
"We are victorious36. Egypt has been returned to us. Egypt is not just the sister or father figure for the Arabs, but it is heart that beats for all Arab and Islamic countries. this is truly my feeling. I am so happy."
 
Under Egypt's new travel guidelines, women, minors37 and men over 40 no longer require a visa to enter the country, meaning hundreds more passengers will be able to cross everyday.
 
Previously38, the terminal could cope with no more than 300 outgoing passengers per day and officials said with streamlined co-ordination, the daily numbers are expected to triple.
 
Israel has been maintaining a tight blockade of the Gaza Strip and declined to comment on the opening of Gaza's only free exit point to the world.
 
US Envoy39 Wraps up His N. Korea Trip
The United States human rights envoy to North Korea, Robert King, says the North has released a detained U.S. citizen, but the two sides did not agree to any food assistance during his visit.
 
King, speaking at Beijing airport upon returning from Pyongyang, confirmed that North Korea had released an American citizen Jun Young Su, detained there on unspecified charges for the past six months.
 
King's five-day trip was the first official U.S. visit to North Korea since 2009, and comes amid signs the U.S. is looking to revive multilateral talks on the country's nuclear program after a hiatus of more than two years.
 
But King stressed that his trip does not mean an imminent40 resumption of aid.
 
"While there our team had three-and-a-half days and very serious and thoughtful talks with the Foreign Ministry. We were warmly welcomed. We were received at the highest levels, we discussed a number of issues. We will report back to Washington on our meetings. We did not negotiate or agree to any provisional food assistance. That is a decision that will have to be made in Washington."
 
The U.S. has come under mounting pressure to resume food aid to North Korea after a U.N. report said earlier this year that more than 6 million people urgently need help in that country.
 
The U.S. suspended food supplies to the North in 2008, over a monitoring dispute, which will only be resumed with the South's agreement.
 
Cuba Boosts Private Sector41 Economy
Cuba will cut taxes for its growing private sector and allow private restaurants to expand as it tries to improve its socialist42 economy and create more jobs.
 
Self-employed workers who hire between one and five employees will be exempt43 from certain taxes this year, and some occupations, including home construction and transportation, will see temporary or permanent cuts.
 
Restaurant owner Guadalupe Herce said she plans on expanding and hiring more workers to take advantage of the tax break for adding jobs.
 
"Having more tables means I need more workers. They don't have to be cooks, they can do anything. There is no need to pay taxes this year."
 
The moves are part of an overhaul44 of the Cuban economy that President Raul Castro has undertaken in the past year.
 
The reform aims to reduce the costs and the role of debt-ridden government, cut more than one million jobs from state payrolls45 in the next few years, and introduce more incentives46 to help the private sector.
 
Endeavour Astronauts Complete Final Spacewalk
Two astronauts made history on Friday as the final spacewalkers of NASA's 30-year shuttle program, completing construction of the International Space Station with the smooth addition of an extension boom.
 
Astronauts Gregory Chamitoff and Mike Finke Chamitoff teamed up with robot arm operator Gregory Johnson to accomplish this last construction job.
 
"This space station is the pinnacle47 of human achievement and international cooperation. Twelve years of building and 15 countries and now it's the Parthenon in the sky and hopefully the doorstep to our future. So congratulations everybody on assembly complete."
 
The space station's newly attached boom was used by shuttle Endeavour's astronauts to survey their ship for micrometeorite damage.
 
The boom will remain permanently48 at the space station and assist with future repairs, especially in hard-to-reach areas.
Endeavour and its crew of six will leave the space station late on Sunday night, and is set to land during the pre-dawn hours of Wednesday during a rare touchdown in darkness.
 
While NASA's role in space station construction is over, the Russian Space Agency may add another chamber49 or two in years to come.
 
The Russians also will continue to provide rides to and from the orbiting lab for US astronauts until private companies in America are able to take over the job.
 
An Ancient Village Unearthed50 in Yunnan
Chinese archaeologists have discovered an ancient village site that contains many relics51, including grave and ruined buildings. The historic site is in Chengjiang County in Southwestern Yunnan Province.
 
According to experts, it's the first discovery of a large-scale village site in Yunnan province. The discovery also fills a gap in China's knowledge of village relics in ancient Yunnan culture.
 
Excavation52 of the relics started last November. So far, archaeologists have cleared an area of 1,900 square meters and uncovered more than 20 houses and several column caves.
 
Jiang Zhilong, a researcher at the Yunnan Archaeology53 Research Institute, explains the significance of the discovery.
 
"From these excavated55 relics, we can preliminarily estimate that their age dates back to around 2500 BC earlier than what we already knew about Yunnan culture. Therefore, this archaeological excavation helps us make some progress in mapping the origins and development of Yunnan culture."
 
Pottery56 and items made of bone, stone and copper57 were also found at the site.
 
Research about the site continues at a steady pace.
 
Ancient Tombs Found in Xinjiang
Meanwhile, in China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous58 Region, Archeologists have found a group of ancient tombs in Aletay.
 
Archeologists have found 61 tombs so far, with internal structures varying from each other.
 
About 60 pieces of funerary items dating back to 2000 to 3000 years ago were also unearthed.
 
Yu Jianjun is leader of the excavation team and associate researcher in the Institute of Archaeology of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
 
"This site is the first of its kind to be found in this area. These findings are of great importance to the research into the nomadic59 culture of Aletay area, including ancient grassland60 culture. It is certain that we will find something amazing as we explore and excavate54 deeper."
 
Archeologists say the unearthed pottery pots and bronze wares61 shared many similar characters with those used in central China, thousands of kilometers away from the excavation site.
 
Small and Medium Enterprises Face Difficulties
Small and medium enterprises in southern and eastern China are finding that severe financing problems are making them difficult to survive. Experts have called for the establishment of more financing channels to put investment directly in the struggling enterprises.
 
Xiangwei has more.
 
China's Ministry of Commerce revealed in its latest survey that 25% of small and medium enterprises sampled in east China's Wenzhou City are running in the red. Another survey conducted in 16 provinces says the situation is even worse than that during the 2008 financial crisis.
 
Luo Zhongwei, Director of the Small and Medium Enterprise Research Center under China's Academy of Social Sciences, says these enterprises are more fragile than the large ones during the current period of tight monetary policy.
 
"With the change of the market and the overall economic condition, small and medium enterprises are more likely to fall down without sufficient capital turnover62. At this time I think commercial banks should give more support, but the reality runs counter to this."
 
According to media reports, commercial banks have raised the borrowing rate for state-owned companies and large private ones by around 10% since January, while for small and medium ones the rate has increased by 50% or more.
 
Still, it's difficult for small and medium enterprises to get credit. And some of them have to turn to private loan companies, which may demand an aggressive interest rate of 100%.
 
Luo Zhongwei says the problem could result in more severe conditions if not properly addressed.
 
"It would stir up the financial market, and threat social stability."
 
Ninety-nine per cent of enterprises in China are small and medium sized, numbering around 10 million. They provide 75% of jobs in cities and towns, and 66% of inventions. They also account for 60% of the country's gross domestic product and 50% of tax revenue.
 
Experts say it's time for small and medium enterprises to abandon the traditional mode of development, which is to enlarge production scale and output, but instead focus more on innovation. However, that also means more investment.
 
Lin Ying is General Manager of a knitting company in Wenzhou.
 
"We can't afford any major innovations. It's too risky63. Instead, we have to keep the cash flow in hand and wait for favorable policies. I don't think the government would let so many small and medium enterprises down."
 
Local governments in Zhejiang Province, where Wenzhou is located, are trying to help by building an online platform connecting banks, guarantee companies and the small and medium enterprises in need. But whether this will produce the desired effect is still unknown.
 
Meanwhile, experts have called for the establishment of more financing channels, such as venture capital, trust fund and private equity64 fund, which can invest directly in small and medium enterprises.
 
For CRI, this is Xiangwei.
 
Water Shortage Poses Grave Concern
 
Statistics show that the seasonal65 water levels in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River have dropped to historical lows. This year, it is at the lowest level in recorded history. Water shortage in more than 1,000 reservoirs in Central China's Hubei Province has made drinking water difficult for half-million people.
 
An article from China Daily argues that the government should attach strategic importance to the water problem in this region as it is the country's most developed area, and one of the most important grain production bases with the densest66 population.
 
The author suggests it is high time that the government organized experts to find out the real cause of the problem and ascertain67 whether or not the situation will deteriorate68. If so, the government needs to pool resources for solutions.
 
The article goes on to say that it will be impossible for North China to rely on the south to quench69 its thirst if seasonal lack of water further expands or becomes permanent in southern China.
 
The article suggests cities along the Yangtze River to think of other long-term options, such as desalination70 of seawater and more efficient use of existing water resources, to meet the increasing demand for water consumption.
 
The article sites an example of desalinated seawater supply in the coastal city Tianjin in North China. The cost is high but much lower compared to that of diverting water from the south to the north.
 
The article reaches the conclusion that water consumption efficiency and water saving measures should be taken into consideration in urban planning, so urban planners and decision-makers at all levels must be visionary and act at once. The central government must consider a national strategy to ward7 off an approaching water crisis.

点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 defense AxbxB     
n.防御,保卫;[pl.]防务工事;辩护,答辩
参考例句:
  • The accused has the right to defense.被告人有权获得辩护。
  • The war has impacted the area with military and defense workers.战争使那个地区挤满了军队和防御工程人员。
2 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
参考例句:
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
3 tightening 19aa014b47fbdfbc013e5abf18b64642     
上紧,固定,紧密
参考例句:
  • Make sure the washer is firmly seated before tightening the pipe. 旋紧水管之前,检查一下洗衣机是否已牢牢地固定在底座上了。
  • It needs tightening up a little. 它还需要再收紧些。
4 monetary pEkxb     
adj.货币的,钱的;通货的;金融的;财政的
参考例句:
  • The monetary system of some countries used to be based on gold.过去有些国家的货币制度是金本位制的。
  • Education in the wilderness is not a matter of monetary means.荒凉地区的教育不是钱财问题。
5 tusk KlRww     
n.獠牙,长牙,象牙
参考例句:
  • The wild boar had its tusk sunk deeply into a tree and howled desperately.野猪的獠牙陷在了树里,绝望地嗥叫着。
  • A huge tusk decorated the wall of his study.他书房的墙上装饰着一支巨大的象牙。
6 transformation SnFwO     
n.变化;改造;转变
参考例句:
  • Going to college brought about a dramatic transformation in her outlook.上大学使她的观念发生了巨大的变化。
  • He was struggling to make the transformation from single man to responsible husband.他正在努力使自己由单身汉变为可靠的丈夫。
7 ward LhbwY     
n.守卫,监护,病房,行政区,由监护人或法院保护的人(尤指儿童);vt.守护,躲开
参考例句:
  • The hospital has a medical ward and a surgical ward.这家医院有内科病房和外科病房。
  • During the evening picnic,I'll carry a torch to ward off the bugs.傍晚野餐时,我要点根火把,抵挡蚊虫。
8 presidency J1HzD     
n.总统(校长,总经理)的职位(任期)
参考例句:
  • Roosevelt was elected four times to the presidency of the United States.罗斯福连续当选四届美国总统。
  • Two candidates are emerging as contestants for the presidency.两位候选人最终成为总统职位竞争者。
9 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,残留物;遗体,遗迹
参考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.残羹剩饭喂狗了。
10 capabilities f7b11037f2050959293aafb493b7653c     
n.能力( capability的名词复数 );可能;容量;[复数]潜在能力
参考例句:
  • He was somewhat pompous and had a high opinion of his own capabilities. 他有点自大,自视甚高。 来自辞典例句
  • Some programmers use tabs to break complex product capabilities into smaller chunks. 一些程序员认为,标签可以将复杂的功能分为每个窗格一组简单的功能。 来自About Face 3交互设计精髓
11 predecessor qP9x0     
n.前辈,前任
参考例句:
  • It will share the fate of its predecessor.它将遭受与前者同样的命运。
  • The new ambassador is more mature than his predecessor.新大使比他的前任更成熟一些。
12 deploy Yw8x7     
v.(军)散开成战斗队形,布置,展开
参考例句:
  • The infantry began to deploy at dawn.步兵黎明时开始进入战斗位置。
  • The president said he had no intention of deploying ground troops.总统称并不打算部署地面部队。
13 tsunami bpAyo     
n.海啸
参考例句:
  • Powerful quake sparks tsunami warning in Japan.大地震触发了日本的海啸预警。
  • Coastlines all around the Indian Ocean inundated by a huge tsunami.大海啸把印度洋沿岸地区都淹没了。
14 standing 2hCzgo     
n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
参考例句:
  • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing.地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
  • They're standing out against any change in the law.他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
15 stringent gq4yz     
adj.严厉的;令人信服的;银根紧的
参考例句:
  • Financiers are calling for a relaxation of these stringent measures.金融家呼吁对这些严厉的措施予以放宽。
  • Some of the conditions in the contract are too stringent.合同中有几项条件太苛刻。
16 bilateral dQGyW     
adj.双方的,两边的,两侧的
参考例句:
  • They have been negotiating a bilateral trade deal.他们一直在商谈一项双边贸易协定。
  • There was a wide gap between the views of the two statesmen on the bilateral cooperation.对双方合作的问题,两位政治家各自所持的看法差距甚大。
17 bilaterally 9bda0a654e54a2ba262d5bd3ebbe320d     
[医]adv.两侧,双向地
参考例句:
  • The data in the Performance Test shall be Bilaterally recorded and confirmed. 在生产线考核期间的数据应由双方共同记录并确认。
  • Anatomic constraints may preclude the insertion a transarticular screw unilaterally or bilaterally. 解剖制约可能妨碍单边或双边插入关节螺钉。
18 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
参考例句:
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
19 relaxation MVmxj     
n.松弛,放松;休息;消遣;娱乐
参考例句:
  • The minister has consistently opposed any relaxation in the law.部长一向反对法律上的任何放宽。
  • She listens to classical music for relaxation.她听古典音乐放松。
20 partnership NmfzPy     
n.合作关系,伙伴关系
参考例句:
  • The company has gone into partnership with Swiss Bank Corporation.这家公司已经和瑞士银行公司建立合作关系。
  • Martin has taken him into general partnership in his company.马丁已让他成为公司的普通合伙人。
21 partnerships ce2e6aff420d72bbf56e8077be344bc9     
n.伙伴关系( partnership的名词复数 );合伙人身份;合作关系
参考例句:
  • Partnerships suffer another major disadvantage: decision-making is shared. 合伙企业的另一主要缺点是决定要由大家来作。 来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件
  • It involved selling off limited partnerships. 它涉及到售出有限的合伙权。 来自辞典例句
22 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨额利润;突然赚大钱,发大财
参考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。
23 corruption TzCxn     
n.腐败,堕落,贪污
参考例句:
  • The people asked the government to hit out against corruption and theft.人民要求政府严惩贪污盗窃。
  • The old man reviled against corruption.那老人痛斥了贪污舞弊。
24 complicate zX1yA     
vt.使复杂化,使混乱,使难懂
参考例句:
  • There is no need to complicate matters.没有必要使问题复杂化。
  • These events will greatly complicate the situation.这些事件将使局势变得极其复杂。
25 convoy do6zu     
vt.护送,护卫,护航;n.护送;护送队
参考例句:
  • The convoy was snowed up on the main road.护送队被大雪困在干路上了。
  • Warships will accompany the convoy across the Atlantic.战舰将护送该船队过大西洋。
26 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧师
参考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我们调查了空军部的记录。
27 civilians 2a8bdc87d05da507ff4534c9c974b785     
平民,百姓( civilian的名词复数 ); 老百姓
参考例句:
  • the bloody massacre of innocent civilians 对无辜平民的血腥屠杀
  • At least 300 civilians are unaccounted for after the bombing raids. 遭轰炸袭击之后,至少有300名平民下落不明。
28 passerby Gm9zQ8     
n.过路人,行人
参考例句:
  • We had our photo taken by a passerby.我们请了一个路人为我们照相。
  • A passerby heard her screams and rushed to her aid.一个过路人听见她的尖叫,便冲过去帮助她。
29 interim z5wxB     
adj.暂时的,临时的;n.间歇,过渡期间
参考例句:
  • The government is taking interim measures to help those in immediate need.政府正在采取临时措施帮助那些有立即需要的人。
  • It may turn out to be an interim technology.这可能只是个过渡技术。
30 deployed 4ceaf19fb3d0a70e329fcd3777bb05ea     
(尤指军事行动)使展开( deploy的过去式和过去分词 ); 施展; 部署; 有效地利用
参考例句:
  • Tanks have been deployed all along the front line. 沿整个前线已部署了坦克。
  • The artillery was deployed to bear on the fort. 火炮是对着那个碉堡部署的。
31 coastal WWiyh     
adj.海岸的,沿海的,沿岸的
参考例句:
  • The ocean waves are slowly eating away the coastal rocks.大海的波浪慢慢地侵蚀着岸边的岩石。
  • This country will fortify the coastal areas.该国将加强沿海地区的防御。
32 isolate G3Exu     
vt.使孤立,隔离
参考例句:
  • Do not isolate yourself from others.不要把自己孤立起来。
  • We should never isolate ourselves from the masses.我们永远不能脱离群众。
33 manifestation 0RCz6     
n.表现形式;表明;现象
参考例句:
  • Her smile is a manifestation of joy.她的微笑是她快乐的表现。
  • What we call mass is only another manifestation of energy.我们称之为质量的东西只是能量的另一种表现形态。
34 ousting 5d01edf0967b28a708208968323531d5     
驱逐( oust的现在分词 ); 革职; 罢黜; 剥夺
参考例句:
  • The resulting financial chaos led to the ousting of Bristol-Myers' s boss. 随后引发的财政混乱导致了百时美施贵宝的总裁下台。
  • The ousting of the president has drawn widespread criticism across Latin America and the wider world. 洪都拉斯总统被驱逐时间引起拉丁美洲甚至全世界的广泛批评。
35 joyous d3sxB     
adj.充满快乐的;令人高兴的
参考例句:
  • The lively dance heightened the joyous atmosphere of the scene.轻快的舞蹈给这场戏渲染了欢乐气氛。
  • They conveyed the joyous news to us soon.他们把这一佳音很快地传递给我们。
36 victorious hhjwv     
adj.胜利的,得胜的
参考例句:
  • We are certain to be victorious.我们定会胜利。
  • The victorious army returned in triumph.获胜的部队凯旋而归。
37 minors ff2adda56919f98e679a46d5a4ad4abb     
n.未成年人( minor的名词复数 );副修科目;小公司;[逻辑学]小前提v.[主美国英语]副修,选修,兼修( minor的第三人称单数 )
参考例句:
  • The law forbids shops to sell alcohol to minors. 法律禁止商店向未成年者出售含酒精的饮料。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He had three minors this semester. 这学期他有三门副修科目。 来自《简明英汉词典》
38 previously bkzzzC     
adv.以前,先前(地)
参考例句:
  • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
  • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
39 envoy xoLx7     
n.使节,使者,代表,公使
参考例句:
  • Their envoy showed no sign of responding to our proposals.他们的代表对我方的提议毫无回应的迹象。
  • The government has not yet appointed an envoy to the area.政府尚未向这一地区派过外交官。
40 imminent zc9z2     
adj.即将发生的,临近的,逼近的
参考例句:
  • The black clounds show that a storm is imminent.乌云预示暴风雨即将来临。
  • The country is in imminent danger.国难当头。
41 sector yjczYn     
n.部门,部分;防御地段,防区;扇形
参考例句:
  • The export sector will aid the economic recovery. 出口产业将促进经济复苏。
  • The enemy have attacked the British sector.敌人已进攻英国防区。
42 socialist jwcws     
n.社会主义者;adj.社会主义的
参考例句:
  • China is a socialist country,and a developing country as well.中国是一个社会主义国家,也是一个发展中国家。
  • His father was an ardent socialist.他父亲是一个热情的社会主义者。
43 exempt wmgxo     
adj.免除的;v.使免除;n.免税者,被免除义务者
参考例句:
  • These goods are exempt from customs duties.这些货物免征关税。
  • He is exempt from punishment about this thing.关于此事对他已免于处分。
44 overhaul yKGxy     
v./n.大修,仔细检查
参考例句:
  • Master Worker Wang is responsible for the overhaul of this grinder.王师傅主修这台磨床。
  • It is generally appreciated that the rail network needs a complete overhaul.众所周知,铁路系统需要大检修。
45 payrolls 6c9c6a79f750b129f50f4617a38144a8     
n.(公司员工的)工资名单( payroll的名词复数 );(公司的)工资总支出,工薪总额
参考例句:
  • Indices of employment, payrolls, and production steadied in February 1931931年2月,就业、工资额和生产指数稳定。 来自辞典例句
  • Wall Street responded to the payrolls figures with gusto. 华尔街对就业数据作出了积极的反应。 来自互联网
46 incentives 884481806a10ef3017726acf079e8fa7     
激励某人做某事的事物( incentive的名词复数 ); 刺激; 诱因; 动机
参考例句:
  • tax incentives to encourage savings 鼓励储蓄的税收措施
  • Furthermore, subsidies provide incentives only for investments in equipment. 更有甚者,提供津贴仅是为鼓励增添设备的投资。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
47 pinnacle A2Mzb     
n.尖塔,尖顶,山峰;(喻)顶峰
参考例句:
  • Now he is at the very pinnacle of his career.现在他正值事业中的顶峰时期。
  • It represents the pinnacle of intellectual capability.它代表了智能的顶峰。
48 permanently KluzuU     
adv.永恒地,永久地,固定不变地
参考例句:
  • The accident left him permanently scarred.那次事故给他留下了永久的伤疤。
  • The ship is now permanently moored on the Thames in London.该船现在永久地停泊在伦敦泰晤士河边。
49 chamber wnky9     
n.房间,寝室;会议厅;议院;会所
参考例句:
  • For many,the dentist's surgery remains a torture chamber.对许多人来说,牙医的治疗室一直是间受刑室。
  • The chamber was ablaze with light.会议厅里灯火辉煌。
50 unearthed e4d49b43cc52eefcadbac6d2e94bb832     
出土的(考古)
参考例句:
  • Many unearthed cultural relics are set forth in the exhibition hall. 展览馆里陈列着许多出土文物。
  • Some utensils were in a state of decay when they were unearthed. 有些器皿在出土时已经残破。
51 relics UkMzSr     
[pl.]n.遗物,遗迹,遗产;遗体,尸骸
参考例句:
  • The area is a treasure house of archaeological relics. 这个地区是古文物遗迹的宝库。
  • Xi'an is an ancient city full of treasures and saintly relics. 西安是一个有很多宝藏和神圣的遗物的古老城市。
52 excavation RiKzY     
n.挖掘,发掘;被挖掘之地
参考例句:
  • The bad weather has hung up the work of excavation.天气不好耽误了挖掘工作。
  • The excavation exposed some ancient ruins.这次挖掘暴露出一些古遗迹。
53 archaeology 0v2zi     
n.考古学
参考例句:
  • She teaches archaeology at the university.她在大学里教考古学。
  • He displayed interest in archaeology.他对考古学有兴趣。
54 excavate eiBzY     
vt.挖掘,挖出
参考例句:
  • They plan to excavate a large hole.他们计划挖个大洞。
  • A new Danish expedition is again excavating the site in annual summer digs.一支新的丹麦探险队又在那个遗址上进行一年一度的夏季挖掘。
55 excavated 3cafdb6f7c26ffe41daf7aa353505858     
v.挖掘( excavate的过去式和过去分词 );开凿;挖出;发掘
参考例句:
  • The site has been excavated by archaeologists. 这个遗址已被考古学家发掘出来。
  • The archaeologists excavated an ancient fortress. 考古学家们发掘出一个古堡。 来自《简明英汉词典》
56 pottery OPFxi     
n.陶器,陶器场
参考例句:
  • My sister likes to learn art pottery in her spare time.我妹妹喜欢在空余时间学习陶艺。
  • The pottery was left to bake in the hot sun.陶器放在外面让炎热的太阳烘晒焙干。
57 copper HZXyU     
n.铜;铜币;铜器;adj.铜(制)的;(紫)铜色的
参考例句:
  • The students are asked to prove the purity of copper.要求学生们检验铜的纯度。
  • Copper is a good medium for the conduction of heat and electricity.铜是热和电的良导体。
58 autonomous DPyyv     
adj.自治的;独立的
参考例句:
  • They proudly declared themselves part of a new autonomous province.他们自豪地宣布成为新自治省的一部分。
  • This is a matter that comes within the jurisdiction of the autonomous region.这件事是属于自治区权限以内的事务。
59 nomadic 0H5xx     
adj.流浪的;游牧的
参考例句:
  • This tribe still live a nomadic life.这个民族仍然过着游牧生活。
  • The plowing culture and the nomadic culture are two traditional principal cultures in China.农耕文化与游牧文化是我国传统的两大主体文化。
60 grassland 0fCxG     
n.牧场,草地,草原
参考例句:
  • There is a reach of grassland in the distance.远处是连绵一片的草原。
  • The snowstorm swept the vast expanse of grassland.暴风雪袭击了辽阔的草原。
61 wares 2eqzkk     
n. 货物, 商品
参考例句:
  • They sold their wares at half-price. 他们的货品是半价出售的。
  • The peddler was crying up his wares. 小贩极力夸耀自己的货物。
62 turnover nfkzmg     
n.人员流动率,人事变动率;营业额,成交量
参考例句:
  • The store greatly reduced the prices to make a quick turnover.这家商店实行大减价以迅速周转资金。
  • Our turnover actually increased last year.去年我们的营业额竟然增加了。
63 risky IXVxe     
adj.有风险的,冒险的
参考例句:
  • It may be risky but we will chance it anyhow.这可能有危险,但我们无论如何要冒一冒险。
  • He is well aware how risky this investment is.他心里对这项投资的风险十分清楚。
64 equity ji8zp     
n.公正,公平,(无固定利息的)股票
参考例句:
  • They shared the work of the house with equity.他们公平地分担家务。
  • To capture his equity,Murphy must either sell or refinance.要获得资产净值,墨菲必须出售或者重新融资。
65 seasonal LZ1xE     
adj.季节的,季节性的
参考例句:
  • The town relies on the seasonal tourist industry for jobs.这个城镇依靠季节性旅游业提供就业机会。
  • The hors d'oeuvre is seasonal vegetables.餐前小吃是应时蔬菜。
66 densest 196f3886c6c5dffe98d26ccca5d0e045     
密集的( dense的最高级 ); 密度大的; 愚笨的; (信息量大得)难理解的
参考例句:
  • Past Botoi some of the densest jungle forests on Anopopei grew virtually into the water. 过了坊远湾,岛上的莽莽丛林便几乎直长到水中。
  • Earth is the densest of all of these remaining planets. 地球是所剩下行星中最致密的星球。
67 ascertain WNVyN     
vt.发现,确定,查明,弄清
参考例句:
  • It's difficult to ascertain the coal deposits.煤储量很难探明。
  • We must ascertain the responsibility in light of different situtations.我们必须根据不同情况判定责任。
68 deteriorate Zm8zW     
v.变坏;恶化;退化
参考例句:
  • Do you think relations between China and Japan will continue to deteriorate?你认为中日关系会继续恶化吗?
  • He held that this would only cause the situation to deteriorate further.他认为,这只会使局势更加恶化。
69 quench ii3yQ     
vt.熄灭,扑灭;压制
参考例句:
  • The firemen were unable to quench the fire.消防人员无法扑灭这场大火。
  • Having a bottle of soft drink is not enough to quench my thirst.喝一瓶汽水不够解渴。
70 desalination xwNxL     
n.脱盐(作用)
参考例句:
  • Crops can be grown on this land after desalination. 这片土地经过脱盐就可以种植庄稼了。
  • One source is by desalination-taking the salt out of salt water to make it drinkable. 淡水的来源之一是使水淡化--把含盐的水中的盐份去掉,使之能够饮用。
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